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Consequently, this paper recommended the adaptation of ATC/ATP technologies in future automobile designs, such that in-built ICTs components in automobile will enhance safety on the road by alerting and/or warning vehicles occupants of inherent dangers promptly, as well as checking the reckless attitudinal posture and negative behavioural tendencies; such as over-speeding that usually lead to occurrence of fatal road accidents, among future motorists. (...) The Role of ITU and other Stakeholders in standardization of ATC components in future automobile. All new technologies tend to be costly when they first become available in small quantities, then their costs decline as production volumes increase and the technologies mature (Shladover, 2000). (...) Conclusion: The whole essence of integrating into the future automobile a component that will act exactly like ATC/ATP in today’s trains, is a way of removing in its entirety the strait jacket approach, the blank cheque syndrome as well as license to kill and destroy given to today’s drivers’.
Language:English
Score: 1726804.9 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work.../telecomauto_1103_v1_contr.doc
Data Source: un
The overall Goods Trade Barometer index combines information on several component indices representing trade-related variables including export orders, international air freight (IATA), container shipping, automobile sales and production, electronic components and agricultural raw materials. (...) Container shipping tracks world trade quite closely and is available earlier than WTO quarterly merchandise trade volume statistics. • An automotive sector index based on sales and/or production of passenger vehicles in leading economies. Data on automobile sales and production tend to lead business cycles and trade, and are released very early. • An index of bilateral electronic components trade based on customs data in physical units for leading exporting and importing countries. (...) Data on export orders are sourced from IHS-Markit purchasing managers' indices. Data on automobile sales and production are sourced from central banks, national statistical agencies and industry associations.
Language:English
Score: 1492433.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/ne...methodology_wtoi_15aug19_e.pdf
Data Source: un
The WTOI is a composite index of trade-related indices, including indices on export orders, international air freight (IATA), container shipping, automobile sales and production, electronic components and agricultural raw materials. (...) Container shipping tracks world trade quite closely and is available earlier than WTO quarterly merchandise trade volume statistics. • An automotive sector index based on sales and/or production of passenger vehicles in leading economies. Data on automobile sales and production tend to lead business cycles and trade, and are released very early. • An index of electronic components trade based on customs data in physical units for leading exporting and importing countries. (...) Data sources Most data underlying the WTOI and its component indices are obtained from publicly available sources, including port authorities for container shipping, central banks and national statistical agencies for export orders, and national statistical agencies and industry associations for automobile production and sales.
Language:English
Score: 1492433.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/ne...ws16_e/wtoimethondo72016_e.pdf
Data Source: un
World Trade Outlook Indicator World Trade Outlook Indicator 100.9 Drivers of trade (Index, trend = 100) Level of Direction Index of change Merchandise trade volume (Q2) 97.0 Export orders 101.8 International air freight (IATA) 103.2 Container port throughput 99.3 Automobile production and sales 99.6 Electronic components 100.4 Agricultural raw materials 103.1 World trade trajectory and momentum World Trade Outlook Indicator and merchandise trade Changes in WTOI and component indices (Index, trend = 100) (Point changes in index values) 2016 Jun. (...) WTOI 0.4 0.4 0.4 1.5 Export orders 0.3 0.1 0.1 4.4 Air freight 0.7 0.8 0.9 3.7 Container shipping 0.4 0.3 0.2 1.5 Automobiles -0.1 0.0 0.2 -4.8 Electronics 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.4 Raw materials 0.4 0.5 0.3 7.5 Note: Component indices of the WTOI are derived from various sources and are seasonally adjusted, smoothed, de-trended and amplitude adjusted by the WTO. (...) Trade volume growth tends to accelerate when the WTOI (blue line) is above the index for merchandise trade (red line), and decelerate when the WTOI is below the trade index. Component indices Export orders International air freight (IATA) (Index, trend = 100) (Index, trend = 100) Container port throughput 99.3 Automobile production and sales 99.6 (Index, trend = 100) (Index, trend = 100) Electronic components 100.4 Agricultural raw materials (Index, trend = 100) (Index, trend = 100) Data on international air freight courtesy of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).
