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Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles / Bilans Energtiques et Profils du Secteur de Llectricit (Ser. (...) Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles 2009 Series: Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles / Bilans Energtiques et Profils du Secteur de Llectricit (Ser. (...) This ... Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles 2008 Series: Energy Balances and Electricity Profiles / Bilans Energtiques et Profils du Secteur de Llectricit (Ser.
Language:English
Score: 636280.37 - https://shop.un.org/series/ene...and-electricity-profiles-ser-w
Data Source: un
An Integrated Framework for Financial Positions and Flows on a From-Whom-to-Whom Basis: Concepts, Status, and Prospects The views expressed herein are those of the author and should not be attributed to the IMF, its Executive Board, or its management Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department Workshop on Harmonization of Balance of Payments and National Accounts Brasilia, June 27-29, 2017 Venkat Josyula, Statistics Department, IMF Consistency Between Balance of Payments and National Accounts: Experience and Perspectives Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department Outline  Improving the quality of macroeconomic statistics  STA’s Experience with consistency • Data Assessment Quality Framework and ROSC missions • Cross-Sector Consistency Group • Balance Sheet Approach Perspectives  BOP and NA consistency (Financial Balance Sheet vs IIP)  Some conceptual issues  Source data considerations –example of ITRS (insurance, FISIM)  Final Remarks 2 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department Improving the Quality of Macroeconomic Statistics  IMF’s Statistics Department (STA) aims at improving the quality of macroeconomic statistics in member countries  High-quality statistics support IMF surveillance and are pre- requisites for the formulation of appropriate macroeconomic and financial policies Data Quality  Five dimensions under data quality assessment framework (DQAF) of IMF  One of them is serviceability and covers -Periodicity and timeliness -Consistency -revision policy and practice 3 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department STA’s Experience  Focus on consistency across all macroeconomic datasets  For identified datasets  Not specific to BOP and NA consistency  Data Assessment Quality Framework (DQAF 2013)  Cross-Sector Consistency Group  Balance Sheet Approach 4 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department DQAF - Consistency  4.2.3: Statistics are consistent or reconcilable with those obtained through other data sources and/or statistical frameworks. (...) -largely consistent with balance of payments, government finance statistics, and other statistical frameworks, as relevant Refer to Annex (Table on DQAF 4.2.3) for countries present in the workshop 5 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department ROSC Missions  Some insights from recent ROSC missions –assessment based on DAQF  Uruguay (2014) –National Accounts -National accounts statistics are largely consistent with balance of payments statistics. (...)  Sectoral balance sheets under SDDS plus: consistency between financial balance sheet (ROW) and IIP came into prominence  Users may raise questions on differences between Financial Balance Sheet (ROW) and IIP reported to IMF  Let us discuss two examples: USA and Canada 13 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department BOP and NA consistency: Financial Balance Sheet of ROW vs IIP United States  Large differences.  No relevant information available on DQAF.  Some observed differences are due to: - Financial derivatives not included in ROW, but covered in IIP - Most of the debt securities at book value in ROW and at market value in IIP Note that two different agencies responsible for IIP and ROW accounts 14 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department BOP and NA consistency: Financial Balance Sheet vs IIP Canada  Minor differences observed  As per DQAF, Canada's IIP is consistent with the rest of the Canadian system of macroeconomic accounts and there is a complete concordance in the data with Canada's National Balance Sheet Accounts.  Note that the same agency (Statistics Canada) responsible for compilation of sectoral accounts (financial balance sheet) and IIP 15 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department BOP and NA consistency: Financial Balance Sheet of ROW vs IIP  Mapping of BOP/IIP functional categories to financial instruments in ROW needs careful consideration  Some countries make errors in mapping that lead to large discrepancies - Good understanding of both the concepts, i.e. functional categories (DI, PI, RA, and OI) and financial instruments necessary to implement a correct mapping - DI Debt instruments: some assumption based on expert judgement needed to map them to financial instruments in ROW - Reserve assets: detailed data required - Reserve position in the Fund: currency and deposits - Forex reserves: mainly debt securities, and currency and deposits 16 Balance of Payments Division IMF Statistics Department Some Conceptual Differences  May lead to discrepancies.
Language:English
Score: 635806.35 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...-consystency_bop-na-fmi-vj.pdf
Data Source: un
Background to Food Balance Sheets Food Balance Sheets aim to present a comprehensive picture of the pattern of a country's food supply during a specified reference period. (...) The United States of America maintains global ccommodity balance sheet database similar to the FAO Commodity Balance 6 database (XCBS). (...) FAO Commodity Balance Sheets Commodity balance sheets are the elementary framework for analysis of the food situation of a country or groups of countries.
Language:English
Score: 632199.66 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/.../APCAS23/APCAS-08-14__10c_.pdf
Data Source: un
An assessment of each account with a credit balance was feasible given there are currently seventeen States with credit balance. If it is determined that the credit balance will be drawn down and eliminated within the next 2-3 years, carrying the balance forward is deemed a reasonable option. 3.1.2 Under option (b), the materiality of the credit balance in conjunction with the means of processing the return of funds is considered. (...) Also, individual credits can be netted with combined invoices that are paid through ASECNA to facilitate the processing of immaterial credit balances or a large individual credit. 3.2 Credit balances subsequent to SCRAG/20 billing calculations: • 5 new credit balances resulted; • 8 credit balances were reduced; • 2 credit balances were eliminated; and • 1 credit balance was refunded during the course of the year. 4.
