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Thailand’s annual newborns are currently recorded approximately 800,000, of which 5,000 are born to HIV-infected mothers. The mother-to-child transmission is viable throughout the pregnancy with the highest risk during the stage of labor or breastfeeding. (...) Annually, approximately 5,000 newborns from HIV positive mothers need to be tested for mother to child transmission of HIV. (...) It is quite a hard task to get fully compliance from the infected mothers to participate the treatment course actively, since such mothers are quite young and do not have enough social supports while getting the treatment for herself and her infant.
Language:English
Score: 776156 - https://publicadministration.u...nProfilev2014/mid/1170/id/5193
Data Source: un
Chairperson, Securing a better future for mothers needs to be the number one goal for the advancement of women in the post-2015 development agenda.Maternal health should remain a stand-alone goal in the post-2015 development agenda as it was in the MDG framework. (...) Maternal health care strives to make pregnancy safer for bothmothers and their unborn children, Preventing births by aborting the unborn child, or preventing the human embryo from implanting in the mother’s womb does not improve the health of the mother or her unborn child. (...) This cannot be confused with elective abortion, which destroysthe life of innocent unborn children and places the lives of mothers in jeopardy. Thank you Chairperson.
Language:English
Score: 767764.55 - https://www.un.org/development...esa_pd_cpd47_s_c-fam_item4.pdf
Data Source: un
untitled MIGRATION AND CHILDREN: a need to fill information gaps in order to guide policy responses Eva Jespersen UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence ejespersen@unicef.org www.unicef.org/irc 2 CHILDREN AFFECTED BY MIGRATION Independent, in search of work assisted regular irregular smuggled trafficked facilitated Children left behind mother father both Children going with parent(s) Children born abroad Children migrating on their own Children affected by non family migration 3 CHILDREN LEFT BEHIND – HOW MANY – AND WHERE? Official data may grossly underestimate; Moldova – 0-14 year olds left behind by one or both Official Mo Educ Bryant methodology 96,000 68,000 150,000-270,000 (5-8%) Bryant: changes in pop stock, (est.) female migration in reproductive ages, historic fertility rates – strong assumptions about similar fertility behaviour Philippines: 3-6 million (10-20%) children left behind Indonesia: 1 million (2-3%) Thailand: ½ million (2-3%) Moldova: Concentrated in certain rural areas, small towns 4 CHILDREN LEFT BEHIND … BY MOTHER, FATHER OR BOTH UNICEF Survey, Moldova: Absent Mother Father Both 10-14 Y 14.5% 14.9% 6.6% 15-18 Y 8.5% 16.4% 3.3% 68,000 93,000 30,000 = ca 190,000 When mother or both parents leave: left with grandparents, aunts, older siblings, non family care givers or in institutions (CEE/CIS) • Philippines survey: 63 % of households w mother migrant had kin living in the household • Philippines: mother serves one or more 2 year contracts 5 Large scale migration since 1989… Out-migration of families from Poland in 2002 , STOCK 12 December 2005 MONEE Statistical Network Meeting Number of families (thousands) TOTAL 341.6 Married couples with dependent children up to 24 years of age 103.9 - parents abroad (without children) 2.2 - parents with children (but not with all of them) abroad 1.1 Mothers with dependent children up to 24 years of age 41.9 - mother abroad (without all children) 6.8 Fathers with dependent children up to 24 years of age 4.5 - father abroad (without all children) 0.9 Type of family 6 CHILDREN LEFT BEHIND … ARE OFTEN MATERIALLY BETTER OFF • IMF/Moldova: remittance > 60% of income among 40+% families • Moldova: except in cases where both parents have left • Mexico: lower infant mortality, higher birth weight • Philippines: better educational outcomes • Moldova: weak evidence that educational outcome worsens –but more children of migrants attending higher education 7 CHILDREN LEFT BEHIND … BUT ….(1) MOLDOVA • Children of migrants want to leave Worsen demographic crisis and dependency ration - Issue of role of parents in demaning services for their communities (PTA etc) • Emotional and psychological stress, worse when mother migrates • Risk behaviour; 60% of minors committing crime were in the care of grandparents or other relatives 8 CHILDREN LEFT BEHIND … BUT ….(2) PHILIPPINES (related findings for Indonesia) • Study shows children of migrants performing better on social anxiety scale and children’s loneliness scale • ’94 study failed to discover diff behaviour on sex, substance abuse for children (15-19) w one or two parents at home • Missing mom; families generally would prefer to stay intact Accumulated national experience helps inform potential migrants Longer term impact is hard to assess Certain localities are particularly hard affected 9 EMERGING RECOMMENDATIONS • Managed migration (Philippines) allow more regular home visits by mothers, migrant parents - and through one off fee allows access to social services for family (Thailand) if adequate incentives (affordable, non discrimination) • Philippines – counseling of families • To assess and address an issue it needs to be measured – immigration service statistics could capture information on children left behind by registered migrants; need for qualitative surveys; school admission data • Philippines – proposal to use teachers as ‘social workers’ in high migration areas 10 CHILDREN BROUGHT ALONG/ BORN ABROAD • Often pre-school children • Albania: high skilled leave (permanently) w families • Potentially better social and material conditions than at home but • Facing relative poverty in the host community (93,000 registered children < 14 from Myanmar) • Playing or working along-side parents w/o access to care • Conditions in host country depends on development status •Access to social services •Discrimination/social exclusion • Issue of citizenship and access to services • Albania: up to 100,000 born abroad ’89-’01 11 CHILDREN MIGRATING ON THEIR OWN Children not in school and not finding employment/ opportunities Small numbers ?