Language:English
Score: 1478479 - https://www.wto.org/english/ne..._e/news16_e/rese_08nov16_e.pdf
Data Source: un
TT in transport sector 62003 2004 2005 2006 2007 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 (%) CVT 80% • Japanese automobile companies promote TT of energy-efficient technologies for automobiles mainly as joint ventures. • 42 local factories related to Japanese automobile companies are being operated in China, 10 factories are in India, and 76 factories are in Southeast Asia. • Local procurement rate successfully increased to 56% in China and 81% in India. • The installation rate of energy-efficient technologies steadily increased. The rate of variable valve timing increased to 80% and the rate of continuously variable transmission (CVT) increased to 8%. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 0 50 100 150 200 250 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Automobile production in China Automobile production in India Installation rate of Energy-efficient technologies Million vehicles8 4 0 6 2 Million vehicles 2 1 0 Total production Production by local factories related to Japanese companies Total production Production by local factories related to Japanese companies CVT Variable valve timing Source: Japan Automobile Manufacturers ‘Associations, Inc TT enabled Chinese companies to lead the world Conventional boiler orders in FY 2006 (Source: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Steam turbine orders in FY 2006 (Source: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Wind power turbine production in China in 2007 (Source: BTM, 2007; WPM, March 2007) • Through TT, many Chinese companies become global market leaders. • TT will be an important business for Chinese companies. (...) In addition to patents, the role of the design manual and know-how for construction and operation are important. – A plant consists of thousands of components. Key components have their own IPR. – Cross-licensing is quite normal.
Language:English
Score: 1466998.4 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...hlccc_nov08/trackB_5_hombu.pdf
Data Source: un
However, as the market pressure augments, pressure on the suppliers also increases, especially in terms of price, quality and services, as does the number of parts, components and systems that are outsourced by the vehicle manu- facturers. (...) Strategy In 2007, UNIDO launched a two-year business partner- ship and cluster development programme to strengthen the automotive cluster in Serbia, which drew on the Slovenian automobile cluster set-up. The project aimed at enhancing the performance of suppliers in the auto- motive component industry, by upgrading the Serbian Automotive Cluster Organization through strengthening its institutional set-up, by building linkages to relevant industry support institutions, and by developing a pool of well-trained national engineers. (...) In addition, the second phase will seek to further assist the small and medium- sized enterprises component suppliers in meeting inter- national requirements.
Language:English
Score: 1384710.5 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de..._automotiveindustry_2011_0.pdf
Data Source: un
These conditions have, in part, inhibited effective vertical supply linkages from evolving between tier component suppliers at different levels of the supply chain, thus creating a highly fragmented market through which automobile manufacturers must operate. Low local content and domestic value added of new automobiles on the road in India is a testimony to this fact. 4. (...) The programme expects to help increase the capability to produce export-quality components as well as the number of small and medium component suppliers producing such quality products.
