INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF CHEMICALS MANAGEMENT FOLLOWING THE ADOPTION OF THE STRATEGIC APPROACH TO INTERNATIONAL CHEMICALS MANAGEMENT: TRACKING PROGRESS, PROMOTING IMPLEMENTATION AND FOLLOW-UP
• sets out the current arrangements and the roles that each entity2 takes in chemical safety;
• outlines the additional roles that will need to be filled once SAICM has been adopted;
• discusses some of the drivers for chemical safety, possible incentives for implementation of
SAICM outcomes, and possible obstacles to implementation;
• in that context, identifies some of the attributes of international institutional arrangements likely
to promote implementation of SAICM; and
• identifies options for institutional change.
(...) The international institutional framework will need the following attributes if SAICM is to be
• ownership – implementation of SAICM is unlikely to be a success unless all the entities in the
international system have an appropriate level of ‘buy-in’;
• efficiency – cooperation and careful coordination is needed to ensure that resources are used
efficiently and that duplication and overlap of activity are avoided;
• effectiveness – some arrangements are more likely to see progress than others, for example,
chemical safety may be more central to the mission of some entities than others, while some
entities may be more able to command resources to apply to chemical safety;
• accountability - implementation of SAICM is most likely to be successful if some entity (or
entities) is responsible for facilitating implementation;
o transparency of process and operation is a part of accountability;
• inclusiveness – the SAICM process and the operations of the IFCS have benefited from their
inclusive approach to participation of all sectors and interests and of non-government as well as
government and intergovernmental representatives; the same concept could be applied to
• adequate resourcing – it goes without saying that no matter how good the institutional
framework, without adequate and sustained resourcing it is unlikely to be effective; on the other
hand, additional resources are always difficult to find and subject to competing priorities; and
• effective reporting by the various entities on implementation of the outcomes of SAICM.
4 The definitions of monitoring and oversight used in this paper are based on definitions provided by the IOMC
in the initial draft of its PrepCom3 document, "IOMC Paper on Ways of Monitoring Progress with the
Implementation of SAICM, Including Proposed Criteria for the SAICM Oversight Body", but have been
expanded on by the FSC for the purposes of this Thought Starter.
(...) The above approach assumes that there are no other reasons for change within the international
architecture for chemical safety – no other opportunities for greater efficiency or effectiveness, or for
improving the other attributes identified above. The SAICM process, however, offers an excellent
opportunity to ask whether other changes are necessary or would be advantageous.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 8 OCTOBER 2021 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
- Despite the report mentions five countries as having
military presence in Syria at para. 8, the report attributes
the allegation of having “effective control” only to Turkey.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 21 MARCH 2017 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF GREECE TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
In addition, the minority’s protection is based on the full respect of the religious
and cultural attributes of Muslim Greek citizens in Thrace, who, as Greek citizens, are
protected by the Constitution and the Greek legislation whereas they are also subjected to
the legal obligations and requirements of domestic law.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 31 MARCH 2022 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
- Although the report mentions five countries as
having military presence in Syria at para. 4, the
report attributes the allegation of having “effective
control” only to Turkey.
LETTER DATED 5 MAY 2022 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF TURKEY TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
They pointed out that much was said during
the Conference about the attributes of
mediators including deep knowledge of the
matters at hand and high emotional
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS OBLIGATIONS RELATING TO THE ENJOYMENT OF A SAFE, CLEAN, HEALTHY AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENT : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Harrison and others, “Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services：a
systematic review”，Ecosystem Services, vol. 9 (September 2014)，pp. 191 and 195.
Cardinale and others, “Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity”，p. 62. See also Harrison and
others, “Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services”.
Cardinale and others, “Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity”，p. 62.
Bernstein, “Biological diversity and public health”，p. 158.
《生态系统与人类福祉：生物多样性综述》，第 30 页；《联结全球优先要务》，第 111-112
Harrison and others, “Linkages between biodiversity attributes and ecosystem services”，p. 195.
LETTER DATED 2004/10/25 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF ISRAEL TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT OF THE COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS
By insisting that Israel can only defend itself by constructing a fence along, or
within, the so called 'Green Line', the Special Rapporteur is guilty of the very offence
that he attributes to Israel – seeking to make political gains in the guise of security
FOLLOW-UP AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE VIENNA DECLARATION AND PROGRAMME OF ACTION : WRITTEN STATEMENT : SUBMITTED BY THE CANADIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
GENDER refers to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that
a given society considers appropriate for men and women.
ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL ADVISORY COMMITTEE : NOTE : ADDENDUM / BY THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Romanian Journal of International Law), no. 1/2009, pp. 169-172,
Present interpretation of the Characteristics and Attributes of the Property Right. The
Influence of the European Convention on Human Rights/ Interpretarea actuală a
caracteristicilor şi atributelor dreptului de proprietate privată – Influenţa Convenţiei
Europene a Drepturilor Omului, published in English and Romanian in the Works of the
International Conference “History of the European Idea, Civilization and Construction”,
17-18th April 2009, University of Pitesti, Faculty of Law and Administrative Studies,
Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Romania, ISBN 978-973-690-884-2
Jurisprudenţa Curţii Europene a Drepturilor Omului în Privinţa Limitelor Dreptului de
Proprietate Privată/European Court of Human Rights and European Court of Justice’s
Jurisprudence Regarding the Limits of the Private Property Rights, published in published
English and Romanian the Works and on the CD of The International Conference of
University of Pitesti/Faculty of Economic, Law and Administrative Studies, Pitesti, 19-20
April 2008, 10 pages
Limitări Legale în Interes Public ale dreptului de Proprietate Privată/Legal Limitations of
Public Interest on the Right to Private Property , presented in English and Romanian at
“Simion Bărnuţiu” Law Faculty Annual Conference, Sibiu, 16-17 May 2008, 8 pages
Interpretarea Conţinutului şi a Limitelor Dreptului de Proprietate Privată în Jurisprudenţa
Curţii Internaţionale de Justiţie, Curţii Europene a Drepturilor Omului şi Curţii Europene
de Justiţie (eng.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2006/05/19 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF CANADA TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT
联 合 国 A/AC.259/16
大 会 Distr.: General
22 May 2006
06-35744 (C) 010606 020606