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PowerPoint Presentation Affordability in the work on equitable access under the Protocol on Water and Health Ms Diane Guerrier, UNECE joint secretariat 6th meeting of the Expert Group on Equitable Access to Water and Sanitation, 24-25 March 2021 Affordability in the 10-years of work on equitable access  Define the concept of affordability  Assess the public policies and measures in place or not to ensure affordability  Provide examples of measures / actions implemented in the pan- European region  Guidance to determine specific actions to address affordability policy gaps identified Affordability : what is it? (...) General challenges related with affordability: Main policy options to ensure affordability Focus on the equitable access score-card: Overview of the structure of the score-card: How is the affordability policy framework being assessed in the Score-Card? Examples of findings on affordability from pan-European countries using the score-card: Specific actions on affordability taken by countries (by 2018) : Ways forward..
Language:English
Score: 700019 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...20on%20affordability_Diane.pdf
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PowerPoint Presentation Affordability of Water and Sanitation services 6th meeting of the Expert Group on Equitable Access to Water and Sanitation Helena Costa Virtual, 24-25 March 2021 2 Tackling affordability of water and sanitation services in Portugal • Strategic measures • Data on affordability of water and sanitation services is collected every year • Affordability indicator included by ERSAR in the annual report RASARP • Affordability indicator is included in the 2020 Strategy for the Water and Sanitation Sector (PENSAAR 2020) • Tariff/ Social protection measures • Decree-Law 147/2017, from 5th December - Establishes the conditions to apply for the social tariffs in water services • In 2018 ERSAR issued a recommendation on social tariffs and tariffs for large families 3 Affordability indicator for water and sanitation services Average charge, for consumption of 120 m3/ year, with the supply service of water in the average disposable income per household in the system's ​​intervention area. Average tariff charges (€/year/120 m3) Average income per family (€/year) Water supply –Affordability indicator evolution Sanitation –Affordability indicator evolution Poor affordability ]1,00; +∞[ Average affordability ]0,50; 1,00] Good affordability [0; 0,50] 4 Affordability indicator for water and sanitation services 135.08 104.14 239.22 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Water supply Sanitation Total €/ ye ar 19,94 €/month11,25 €/month 8,67 €/month Average tariff charges in mainland Portugal for a consumption of 120 m3 (€/year) - 2019 5 Affordability indicator for water and sanitation services Average tariff charges (€/year/120 m3) Average income per family (€/year) Good affordability Average affordability Poor affordability Sanitation services Water Supply 2019 6 Affordability for water and sanitation services - social tariffs Affordability to the service - 2019 Water supply services Sanitation services Waste services Total Good affordability of service Municipalities with social tariff Municipalities without social tariff % Municipalities with social tariff Social tariffs per service and region - 2019 • The prices charged allow good affordability to services (<0.5%) • The formula for calculating the indicator should be improved, to incorporate the various income levels of households • Many municipalities still have no social tariffs, especially in the waste services • The existing social tariffs reflect an inequality in social access to services as they present different values ​​from north to south. 7 Affordability for water and sanitation services - tariffs for large families Affordability to the service - 2019 % Municipalities with familly tariffMunicipalities without familly tariff Municipalities with familly tariff Family tariffs per service and region - 2019 Water supply services Sanitation services Waste services Total Good affordability of service • The prices charged allow good affordability to services (<0.5%) • The formula for calculating the indicator should be improved, to incorporate the various income levels of households • Many municipalities still have no family tariffs, especially in the waste services • The existing family tariffs reflect an inequality in social access to services as they present different values ​​from north to south. 8 Affordability for water and sanitation services - Ongoing and future work • The results of good affordability to services (<0.5%) should also take into account the number of management entities that do not yet invoice some of these services, or that bill below the costs inherent to the provision of services, and, therefore, do not recover the expenses through tariff • The ongoing revision of ERSAR's indicators (4th generation) will include the revision of the affordability indicator • The approval of the Tariff Regulation for Water Supply Services (RTA), which establishes, among other criteria, affordable tariffs, including for lower income households, is expected.
Language:English
Score: 698309.57 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...Experience%20of%20Portugal.pdf
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The specific objectives of this document are (i) to raise the profile of affordability issues among policymakers, (ii) to enhance the understanding of how affordability concerns can be addressed, (iii) to inspire and promote further action on ensuring affordability of water and sanitation services. (...) In 2012, the publication No One Left Behind discussed the key issues around affordability, presented the main options to address affordability, and identified relevant good practices. (...) It will build on a rapid literature review. 3. What is affordability? (1 page) This section will briefly introduce the concept of affordability of water and sanitation services.
