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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ON HER MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
It requires federal agencies to adhere to three policy- making criteria, to the extent permitted by law, including, where possible, deferring to Indian tribes to establish standards. (...) Effective implementation of that principle would ensure that indigenous peoples have decision-making power over the impacts of energy development on their lands. 26. (...) A/HRC/36/46/Add.1 14 GE.17-13652 impacts of development as well as spur tribally self-determined energy projects that operate within beneficial community stan
语言:中文
得分: 2274910.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/36/46/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 13 FEBRUARY 2018 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVES OF CYPRUS, EGYPT AND GREECE TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
In this regard, they welcomed the 7th EU-Egypt Association Council, held on 25 July 2017, and the adoption of the jointly negotiated EU -Egypt Partnership Priorities that pave the way for a reinforced, mutually beneficial partnership leading towards a stronger strategic engagement in areas of common interest. (...) In this respect, they reiterated their determination to promote, amid diverse security challenges for the Eastern Mediterranean, a positive agenda of cooperation for the benefit of this strategically, economically and culturally important neighbourhood, making it a safer place for its people to prosper. (...) To this end, they also encouraged and welcomed initiatives from the private sector of mutually beneficial energy infrastructure projects, which contribute to the energy security of all three countries such as the EuroAfrica Interconnector.
语言:中文
得分: 2230430.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/72/760&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
HUMAN RIGHTS AND INDIGENOUS ISSUES : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, RODOLFO STAVENHAGEN : ADDENDUM
Several examples were given of indigenous members of parliament establishing their own networks, also across party lines, to promote positive indigenous policy-making. 16. The experts drew attention to the crucial role of parliamentary committees which can make recommendations to ensure that bills corresponded to indigenous needs. (...) In particular, reference was made to cases of legislation being generated by indigenous peoples and then transmitted to the law-making bodies. E/CN.4/2006/78/Add.5 page 8 18. (...) More information flows between the parliamentarian committees and the parliament itself are required. 25. It can be beneficial to create indigenous political parties.
语言:中文
得分: 2218025.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2006/78/ADD.5&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
HUMAN RIGHTS AND INDIGENOUS ISSUES : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE, RODOLFO STAVENHAGEN : ADDENDUM
The Local Government Act 2002 requires that local authorities must take into account the relationship of Maori and their culture and traditions when making significant decisions and provide opportunities for Maori to contribute to decision-making processes. 21. (...) The E/CN.4/2006/78/Add.3 page 12 Maori Fisheries Commission was restructured and renamed, making it more accountable to Maori and giving it more input to fisheries management. 39. (...) Short of the recognition of self-determination or even self- governance, Treaty settlement packages could meet Maori aspirations halfway by awarding tribal collectives actual decision-making capacity over ancestral or culturally significant sites and resources through unencumbered fee simple title being transferred over such sites.
语言:中文
得分: 2059104 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2006/78/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
CHAIRPERSON’S SUMMARY
(e) In accordance with States’ obligations under international law, in the study, development, acquisition, or adoption of a new weapon, means or method of warfare, determination must be made whether its employment would, in some or all circumstances, be prohibited by international law. (...) Some considered that the exchange of good practices on weapons reviews would be beneficial. One commentary promoted the joint definition of best practices. (...) (e) In accordance with States’ obligations under international law, in the study, development, acquisition, or adoption of a new weapon, means or method of warfare, determination must be made whether its employment would, in some or all circumstances, be prohibited by international law; 22.
语言:中文
得分: 2002182 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...&DS=CCW/GGE.1/2020/WP.7&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS, MARGARET SEKAGGYA : ADDENDUM
In December 2003, the European Convention on Human Rights Act entered into force, thereby making the European Convention part of Irish law, as stipulated by the Constitution. (...) According to section 4 of the same provision, “religion” excludes profit-making organizations or those organizations that engage in “oppressive psychological manipulation”. (...) The Special Rapporteur notes with concern that section 3, paragraph 11 of the Act fails to recognize the promotion of human rights as “a purpose that is beneficial to the community”, therefore, effectively excluding organizations that work on the protection and promotion of human rights from being able to register as charities. 30.
