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REGULATION NO. 46, DEVICES FOR INDIRECT VISION : PROPOSED AMENDMENTS TO THE REGULATION / SUBMITTED BY THE EXPERT FROM THE NETHERLANDS
The camera should function well under low sunlight conditions. The camera shall provide a luminance contrast of at least 1:3 under low sun condition in a region outside the part of the image where the light source is reproduced (condition as defined in EN 12368: 8.4). (...) JUSTIFICATION The requirements for the approval of camera-monitor systems and the installation on vehicles seem to be unclear, like the provisions for low sunlight conditions and the visibility of critical object. (...) As standard EN 12368, related to traffic signal light, cannot be applied directly to camera’s the test conditions for the blooming test, which simulates the influence of low sunlight on the performance of a camera, have been redefined.
Language:English
Score: 1097720.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...TRANS/WP.29/GRSG/2008/3&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
The report provides an overview on the common and unique sustainability elements of Indigenous Peoples' food systems, in terms of natural resource management, access to the market, diet diversity, indigenous peoples’ governance systems, and links to traditional knowledge and indigenous languages. (...) Unique Indigenous Maya food system blends cropping techniques in Guatemala  -  Maya Ch’orti’ communities in Guatemala who practice unique techniques among the best in the world for maximizing different intensities of sunlight and complementing soil fertility. In the Arctic, Indigenous Sámi keep life centered on reindeer herding -  In Finland’s northern Arctic landscape, the Indigenous Inari Sámi community practice a unique form of reindeer herding and fishing based on traditional knowledge reports Tero Mustonen, an Finnish scientist and fisherman and president of SnowChange Cooperative.  
Language:English
Score: 1095482.5 - https://www.fao.org/indigenous...les/news-article/en/c/1469089/
Data Source: un
Wind power, then, is part of the city’s natural and cultural heritage and a gives us an image to draw on as we go forward. (...) Through observation and analysis, we have discovered that our site—located in one of Manhattan’s most densely developed districts—is in fact gifted with tremendous natural resources. First, we have a natural endowment of sunlight. (...) With this in mind, we can build from the natural assets of every new project: its endowment of sunlight, water, earth, and biology—as well as its location and neighborhood relationships.
Language:English
Score: 1089451.8 - https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/meetings/2005/docs/Cook.pdf
Data Source: un
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION RELATED TO THE COMMERCIAL OCTABROMODIPHENYL ETHER RISK MANAGEMENT EVALUATION
K0841717 100908 For reasons of economy, this document is printed in a limited number. Delegates are kindly requested to bring their copies to meetings and not to request additional
Language:English
Score: 1088094.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...NEP/POPS/POPRC.4/INF/10&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
6 The most important chemical reaction on our planet 7 The most important chemical reaction on our planet was tailor made for algae • Nearly all of the biomass of algae is concentrated in the chloroplast – the engine that turns sunlight and CO2 into organic carbon (i.e., C-C and C-H bonds) • Algae “waste” no time or energy making stalks, roots, leaves, or fruit • The result is maximum hydrocarbon per unit area 8 Algal oil production dwarfs that of all terrestial plants because of the enormous advantage they have converting CO2 to hydrocarbons Plant mass on earth Photosynthesis on earth Algae are 40x more efficient at converting sunlight to hydrocarbon than terrestial plants Aquatic plants Terrestial plants 10 There is no shortage of estimates for how much oil an acre algae can yield per year… 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 P. (...) Fortune, 2008 Valcent 2008 Current estimates of annual oil production per acre of cultivated algae Gallons per year • Under extreme solar intensity (>300 W/m2) with high PAR (>50%) • Ultra-efficient biomass productivity (>50 g/m2/day) • Total extractible liquid (lipid + engineered hydrocarbon) fraction >40% • Under high solar intensity (>250 W/m2) with high PAR (>40%) • Highly efficient biomass productivity (>40 g/m2/day) • Total extractible liquid (lipid + engineered hydrocarbon) fraction >35% Best case by 2020 Base case by 2020 11 …but even with the most conservative estimates, extraordinary yields are likely Solar irradiation 100% Photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) 40% Entering the water body 75% Max efficiency of photosynthesis 25% Target PE for conversion of sunlight to hydrocarbon* 1.9 – 3.8% of total irradiation * Assuming 25-50% of theoretical maximum PE is achievable ** Yield at 30 g/m2/day (Medium irradiation); 30% oil content Oil yield Gal per acre per year 3,793 554 160 Rapeseed Palm Algae** A highly efficient conversion of solar energy… …Leads to high yields of oil 8% of total irradiation Theoretically maximum PE The implications of (even conservative) oil yields are dramatic Entire USAF jet fuel consumption (200,000 bpd) 5% of US consumption (1,000,000 bpd) 10% of US consumption (2,000,000 bpd) 25% of US consumption (5,000,000 bpd) Gallons oil per acre per year3,800 5,000 8,000 800,000 acres 35x35 miles 600,000 acres 31x31 miles 400,000 acres 25x25 miles 4 MM acres 80x80 miles 3 MM acres 70x70 miles 2 MM acres 55x55 miles 8 MM acres 112x112 miles 6 MM acres 97x97 miles 4 MM acres 80x80 miles 20 MM acres 180x180 miles 15 MM acres 150x150 miles 10 MM acres 125x125 miles 50% of US consumption (10,000,000 bpd) 40 MM acres 250x250 miles 30 MM acres 215x215 miles 20 MM acres 175x175 miles Total US oil production, including off-shore and arctic is 5 million bpd * 3% Based on energy content. Numbers based on 2007 production figures from USDA, Greencarcongress 4% of US consumption by volume* (800,000 bpd equivalent) 23 MM acres** 190x190 miles Productivity of corn for ethanol – 25% of corn growing land was used to make ethanol to displace 4% of US fuel Current trajectory Base case, 2020 Best case, 2020 Carbon Neutral, Renewable transportation fuel of the future 13 Sunlight + CO2 = Aviation Fuel Sapphire Production Green Crude Aviation Fuel Platform Biology and Engineering = CO2 Neutral, Renewable Fuels 14 ~7,000 years ago ~1,000 years ago Today • Nothing in modern agriculture would be where it is today without thousands of years of directed evolution and, ultimately, genetic engineering • With energy crops like algae we gain the benefits of science and engineering • Without the luxury of thousands of years to direct the evolution of algae, the only solution for commercial scale is genetic engineering Rapid Developments Algae Jet Fuel made in partnership with http://www.sapphireenergy.com/mediacenter Sapphire Energy Overview and Accomplishments 17 •Leaders in development of green crude from algae •HQ San Diego, Development facilities Las Cruces New Mexico •Team is best in class in biotechnology, algal production, civil engineering, biorefining, biofuels, and business development •First algal feedstock refined to green gasoline, green diesel, and green jet fuel •First commercial aircraft flight using algal fuel -- January 7, 2009, Continental Airlines •Largest cultivation of enhanced algal strains •Dominant IP portfolio, with over 200 patents in algal fuel space •Raised over $100 million from top tier investors •90+ employees << /ASCII85EncodePages false /AllowTransparency false /AutoPositionEPSFiles true /AutoRotatePages /All /Binding /Left /CalGrayProfile (Dot Gain 20%) /CalRGBProfile (sRGB IEC61966-2.1) /CalCMYKProfile (U.S.
Language:English
Score: 1086611.3 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...ments/WAAF-2009/16_Goodall.pdf
Data Source: un
They know the ecosystem, they move from one place to another one to find work in pastures, but in this way of living, it is giving back to nature; it is helping nature to get regenerated in a natural way. (...) Their way of life - rich with traditional knowledge and respect for nature - and their ability to manage natural resources sustainably supports the lives and livelihoods of 2.5 billion people or about 1 in 3 people in the world. (...) Sunlight and wind, for example, are such sources that are constantly being replenished.