Language:English
Score: 763400.2 - https://www.un.org/development...s/unpd_om_200606_jespersen.pdf
Data Source: un
Globally, 15 countries have been certified for eliminating mother-to-child HIV transmission. None of them had an epidemic as large as Botswana. (...) That risk drops to less than 5% if treatment is given to both mothers and children throughout the stages when transmission can occur. (...) The elimination agenda has broadened to a “triple elimination” of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B.
Language:English
Score: 761316.5 - https://www.un.org/africarenew...each-key-milestone-elimination
Data Source: un
This association results in a bias in reported child deaths in data collected retrospectively from mothers because only living mothers are able to report. (...) They found significantly different under-five mortality levels for HIV-positive mothers (46 percent) versus HIV-negative mothers (16 percent). (...) The second assumption is violated also in HIV settings because in most countries HIV prevalence is associated with mother’s age, thus child mortality is not independent of mother’s age.
Language:English
Score: 760398.05 - https://www.un.org/development...-egm-200309-unicef_paper15.pdf
Data Source: un
In a 2 study comparing the impact of mother’s education and household wealth, the authors concluded that mother’s education was a more important determinant of child survival than household wealth. (...) One variable of interest is the mother’s education. The study will document to what extent mother’s education is as important as household wealth for the survival of a child. (...) When other factors are controlled, including household wealth, the relative risk of a child of a mother with tertiary education is 29 per cent that of a child of a mother with less than primary education.
Language:English
Score: 754115.97 - https://www.un.org/development...020/Jan/un_2015_techpaper1.pdf
Data Source: un
Message - Mother Earth Day | United Nations Skip to main content Toggle navigation Welcome to the United Nations العربية 中文 English Français हिन्दी Português Русский Español Kiswahili International Mother Earth Day 22 April Search the United Nations Submit Search A-Z Site Index Toggle navigation Home Background Messages UN Observances UN Environment organized a creative workshop in Quito in 2016 under the motto "Dreaming up the city we want to live in". UNEP Secretary-General's Message   On this International Mother Earth Day, all eyes are on the COVID-19 pandemic – the biggest test the world has faced since the Second World War. (...) We will only preserve Mother Earth through a paradigm shift from a human-centric society to an Earth-centred global ecosystem.
Language:English
Score: 753146.34 - https://www.un.org/en/observances/earth-day/message
Data Source: un
Message - Mother Earth Day | United Nations Skip to main content Toggle navigation Welcome to the United Nations العربية 中文 English Français हिन्दी Português Русский Español Kiswahili International Mother Earth Day 22 April Search the United Nations Submit Search A-Z Site Index Toggle navigation Home Background Messages UN Observances UN Environment organized a creative workshop in Quito in 2016 under the motto "Dreaming up the city we want to live in". UNEP Secretary-General's Message   On this International Mother Earth Day, all eyes are on the COVID-19 pandemic – the biggest test the world has faced since the Second World War. (...) We will only preserve Mother Earth through a paradigm shift from a human-centric society to an Earth-centred global ecosystem.
Language:English
Score: 753146.34 - https://www.un.org/en/node/67522
Data Source: un
International Mother Language Day | United Nations Skip to main content Toggle navigation Welcome to the United Nations العربية 中文 English Français हिन्दी Português Русский Español Kiswahili International Mother Language Day 21 February Search the United Nations Submit Search A-Z Site Index Toddlers in Bangladesh are introduced to the alphabet. (...) UNESCO believes education, based on the first language or mother tongue, must begin from the early years as early childhood care and education is the foundation of learning. (...) Background International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ) in November 1999.
Language:English
Score: 747453.76 - https://www.un.org/en/observances/mother-language-day
Data Source: un
Total fertility rate, mother’s average age at birth, and mother’s average age at first birth, Italy, 1952–2014 A difficult transition to adulthood More than 44 per cent of Italians aged 25–35 still live with, and are supported by, their parents. (...) In addition, most Italians have a negative view of working mothers, stating in opinion surveys that young children suffer when their mothers work. (...) As of 2010, 45 per cent of entitled mothers took at least some parental leave, but only 9 per cent of fathers.
Language:English
Score: 744107.1 - https://www.un.org/development...201511_policy_brief_no._10.pdf
Data Source: un