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A problem with the definition of “judgment” adopted by the respondent is that it clearly does not cover all interlocutory orders, such as orders for production of documents. An order for production is not an interim judgment on the issues in the case in the sense in which that phrase is used in the Dictionary cited. (...) Nor does it suggest that the jurisdiction of the Tribunal to order the production of documents is limited in the way suggested. (...) The DTS in art 9 gives power in unqualified language to require the production of documents – [9] 1. The Dispute Tribunal may order production of documents or such other evidence as it deems necessary
Language:English
Score: 479522.7 - www.un.org/en/internalj...es/undt/orders/ny-2010-059.pdf
Data Source: oaj
WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION Thirteenth WMO Congress, Geneva, May 1999 RESOLUTION 25 (Cg-XIII) EXCHANGE OF HYDROLOGICAL DATA AND PRODUCTS THE CONGRESS, NOTING: 1.Resolution 40 (Cg-XII) - WMO policy and practice for the exchange of meteorological and related data and products including guidelines on relationships in commercial meteorological activities, 2.The inclusion of dedicated observations of the climate system, including hydrological phenomena, as one of the four main thrusts of The Climate Agenda, which was endorsed by Twelfth Congress, 3.That Technical Regulation [D.1.1] 8.3.1(k), states that, in general, the routine functions of NHSs should include, inter alia, "making the data accessible to users, when, where and in the form they require" and that the Technical Regulations also contain a consolidated list of data and product requirements to support all WMO Programmes, 4.That the nineteenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly agreed, in its overall review and appraisal of the implementation of Agenda 21, that there is an urgent need to "...foster regional and international cooperation for information dissemination and exchange through cooperative approaches among United Nations institutions, …" (A/RES/S-19/2, paragraph 34(f)), 5.That the fifty-first session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted, by resolution 51/229, the Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses, Article 9 of which provides for "regular exchange of data and information", 6.That the Intergovernmental Council of the International Hydrological Programme of UNESCO adopted at its twelfth session Resolution XII-4 which dealt with the exchange of hydrological data and information needed for research at the regional and international levels, CONSIDERING: 1.The significance attached by International Conference on Water and the Environment (ICWE) (Dublin, 1992) to extending the knowledge base on water and enhancing the capacity of water sector specialists to implement all aspects of integrated water resources management, 2.The call of world leaders at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)(Rio de Janeiro, 1992) for a significant strengthening of, and capacity building in, water resources assessment, for increasing global commitment to exchange scientific data and analyses and for promoting access to strengthened systematic observations, 3.That the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) in its Decision 6/1 "Strategic Approaches to Freshwater Management" has strongly encouraged States to promote the exchange and dissemination of water-related data and information, and has recognized "the need for periodic assessments … for a global picture of the state of freshwater resources and potential problems", 4.The call by the nineteenth Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly "for the highest priority to be given to the serious freshwater problems facing many regions, especially in the developing world" and the "urgent need … to strengthen the capability of Governments and international institutions to collect and manage information … and environmental data, in order to facilitate the integrated assessment and management of water resources", 5.The requirements for full, open and prompt exchange of hydrological data and products in support of various international conventions, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the Convention to Combat Desertification, 6.The requirement for the global exchange of hydrological information in support of scientific investigations of world importance such as those on global change and the global hydrological cycle, and as a contribution to relevant programmes and projects of WMO, other United Nations agencies, ICSU and other organizations of equivalent status, 7.The opportunities for more efficient management of water resources and the need for cooperation in mitigating water-related hazards in transboundary river basins and their water bodies which depend on the international exchange of hydrological data and information, 8.The increasing recognition through scientific and technical endeavours, such as GEWEX, of the importance of hydrological data and products in improving the understanding of meteorological processes and subsequently the accuracy of meteorological products, RECOGNIZING: 1.The responsibility of Members and their NHSs to provide for the security and well-being of the people of their countries, through mitigation of water-related hazards and sustainable management of water resources, 2.The potential benefits of enhanced exchange of hydrological data and information within shared river basins and aquifers, based on agreements between the Members concerned, 3.The continuing need for strengthening the capabilities of NHSs, particularly in developing countries, 4.The right of Governments to choose the manner by which, and the extent to which, they make hydrological data and products available domestically and internationally, 5.The right of Governments also to choose the extent to which they make available internationally data which are vital to national defense and security. Nevertheless, Members shall cooperate in good faith with other Members with a view to providing as much data as possible under the circumstances, 6.The requirement by some Members that their NHSs earn revenue from users, and/or adopt commercial practices in managing their businesses, 7.The long-established provision of some hydrological products and services on a commercial basis and in a competitive environment, and the impacts, both positive and negative, associated with such arrangements, ADOPTS a stand of committing to broadening and enhancing, whenever possible, the free and unrestricted international exchange of hydrological data and products, in consonance with the requirements for WMO’s scientific and technical programmes; FURTHER ADOPTS the following practice on the international exchange of hydrological information: 1.Members shall provide on a free and unrestricted basis those hydrological data and products which are necessary for the provision of services in support of the protection of life and property and for the well-being of all peoples; 2.Members should also provide additional hydrological data and products, where available, which are required to sustain programmes and projects of WMO, other United Nations agencies, ICSU and other organizations of equivalent status, related to operational hydrology and water resources research at the global, regional and national levels and, furthermore, to assist other Members in the provision of hydrological services in their countries; 3.Members should provide to the research and education communities, for their non-commercial activities, free and unrestricted access to all hydrological data and products exchanged under the auspices of WMO; 4.Respecting (2) and (3) above, Members may place conditions on the re-export, for commercial purposes, of these hydrological data and products, outside the receiving country or group of countries forming a single economic group; 5.Members should make known to all Members, through the WMO Secretariat, those hydrological data and products which have such conditions as in (4) above; 6.Members should make their best efforts to ensure that the conditions placed by the originator on the additional hydrological data and products are made known to initial and subsequent recipients; 7.Members shall ensure that the exchange of hydrological data and products under this resolution is consistent with the application of Resolution 40 (Cg-XII) – WMO policy and practice for the exchange of meteorological and related data and products including guidelines on relationships in commercial meteorological activities; URGES Members, in respect of the operational and scientific use of hydrological data and products, to: 1.Make their best efforts to implement the practice on the international exchange of hydrological data and products, as described in FURTHER ADOPTS (1) to (7); 2.Assist other Members, to the extent possible, and as agreed upon, in developing their capacity to implement the practice described in FURTHER ADOPTS (1) to (7); REQUESTS the Executive Council to: 1.Invite the Commission for Hydrology to provide advice and assistance on technical aspects of the implementation of the practice on the international exchange of hydrological data and products; 2.Keep the implementation of this resolution under review and report to Fourteenth Congress; DECIDES to review the implementation of this resolution at Fourteenth Congress. _______________ "Free and unrestricted" means non-discriminatory and without charge. "Without charge", in the context of this resolution means at no more than the cost of reproduction and delivery, without charge for the data and the product themselves. "Exchange", in the context of this resolution, means the movement of data and product between countries or, as it is more likely in the case in the field of hydrology, the movement of data and product from one country to another.
Language:English
Score: 479470.4 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...of%20hydrological%20data_e.doc
Data Source: un
Even if today, with some exceptions, the overall market shares of “sustainable” products and services are still marginal, the share of products that meet sustainability standards is steadily growing in international trade. (...) They seem ready to pay increased prices, ranging from the marginal for daily commodities to significant increases for more luxurious products. Round Table Sustainability standards in international trade: hurdles or opportunities? (...) Matern is the head of international quality assurance for the METRO Group and is in charge of customer-range strategy and product labelling.
Language:English
Score: 479236.77 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de...-11/EUNIS_Sustainability_0.pdf
Data Source: un
Requirements should be limited to relevant aspects and be proportionate to the hazard inherent in a given product or product area. 6. The detailed provisions on how to meet the requirements of the regulatory objectives should preferably be specified in applicable international standards. (...) The CRA may contain a provision that products complying with the referenced international standards are presumed to comply with the requirements. (...) In a case where products are in conformity with the CRA or the applicable international standard but are still found to endanger legitimate objectives, the regulator having agreed on a CRA could withdraw such products from the market or restrict free circulation.
Language:English
Score: 479161.77 - https://unece.org/DAM/trade/wp6/Recommendations/Rec_L.pdf
Data Source: un
Requirements should be limited to relevant aspects and be proportionate to the hazard inherent in a given product or product area. The detailed provisions on how to meet the requirements of the regulatory objectives should preferably be specified in applicable international standards. (...) The CRA may contain a provision that products complying with the referenced international standards are presumed to comply with the requirements. 4. (...) In a case where products are in conformity with the CRA or the applicable international standard but are still found to endanger legitimate objectives, the regulator having agreed on a CRA could withdraw such products from the market or restrict free circulation.
Language:English
Score: 479161.77 - https://unece.org/DAM/trade/wp...ations/Recommendation_L_en.pdf
Data Source: un
RESTRICTED GENERAL AGREEMENT ON 24 May 1985 TARIFFS AND TRADE Special Distribution Original: English WORKING PARTY ON TRADE IN CERTAIN NATURAL RESOURCE PRODUCTS Fish and Fisheries Products Statement made by the Observer from the FAO at the meeting of the Working Party on 7 May 1985 During the Sixteenth Session of the FAO Committee on Fisheries - which is open to all Member Nations and which took place in Rome from 22-26 April 1985 - suitable arrangements for a multilateral framework for consultations on international trade in fishery products were discussed. The Committee agreed to establish a Sub-Committee on Fish Trade to serve as a multilateral framework for consultations on international trade in fishery products. Membership in the Sub-Committee will be open to all Member Nations of FAO. (...) The terms of reference of the Sub-Committee will be as follows: "The Sub-Committee shall provide a forum for consultations on technical and economic aspects of international trade in fish and fishery products including pertinent aspects of production and consumption.
Language:English
Score: 478926.76 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/91140057.pdf
Data Source: un
We also strive to protect the natural environment by promoting the use of innovative products. We encourage development by bringing international standards and the knowledge they embody to the production floor. (...) Technical regulations define the features of a product that will be commercialized. They are important at all stages of a product’s life-cycle: from the design, through the production and the distribution. (...) Has the International Model been used? Yes. Three initiatives have been launched on telecom products, earth-moving machinery and equipment for explosive environments.
Language:English
Score: 478741.8 - https://unece.org/DAM/highligh...English/0923762_WP6_EN_web.pdf
Data Source: un
We also strive to protect the natural environment by promoting the use of innovative products. We encourage development by bringing international standards and the knowledge they embody to the production floor. (...) Technical regulations define the features of a product that will be commercialized. They are important at all stages of a product’s life-cycle: from the design, through the production and the distribution. (...) Has the International Model been used? Yes. Three initiatives have been launched on telecom products, earth-moving machinery and equipment for explosive environments.
Language:English
Score: 478741.8 - https://unece.org/DAM/trade/wp...latoryCooperation-Brochure.pdf
Data Source: un
As a result, this reallocation of resources associated with international trade endogenously raises aggregate productivity. Against this backdrop, the slowdown in international trade flows is constraining productivity growth. (...) Do exports generate higher productivity? Evidence from Slovenia. Journal of International Economics 73, pp. 69–98.
Language:English
Score: 478671.3 - https://www.un.org/development...view-from-international-trade/
Data Source: un
Guidelines In order to ensure the maintenance of the international exchange of data and products among WMO Members, and to develop the applications of meteorology, while adapting to the new challenge from the growth of commercial meteorological activities: 1. (...) Services or products whose construction would suffer significant degradation by removal of the additional data or products and from which the additional data and/or products can be retrieved easily, or their use can be identified unambiguously, should carry the same conditions on their re-export for commercial purposes as those additional data or products; 7. (...) Meteorological and related data and products are considered to include climatological data and products. 2.
Language:English
Score: 478624.4 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...%20meteorological%20data_e.doc
Data Source: un