语言:中文
得分: 1998394.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/22/47/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 2007/05/18 ADDRESSED BY THE RECTOR OF THE UNITED NATIONS UNIVERSITY TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS 1_ A Group of Experts Inet in Lund, SWeden, at the Raoul Wallenberg Institute (RWI) under 迂le auspices of the United Nations University (UNU) and 迂le RWI from Z一4 May Z007, to discuss 迂le human rights Special Procedures System of 迂le United NatiOnS, keeping in Inind the Ongoing deliberations of the UN Human Rights Council_ Z_ The Group of Experts considers t壬1乏廿1t the UN human rights Special Procedures are among the Inost importa.nt Protection Inechanisms in the UN System and recalls that tl〕e Special Procedures System Was endorsed both by the World Conference on Human Rights in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Acti0n, l993, and by 迂le UN General Assembly in resolution 60/ZSI of IS March 2006 establishing the UN Human Rights Council_ 3_ The Group of Experts Strongly urges 迂le United Nations Human Rights Council to Inaintain, reneW and Streng迂len UN human rights Special Procedures InandateS, it being understood that 迂le future of each Inandate Will hencefor由 be reVieWed on a case一by一case basis_ The Group of Experts fur迂ler underlines 迂le importance of respecting 迂le independence of Special Procedures Inandate一holders and considers that 迂le Primary criteria in Selecting Inandate一holders Should be c0mPetence, impartiality and 0bjectiVity, taking into account the Principles of equitable geographic diS〔ributiOn, broad legal and cultural diversity and gender balance_ 4_ The Group of Experts emphasizes that an effective and cohefent System of Special Procedures for 迂le Promotion and Protection of human rights Should continue to comprise 迂lematic and country related Inandates and to embrace ciVil, cultural, ec0nOInic, Political and Social rightS, including 迂le right to development_ S_ The Group of Experts recognizes and affirms tl〕e centrality of the UN human rights Special Procedures System in identifying and add工essing gaps in human rights pr0tecti0n, particularly as regards Vulnerable groups and individuals and neW 迂lreats and challenges_ 6_ The Group of Experts expresses its Strong Support for the UN human rights Special Procedures System and urges that it be accorded Very high Priority Wi迂lin 迂le UN human rights programme as Well as Within tl〕e larger UN System as a Whole_ 7_ The Group of Experts underlines that 迂le UN human rights Special Procedufes System rests on 迂le fundamental principle of c00perati0n, Particularly that between States and 迂le UN, States and Inandate一h0lderS, Inandate一holders and 迂le UN SySteIn, cooperation amongst States and cooperation betWeen Inandate一holders and civil Society_ TTIC Group of Experts emphasizes 迂le importance of faithful State implementation of 迂le recommendations arising from Special procedure mechanisms_ A/IˉIRC/S/18 page 4 8_ TT1e Group of Experts notes 迂lat there are Regulations Governing tl〕e StatuS, Basic Rights and Duties of Officials Other 迂lan Secretariat OfficialS, and Experts On MiSSi0n, a Draft Manual of the United Nations Human Rights Special Pr0cedureS, as Well as d工aft Suggestions for a code of conduct for Special procedures_ TT1e Group recommends 迂lat the UN Legal Counsel be invited to comment On tl〕e interrelationship among 由ese documents_ 9_ TT1e Group of Experts highlights the importance of unhindered access to and from Victims of human rights Vi0latiOnS, as Well as tl〕e full Participation of non一governmental Organizations and civil Society in tl〕e quest for the enha.tlced effectiveness of the UN human rights Special Procedures and Other UN Inechanisms concerned With human rights promotion and Protection_ 10_ TT1e Group of Experts considers that tl〕e effectiveness of tl〕e UN human rights Special Procedures System requires tl〕e Inaintenance of clear and direct channels of communication among tl〕e Office of tl〕e UN High Commissioner for Human RightS, G0VernInentS, UN b0dieS, the Specialized agencies and other intergovernmental 0rganizati0nS, national human rights iI1StitutiOI1S, interested non一governmental Organizations as Well as civil Society at large and tl〕e Inass Inedia_ Unencumbered and regular communication among these entities remains particularly important for the effective Operation of early Warning and urgent action Inechanisms and Procedures_ The Group of Experts fur迂ler underlines tl〕e importance of UN human rights Special Procedures as an essential form of monitoring and early Warning Within tl〕e UN System_ 11_ TT1e Group of Experts d工aWS attention to tl〕e need to elaborate On the rich and beneficial contributions 迂lat Special Procedures ca.I1 make to the System of 迂le Universal Periodic ReVieW_ 12_ TT1e Group of Experts recommends tl〕e commissioning of an academic Study On tl〕e eXPerience, c0Verage, Pr0m0ti0n, Protection and impact of UN human rights Special Procedures from tl〕e Point of VieW of persons and groups in urgent need of human rights Protection_ 13_ TT1e Group of Experts also recommends 迂lat a global Study be carried Out On civil Society perspectives in relation to UN human rights Special Procedures_ 14_ TT1e f0ll0Wing parts of 迂le Statement highlight key aspects 0f, and considerations relating tO, tl〕e Special Procedures System_ III THE ESSENCE OF THE SYSTEM IS_ TT1e System of human rights Special Procedures of the United Nations has been developed to carry Out Inandates assigned by the former Commission On Human RightS, n0W tl〕e Human Rights C0uI1cil, and o迂ler Policy