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“These evaluations provide us with a mechanism to evaluate RDT performance in a standardized way so that WHO, donors and country health ministries can identify those tests that perform best for their needs and particular settings,” he added. “While some tests clearly outperform others in terms of identifying malaria in populations of low parasite density, such as newborns or people sleeping under bednets, there are a whole range of criteria related to local conditions of malaria transmission and illness that need to be considered in country and donor procurement decisions,” said Giorgio Roscigno, CEO of FIND. (...) Among the concrete findings: Several RDTs demonstrated consistent detection of malaria at low parasite densities (200 parasites/μl), have low false-positive rates, are stable at tropical temperatures, are relatively easy to use, and can detect P. falciparum , P. vivax infections, or both. Performance between products varied widely at low parasite density (200 parasites/μl); however, most products showed a high level of detection at 2000 to 5000 parasites/μl. P. falciparum tests targeting the histidine rich protein 2 (HRP2) antigen demonstrated the highest detection rates, but some tests targeting Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) also exhibited high detection rates.
Language:English
Score: 895931.25 - https://www.who.int/tdr/news/2009/rdt/en/
Data Source: un
The laboratory has since received 6 dog brain samples and positively detected the rabies virus in four. Positive samples were shipped to OIE reference centre in France which validated the results which confirms the competency of Central Veterinary Laboratory, Teko in rabies virus detection using FAT. (...) “For so long we have been shipping most samples abroad for laboratory confirmation and it would take longer for us to get results. Early detection is key in animal disease control, because the earlier we detect and confirm the disease, the quicker we can implement prevention and control measures to reduce the burden of the disease,” he explained. (...) Through FAO’s work with national laboratories, steady improvement in disease detection capability is being achieved in Sierra Leone and across Africa.
Language:English
Score: 895387.1 - https://www.fao.org/sierra-leo...ws/detail-events/en/c/1366113/
Data Source: un
South Sudan introduces reward to accelerate detection and reporting Global Regions WHO Regional websites Africa Americas South-East Asia Europe Eastern Mediterranean Western Pacific When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. (...) We hope this will provide added impetus to people to come forward as the number of cases becomes rarer. - Dr Gautam Biswas, Team Leader of WHO’s Guinea-Worm Disease eradication unit   “This cash reward system comes at an opportune time”, says Dr Gautam Biswas, Team Leader of WHO’s Guinea-Worm Disease eradication unit. (...) We hope this will provide added impetus to people to come forward as the number of cases becomes rarer.”
Language:English
Score: 895219.9 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...lerate-detection-and-reporting
Data Source: un
Introduction • Safety is based on collaboration • Airport, ATC and Flight Deck coordinating activities • Airfield design • Ground infrastructure • Human Factors • Alerts • Technology path still relatively new Tradition • Airfield Design • Avoid straight across, etc • Awareness • Pilots, ATC, Airfield Ops • Procedures • “hold short” Infrastructure • Signage • Stopbars • GMR/ MLAT/ ADS-B • RIMCAS • Incursion detection not prevention Technology • Runway ahead • Ground and aural • Still reliant on fundamentals • But technology is further developed in other areas Technology • A-SMGCS • Follow the greens Where to now Where to now • AMM • Integrated cockpit Coordinated Route guidance Where to now • ADS-B IN • Alerting function Where to now • Precision Guidance • GBAS?
Language:English
Score: 894486.1 - https://www.icao.int/MID/Docum...20on%20the%20Flight%20Deck.pdf
Data Source: un
SSR, MSSR radars). 2.1.2 Medium term (2010-2015) From 2010 onwards, the provision of ADDs to ground stations to support TMA and En Route operations is envisaged, following the increasing rate of Mode S equipped aircraft (new and overhauled) that will be able to transmit ADS-B messages (ADS-B out). The first set of new applications that are envisaged to be supported in CAR/SAM Region are the ground Surveillance (ADS-B out) in a non-radar environment (ADS-B-NRA), in a radar environment (ADS-B-RAD) and Airborne Derived Data (ADS-B-ADD). (...) This is enabled by ADS-B, using 1090 MHz Extended Squitter. 2.3.3 Long term (until 2015-2025) The implementation of ADS-B ASAS situational awareness applications will require an additional airborne SDPS and display system. 2.4 Operational Drivers Timeframe En Route and TMA Airspace 2009 2010 2015 2025 Ground Based Position Calculation ADD provided to Ground Users Traffic situation picture presentation to Aircrew Integration of Airport and Airspace surveillance Preferred Routing and Real Time Traffic information to aircrew 4F - 6 Appendix F to the Report of Agenda Item 4 CNS/ATM/SG/1 Aerodrome Operations 2009 2010 2015 2025 Detection of all mobiles within the aerodrome area Automated Conflict Detection Presentation of Airport information to aircrew Conflict prediction tools for the aircrew Aircraft Systems 2009 2010 2015 2025 Mode S transponder capability ADS-B-out capability ASAS Separation 3. (...) These applications are:  ADS-B-RAD ATC surveillance for TMA and En-Route airspace in areas that are already covered by radar systems  ADS-B-NRA ATC surveillance in non-radar areas  ADS-B-APT Airport surface surveillance  ADS-B-ADD Aircraft derived data for ATC tools ADS-B Package I Airborne Surveillance Applications are aimed at improving airborne (cockpit) surveillance in En-Route and TMA airspace as well as on the airport surface.