Language:English
Score: 1085318.9 - https://www.un.org/en/node/176970
Data Source: un
They know the ecosystem, they move from one place to another one to find work in pastures, but in this way of living, it is giving back to nature; it is helping nature to get regenerated in a natural way. (...) Their way of life - rich with traditional knowledge and respect for nature - and their ability to manage natural resources sustainably supports the lives and livelihoods of 2.5 billion people or about 1 in 3 people in the world. (...) Sunlight and wind, for example, are such sources that are constantly being replenished.
Language:English
Score: 1085318.9 - https://www.un.org/en/climatec...thought-leaders-hindou-ibrahim
Data Source: un
REPORT OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON ITS 26TH SESSION :HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL, ADVISORY COMMITTEE, 26TH SESSION, 16-20 AUGUST 2021
They aim either to reduce the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth’s atmosphere and becoming trapped by greenhouse gases (solar radiation management) or to remove the greenhouse gases already released into the atmosphere by human activities. (...) Interventions in the atmosphere • Stratospheric aerosol injection: releasing inorganic particles (e.g. sulfur dioxide) into the upper layer of the atmosphere to create a reflexive barrier that would reduce the amount of sunlight reaching the Earth • Cloud seeding: spraying chemicals (such as silver iodide) into clouds to increase precipitation and cloud cover, which would reflect sunlight back into space • Marine cloud brightening: spraying sea water droplets into marine clouds to make them whiter and thus able to reflect more sunlight • Space mirrors: positioning man-made orbital mirror satellites on the outer layer of Earth’s atmosphere to deflect sunlight 2. Land-based interventions • Carbon capture technologies: capturing CO2 from fossil power generation and industrial processes, and either transforming it into liquid and storing (e.g., in depleted oil and gas reservoirs) or using it in other industrial processes, such as for the production of concrete for construction through the reaction of CO2 with calcifying minerals • Direct air capture: capturing CO2 directly from the ambient air (,not in industrial processes), as in the case of carbon capture technologies, for storage or use • Photosynthesis enhancement: genetic engineering of popular plants or crops, such as rice, to strengthen photosynthetic performance, increasing their yield and carbon sequestration effectiveness • Enhanced terrestrial weathering: mining and spreading crushed silicate minerals able to naturally sequester atmospheric CO2 (such as olivine) on the land surface • Ground-based albedo modification: various means, such as painting rooftops white, covering part of deserts with white polyethylene film to better reflect sunlight, coating Arctic ice with small glass beads to insulate melting snowpack and glaciers, clearing remaining areas of boreal forests to boost reflectivity due to their snow cover A/HRC/AC/26/2 16 3.
Language:English
Score: 1083241.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/AC/26/2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
CONSERVATION OF ELECTRIC POWER
Over the years, various economy measures of a technical nature in the use of electricity and steam, which is required for heating and air-conditioning, have been placed into effect centrally. (...) During the cooling season, this is done most effectively before the sunlight reaches maximum levels. Staff on the east side of the Secretariat building should lower the blinds before leaving in the evening.
Language:English
Score: 1078502.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=ST/IC/1996/9&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
PROPOSAL BY THE DELEGATION OF GERMANY TO AMEND THE STANDARD FOR CITRUS FRUITS
Under section VI – B. Nature of produce This section lists a number of terms used to describe the different citrus species covered by the marketing standard and which may/shall be used for labelling purposes. (...) In addition, the juice of Navels becomes bitter after a short standing time due to its content of limonin glucoside, which decomposes to limonin under sunlight. In this respect, the labelling "juice oranges" on (small calibre) oranges of the Navel group is to be objected to as misleading.
Language:English
Score: 1078502.1 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../CTCS/WP.7/GE.1/2022/14&Lang=E
Data Source: ods