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Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate Measurement Committed to connecting the world Search for: ITU General Secretariat Radiocommunication Standardization About ITU-T Events All Groups Standards Resources BSG Study Groups Regional Presence Join ITU-T Development ITU Telecom Members' Zone Join ITU You are here ITU > Home > ITU-T > Workshops and Seminars > Workshops on Specific Absorption Rate > ITU Workshop on tackling climate change and Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement Share Page Content ITU Workshop on tackling climate change and Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012 Contact: tsbworkshops@itu.int Background What is Specific Absorption Rate (SAR)? (...) Information on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) values To communicate with the network, mobile phones emit low levels of radio waves (also known as radiofrequency or 'RF' energy) when being used. (...) Towards this end, ITU is organizing a one-day Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement at the Azalai Plage Hotel in Cotonou, Benin, on 19 July 2012.
Language:English
Score: 1604055.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W.../sar/201207/Pages/default.aspx
Data Source: un
[273]  ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012)   Français   Español     Home : ITU-T : TSB : Circulars : 273 Recently posted  -  Search Meeting Documents     [273]  ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012) Format Size Posted English Word   287744 bytes 2012-04-20 [273]  Arabic Word   163521 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Chinese Word   181075 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Español Word   175268 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Français Word   169325 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Russian Word   172771 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]    Document : ITU-T TSB  (Study Period 2009)  Circular  273 Title : ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012) Date : 2012-04-20 Source : TSB Access : Public Document Top  -  Feedback  -  Contact Us  -  Copyright © ITU  2008 All Rights Reserved Contact for this page :  TSB EDH Updated : 2012-05-07  
Language:English
Score: 1520997 - https://www.itu.int/md/T09-TSB-CIR-0273/en
Data Source: un
[273]  ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012)   Français   Español     Home : ITU-T : TSB : Circulars : 273 Recently posted  -  Search Meeting Documents     [273]  ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012) Format Size Posted English Word   287744 bytes 2012-04-20 [273]  Arabic Word   163521 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Chinese Word   181075 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Español Word   175268 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Français Word   169325 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]  Russian Word   172771 bytes 2012-05-07 [273]    Document : ITU-T TSB  (Study Period 2009)  Circular  273 Title : ITU Workshop on Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) Measurement (Cotonou, Benin, 19 July 2012) Date : 2012-04-20 Source : TSB Access : Public Document Top  -  Feedback  -  Contact Us  -  Copyright © ITU  2008 All Rights Reserved Contact for this page :  TSB EDH Updated : 2012-05-07  
Language:English
Score: 1520997 - https://www.itu.int/md/T09-TSB-CIR-0273/_page.print
Data Source: un
Microsoft PowerPoint - 110725_ITU-T-WS_MMF_SAR_final [Kompatibilitätsmodus] 1 ITU-T Workshop on “Practical Measurement of EMF exposure” GICC, Gaborone, Botswana 25th July 2011 Specific Absorption Rate: How to explain, how to measure Thomas Barmueller Former Member of Austrian Parliament Director Europe, Middle East and Africa Mobile Manufacturers Forum (MMF) 2 Presentation Overview 1. (...) How to explain Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) 4. How to measure SAR 5. Summary 17 ICNIRP exposure limits: mobile phones ICNIRP limits Exposure Characteristic Whole Body averaged Specific Absorption Rate Local SAR averaged over 10 g of tissue Head & Trunk Limbs Workers’ exposure 0.4 W/kg 10 W/kg 20 W/kg General Public exposure 0.08 W/kg 2 W/kg 4 W/kg Guidelines for Limiting Exposure to Time-varying Electric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz).” (...) Not healthy! *SAR = Specifc Absorption Rate 19 SAR* limit (2 W/kg) correctly explained Established adverse health effects Reduction factors “Safe” exposure Threshold of established adverse health effects SAR limit Ex po su re high low Source: ICNIRP X X X XX X X *SAR = Specifc Absorption Rate 20 Clearance = threshold of established adverse health effects Maximum permissible height = SAR limit Explaining SAR: Metaphor ‚Bridge‘ …but to show the right proportions you will need … 21 Explaining SAR: Metaphor ‚Bridge‘ Occupational SAR limit for head and trunk: 10 W/kg Public SAR limit for head and trunk: 2 W/kg All mobile phones below 2 W/kg are equally safe. 22 Presentation Overview 1.
