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Optical Transport Networks from TDM to Packet Foreword Acknowledgements Preface Table of Contents Chapter 1 – Network Architecture 1.1 Common aspects of the network functional model 1.1.1 Network topology 1.1.2 Layering 1.2 Components of the architectural model 1.2.1 Topological components 1.2.2 Transport processing functions 1.2.3 Transport entities 1.2.4 Relationship between topological components and transport entities 1.3 Specific SDH aspects 1.4 Specific OTN aspects 1.4.1 General principles 1.4.2 Implementation of an optical network 1.4.3 Digital OTN layered structure 1.4.4 Optical channel data unit (ODU) layer network 1.4.5 Optical channel transport unit (OTU) layer network 1.4.6 Optical channel layer network (OCh) 1.4.7 ODU time division multiplexing 1.4.8 Interconnection between different domains 1.4.9 Multi-domain OTN 1.5 Specific Ethernet over transport aspects 1.5.1 Ethernet over transport service architecture 1.5.2 Ethernet layer network architecture 1.5.3 Ethernet network topology Chapter 2 – Frame structures, mapping and multiplexing 2.1 SDH specific aspects 2.1.1 SDH frame structures and overhead 2.1.2 SDH mapping/multiplexing 2.2 Specific OTN aspects 2.2.1 OTH frame structure and overhead 2.2.2 OTN mapping and multiplexing 2.3 Specific Ethernet over transport aspects 2.3.1 Types of Ethernet interfaces for frame mapped Ethernet 2.3.2 The NNI basic structure and mapping/multiplexing principles 2.3.3 Ethernet over SDH 2.3.4 Ethernet over OTN 2.4 Common mapping and concatenation aspects 2.4.1 Common mapping aspects (Generic Framing Procedure) 2.4.2 Concatenation (CCAT, VCAT, LCAS) Chapter 3 – Operations, administration, maintenance and provisioning 3.1 Common aspects 3.1.1 The OAM acronym as a functional unity 3.1.2 The OAM acronym broken up 3.1.3 The OAM toolbox 3.2 Specific SDH aspects 3.3 Specific OTN aspects 3.4 Specific Ethernet over transport aspects 3.4.1 Management aspects 3.4.2 OAM functions in packet technologies 3.4.3 OAM PDU format 3.4.4 OAM functions for fault management 3.4.5 OAM functions for performance monitoring Chapter 4 – Protection for survivability 4.1 Common aspects of protection 4.1.1 Network objectives 4.1.2 Protection switching architectures 4.1.3 Protection switching parameters 4.1.4 Protection switching classes 4.1.5 Hold-off timer 4.1.6 Protection switching trigger criteria 4.1.7 Null signal 4.1.8 Automatic protection switching (APS) protocol 4.1.9 Link capacity adjustment scheme (LCAS) for protection 4.1.10 Multi-layer survivability 4.2 SDH aspects of protection 4.2.1 Linear virtual container (VC) trail protection 4.2.2 Linear multiplex section protection switching 4.2.3 Multiplex section shared protection rings 4.2.4 Subnetwork connection protection 4.3 OTN aspects of protection 4.4 Ethernet over transport (EoT) protection aspects 4.4.1 Ethernet linear protection (ELP) 4.4.2 Ethernet ring protection (ERP) Chapter 5 – Synchronization, control of jitter and wander 5.1 Common aspects 5.1.1 History 5.1.2 Terminology 5.1.3 Metrics specifications 5.1.4 Synchronization network design 5.1.5 Testing 5.2 Specific SDH aspects 5.2.1 General 5.2.3 Architecture of synchronization networks based on SDH 5.2.4 SDH synchronization performance 5.2.5 Clocks 5.2.6 Network engineering 5.3 Specific OTN aspects 5.3.1 Network requirements 5.3.2 Mapping and multiplexing 5.3.3 Clock specification 5.3.4 Transport of synchronous Ethernet through OTN 5.4 Specific packet network synchronization aspects 5.4.1 Introduction 5.4.2 Timing distribution over the Ethernet physical layer: Synchronous Ethernet 5.4.3 CES timing aspects 5.4.4 Timing via packet-based methods Chapter 6 – Equipment functional requirements 6.1 Equipment functional model 6.1.1 Specification of the atomic functions 6.1.2 Naming of atomic functions 6.1.3 Description of the basic atomic functions 6.2 Atomic functions reference points 6.3 Types of bindings 6.4 Combination of atomic functions 6.5 Application of the functional model to the transport networks Chapter 7 – Equipment management requirements 7.1 Common aspects 7.1.1 Management architecture 7.1.2 Fault management 7.1.3 Configuration management 7.1.4 Account management 7.1.5 Performance management 7.1.6 Security management 7.2 Specific SDH aspects 7.2.1 SDH equipment management requirements 7.2.2 SDH equipment management information model 7.3 Specific OTN aspects 7.3.1 OTN equipment management requirements 7.3.2 OTN equipment management information model 7.4 Specific Ethernet over transport aspects 7.4.1 EoT equipment management requirements 7.4.2 EoT equipment management information model Chapter 8 – Automatically switched optical networks (ASON) 8.1 Basic principles 8.1.1 Business and operational requirements 8.1.2 ASON architecture principles 8.1.3 Types of connections 8.2 Architecture Recommendations 8.2.1 Control plane architecture 8.2.2 Data communication network/signalling communications network (DCN/SCN) architecture 8.3 ASON signalling 8.3.1 Protocol-neutral specifications 8.3.2 Protocol specific specifications 8.4 ASON routing 8.4.1 Generic routing 8.4.2 Link state routing 8.4.3 Remote path query 8.5 ASON autodiscovery 8.5.1 Autodiscovery architecture and requirements 8.5.2 Layer adjacency discovery 8.6 Operation and management 8.6.1 ASON control plane management 8.6.2 ASON Operations 8.7 Considerations on ASON deployment 8.7.1 Potential benefits from ASON networks 8.7.2 Potential challenges related to ASON networks Glossary
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Score: 556780.22 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it...HDB-IMPL.08-2010-TOC-HTM-E.htm
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" / 4 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 7 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom 0 1(2 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 8 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom 0 132 % " % 5 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 9 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom 0 142 & & 3 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 10 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom +43+ %, - .' + 0 % % 0 6 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 11 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom + 5 ' 5 ' % $ 5 67 '+ #% # ## 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 12 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom $%0 % 0 " ' + 0% ' % ' + 7 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 13 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom ' % 8 $ ' % * & & 3 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 14 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom % 1(2 9 (...) ' % % " :% 9% 0& " % 9 + % 8 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 15 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom % 132 9$% 9$ 0 1 2 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 16 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom ; < $0 " ' + % 9 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 17 Evaluation et contrôle de la qualité de service Telecom = ' 0 (...) & 0 , - 31 Aug / 01 sep 2006 UIT - BIPT Belgium Regulatory aspects quality telecom 18 Cette présentation touche à sa fin ….
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Score: 551437.16 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...sumer/documents/SII-1_bipt.pdf
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internet governance aspects page 1/5 An Analysis of Internet Governance Aspects This document does not suggest a specific definition or organisation of the internet governance. (...) Internet governance involves a multiplicity of aspects summarised in Table A. These aspects are presented in boxes arranged in rows and columns. (...) For some aspects agreed rules may result in committing the management of those aspects to some international structure.
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Score: 551346.4 - https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/fo...utions/govern_analysis_1.4.pdf
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Microsoft PowerPoint - Legal and Institutional.ppt 1 ENSURING TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUCCESS AROUND THE WORLD Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Global Symposium for Regulators Roundtable Discussion Yasmine, Hammamet, Tunisia 14 November 2005 214 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Introduction Objectives of the module: • Address the importance of an appropriate legal, regulatory, and institutional framework for effective regulation • provide regulators, policy makers, and stakeholders with best practice guidelines, examples and practical approaches to ICT regulation 2 314 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Online Module Main Study (divided into different chapters and subchapters as further described in the presentation) Main Study (divided into different chapters and subchapters as further described in the presentation) Practice Notes (consists of case studies and summaries of additional materials related to the subject matter) Practice Notes (consists of case studies and summaries of additional materials related to the subject matter) Reference Materials (resources used to prepare the study and module) Reference Materials (resources used to prepare the study and module) 414 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Overview of Online Module 3 514 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Why Regulate? (...) 614 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Legal Context of Regulatory Reform 4 714 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Example: Using the Online Toolkit 814 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Example: Spam Legislation 5 914 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Example: Spam Legislation Practice Notes 1014 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Impact of Convergence Regulators are responding in several ways: • Shift to technology neutral treatment of information and communications infrastructure • Reform of licensing frameworks • Converged regulators (e.g., Malaysia, Hong Kong, Singapore, U.K.) • Development of new laws to regulate ICT (e.g., spam, intellectual property, content, data protection, cyber-crime) 6 1114 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Elements of Effective Regulation What is the checklist of items for effective regulation? (...) Staffing and remuneration • Appointment process • Professional qualifications • Issues of conflict of interest in appointment of Board members • Removal from office • Independence from outside influence • Determination of salary 1614 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Functional Aspects of Regulation (3) 3.