making Organs dealing With tl〕e promotion and Protection of human rights in accordance With internationally recognized human rights laW_ They pay particular regard to the uniVerSa1ity, indiViSibility, interdependence and interrelatedness of human rights and the principles of equality and non一discrimination and gender equality, and are Inindful of the importance of tl〕e implementation of tl〕e right to development_ The System consists of independent experts implementing thematic and country Inandates_ 16_ Special procedure Inandate一holders discharge their functions Wi迂1 independence, iInpa_rtiality, integrity and in accordance Wi迂1 Standards of fairness and due Process and in the quest for justice_ A/HRC/S/18 page S 17_ The Special Procedures place the Protection of those in need high among 由eir Priorities and Pursue a Victims一oriented perspective_ They have the tasks of analysing human rights Situati0nS, Ina1〈ing relevant recommendations and Striving for justice for the VictiInS, actual and 由reatened_ 18_ Special procedure Inandate一holders operate On the basis of international cooperation With g0VernmentS, Specialized agencieS, regional 0rganiSatiOnS, national human rights iI1StitutiOI1S, non一governmental 0rganiSatiOnS, civil Society and Other Partners and also Pursue cooperative approaches among themselves_ With a VieW to facilitating and harmonising 由eir W0rk, the Special Procedures have established a Coordinating C0InInittee, Which Supports joint activities among 迂lem and interacts With the Human Rights Council and other actors in enhancing tl〕e System of Special procedures_ IncreaSingly, Special Procedures concert 由eir efforts in joint and constructive approaches t0Ward governments and o迂ler Partners and, through their Coordinating Committee are fur迂ler developing joint efforts in a constructive Inanner in 由eir interactions Wi迂1 governments and O由ers_ 19_ The functions of Special Procedures include 迂le ga迂lering a.nd analysis of information and trends On emerging and actual human rights iSSueS, acting upon 迂le recommendations of human rights treaty b0dieS, contributing to tl〕e development of international StandardS, responding to urgent Situations referred to them by tl〕e Human Rights C0uI1cil, ga由ering and reacting to reliable information concerning allegations of human rights Vi0latiOnS, reporting On State implementation of human rights 0bligatiOnS, identifying best practiceS, undertaking country ViSitS, Inaking recommendations for improved enforcement of human rights at the national level and communicating On behalf of Victims_ 20_ The Special Procedures are also attentive to tl〕e importance in their Work of contributing to human rights education and training and to the dissemination of information On human rights_ They communicate Wi迂1, respond to and interact Wi迂1 civil S0ciety, national human rights iI1Stituti0I1S, non一governmental 0rganiSatiOnS, Inedia and o迂ler actors in tl〕e implementation of their Inandates_ Zl_ The efficacy of tl〕e Work of Special Procedures depends upon effective and timely cooperation from g0VernmentS, particularly in Providing relevant information eXpeditiOuSly, responding effectively to 由eir c0InInunicatiOnS, enabling them to have unhindered access to tl〕e country to assess tl〕e field SituatiOn, and in giving effect to 由eir recommendations in a Sustained and faithful Inanner_ ZZ_ The Standing invitations by countries pledging to accept Visits of 由ematic Special Procedures is an important Way of Strengthening the System and all countries Should consider issuing Such Standing invitations_ IIII THE PROTECTION ROLE OF SPECIAL PROCEDURES 23_ Special Procedures contribute to tl〕e protection of human rights by responding in a timely Inanner to Situations of actual of threatened Violations of human rightS, by contributing to tl〕e identification of 迂lreats to Population groups and indiVidualS, by undertaking Visits to trouble Sp0tS, by Inaking recommendations On laW, P0licy, practice and corrective Ineasures to A/IˉIRC/S/18 page 6 governments and to 迂le Human Rights C0uncil, by calling for 迂le Wide dissemination of 迂leir findingS, and by calling upon the governments and Peoples of 迂le UN to act effectively for 迂le Protection of human rights in discharge of tl〕e UN Charter,S Inandate On 迂le universal Protection of human rights_ 24_ UN human rights Special Procedures Inobilize the global community [O Protect the rights of actual and Potential Victims_ The information and analysis from 迂leir reports and related recommendations help to emPOWer groups and individuals in Protecting 迂leir rights_ They also alert the international community to urgent human rights Situations Which require effective Ineasures to protect human rights_ ZS_ Visits by Special Procedures to VictiInS, key locations and Places Where Situations of concern Inanifest 迂lemselves Such as Situations Where the right of Self一determination is inV0lVed, prisons and Places of detenti0n, Situations of displacement and locations Where People are threatened Wi迂1 evictions and diSPlacement, are, among 0therS, an important Part of 迂le Protection activities 迂ley engage in_ Iv. 