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In particular it notes the impact of the structural adjustment programme and the increasing level of unemployment and poverty. (...) The Committee recognizes that those households have been negatively affected by structural adjustment programmes and the changing global situation. 228. (...) In particular, it notes the impact of the structural adjustment programme and the high levels of unemployment and poverty.
Language:English
Score: 748447.17 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...t/table_TB_on_foreign_debt.doc
Data Source: un
Adjustment thus represents a sine qua non for efficiency gains from trade. (...) The study aims to assist policy makers in pinpointing those aspects of an economy that hamper adjustment. It seeks to identify tools at the disposal of governments to smooth adjustment, to minimize an economy’s adjustment costs and to alleviate the burden of those who suffer most. (...) A survey of empirical estimates of adjustment costs reveals substantial difficulties in defining the true nature of adjustment costs and in measuring those costs.
Language:English
Score: 748157.67 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...booksp_e/special_study_7_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Seasonal Adjustment • STATIN uses the X11ARIMA seasonal adjustment method to seasonally adjust the time series • This method fits an ARIMA model to the original series, then uses the model forecast to extend the original series. • This extended series is then seasonally adjusted by the standard X-11 seasonal adjustment method. The Jamaican System ofThe Jamaican System of Quarterly GDPQuarterly GDP Seasonal Adjustment • The extension of the series improves the estimation of the seasonal factors and reduces revisions to the seasonally adjusted series as new data becomes available • Seasonal adjustment is done quarterly Seasonal Adjustment • The extension of the series improves the estimation of the seasonal factors and reduces revisions to the seasonally adjusted series as new data becomes available • Seasonal adjustment is done quarterly The Jamaican System ofThe Jamaican System of Quarterly GDPQuarterly GDP -15.00 -10.00 -5.00 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Unadjusted Hotel QGDP at Constant Price -15.00 -10.00 -5.00 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 30.00 35.00 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Seasonally Adjusted Seasonally Unadjusted Hotel QGDP at Constant Price The Jamaican System ofThe Jamaican System of Quarterly GDPQuarterly GDP Revision Policy - The revision schedule for the quarterly value added estimates is as follows: • Estimates each quarter are revised when those for the subsequent quarters of the same calendar year are released • Estimates of previous years are revised only at the time of the first quarter estimates Revision Policy - The revision schedule for the quarterly value added estimates is as follows: • Estimates each quarter are revised when those for the subsequent quarters of the same calendar year are released • Estimates of previous years are revised only at the time of the first quarter estimates Going ForwardGoing Forward • Continued assessment and improvement of benchmarking and seasonal adjustment procedures • Start use of X-13ARIMA-SEATS (U.S. Census Bureau 2013) for seasonal adjustment Training has already taken place on time series analysis and the use of X-13ARIMA-SEATS • Improve quarterly indicators • Development of quarterly GDP by Expenditure • Continued assessment and improvement of benchmarking and seasonal adjustment procedures • Start use of X-13ARIMA-SEATS (U.S.
Language:English
Score: 745949.66 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...es/2014-semcn-s4-ja-statin.pdf
Data Source: un
Quality differences: Quality adjustment for food, Expert Judgment adjustment method e.g. for clothing, Option pricing method for durables and cars, Hedonic method for books and memory cards/sticks. Main quality adjustment methods (in 2011 CPI) are; a) Food and non- alcoholic beverages: linear package size adjustment, supported judgement for brand/no- brand; b) Alcoholic beverages, tobacco: linear package size adjustment; c) Clothing and footwear: supported judgement for brand/no-brand and for important features, in addition linear package size adjustment for underwear etc.; d) Housing, water, energy: very few adjustments in practice; e) Furnishings, household equipment and routine maintenance of the house: option prices and supported judgement for consumer durables; f) Health: linear package size adjustment for drugs, no adjustment otherwise; g) Transport: option price (50%) and fuel consumption adjustment for cars; h) Communication: option prices and supported judgement for durables, no quality adjustment for services; i) Recreation and culture: option prices, hedonics and supported judgement; j) Education: very few adjustments in practice; k) Restaurants and hotels: very few adjustments in practice; l) Miscellaneous goods and services: linear package size adjustment, supported judgement for brand/no-brand, option prices and supported judgement for services. (...) The procedure also looks at single price observations and quality adjustment and estimates the influence on the index.
