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IFCS plays a unique multi-faceted role as a flexible, open and transparent brainstorming and bridge-building forum for governments, intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations including the private sector. One of the functions of IFCS is to foster an understanding of the issues. (...) Nanotechnologies deal with visualizing, characterizing and manufacturing tailored materials, devices and systems in the size of <= 100 nm. (...) The special needs and capacities of developing countries and countries with economies in transition to cope with manufactured nanomaterials were noted. 10. In order to strive to achieve the minimization of risks of manufactured nanomaterials, the rights of countries to accept or reject manufactured nanomaterials was recognized.
Language:English
Score: 840463.2 - https://www.who.int/ifcs/docum...rums/forum6/f6_execsumm_en.pdf
Data Source: un
From Figure 2(a), it can be inferred that AI-MD, as continuous learning or adaptive systems, are subject to modifications throughout its lifecycle and this result in unforeseen outcomes for the device including change of core device functionality and risk levels. These aspects pose additional challenges to the device manufacturers in terms of managing rapid development cycles, frequent software update and distribution cycles. (...) Product and Software Requirements Specifications IEC 62304 clause 5.2 ISO 13485 7.3.3 The manufacturer should derive non-functional requirements from the intended use. (...) Assessment report includes: · Cost estimation for wrong clinical decision making · AI autonomy level assignment and associated risk acceptance criteria based on criticality of the clinical use case and environment Product and Software Requirements Specifications TODO (EU framework on AI) The manufacturer should assess the risk arising if the system does not meet the specified non-functional requirements The risk analysis assesses risk arising from · Lack of availability / robustness · Slow response times · Interoperability problems Product and Software Requirements Specifications IEC 62304 clause 7.1 With Continuous Learning Systems, the manufacturer should mitigate risks that are specific to continuously learning systems.
Language:English
Score: 839216.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/f...ocuments/all/FGAI4H-I-036.docx
Data Source: un
Realizing opportunities in industry through manufacturing value added and in the related services is critical for youth employment. (...) The approach also leverages the multidisciplinary scope of core functions of the partner organizations, FAO, UNIDO and others. These functions mainly include knowledge generation, policy assistance, technical and financial support, capacity development in work areas such as employment and entrepreneurship, value chain development, sustainable agriculture and agribusiness, gender, social protection.
Language:English
Score: 839015.5 - https://www.un.org/ecosoc/site...19_YF_Side_event_FAO_UNIDO.pdf
Data Source: un
Types of organisational structures    2.3.9. Functional Structure: In a functional structure an MNE’s functions are performed  by  the  employees within  the  functional  divisions.  (...) Company  2  in  Country  B  is  a  fully‐fledged  manufacturing  company  which  also  performs some functions on the design and practical application of its products.   (...) Managing the transfer pricing function in an MNE    2.4.1. MNEs face challenges in managing their transfer pricing6 function
Language:English
Score: 837356.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...onment_20120502_v4_HC-accp.pdf
Data Source: un
Producer means the manufacturer, established in the Republic of Lithuania in accordance with the procedure laid down in legal acts, who: 1) has produced food and presented himself as the manufacturer by affixing to the product his name, trade mark or any other distinctive mark; 2) acts as a representative of the manufacturer and at the manufacturer’s request places the food on the market giving his name, or imports the food if there is no representative of the manufacturer; 3) handles the food and presents himself as the manufacturer of this food; 4) a professional in the supply chain , insofar as his activities may affect the safety of a product placed on the market. 9. (...) Responsibilities and Liability of Manufacturers and Sellers 1. Manufacturers, sellers and service operators must comply with the requirements laid down by this Law and other legal acts, fulfil the instructions and meet the requirements set by state control authorities. 2. (...) Within the limits of its competence the Ministry of Economy: 1) shall implement the policy of food trade; 2) shall establish the mandatory requirements for labelling of and trade in foodstuffs sold on the Lithuanian market; 3) shall also perform other functions laid down by laws and other legal acts. 5.