恤PLEMENTATION OF SPECIAL PROCEDURES RECOMMENDATIONS 26_ 丘nplementation of 迂le recommendations of Special Procedures is crucial [O the Success of the System_ Inadequate implementation of the recommendations coming from the Special procedure System Weakens 迂le efficacy and credibility of the UN and 迂le international community and impedes 迂le realization of human rights_ The Governments c0ncerned, interested governments 一 in Pursuance of 迂leir Obligation of international cooperation under 迂le UN Charter 一 and international and regional 0rganiSati0nS, Should do their utmost to iInl)leIneI1t, and f0llOW up 0I1, the recommendations of Special Procedures_ Civil Society has an important role to Play in encouraging and monitoring f0llOW up to 迂le implementation of Special Procedures recommendations_ 27_ TTIC UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and her Office Should Play a part in f0llOWing up On 迂le implementation of recommendations of Special Procedures_ The Human Rights C0uI1cil, in its interaction Wi迂1 governments and Wi迂1 Special Pr0cedureS, Should take a Special interest in the implementation of the recommendations of Special Procedures_ Such implementation Inay require a Variety of IneaSureS, including in the field of laW and laW ref0rIn, reVieW of P0licieS, Pr0graInIneS, PracticeS, and mechanisms and in the allocation of Personnel and reS0ufCeS, as Well as in the provision of related information in a participatory and accountable Inanner_ 28_ TT1e Human Rights Council has a key role to Play in influencing governments and O迂ler actors to implement tl〕e recommendations of Special Procedures_ Such implementation also needs to be integrated and Inainstreamed through 迂le totality of 迂le UN SySteIn, including UN country teams_ TTIC UN Human Rights Council could beneficially draw upon the recommendations of the Special Procedures as Part of the dialogue With countries Within 迂le fraIneWOrk of the Universal Periodic ReVieW_ 29_ Where 迂le Human Rights Council considers it neceSSary, it Inay refer Situations for the consideration of the General Assembly and, through the General ASSeInbly, to the Security Council_ A/HRC/S/18 page 7 30_ Special Procedure Inandate一holders themselves have a key role [O Play in Inobilizing f0llOW up to 迂le implementation of their recommendations by making representations to governments and o迂lers and to 迂le Human Rights Council_ Special Procedures Should continue to Pursue innovative approaches and channels of implementation_ TTIC implementation of 迂le System of Special Procedures and f0ll0W up to 山eif recommendations requifes full fina.ncing and resources.
语言:中文
得分: 1979220.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce.../get?open&DS=A/HRC/5/18&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 2000/09/08 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF BRAZIL TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
The Heads of State agreed with the assessment that the determination to implement consistent macroeconomic policies is essential to the internal stability of each country and to guaranteeing continued advances in integration processes. (...) Strengthen the capacity of States for policy-making, planning, and regulatory framework development. (...) The technical and political profile of such a mechanism should be such as to expedite timely, efficient decision-making regarding the Heads of States' mandates in the area of regional infrastructure development.
语言:中文
得分: 1965495.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...sf/get?open&DS=A/55/375&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHTS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES ON HER MISSION TO BRAZIL
These constitute steps by indigenous peoples towards self-management and self- regulation of their territories and self-determination and autonomy, as envisaged in ILO Convention No. 169, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Organization of American States draft American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. (...) Instead of culturally appropriate prior consultations, individual households had allegedly been approached by a consulting firm employed by Grupo de Estudo Tapajós and offered compensation to abandon their opposition and debilitate indigenous collective decision- making in relation to the project. As in other projects, so-called public hearings were being conflated with the State duty to consult indigenous peoples. (...) The Special Rapporteur is concerned that the State’s interpretation of when its duty to consult corresponds to the requirement to obtain the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous peoples is not consistent with the provisions and purpose of the legal instruments that protect indigenous peoples’ rights, including their right to self- determination by which they determine their own social, cultural and economic A/HRC/33/42/Add.1 GE.16-13695 15 development and maintain and develop their autonomous ways of life, and their right to cultural and physical survival as peoples.13 67.
语言:中文
得分: 1935502.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/42/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO ROMANIA :REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN AND GIRLS
It prohibits discrimination based on sex in the spheres of employment, education, health care, culture, access to information, and participation in decision-making processes, and has important provisions on incentive measures to foster gender equality. (...) Its domains of intervention are education, health care, the labour market, participation in decision-making processes, and gender mainstreaming.6 10. (...) The strategy developed by the National Agency for Equal Opportunities between Women and Men to promote the representation of women in decision- making positions and advance policies to reduce employment inequalities and the gender pay gap is a positive step. 38.
语言:中文
得分: 1920524.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/47/38/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods