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The laws of the Contracting States also determine the treatment under the Convention of a disposition of a partnership interest. 7. (...) This is the case, for instance, for the determination of the residence of a person, the determination of what is immovable property and of when income from corporate rights might be treated as a dividend. More generally, paragraph 2 of Article 3 makes domestic rules relevant for the purposes of determining the meaning of terms that are not defined in the treaty.
Language:English
Score: 1013420.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...4/10/7STM_CRP.2_Add1_12Oct.pdf
Data Source: un
This is the case, for instance, for the determination of the residence of a person, the determination of what is immovable property and of when income from corporate rights might be treated as a dividend. More generally, paragraph 2 of Article 3 makes domestic rules relevant for the purposes of determining the meaning of terms that are not defined in the treaty. (...) Contracting States wishing to adopt such a provision may also want, in their bilateral negotiations, to determine the criteria according to which a company would be considered as owned or controlled by non-residents. 14.
Language:English
Score: 1013345.3 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...014/10/3STM_EC18_2007_CRP2.pdf
Data Source: un
Foster Christian HydeChristian Hyde 22 AgendaAgenda IntroductionIntroduction Module Key TopicsModule Key Topics DemonstrationDemonstration DiscussionDiscussion 2 33 IntroductionIntroduction Spectrum ManagementSpectrum Management Administrative ApproachesAdministrative Approaches Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform 44 Spectrum ManagementSpectrum Management Spectrum ManagementSpectrum Management •• is a combination of administrative & technical is a combination of administrative & technical procedures to ensure the efficient operation of procedures to ensure the efficient operation of radiocommunications without causing radiocommunications without causing interference and, interference and, •• ensures interferenceensures interference--free access to as many free access to as many users & as many uses as possibleusers & as many uses as possible •• may provide an economic return to the may provide an economic return to the government.government. 3 55 Spectrum ManagementSpectrum Management These activities allocate portions of the radio These activities allocate portions of the radio spectrum to different uses, assign frequencies to spectrum to different uses, assign frequencies to different transmitters in a way that minimizes different transmitters in a way that minimizes interference, maintain standards to ensure that interference, maintain standards to ensure that systems make optimum use of the radio systems make optimum use of the radio spectrum and implement measures to control spectrum and implement measures to control unauthorized use.unauthorized use. 66 Administrative ApproachAdministrative Approach •• Primarily a technically based system Primarily a technically based system exercised through licensing exercised through licensing requirements focused on eliminating or requirements focused on eliminating or minimizing interference while facilitating minimizing interference while facilitating access to spectrum by the greatest access to spectrum by the greatest number of users and usesnumber of users and uses •• Facing tremendous pressures on the Facing tremendous pressures on the resource due to growth in number of resource due to growth in number of users, number of uses and amount of users, number of uses and amount of capacity required per usercapacity required per user 4 77 Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform Vigorous debate on spectrum Vigorous debate on spectrum management reform is underway in an management reform is underway in an attempt to overcome persistent attempt to overcome persistent shortcomingsshortcomings: : •• Scarcity Scarcity –– due to real congestion, inefficient due to real congestion, inefficient use, underutilization and artificial scarcity.use, underutilization and artificial scarcity. •• Administrative adjustment mechanisms Administrative adjustment mechanisms –– assignment, licensing, reassignment, licensing, re--alignmentalignment.. (...) (Economist 2004). 88 Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform Spectrum managers need to address:Spectrum managers need to address: •• Current procedural emphasis Current procedural emphasis -- should become should become more policy focused. more policy focused. •• Regulatory frameworks and organizational Regulatory frameworks and organizational functions need to adapt more quicklyfunctions need to adapt more quickly •• Traditional administrative approaches can be Traditional administrative approaches can be improvedimproved •• Strengthen organizational and technical Strengthen organizational and technical capacitycapacity 5 99 Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform Criticisms of the Administrative ApproachCriticisms of the Administrative Approach •• Excessive rigidity Excessive rigidity –– administrative scarcityadministrative scarcity •• Technology and service innovation may be Technology and service innovation may be stifledstifled •• Incentives for efficient use of the resource are Incentives for efficient use of the resource are not sufficientnot sufficient •• Reinforces barriers to voluntary and Reinforces barriers to voluntary and involuntary sharinginvoluntary sharing •• Erects barriers to other beneficial transactionsErects barriers to other beneficial transactions 1010 Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform Ideas for Reforming the Traditional Ideas for Reforming the Traditional SystemSystem •• Move toward the Use of Market Move toward the Use of Market Mechanisms and Forces in the Mechanisms and Forces in the Management and Licensing of SpectrumManagement and Licensing of Spectrum PropertyProperty--rights, exclusive rightsrights, exclusive rights Flexibility of use/unified licensingFlexibility of use/unified licensing Spectrum trading and secondary marketsSpectrum trading and secondary markets •• Examples Examples –– Australia, Guatemala, and New Australia, Guatemala, and New Zealand and, partially, the U.S.Zealand and, partially, the U.S. 6 1111 Spectrum Management ReformSpectrum Management Reform Ideas for Reforming the Traditional Ideas for Reforming the Traditional SystemSystem •• Unlicensed or Spectrum Commons Unlicensed or Spectrum Commons ApproachApproach No exclusive rights No exclusive rights –– anyone can use certain anyone can use certain blocks of spectrum subject only to certain blocks of spectrum subject only to certain basic rules (e.g., maximum power) and for basic rules (e.g., maximum power) and for any lawful purpose using any technologyany lawful purpose using any technology •• Examples of commons approach include early Examples of commons approach include early examples from radio (e.g., amateur radio service)examples from radio (e.g., amateur radio service) 1212 ICT Regulation ToolkitICT Regulation Toolkit An online tool to aid Regulators in review of the An online tool to aid Regulators in review of the issues and determination of suitable best practices.issues and determination of suitable best practices.
Language:English
Score: 1012936.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...ments/Toolkit_Spectrummngt.pdf
Data Source: un
We do propagate forward some output, but we also need to make sure this is beneficial to human cause in general. (...) _hjTLDTest session To determine the most generic cookie path that has to be used instead of the page hostname, Hotjar sets the _hjTLDTest cookie to store different URL substring alternatives until it fails. (...) VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE 5 months 27 days A cookie set by YouTube to measure bandwidth that determines whether the user gets the new or old player interface.
Language:English
Score: 1012936.1 - https://www.itu.int/hub/member.../become-a-member/testimonials/
Data Source: un
Thus, a hybrid loan may be recognized as a loan in the country of the debtor, allowing for deductibility of the interest paid on it, whereas in the country of the creditor it may, under a substantive determination, be considered as equity capital. The creditor country may then consider the “interest” received as dividends, which - in intercompany situations - may be tax exempt under a participation exemption regime. Countries may use various criteria (alone or in combination) to determine whether a formal loan is considered hybrid and should be re-classified as equity capital11. 11 These may include: - interest payable depends on the profitability of the debtor; - no repayment, or a very long repayment schedule; - subordination of repayment to claims of other creditors.   (...) Furthermore, it should be noted that in both the UN and the OECD Model Conventions a provision (Article 11, paragraph 6) has been included which makes clear that in the case of a special relationship between the beneficial owner and the payer or between both of them and some other person, the provisions of this Article only apply to the part of the interest which would have been agreed upon had they dealt with each other on an at arm’s length basis.
Language:English
Score: 1010411.1 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-.../05/20130530_Paper7A_Goede.pdf
Data Source: un
In conclusion, he affirmed the Staff Union Committee's determination to take an active part in all discussions that would serve to bring about a genuine human resources management policy based on staff abilities and interests and the fundamental objectives of the Organization. (...) Gray's comment, drew attention to the fact that the determination of the post adjustment was delegated by the ILO to the UN common system bodies with the acceptance by the ILO of the ICSC Statute. Since there were no ICSC recommendations to make any drastic changes in existing methodology for the determination of the Geneva post adjustment, it was premature for the Governing Body to consider this issue, and any attempt to influence the UN General Assembly was unacceptable. 17.