Language:English
Score: 629998.54 - https://www.icao.int/sustainab...SCRAG/Scrag-20/SCRAG20WP17.pdf
Data Source: un
bop.PDF TRADE MEASURES FOR BALANCE-OF-PAYMENTS PURPOSES 194 DECLARATION ON TRADE MEASURES TAKEN FOR BALANCE-OF-PAYMENTS PURPOSES Adopted on 28 November 1979 (L/4904) The CONTRACTING PARTIES, Having regard to the provisions of Articles XII and XVIII:B of the General Agreement; Recalling the procedures for consultations on balance-of-payments restrictions approved by the Council on 28 April 19701 and the procedures for regular consultations on balance-of-payments restrictions with developing countries approved by the Council on 19 December 19722; Convinced that restrictive trade measures are in general an inefficient means to maintain or restore balance-of-payments equilibrium; Noting that restrictive import measures other than quantitative restrictions have been used for balance-of-payments purposes; Reaffirming that restrictive import measures taken for balance-of- payments purposes should not be taken for the purpose of protecting a particular industry or sector; Convinced that the contracting parties should endeavour to avoid that restrictive import measures taken for balance-of-payments purposes stimulate new investments that would not be economically viable in the absence of the measures; Recognizing that the less-developed contracting parties must take into account their individual development, financial and trade situation when implementing restrictive import measures taken for balance-of-payments purposes; Recognizing that the impact of trade measures taken by developed countries on the economies of developing countries can be serious; Recognizing that developed contracting parties should avoid the imposition of restrictive trade measures for balance-of-payments purposes to the maximum extent possible; _______________ 1BISD 18S/48-53. 2BISD 20S/47-49. TRADE MEASURES FOR BALANCE-OF-PAYMENTS PURPOSES 195 Agree as follows: 1. (...) All restrictive import measures taken for balance-of-payments purposes shall be subject to consultation in the GATT Committee on Balance-of- Payments Restrictions (hereinafter referred to as "Committee"). 5.
Language:English
Score: 629594.14 - https://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/tokyo_bop_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2019 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 10 Apr 2020 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe, uno de los informes anuales más importantes de la CEPAL, analiza en su edición 2019 el desempeño económico de la región durante el año, el contexto internacional, las políticas macroeconómicas que los países han implementado y ... (...) Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2012 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 20 Jun 2013 En la edición 2012 del Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe se realiza un análisis del comportamiento de la región frente a la reciente crisis económica mundial, así como las medidas utilizadas hasta ahora por los países para contrarrestar sus efectos. En el documento... Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 7 Oct 2014 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 analiza el desempeño macroeconómico regional y los efectos de la volatilidad financiera internacional en las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas.
Language:English
Score: 629117.3 - https://shop.un.org/ar/taxonomy/term/5177
Data Source: un
Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2019 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 10 Apr 2020 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe, uno de los informes anuales más importantes de la CEPAL, analiza en su edición 2019 el desempeño económico de la región durante el año, el contexto internacional, las políticas macroeconómicas que los países han implementado y ... (...) Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2012 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 20 Jun 2013 En la edición 2012 del Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe se realiza un análisis del comportamiento de la región frente a la reciente crisis económica mundial, así como las medidas utilizadas hasta ahora por los países para contrarrestar sus efectos. En el documento... Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 7 Oct 2014 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 analiza el desempeño macroeconómico regional y los efectos de la volatilidad financiera internacional en las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas.
Language:English
Score: 629117.3 - https://shop.un.org/ru/taxonomy/term/5177
Data Source: un
Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2019 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 10 Apr 2020 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe, uno de los informes anuales más importantes de la CEPAL, analiza en su edición 2019 el desempeño económico de la región durante el año, el contexto internacional, las políticas macroeconómicas que los países han implementado y ... (...) Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2012 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 20 Jun 2013 En la edición 2012 del Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe se realiza un análisis del comportamiento de la región frente a la reciente crisis económica mundial, así como las medidas utilizadas hasta ahora por los países para contrarrestar sus efectos. En el documento... Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 7 Oct 2014 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 analiza el desempeño macroeconómico regional y los efectos de la volatilidad financiera internacional en las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas.
Language:English
Score: 629117.3 - https://shop.un.org/es/series/...-de-am-rica-latina-y-el-caribe
Data Source: un
Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2019 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 10 Apr 2020 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe, uno de los informes anuales más importantes de la CEPAL, analiza en su edición 2019 el desempeño económico de la región durante el año, el contexto internacional, las políticas macroeconómicas que los países han implementado y ... (...) Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2012 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 20 Jun 2013 En la edición 2012 del Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe se realiza un análisis del comportamiento de la región frente a la reciente crisis económica mundial, así como las medidas utilizadas hasta ahora por los países para contrarrestar sus efectos. En el documento... Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 7 Oct 2014 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 analiza el desempeño macroeconómico regional y los efectos de la volatilidad financiera internacional en las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas.
Language:English
Score: 629117.3 - https://shop.un.org/fr/taxonomy/term/5177
Data Source: un
Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2019 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 10 Apr 2020 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe, uno de los informes anuales más importantes de la CEPAL, analiza en su edición 2019 el desempeño económico de la región durante el año, el contexto internacional, las políticas macroeconómicas que los países han implementado y ... (...) Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2012 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 20 Jun 2013 En la edición 2012 del Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe se realiza un análisis del comportamiento de la región frente a la reciente crisis económica mundial, así como las medidas utilizadas hasta ahora por los países para contrarrestar sus efectos. En el documento... Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 Series: Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 7 Oct 2014 El Balance Preliminar de las Economías de América Latina y el Caribe 2013 analiza el desempeño macroeconómico regional y los efectos de la volatilidad financiera internacional en las naciones latinoamericanas y caribeñas.
Language:English
Score: 629117.3 - https://shop.un.org/taxonomy/term/5177
Data Source: un