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UNEP_Glossaire.indd ABC OF SCP CLARIFYING CONCEPTS ON SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION U N I T E D N A T I O N S E N V I R O N M E N T P R O G R A M M E Towards a 10-Year Framework of
Language:English
Score: 101336.87 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...ublications/945ABC_ENGLISH.pdf
Data Source: un
Republic of Korea 1 Republic of Korea National Review on the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995) and the outcomes of the twenty-third special session of the
Language:English
Score: 58654.15 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa..._of_Korea_review_Beijing20.pdf
Data Source: un
Area under drought > 50% Area under drought > 25%) OR MORE CURVES 21 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Methodological component: Risk analysis 22 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Definition of risk • Risk defined as probability of an adverse event – according to statistical hydrology: Risk=P[at least 1 year in n years with x> xo]= =1-P[x≤ xo in n years]= =1-P[x≤ xo]n (assuming stationarity and independence of events) – according to reliability theory (system failure) : • Risk defined as the expected consequences of an adverse event – according to natural disasters mitigation => expected losses If affected goods are expressed in economic terms Risk = expected economical damage failurePRisk failure nonPy Reliabilit α α −== = 1][ ][ 23 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Natural Hazard The probability of occurrence, within a specified period of time in a given area, of a potentially damaging natural phenomenon Vulnerability The degree of loss to a given element at risk or set of such elements resulting from the occurrence of a natural phenomenon of a given magnitude and expressed on a scale from 0 (no damage) to 1 (total loss) Risk The expected losses due to a particular natural phenomenon as a function of natural hazard and vulnerability and element at risk Definitions adopted by UNDRO, 1991 24 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Risk analysis The procedure for identifying the relevant probabilistic features of an adverse phenomenon and of its consequences and for evaluating alternative solutions to manage the risk RISK ANALYSIS Risk assessment Risk management Risk assessment Estimate of the probabilistic features of an adverse phenomenon Risk management A pro-active approach for coping with risk through planned actions (as apposite to crisis or emergency management) 25 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Risk = Hazard x Vulnerability Risk analysis in agricultural systems Exposure Sensitivity Potential Impacts Adaptive capacity Vulnerability and its components Vulnerability 26 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Three broad agricultural systems : • Rainfed arable (Wheat based system, barley based system , tree based system) • Irrigated arable (field crops and orchards) • Rangeland, livestock and forest. In each system: • Subsistence farming: easy to analyze risk through direct drought impact on income • Commercial farming: more complex relationship because production systems are greatly affected by policy, markets, technology and financial instruments Agricultural systems in the Mediterranean 27 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Risk in water supply systems • When dealing with water supply systems, shortages can be assumed as a proxy of damages • Thus risk assessment has the objective of quantifying probabilistically both the occurrence and the magnitude of shortages • For instance, the following features of shortages can be considered: • Probability of shortages • Magnitude of shortages • Time span when shortages occur • Economic impact of failures 28 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Preliminary assessment • Some indicators can provide preliminary (rough) assessment of risk: – Water demand / Average inflows.
Language:English
Score: 278209.52 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...DroughtManagPlanGuidelines.pdf
Data Source: un
The question of the role of the  Ministry of Science and Innovation within a government was also raised, as well as the  validity of assuming that science is the same in all places (developed versus developing  countries, agriculture‐based versus industry‐based countries, etc). 
Language:English
Score: 180265.48 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...520interface%2520EGM_final.pdf
Data Source: un
The Subcommittee industry guidance on primary products should explore how the ESG integration into the business strategy and processes influences MNEs organizational structures in order to consider the transfer pricing aspects of actions that groups assume in order to align their business models and organizational processes with ESG targets. (...) To give some examples of transfer pricing implications, it may be that manufacturing steps are insourced and manufacturing entities assume additional production functions. This may be the case where groups have non-compliant suppliers with which they cannot come to terms on monitoring arrangements or ESG commitments.
Language:English
Score: 292385.3 - https://www.un.org/development...er%20pricing%20workstreams.pdf
Data Source: un
Capital adjustment calculations If inventories, receivables, and liabilities during the Corona crisis are assumed to be above the usual amounts, a distortion in comparison to the comparable companies could result from different commitments to capital. (...) However, it is reasonable to assume a positive correlation between the growth rate and profitability. Furthermore, it is assumed that the correlation is stronger when the growth rate of a company is negative.
Language:English
Score: 301658.5 - https://www.un.org/development..._TransferPricing_June_2022.pdf
Data Source: un
COVID-19 / economic downturn Transfer pricing is always assuming that companies should in principle be profitable.
Language:English
Score: 262833.64 - https://www.un.org/development...er%20pricing%20workstreams.pdf
Data Source: un
At the #UNSC 's meeting on #Somalia , the @UN envoy to the country, James Swan, covered the national #elections , #security , #debt relief, #humanitarian challenges, #justice , #development , #humanrights , #COVID19 and more - check out his full remarks here: https://t.co/8kugUcjt1G pic.twitter.com/yBPrRG2bTq — UNSOM (@UNSomalia) November 23, 2020 “A transition year’  The UN official painted a picture of a country facing critical decisions, namely “an electoral process to choose the parliament and president in the coming few months; a security transition so that Somalis can assume lead security responsibility by the end of 2021; and urgent priorities for humanitarian response and economic reforms”.  (...) security council | Somalia Related Stories Somalia: UN Security Council condemns terrorist attack in which dozens were killed or injured Somalia’s population, international partners must be energized to sustain country’s ‘upward trajectory,’ says senior UN official Somalia: Further consensus-building needed ahead of ‘historic’ election Useful Links Secretary-General’s Report on Somalia News Tracker: Past Stories on This Issue Somalia at a critical juncture, as federal, state leaders, meet to break election impasse 20 August 2020 Peace and Security With elections slated for November delayed due to COVID-19, Somalia is at a critical juncture, the top United Nations official in the country told the  Security Council  on Thursday, pressing federal and state leaders to agree on voting modalities, and bolster the capacity of forces which are meant to assume full control of national security, next year.
Language:English
Score: 535230.3 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/11/1078352
Data Source: un