Language:English
Score: 549971.97 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...oolkit_Legal-Institutional.pdf
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Microsoft PowerPoint - TMG ceo presentation final rev.ppt 1 E N S U R IN G TELE C O M M U N IC A TIO N S S U C C E S S A R O U N D TH E W O R LD Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Global Symposium for Regulators Executive Level Training for Regulators Yasmine, Hammamet, Tunisia 13 November 2005 213 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Introduction One of a series of modules in the ICT Regulation toolkit developed in conjunction with infoDev and the ITU The objectives of this module are to: • address the importance of an appropriate legal, regulatory and institutional framework for effective regulation • provide regulators, policy makers, and stakeholders with best practice guidelines, examples and practical approaches to ICT regulation 2 313 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Overview of Module 1. (...) Organizational and institutional approaches to regulation 7. Functional aspects of regulation 8. Regulatory processes 413 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Online Module Toolkit for regulators comprised of three primary tools: Main text divided into different chapters and subchapters as further described in the presentation Practices Notes consisting of case studies and summaries of additional materials related to the subject matter Reference Materials – hyperlinks to the resources used to prepare the study and module 3 513 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Overview of Module Online 613 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Navigating the Toolkit • Each chapter can be accessed through the Table of Contents bar on the left or through the hyperlinks on the main page • The online toolkit follows the chapter divisions in the study • Each chapter and subchapter contains practice notes and additional references • Endnotes also include hyperlinks to additional reference material 4 713 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Example Chapter 8: Regulatory Processes Decision-making process Accountability of regulators and consumer protection Dispute resolution and enforcement 813 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Chapter 8: Introduction Page 5 913 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Chapter 8: Section 8.3 Dispute Resolution and Enforcement 1013 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Chapter 8, Section 8.3, Subsection 8.3.1 Dispute Resolution 6 1113 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Practice Note: Adjudication in India 1213 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation Additional Information For additional information on this module, there will be a presentation and further discussion of specific aspects of the contents of the module during the Breakout Sessions on Monday, November 14. 7 1313 November 2005 Legal and Institutional Aspects of Regulation The Regulatory Toolkit is found at: Interim URL http://icttoolkitdev.forumone.com Regular URL www.ictregulationtoolkit.org (Available After WSIS) EN SU R IN G TELEC O M M U N IC ATIO N S SU C C ESS A R O U N D TH E W O R LD Thank You Telecommunications Management Group, Inc.
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Score: 549686.6 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...aining/documents/TMG_Final.pdf
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These cross-cutting aspects are shared issues across the roles, activities and functional components. (...) So, securing infrastructure and infrastructure services is very different from securing software services. Some cross-cutting aspects can apply to other cross-cutting aspects, for example, governance applies to functional elements as well as to the cross-cutting aspects of performance and security. Cross-cutting aspects often affect the cloud computing activities performed by roles.
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Score: 548414.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...n/files/basic-html/page84.html
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It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.3, September 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 9 Jul 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.2, June 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 4 Mar 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal Vol.1, No.1, March 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 22 Feb 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population.
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Score: 545400.2 - https://shop.un.org/series/asia-pacific-population-journal
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It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.3, September 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 9 Jul 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.2, June 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 4 Mar 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal Vol.1, No.1, March 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 22 Feb 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population.
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Score: 545400.2 - https://shop.un.org/es/series/...sia-pacific-population-journal
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It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.3, September 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 9 Jul 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.2, June 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 4 Mar 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal Vol.1, No.1, March 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 22 Feb 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population.
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Score: 545400.2 - https://shop.un.org/fr/series/...sia-pacific-population-journal
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It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.3, September 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 9 Jul 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol.1, No.2, June 1986 Series: Asia-Pacific Population Journal 4 Mar 1986 Issued quarterly, the Journal is an invaluable resource containing opinions and analysis by experts on important issues related to population. (...) It provides a medium for the international exchange of knowledge, experience, ideas, technical information and data on all aspects of population. 1 2 3 4 next last Back to top 通过出版物、数据和商品的营销、销售和分销,宣传联合国的工作和知识 顾客信息 联系我们 运输政策 退货政策 特价销售 商品目录 关于 关于我们 收益 关顾联合国书店 参观联合国 关注我们 Facebook Twitter Instagram Issuu LinkedIn 版权所有 使用条款 隐私通告 提防诈骗 × Subscripe
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Score: 545400.2 - https://shop.un.org/zh/series/...sia-pacific-population-journal
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