Language:English
Score: 894165.4 - https://www.icao.int/MID/Documents/2012/cns-sg5/WP08.pdf
Data Source: un
The group also tasked an ad-hoc group to determine the scientific limitations for assigning confidence to volcanic ash analysis and forecasts and appropriate products to inform users (Conclusion 7/20 refers). To continue progressing work towards the operational implementation of collaborative 4.11 decision analysis and forecasting, the group tasked an ad-hoc group to further develop guidelines and procedures for its future inclusion in Doc 9766 (Conclusion 7/21 refers). Regarding a proposal to use a common web page for VAACs to share their model output 4.12 with each other, the group agreed to task an ad-hoc group to set up a password-protected test website as proof of concept and for demonstration purposes (Conclusion 7/22 refers).
Language:English
Score: 894063.5 - https://www.icao.int/WACAF/Doc...G-7.Executive%20Summary.en.pdf
Data Source: un
The group also tasked an ad-hoc group to determine the scientific limitations for assigning confidence to volcanic ash analysis and forecasts and appropriate products to inform users (Conclusion 7/20 refers). 4.11 To continue progressing work towards the operational implementation of collaborative decision analysis and forecasting, the group tasked an ad-hoc group to further develop guidelines and procedures for its future inclusion in Doc 9766 (Conclusion 7/21 refers). 4.12 Regarding a proposal to use a common web page for VAACs to share their model output with each other, the group agreed to task an ad-hoc group to set up a password-protected test website as proof of concept and for demonstration purposes (Conclusion 7/22 refers). 4.13 With the purpose of enhancing data and information exchange within the IAVW, the group tasked an ad-hoc group to review existing and evolving aerosol observation capabilities, networks, future plans and associated applications (e.g. to support the definition of “discernible ash”) (Conclusion 7/23 refers). 4.14 To assist States during volcanic ash events and to support the implementation of Annex 3 provisions (Amendment 76 to become applicable on 14 November 2013), the group agreed to develop additional guidance material on the use of the volcano observatory notice for aviation (VONA) for inclusion in Doc 9766 (Decision 7/24 refers). 4.15 With regard to the possible use of a digital format for volcanic ash advisory information, the group endorsed the development of a digital format for the volcanic ash advisory, in an XML/GML format (Decision 7/25 refers). (...) (Decision 7/35 refers). 5.5 With regard to the use of infrasound data in support of the IAVW, the group tasked an ad-hoc group to pursue the development and testing of a prototype, real-time “significant” eruption notification system for the VAACs using infrasound data and collaborative work between the VAACs and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) (Conclusion 7/36 refers). - 5 - 6. (...) Additionally, the group tasked an ad-hoc group to review existing related documentation to ensure that its content supports the proposed amendment to Annex 3 and to provide a final draft document to the Secretary with a view to forming the basis of an ICAO manual supporting potential future provisions on space weather (Conclusion 7/39 refers). 7.2 In a related issue, the group supported a draft concept of operations for the provision of space weather information in support of international air navigation and tasked an ad-hoc group to review the concept of operations and propose further changes, as necessary, in time for IAVWOPSG/8 with a view to providing a final version to the proposed Meteorology (MET) Divisional Meeting (2014) (Conclusion 7/40 refers). 8.
Language:English
Score: 894063.5 - https://www.icao.int/WACAF/Doc...3/apirg-met-sg11/WP03_appF.pdf
Data Source: un
2 AT A CROSSROADS Airport Security 3 LONG OVERDUE Checkpoint Innovation  Checkpoint security / Pre-board Screening for cabin baggage has remained largely unchanged for the last 20 years+ • No commercially-driven innovation • Changes (i.e. addition of new measures) driven by regulation • “Customers” (passengers) are a commodity to be processed, for their own good  Other aspects of the airport ecosystem have vastly improved during that time  Today’s airport shopping vs 1980’s “experience” • E-commerce / data everywhere 4 The Introduction of Innovative Software Solutions Offers Significant Benefits  Labour costs will be dramatically reduced  Passenger throughput will be increased  Detection of threats (people and material) will become more automated and more effective  Passenger will be airside faster, and everybody will be happier AT A CROSSROADS Airport Security 5 Centralized Remote Screening - A Tried and True Concept  Centralized hold baggage screening is almost universal  Significant benefits in terms of efficiency • OPEX savings, CAPEX savings  Proven increase in effectiveness • Higher TIP rates for screeners, more focused security CENTRALIZED SCREENING Proven Benefits CENTRAL OPERATOR ROOM 2 CREATING X-RAY IMAGE 1 DIVESTING 5 RECLAIM 4 REMOTE X-RAY ANALYSIS 7 BAG SEARCH AUTOMATED DETECTION 3 6 DIVERT BAGS 6 WHAT IS IT? Centralized Screening It’s like adding a brain and a nervous system to the airport security existing infrastructure X-RAY IMAGE DATABASE Presenter Presentation Notes Here you see on overview of the a pilot. (...) The X-ray image is send to a form of automated detection. The automated detection tries to clear the bag. 4.
Language:English
Score: 893395.4 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...ergeron%20(1).Optosecurity.pdf
Data Source: un
The costs of creating such a system are high, and Member States run the risk of pur- chasing an expensive but not fit-for-purpose system. Adding to these challenges are the dif- ferences among the legislative frameworks of Member States preventing optimal use of pas- senger data and international cooperation for counter-terrorism purposes. With the CT Travel Programme, Member States will be assisted to have enhanced awareness and expertise on the use of trav- el data to detect and track FTFs and serious criminals and strengthened legislative frame- works to regulate the responsible use of the data. (...) COMPREHENSIVE SUPPORT PACKAGE CT Travel Programme simplifies the challenges for Member States by using a four-tiered methodology to build or enhance the detection capacity otherwise known as Passenger Information Units (PIUs) flexibly applied depending on each country’s state of readi- ness and its priorities: • A thorough assessment of each beneficiary Mem- ber State’s current needs and joint production of a roadmap for implementation with national author- ities. • Assistance toward establishing a legislative frame- work and governance structure for the new PIU. • Institutional set-up of a PIU and building operational expertise to stem the flow of FTFs, including setting up carrier engagement. • Deployment of the goTravel software system to help Member States sieve through passen- ger data quickly to detect any known or un- known threats.
Language:English
Score: 893395.4 - https://www.un.org/cttravel/si...vel/files/ctt_brochure_web.pdf
Data Source: un
• Logical Data Structure 2 (LDS2) is an optional and backwards compatible extension to the ePassport chip. • LDS2 extends the use of the ePassport through the addition of applications that allow for the secure digital storage of travel data (visas and travel stamps), and other information that could facilitate the travel of the holder (additional biometrics), over its validity period. • LDS2 further protects the document against counterfeiting, copying and unauthorized reading or writing. 9 LDS2 Applications Electronic Travel Stamps • Standardized content and format, and protection from tampering. • The benefit of adding this travel data in digital format include: greater consistency; enhanced security; and ease of access and viewing. Electronic Visas • Application will allow for electronic visas to be added to the document almost instantaneously, bolstering client service and reducing the costs associated with designing, shipping, and storing visas/travel stamps. • Adding the visa directly to the document also reduces the need to rely on databases containing this information, which could facilitate transit travel, support third party validation, and mitigate the impacts of network outages or connection errors. (...) LDS2 ePassports and Border Control • Extending the functions of the ePassport would create added opportunities to automate passenger and document processing at controlled points in travel. • LDS2 ePassports will include the ‘missing’ information that is needed to systematically clear passengers using automated border clearance (ABC) technologies – Standard, reliable and protected travel data can be leveraged to perform an on-the-spot, systematic analysis of the risk that travellers present, and detect unusual travel patterns; disconnects between entry and exit stamps; and attempts to alter travel data. • The possibility of being able to streamline various processes could improve the flow of passenger traffic, allow States to redirect attention to more high-value activities, and provide States with opportunities to make better use of investments in border clearance infrastructure.
Language:English
Score: 892766.3 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...Documents/14_pm_7_Kefauver.pdf
Data Source: un