Language:English
Score: 1497267.9 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../06/4F/T064F0000030024PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
Average values by country groups, 1990-2013 ....................................................... 18 Figure 2 Final imports as a share of domestic absorption. Average values by country group, 1990-2013 ................................................................................................................ 20 Figure 3 Distribution between domestic and foreign value added generated in domestically produced and absorbed goods and services, 2013 ................................................... 22 Figure 4 GDP induced by total domestic (blue) and foreign (red) absorption, 2013 ............ 23 Figure 5 GDP induced by manufacturing domestic (blue) and foreign (red) absorption as a share of GDP, 2013 ................................................................................................. 24 Figure 6 Annual compound growth rate in domestic value added generated by manufacturing final demand (DVAMAFID) and the contribution of domestic absorption (DVAMADA). Average values by country group, 1990-2000 and 2000-2013 ............................... 27 Figure 7 Annual compound growth rate in domestic value added generated by manufacturing final demand (DVAMAFID) and the contribution of domestic absorption (DVAMADA). (...) Average values by country groups, 1990-2013 a. Total Domestic Absorption b. Manufacturing Domestic Absorption Source: Authors’ elaboration based on Eora.
Language:English
Score: 1497082.7 - https://www.unido.org/api/open...d/10377550/unido-file-10377550
Data Source: un
II. Building Absorptive Capacity • What do we mean by absorptive capacity? o Distinguish aid effectiveness vs absorptive capacity. AE differs considerably between countries AC affects the returns to aid – the ‘slope’. (...) Consequence of moving too slowly is will not have skilled labor to deploy through economy over time. o Macro-economic High ODA flows to meet social MDG requirements are likely to have bigger impact on the exchange rate This is likely to shift resources away from export sectors, hurt the trade balance.
Language:English
Score: 1475761.1 - https://www.un.org/en/ecosoc/m...05/docs/OutlineBourguignon.pdf
Data Source: un
It typically includes: the type of application equipment used, pesticide formulation, application rate, work rate, level of personal protection, etc. (...) For space spraying: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage. For larviciding: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage; target concentration of a.i. per unit area of surfaces) For aircraft insectization: concentration of the a.i. in the formulation and the spray solution; For other parameters used in the models, default values are provided which, however, can be locally adjusted. (...) Alternatively, if the risk is unacceptable, higher tier risk assessments may be done, such as: using measured pesticide absorption rates rather than the default ones provided in the model; using exposure levels that have been measured under local pesticide use conditions rather than the model estimates.
Language:English
Score: 1352321.1 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/fr/c/1187107/
Data Source: un
It typically includes: the type of application equipment used, pesticide formulation, application rate, work rate, level of personal protection, etc. (...) For space spraying: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage. For larviciding: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage; target concentration of a.i. per unit area of surfaces) For aircraft insectization: concentration of the a.i. in the formulation and the spray solution; For other parameters used in the models, default values are provided which, however, can be locally adjusted. (...) Alternatively, if the risk is unacceptable, higher tier risk assessments may be done, such as: using measured pesticide absorption rates rather than the default ones provided in the model; using exposure levels that have been measured under local pesticide use conditions rather than the model estimates.
Language:English
Score: 1352321.1 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/es/c/1187107/
Data Source: un
It typically includes: the type of application equipment used, pesticide formulation, application rate, work rate, level of personal protection, etc. (...) For space spraying: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage. For larviciding: concentration of the a.i.in the formulation and the spray solution; dermal absorption percentage; target concentration of a.i. per unit area of surfaces) For aircraft insectization: concentration of the a.i. in the formulation and the spray solution; For other parameters used in the models, default values are provided which, however, can be locally adjusted. (...) Alternatively, if the risk is unacceptable, higher tier risk assessments may be done, such as: using measured pesticide absorption rates rather than the default ones provided in the model; using exposure levels that have been measured under local pesticide use conditions rather than the model estimates.
Language:English
Score: 1333178.5 - https://www.fao.org/pesticide-...ds/method-detail/zh/c/1187107/
Data Source: un
Able to trade themselves out of poverty But this should be supplemented by Most importantly Market Access-(Regional and International) Pursuance of prudent macroeconomic policies Experience With Investment in Social Expenditure Most of the external aid is in the form of Government budget support (BS) Increased BS in the face of non-tradable supply bottlenecks could increase appreciation pressures if the net imports do not rise fast enough to offset the increase in domestic absorption. Increasing prices of NT could be a symptom of absorption capacity issues (value for money), high income elasticity in the demand for NT that is not compensated for by an elastic price supply or demand. Experience With Investment in Social Expenditure-cont Productivity gains from social expenditure take long to materialize In the meantime, the private sector is being crowded through the upward pressures on exchange and interest rates Some argue that the increased BS should be absorbed through the deterioration of the CAB meaning that developing countries should import more goods and services. (...) Criteria for Allocating Aid to Enhance its effectiveness Predictability of aid flows over time Constraint allocation to absorption capacity of the recipient economy. Be allocated with a fundamental objective of increasing the recipient's productivity and reducing the costs of production through investment in human and physical infrastructure, and financial market deepening.
Language:English
Score: 1301876 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/second/62/maego.pdf
Data Source: un