Language:English
Score: 837066.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/ltu_e/WTACCLTU49_LEG_3.pdf
Data Source: un
Reviewed guiding principle (definition) to determine the ICT manufacturing activities: “The products of a candidate manufacturing industry must be intended to primarily fulfil the function of electronic information processing and communication (including transmission, recording, storage and display)”. + This includes also production of electronic components Main arguments for this restriction are: The current OECD ICT manufacturing subsector definition includes a broader range of ICT related industries than is often used for some analytical purposes or understood by the large public. (...) ICT repair Information service activities Software publishing* ICT distribution 22 ‘‘ICT ICT Manufacturing ActivitiesManufacturing Activities’’ ISIC Rev. 4 divisions, groups and classesISIC Rev. 4 divisions, groups and classes Division 26 Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products (partly) Class 2610 Manufacture of electronic components Class 2620 Manufacture of computers and peripheral equipment Class 2630 Manufacture of communication equipment Class 2640 Manufacture of consumer electronics Class 2651 Manufacture of measuring, testing, navigating and control equipment Class 2652 Manufacture of watches and clocks Class 2660 Manufacture of irradiation, electromedical and electrotherapeutic equipment Class 2670 Manufacture of optical instruments and equipment Class 2680 Manufacture of magnetic and optical media ??? (...) It is based on the same principles (definition) used to describe ICT manufacturing economic activities (industries): “candidate good must be intended to fulfil the function of information processing…” It was agreed at the 2006 WPIIS meeting to use the revised UN’s Central Product Classification (CPC, Version 2), as the underlying international product classification system for the ICT goods classification review.
Language:English
Score: 836538.3 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/...entation_classifications_e.pdf
Data Source: un
At the country level, normative activities are more effective when implemented particularly through integrated approaches, such as PCPs and Country Programmes (CP), where they are intertwined with other UNIDO functions (policy, convening, technical cooperation) to achieve greater transformational impact. (...) The integration of RFC’s normative work with other relevant UNIDO functions, such as its policy and convening function, is a growing trend in the Department’s ongoing normative activities. (...) It would also help to reflect on how PCP and CP frameworks can be used to enhance UNIDO’s normative function. At the regional level, UNIDO’s normative role could be further enhanced by using existing UNIDO platforms for multi-stakeholder dialogue to promote harmonization of norms and standards, ultimately helping achieve greater regional integration.
Language:English
Score: 835512.9 - https://www.unido.org/unidos-n...regional-and-field-cooperation
Data Source: un
India is a major vaccine producer that has 12 major vaccine manufacturing facilities. These vaccines are used for the national and international market (150 countries), which makes India a major vaccine supplier across the globe. (...) With a regulatory system for vaccines assessed as functional by WHO, vaccine manufacturers in India continue to remain eligible to apply for prequalification of specific products. WHO prequalification, which is a guarantee that a specific vaccine meets international standards of quality, safety and efficacy, is a prerequisite for manufacturers to supply to countries through United Nations procuring agencies.
Language:English
Score: 833749.3 - https://www.who.int/india/news...ndards-for-vaccine-regulations
Data Source: un
As the automation and interconnectivity of driving functions increases, the issues of data encryption and cybersecurity will become more important. 1.3. (...) If applicable, the data subject shall have the right to withdraw his or her consent if it involves functions that are not necessary for the operation of their vehicle or for road safety. 4.2.4. (...) Connected vehicles and vehicles with ADT are under the obligation to perform their functions safely and reliably across national borders.
Language:English
Score: 832800.7 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...9/ECE-TRANS-WP29-2017-046e.pdf
Data Source: un
In the recent years, China has initiated a series of nationally coordinated audits targeting industries including shoe manufacturing, computer manufacturing, high speed road construction, retail stores and hotels. (...) In practice, companies that perform similar functions, assume similar risks, own similar assets, and operate under comparable circumstances to the tested companies are used instead. (...) Suppose the parent company developed a new formulation and has contracted a subsidiary to use the formulation to manufacture the drug. The question is how much royalty should the subsidiary pay for the right to manufacture.
Language:English
Score: 832002.05 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...Att12_ChinaCountryPractice.pdf
Data Source: un