NOTE VERBALE DATED 2008/03/13 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF SPAIN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
• A plan for the prevention of tax fraud was also in place prior to the Special
Rapporteur’s visit; the plan includes specific measures for the real estate and housing
• Specific steps have been taken to combat real estate mobbing and to provide citizens
with protection and information (...) A/HRC/7/G/13
1. REAL ESTATE MOBBING
The Ministry of Housing shares the Special Rapporteur’s concern regarding the adverse
effects of real estate mobbing, as described in paragraph 94 of the report. (...) The amendments also seek to provide incentives for the real estate sector with a view to
increasing its activities in the protected housing market.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
During her visit, the Special Rapporteur noted a general problem of access to
housing associated with existing housing policies for basic standard dwellings and with real
estate speculation. That makes the private real estate market inaccessible to the vast
majority of the population.
29. (...) These are new housing units built by a real estate promoter in
accordance with fixed technical specifications and financial conditions. (...) However, slum residents often
have to wait under very difficult conditions for many years or even decades; a considerable
period of time may elapse between their registration in the waiting list and the actual
allocation of a dwelling under the public housing programme.
UNIVERSAL PERIODIC REVIEW : INFORMATION PRESENTED BY THE ALBANIAN PEOPLE'S ADVOCATE (OMBUDSMAN) : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
recommendations consist in, taking measures for registration of members of the Roma
minority in the registers of the civil offices in the local units where they have actual
residence, to amend the Decision of the Council of Ministers no. 787/2005 "Setting the
criteria”, procedures and the amount of aid "(as amended). (...) Take effective measures to accelerate the consolidation of the rights to property
The property and rights relating to estate property still continue to be problematic due to the
inability of state structures to guarantee and provide adequate and long-term solution of
these accumulated problems over the last 20 years.
(...) The People’s Advocate requested from the Central Office of Real Estate Registration a
general overview on the progress of the initial registration of estate property for the years
2011 and following, in how many cadastral areas is divided the territory of Albania, how
many final decisions of CORER in districts and regions are registered in Local Office of
Real Estate Registration of regions from the beginning of compensation process, how
percent of the lands and territories are still unregistered, how many cadastral areas are not
in the process and are not updated for initial registration, which is the reason for this and
the total surface of them, which are the reasons that have impeded the initial registration
process of estate properties and if there is provided any legal initiative of legal reform to
accelerate the process, if its planned any change of the Intersectional Strategy "Reform in
the property rights area 2012-2020" and its Action Plan, approved by the Decision of
Council of Ministers no. 405, dated 27.06.2012 , etc.
CIVIL AND POLITICAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE QUESTION OF RELIGIOUS INTOLERANCE : REPORT : ADDENDUM / BY ABDELFATTAH AMOR, SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF
A large amount of real estate belonging to religious communities established in Romania
was confiscated by the State under the communist regime between 1948 and 1989. (...) After 1948, as well as other real estate, a large area of farmland and forests was also
confiscated from different religious communities in Romania. (...) Two years later, the Greek
Catholic community was granted actual possession of the church by another court decision and
on 7 February 2002 members of the Greek Catholic Church in this parish returned to their church,
some 54 years after it had been confiscated.
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATED TO ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE :ADDENDUM
Inequalities in access to water and sanitation ............................. 46 - 48 16
F. Tourist and real estate developments .......................................... 49 - 53 17
IV. (...) The sustainable management of water resources presupposes the realization of a national
water balance, a diagnostic model used to evaluate the actual availability of water for human
consumption by assessing the quantity and quality of surface and groundwater available (water
supply) and the quantity and quality of water needed in relation to different water uses (water
demand). (...) F. Tourist and real estate developments
49. Massive tourist and real estate developments have created serious problems, such as water
scarcity, and generated social conflicts between demand by local communities for water for
human consumption and the economic interests of investors and real estate developers,
especially in the northern coastal areas of the country.
VISIT TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
A number of residents in receipt of livelihood and housing benefits
reported that the housing benefit is insufficient to cover actual housing costs and that they
must therefore use their livelihood benefit to pay their rent. (...) In 2016, the
average housing benefit covered only 69.8 per cent of the actual average rents paid by the
29. (...) The push of global
investment into residential real estate has contributed significantly to the unaffordability of
housing in many countries.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT :MISSION TO PORTUGAL : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
ad hoc sanitation facilities, sometimes outside of the actual home, or without doors for
privacy or a place to wash. (...) She was also informed, however, that real estate agents and
corporations take advantage of loopholes in laws and regulations to buy up and control a
significant share of the short-term rental market.
6. (...) Of the
3,888 visas issued between October 2012 and September 2016, 3,669 were given to third-
party nationals acquiring real estate; only six were given to investors who created jobs.
VISIT TO NEW ZEALAND - REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
This has given rise to and perpetuates
an ongoing state of homelessness that is integrally linked to the existential and actual
disruption of this connection as a result of colonization and, more specifically, colonial
11. (...) Successive Governments have sought to introduce greater controls aimed at reducing
real estate speculation and curbing some effects of financialization. (...) During November 2020, 462 households were supported by the
programme.25 The Special Rapporteur welcomes that the Government is planning to further
expand the programme, which is currently still small compared to the actual number of
tenants in arrears or at risk of eviction.
VISIT TO NIGERIA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
Large amounts of illicit funds are
widely reported to be diverted to the real estate sector as a means of money-laundering,
despite prevention initiatives by the developers’ association and government agencies.20
14. (...) This
represents less than 0.5 per cent of the actual yearly increase in housing need and around
0.01 per cent of the current total housing deficit of 22 million units. (...) It is well established that in Nigeria real estate is used as a convenient place to
launder money gained through corrupt practices, to park excess capital and to provide
financial security for the wealthy.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON MINORITY ISSUES ON HER MISSION TO SRI LANKA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Many minority representatives questioned whether the 2012 census data truly reflect
the actual composition of the society, where categories overlap. (...) The only medical facilities
available are medical posts staffed by estate medical assistants who often perform as
doctors without the necessary qualifications or knowledge.
55. (...) Another difficulty originates
from the fact that the estate communities have not been brought under the Sri Lankan
public administration system and public services cannot reach them without prior
permission from the estate management.