Language:English
Score: 1008971.8 - www.ilo.org/public/engl.../relm/gb/docs/gb270/gb-8-2.htm
Data Source: un
In conclusion, he affirmed the Staff Union Committee's determination to take an active part in all discussions that would serve to bring about a genuine human resources management policy based on staff abilities and interests and the fundamental objectives of the Organization. (...) Gray's comment, drew attention to the fact that the determination of the post adjustment was delegated by the ILO to the UN common system bodies with the acceptance by the ILO of the ICSC Statute. Since there were no ICSC recommendations to make any drastic changes in existing methodology for the determination of the Geneva post adjustment, it was premature for the Governing Body to consider this issue, and any attempt to influence the UN General Assembly was unacceptable. 17.
Language:English
Score: 1008971.8 - https://www.ilo.org/public/eng.../relm/gb/docs/gb270/gb-8-2.htm
Data Source: un
WAFSOPSG/5 reviewed the status of development of the GRIB 2 forecasts and determine their future operational implementation. Suggested action: Review discussions at WAFSOPSG and associated guidance material. 2.2 Coordination between the WAFCs and the TCACs In response to WAFSOPSG Conclusion 4/8, the WAFC Provider States have conducted a coordination trial with the Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centres, with a view to determining the feasibility of, and benefits for the WAFS from, establishing and maintaining contact with the TCACs in order the harmonise the information on TC in the WAFS SIGWX forecasts and the TCAC advisories. (...) The findings of this study were presented to WAFSOPSG/5 in order for the group to determine whether such an undertaking should be pursued.
Language:English
Score: 1007914.2 - https://www.icao.int/WACAF/Doc...sg9%20%20wp14%20wafs%20dev.pdf
Data Source: un
Within one week from receipt of the special report the Commission shall make such determination pursuant to regulations setting forth factors that should be considered. a. If pursuant to regulations, the Commission makes a determination that the information has been improperly removed from a filing, the reporting company may request in writing that the Commission reconsider its determination based on additional factors. (...) If the Commission makes a final determination that information was improperly removed from a filing, the reporting company that submitted the request/s shall make an amended filing with the Commission containing the information.
Language:English
Score: 1007689.55 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/geo_e/WTACCGEO27_LEG_11.pdf
Data Source: un
A provider of aviation hazard information needs to determine if a hazard exists, or is expected to exist, in their area of responsibility. (...) The following is a set of high-level operational needs of aviation users: 6 of 12  Determine the onset of a volcanic event (i.e., especially pre-eruption warning)  Determine if an eruption and any associated volcanic ash or gasses are a hazard to international air navigation based on any agreed-upon threshold values  Determine what aerodromes and airspace are affected by the eruption and associated cloud  Determine when the eruption has ended  Determine when the volcanic ash or gases have dispersed below agreed-upon threshold values  Determine when the aerodrome/airspace affected by the eruption and/or cloud is safe for continued operation in or through 2.2 Current Capability Assessment (Describes qualitatively and quantitatively, currently available information (in terms of content, reliability, timeliness, accessibility, procedures, and man-machine interface) utilized by aviation decision-makers for operational decisions) The initial report of volcanic eruption and resultant ash cloud can result in many products being delivered to the pilot. (...) Temporal resolution of information in the VAA/VAG and SIGMET is 6-hours, which is very coarse and limits users’ ability to determine the location of the hazard in various time frames (e.g., at 2 hours after issuance of a VAA/VAG and SIGMET).
Language:English
Score: 1007067.2 - https://www.icao.int/airnaviga...A%20ConOps)%20Appendix%20A.pdf
Data Source: un