Language:English
Score: 1381261.5 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de...ault/files/2002-10/8gc14_0.pdf
Data Source: un
The crisis and the future of the automobile industry: Putting the spark back into the automobile industry Skip to main content ILO Advancing social justice, promoting decent work ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations français | español Countries Country data and ILO results Africa Americas Arab States Asia and the Pacific Europe and Central Asia Topics 2030 Development Agenda Apprenticeships Care Economy Child Labour Collective bargaining and labour relations Cooperatives COVID-19 Decent work Digital labour platforms Disability and work Domestic workers DW4SD Resource Platform Economic and social development Employment injury insurance and protection Employment Intensive Investment Employment promotion Employment security Equality and discrimination Fair recruitment Forced labour, human trafficking and slavery Freedom of association Future of work Gender equality Globalization Green jobs HIV and AIDS Indigenous and tribal peoples Informal economy Labour inspection and administration Labour law Labour migration Maritime Labour Convention Maternity protection Millennium Development Goals Multinational enterprises Non-standard forms of employment Poverty Rural economy Safety and health at work Skills, Knowledge and Employability Small and Medium Enterprises Social and Solidarity Economy Social dialogue and tripartism Social finance Social protection Supply chains Sustainable enterprises Violence and harassment Wages Working time and work organization Work, peace and resilience Youth employment Sectors Agriculture; plantations;other rural sectors Basic Metal Production Chemical industries Commerce Construction Education Financial services; professional services Food; drink; tobacco Forestry; wood; pulp and paper Health services Hotels; tourism; catering Mining (coal; other mining) Mechanical and electrical engineering Media; culture; graphical Oil and gas production; oil refining Postal and telecommunications services Public service Shipping; ports; fisheries; inland waterways Textiles; clothing; leather; footwear Transport (including civil aviation; railways; road transport) Transport equipment manufacturing Utilities (water; gas; electricity) Search: Search Menu Home About the ILO Newsroom Meetings and events Publications Research Labour standards Statistics and databases Contact Us Books and reports Forthcoming publications Journals Meeting documents Mobile apps Working papers World of Work magazine Articles ILO in history Issues ILO home Publications World of Work magazine Articles The crisis and the future of the automobile industry: Putting ... The crisis and the future of the automobile industry: Putting the spark back into the automobile industry Few of the delegates at the ILO’s tripartite meeting on the auto manufacturing sector four years ago could have imagined the depth of the crisis which would be engulfing the industry today, as the global recession takes its toll on consumer demand for autos. (...) For components producers down the supply chain, this meant greater pressure to reduce costs and absorb more risk.
Language:English
Score: 1346531.5 - https://www.ilo.org/global/pub...WCMS_115469/lang--en/index.htm
Data Source: un
Accelerate structural transformations for sustainable development  Mid-term evaluation of project“ Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan: Integrated Green Urban Development in Ashgabat and Awaza” Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental protection of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Energy of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Construction and Architecture of Turkmenistan, Agency of Automobile Transport “Turkmenautoulaglary”, Ashgabat city municipality, Turkmenbashy city municipality, Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs N/A GEF July 2021 $28,500 GEF Outcome 3. (...) Accelerate structural transformations for sustainable development  Terminal evaluation of project“ Sustainable Cities in Turkmenistan: Integrated Green Urban Development in Ashgabat and Awaza” Ministry of Agriculture and Environmental protection of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Energy of Turkmenistan, Ministry of Construction and Architecture of Turkmenistan, Agency of Automobile Transport “Turkmenautoulaglary”, Ashgabat city municipality, Turkmenbashy city municipality, Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs N/A GEF June 2024 $36,500 GEF Outcome 4. (...) Advance poverty eradication in all its forms and dimensions  Regional project evaluation “Strengthening Community Resilience and Regional Cooperation for Prevention of Violent Extremism in Central Asia”, II phase (Component for Turkmenistan) Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of Population of Turkmenistan; Youth organization of Turkmenistan named after Magtymguly N/A regional evaluation Dec 2022 $15,000 Government of Japan Outcome 4.
Language:English
Score: 1335612.4 - https://www.undp.org/sites/g/f...DCPTKM3_Evaluation%20Plan.docx
Data Source: un
AvtoVAZ, the largest Russian automobile manufacturer in the country, has long been the main driving force for component manufacturers in Samara, but with investments from Renault-Nissan, new supply chain requirements are making inroads into the local supplier landscape. (...) Entitled “Facilitating International Market Access for Manufacturing Suppliers in the Automotive Component Industry in Samara region of Russia”, the project was aimed at assisting the automotive component suppliers in the region to meet the requirements of vehicle and Tier 1 automotive component manufacturers and to overcome the constraints arising from their small size and the resulting inability to realize economies of scale. (...) Developing a regional outsourcing base for automotive components through the building of linkages and synergies between clusters in the Central and Eastern European region.
Language:English
Score: 1333735 - https://www.unido.org/our-focu...nt/projects/russian-federation
Data Source: un