Language:English
Score: 745842.2 - www.ilo.org/ilostat-fil...T_CPI_Descriptions%20-2013.pdf
Data Source: un
Where no such sale is found, the transaction value of identical goods sold at a different commercial level and/or in different quantities, adjusted to take account of differences attributable to commercial level and/or to quantity, shall be used, provided that such adjustments can be made on the basis of demonstrated evidence which clearly establishes the reasonableness and accuracy of the adjustment, whether the adjustment leads to an increase or a decrease in the value. 2. (...) The expression "and/or" allows the flexibility to use the sales and make the necessary adjustments in any one of the three conditions described above. 4. (...) A condition for adjustment because of different commercial levels or different quantities is that such adjustment, whether it leads to an increase or a decrease in the value, be made only on the basis of demonstrated evidence that clearly establishes the reasonableness and accuracy of the adjustments, e.g. valid price lists containing prices referring to different levels or different quantities.
Language:English
Score: 745609.47 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...s_e/ai17_e/cusval_art2_oth.pdf
Data Source: un
Chapter 5: Setting and adjusting minimum wage levels 5.7 Combining short-term adjustments and a longer-term perspective In periodic adjustments there is a tendency to concentrate on short- and medium-term indicators. A typical minimum wage adjustment normally will give much weight to a limited set of factors, such as price inflation or economic growth. (...) It will not be possible to eliminate this gap in a single minimum wage adjustment, at least not without adverse economic effects.
Language:English
Score: 745609.47 - https://www.ilo.org/global/top...WCMS_439265/lang--en/index.htm
Data Source: un
The economic structural adjustment programmes have had a negative impact on the provision of basic social services. (...) The impact of structural adjustment and the debt burden 431. The structural adjustment programme has drastically reduced public funds for education. (...) The various structural adjustment programmes have not translated into poverty reduction.”
Language:English
Score: 745479.7 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...States_TBs_in_foreign_debt.doc
Data Source: un
In order to “account for the cost of living at a duty station, staff members in the Professional category receive a cost of living adjustment to their salary referred to as post adjustment”. (...) Such post adjustments shall not be subject to staff assessment. 20. (...) Accordingly, in light of the purpose of the post adjustment, the Tribunal accepts the Applicant’s argument that her net base salary should be calculated without taking into account post adjustment, because if she were to relocate to a duty station with a lower post adjustment than where she is now (New York, where post adjustment is relatively high due to expensive living conditions) she would risk earning less than she did at the G-6 level, step 11. 26.
Language:English
Score: 744648.3 - https://www.un.org/en/internal...dt/judgments/undt-2021-015.pdf
Data Source: un
Back to Listings Resource Author United Nations Global Compact Report (2014) Cycle Adjustment Submission Guide Resource Author United Nations Global Compact Guide on how to request a deadline modification via a Grace Letter before your reporting deadline expires. Refer to the COP Adjustment Request Guide for business participants and the COE Adjustment Request Guide for non-business participants. Access Resource COP Adjustment Request Guide (English) COP Adjustment Request Guide (Spanish) COE Adjustment Request Guide (English) Resource Details Topics Communication on Progress Communication on Engagement Issues Communication on Progress Reporting Share Resource Mail Twitter Facebook LinkedIn Help us transform the world through business Contribute Today Sign Up for Our Bulletin Have a Question?
Language:English
Score: 743998.63 - https://www.unglobalcompact.org/library/2931
Data Source: un
Recurring Costs that recurr on a periodic basis. Schedule adjustment An adjustment to a schedule. Costs to terminate the contract The amount contractually defined to be paid by the parties of the contract in the event of contract termination. (...) Reprogram variance cost adjustment An adjustment to cost variance in the event of reprogramming the budget baseline of a project. Reprogram variance schedule adjustment An adjustment to schedule variance in the event of reprogramming the budget baseline of a project.
Language:English
Score: 743771.5 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...CE_CostManagementCode_D09B.xsd
Data Source: un