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J Allergy Clin Immunol 2005;116:990-5.) WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF SEVERE ASTHMA? (...) J Allergy Clin Immunol 2006;118:1097-104. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2005;115:963-72 Other genotypes that confer risks for moderate-severe asthma in children • ALOX5 promoter Sp1-Egr binding sites tandem repeats (OR, 3.7) • TLR-4 299 and TLR 399 polmorphisms (OR 4.1) 1. Allergy 2006:61;97-103 2. Allergy 2005;60:1485-1492 CONCLUSIONS 1.
Language:English
Score: 1911529.5 - https://www.who.int/gard/news_events/3_kalayci.pdf
Data Source: un
FAO Press Release 01/23     Back to archive Press Release 01/23 Joint FAO/WHO Genetically Modified Foods JOINT FAO/WHO CONSULTATION RECOMMENDS IMPROVING THE WAY GMOs ARE TESTED IN RELATION TO FOOD ALLERGIES Rome/Geneva, 12 April 2001 - The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have published new recommendations to strengthen the process used to protect consumers from the risk that some genetically modified organisms (GMOs) could pose for a small percentage of people with food allergies. (...) The most common type of food allergies are mediated by allergen-specific immunoglobulin E, or IgE antibodies3. (...) The spectrum of the severity of the immediate hypersensitivity reactions can range from asthmatic attacks and rarely, to fatal systemic anaphylactic shock.
Language:English
Score: 1746211.3 - https://www.fao.org/waicent/oi..._ne/PRESSENG/2001/pren0123.htm
Data Source: un
There were also reductions in the number of school/work days missed due to asthma attacks and in the number of courses of oral corticosteroids (of 86% and 67%, respectively). (...) Studies indicate that underuse of systemic corticosteroids in the treatment of asthma attacks in the emergency room occurs in developed countries.(14,15) This medication is useful after discharge from the emergency room because it prevents the early recurrence of the asthma attack(16) and improves pulmonary function.(17) Its underuse can be hazardous to the patients. The treatment given to patients presenting asthma attacks in the emergency rooms in Brazil should be investigated, and, as proposed by the Ministry of Health, training programs should be provided for the professionals involved in the primary health care given to our population so that the recommendations set forth in Asthma and Rhinitis, Conduct Lines in Basic Health Care, published in 2005 as the result of a joint effort by the Ministry of Health, the Brazilian Thoracic Society, the Brazilian Allergy Society, and the Brazilian Society of Pediatricians, are made available.
Language:English
Score: 1630666.7 - https://www.who.int/gard/countries/Ponte2.pdf
Data Source: un
Have you had asthma attacks in the past 12 months? Q 6. Are you presently using any asthma medication? • Additional questions Mileva J et al., 2001 Mileva J et al., 2001 Epidemiological study of asthma & allergic diseases in BG 3.8 3.9 8.3 mountains lowlands sea coast % % % p < 0.001 Asthma prevalence in Bulgaria according to geographic regions Mileva J et al., 2001 asthma rhinitis seasonal perennial 15.8% 4.7% 6.4% 9.4% Prevalence of Asthma and Rhinitis in Bulgaria Mileva J et al., 2001 New Studies: A Study on the Relation of Allergy / Asthma and Indoor Air Quality in Homes in Bulgaria Mustakov et al., in preparation ALLOHOME epidemiological study 350 km 12.816 parents 6,520 6,296 Sofia Burgas Mustakov et al., in preparation ALLOHOME epidemiological study Wheezing and asthma symptoms in Sofia & Burgas 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Sofia Burgas % Asthma symptoms Diagnoased asthma Mustakov et al., in preparation ALLOHOME epidemiological study Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in Sofia & Burgas 0 5 10 15 20 25 Sofia Burgas % Diagnoased asthma Diagnosed Allergic rhinitis Eczema Mustakov et al., in preparation ALLOHOME epidemiological study Causes for wheezing in Sofia & Burgas 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Sofia Burgas % Common cold Exercise Laughing & weeping Playing outdoors Mustakov et al., in preparation ALLOHOME epidemiological study Conclusion: The higher prevalence of asthma and rhinitis in Burgas (at the see) is probably due to specific environmental factors, which need to be identified. (...) I nternational S tudy of A sthma and A llergy in C hildren ALLHOME compared with ISAAC ISAAC phases: International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Children Phase 1: 1992 (questionnaire) Phase 2: 1997 (questionnaire + objective assessments) Phase 3: 2002 (questionnaire) ISAAC Phase 1: Results for prevalence of asthma symptoms International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Children 56 countries 5 continents Bulgaria in ISAAC – phase 3: n = 2780 524 828 567 861 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 6-7 yrs 13-14 yrs n Boys Girls 21 schools in Sofia Mustakov et al., in preparation ISAAC Phase 3 methods: • Written questionaire: • 3 parts: - asthma - allergic rhinitis - eczema • Parents administered (6-7 year-olds) ISAAC Phase 3 methods: • Written questionaire: • 4 parts: - asthma - allergic rhinitis - eczema - video questionnaire • Children administered (13-14 year-olds) Summary: 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Asthma All.
Language:English
Score: 1605079.1 - https://www.who.int/gard/news_...ma%20BG%20Kosta%20Zakopane.pdf
Data Source: un
The certified care providers will support you, among others, with issues such as prescriptions, colds, allergies, anxiety, depression or panic attacks. To ensure wide accessibility of these services, the Empire plan already includes benefits for video visits which means that you will only pay the usual share of your costs or less for medical doctor visits as well as therapy or psychiatry sessions. (...) Teladoc offers, among other, access to 24/7 treatment for health-related issues such as colds, sinus infections, allergies and more as well as consultations with specialists regarding any medical questions or concerns.
Language:English
Score: 1507658.6 - https://www.un.org/insurance/node/737
Data Source: un
The certified care providers will support you, among others, with issues such as prescriptions, colds, allergies, anxiety, depression or panic attacks. To ensure wide accessibility of these services, the Empire plan already includes benefits for video visits which means that you will only pay the usual share of your costs or less for medical doctor visits as well as therapy or psychiatry sessions. (...) Teladoc offers, among other, access to 24/7 treatment for health-related issues such as colds, sinus infections, allergies and more as well as consultations with specialists regarding any medical questions or concerns.
Language:English
Score: 1507658.6 - https://www.un.org/insurance/content/telehealth
Data Source: un
Increase tolerance to allergens in the population Avoidance diets to foods decrease by 50 % 3. Improve allergy diagnostics All central hospitals have a quality-certified allergy-testing centre/lab 4. Reduce work related allergies Their number reduces by 50 % 5. Use resources to treat severe allergies and reduce exacerbations ”Good Allergy Care” is employed all over the country and asthma exacerbations are reduced by 40 % 6. (...) Adopt a new attitude to allergy. Avoid allergens only if mandatory. 4. Recognize and treat severe allergies early.
Language:English
Score: 1475210.8 - https://www.who.int/gard/news_events/3_finland.pdf
Data Source: un
Symptoms can have remissions and episodic exacerbations (attacks). • Asthma is the most common chronic disease in children; its prevalence and asthma-related hospitalization of very young children are increasing; the diagnosis of asthma in very young children is difficult and not standardized. The failure of diagnosing and treating a child with asthma substantially increases the chances of asthma continuing through adulthood. • Asthma is under-diagnosed and under-treated, creating a substantial burden to individuals and families and possibly restricting the individual's entire life. • An estimated 300 million people suffer from asthma; 255,000 people died from asthma in 2005. 2 • The total annual costs of asthma in Europe are approximately 21 billion USD. • The anti-inflammatory treatment of asthma minimizes chronic inflammation and many people must take medications every day to control symptoms, improve lung function, and prevent attacks. Medications may also be required to relieve acute symptoms, such as wheezing, chest tightness, and cough. • With proper diagnosis and treatment children and adults can have an entirely normal life. 4. (...) Next steps of GARD • To propose a stepwise and integrated approach of prevention, diagnosis and control of preventable chronic respiratory diseases and respiratory allergies. • To increase awareness of chronic respiratory diseases, to reduce their burden and to foster country-specific initiatives, according to local needs. • To give priority on the needs of low and middle income countries. • To assure the availability of low cost, affordable medications and appropriate technology for the diagnosis and monitoring of chronic respiratory diseases. • To provide appropriate training for health care personnel. • To provide education and information about chronic respiratory diseases to patients, their caregivers and families. • For further information: www.who.int/respiratory/gard/en Appendix 1: Organizations supporting GARD 4
Language:English
Score: 1472402.8 - https://www.who.int/respirator...ard/events/GARD_Fact_Sheet.pdf
Data Source: un
The general aim of the Finnish Allergy Programme is to reduce the allergy burden in 2008–2018, and the Programme has six main goals: T. Löfgren, Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa To prevent the development of allergy symptoms: prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema is decreased by 20%; To increase tolerance against allergens: number of subjects on elimination diets caused by food allergy are decreased by 50%; To improve allergy diagnostics: all patients are tested in quality certified allergy testing centres; To reduce work-related allergies: allergic diseases defined as occupational are decreased by 50%; To allocate resources to manage and prevent exacerbations of severe allergies: "Allergy Control Cards" are in use in the whole country and emergency visits caused by asthma are decreased by 40%; and To decrease costs due to allergic diseases: predefined costs are reduced by 20%. (...) Haahtela et al. Finnish Allergy Programme 2008–2018 – time to act and change the course.
Language:English
Score: 1470751.2 - https://www.who.int/gard/count...onstration_project_Finland/en/
Data Source: un
Severity evaluation survey at pharmacies. Food allergy problems are reduced The entity food allergy comprises much imagined allergy and unnecessary avoidance of foods. (...) Economic value of work disabilities due to asthma and allergies. Key messages of the Allergy Programme 1 Endorse health, not allergy. 2 Strengthen tolerance. 3 Adopt a new attitude to allergy. (...) Allergy and the gut. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2000;121:270–283. 8.
Language:English
Score: 1463415.4 - https://www.who.int/gard/count...ergy%202008-2018%20Program.pdf
Data Source: un