Language:English
Score: 694926.5 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...20Eq%20Access_March%202021.pdf
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It is needed an quantitative indicator to estimate the affordability of the water tariffs proposed against the customer’s claims. (...) Affordability Criteria according WRA State Affordability Limit Water Bill / Monthly Household Income (in%) Comments Belgium 3% 1,1% Discuss to lower the affordability limit to 2% Germany - 0,9% Tariffs are set by the Local Government Spain - 0,8% Tariffs are set by the Local Government. (...) si=A/HRC/30/39 Ndriçim SHANI Tel. 0692030920 e-mail: ndricim.shani@erru.al ALBANIA- Water Regulatory Autority Water Bill Affordability for Household Customers Ndriçim SHANIChairman Tariff Setting Criteria Concept of Affordability Affordability Criteria according WRA European Situation Reassessment of the Affordability Criteria Average Monthly Household Expenses (INSTAT) Criteria for Setting the Level of Affordability Criteria for Setting the Level of Affordability (continues) Metered and Flat Monthly Bills (WRA) Affordability -Metered Billing Case Affordability - Flat Billing Case Affordability - WSS Sector Average Affordability as Average by Counties O&M Cost Coverage and Collection Rate Affordability - Comments Affordability - REFERENCES ALBANIA- Water Regulatory Autority
Language:English
Score: 690549.07 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul.../3.5_Affordability_Albania.pdf
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About this document (1 page) 2. Why does affordability matter? (1 page) 3. What is affordability? (...) (1 page) Intro sections Why does affordability matter? • SDG-6 targets • Human right to water and sanitation • Equitable Access dimensions • Sector trends (increase cost of provision, tariff reforms,…) • Box on EU DWD What is affordability? (...) • Reflecting on the cost of affordability measures • Applying the 3Ts to affordability financing • Examples – from call for contributions and bilateral follow up What do to now?
Language:English
Score: 688643.26 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...on%20affordability_Roberto.pdf
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I ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE 110th meeting Geneva, 3 April 2020 Item 9 Informal Document No. 2020/16 Extrabudgetary project Improving Housing Affordability in the UNECE region UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROJECT FORM Project title: Improving Housing Affordability in the UNECE region Expected timing/ duration: May 2020 – December 2021 Objective and brief summary of the project: Improving housing affordability is currently one of the most important policy challenges as countries and cities in the UNECE region. (...) The objectives of the study are to: (a) explore housing affordability challenges and existing policy instruments for improving housing affordability in the UNECE region; (b) facilitate the exchange and dissemination of “good practices” in improving housing affordability among countries and cities of UNECE region; and (c) identify needs of policy-makers to further develop and implement polices addressing housing affordability. (...) Preparation of the housing affordability study report; A1.2. Organisation of the conference on housing affordability (Slovenia).
Language:English
Score: 688643.26 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...020_16_%204%20XB%20Housing.pdf
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PowerPoint Presentation The Measurement and Monitoring of WASH Affordability Key Concepts, Findings and Recommendations from a Global Consultation Tom Slaymaker Sr Statistics & Monitoring Specialist (WASH) Data & Analytics Section, UNICEF tslaymaker@unicef.org mailto:tslaymaker@unicef.org Why Measure and Monitor WASH Affordability? (...) Strengthen country data for affordability assessments  Formulate full list of standard questions for WASH costs on expenditure and affordability aspects, with prioritization for core questions  Promote (additional) WASH questions in large-scale household surveys  Promote small area application of WASH affordability survey in vulnerable populations  Promote utility databases to incorporate standard costs nationally and globally, including strengthening the regulatory function  Motivate and support more in-depth country studies on affordability, using full range of local data sources available Key Recommendations 4. (...) Engage in cross-sectoral dialogue on affordability thresholds  Deepen analytical work on WASH affordability thresholds (by W, S, H; by household characteristic; by social welfare benefits)  Engage with those responsible for poverty analyses and advocacy for public spending in other sectors, in international organizations and in countries 1.
Language:English
Score: 687366.9 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...le_Access_Slaymaker_UNICEF.pdf
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They are trapped in a gap between not being eligible to access social and other state supported affordable housing and inability to afford rent or buy adequate housing in the private market. 4. There is a need to better understand the issue of ‘housing affordability’, including what leads to decreased access to decent quality, affordable housing in various contexts, how to formulate and deliver targeted policy responses, and how to measure housing affordability. 5. Housing affordability is commonly measured as a ratio of housing ‘cost’ to household ‘income’.
Language:English
Score: 686433.7 - https://unece.org/DAM/hlm/prgm..._note_ver_8_May_2020_clean.pdf
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Add logos of Albania and other co-organizers Improving access to affordable housing in UNECE region Draft outline Rationale Lack of affordable housing has become a major challenge for member States of UNECE region. (...) Objective This Training Workshop specifically addresses challenges and opportunities of affordable housing and affordable housing financing. (...) Land policies and urban planning for social and affordable housing 4. Public-private partnerships; 5.
Language:English
Score: 684184.5 - https://unece.org/DAM/hlm/docs...outline_Affordable_housing.pdf
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The new coronavirus (COVID-19) situation underlines the importance of responding to the challenges of housing affordability, especially for the vulnerable groups. UNECE has long been working on improving housing affordability (see Earlier activities ) and in 2015 endorsed the Geneva UN Charter on Sustainable Housing to support member States as they seek to ensure access to decent, adequate, affordable and healthy housing for all. (...) The objectives of the study are to:      1) Explore housing affordability challenges and existing policy instruments for improving housing affordability in the UNECE region;      2) Facilitate the exchange and dissemination of "good practices" in improving housing affordability among countries and cities of the UNECE region;      3) Identify needs of policy-makers to further develop and implement policies addressing housing affordability.
Language:English
Score: 684184.5 - https://unece.org/housing/affordablehousing
Data Source: un