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RPT WG TRANSN'L CORPORATIONS / TORONTO WORKSHOP
For example, international financial institutions are increasing the capacity of borrowers to resolve issues at the project level before they escalate into larger conflicts or cause more harm. (...) Some already strongly encourage their borrowers to establish grievance mechanisms; (f) Investor and customer demands: socially responsible investors and customers could start to demand that companies have grievance mechanisms in place; (g) Reporting requirements: State-mandated requirements on transparency and reporting, as well as the prevalence of reporting frameworks, such as the Global Reporting Initiative, could create incentives for companies to consider grievance mechanisms, especially if companies are required to report on whether they have such mechanisms in place; (h) Certification or industry/multi-sector initiatives: if certification schemes related to responsible business conduct or industry/multi-sector initiatives require companies to have grievance mechanisms in place, that could serve as a powerful motivator; (i) Building trust and legitimacy: especially where companies and communities have to coexist for a long time, the desire to build trust and transform relationships can be an incentive to engage; (j) Workshop participants agreed that the most important incentive for affected stakeholders to participate in operational-level grievance mechanisms would be to see solid evidence of just, favourable and transparent outcomes from such mechanisms.
语言:中文
得分: 1069717.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/26/25/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
GE.13-11155 (C) 210213 080313 人权理事会 第二十二届会议 议程项目 3 增进和保护所有人权―― 公民权利、政治权利、
语言:中文
得分: 988511.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/22/46/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, CEPHAS LUMINA : ADDENDUM
Following high interest rates and the mounting debt crisis in the early 1980s, the borrowers had problems repaying. The loans became very expensive.18 In 1987, 12 countries had renegotiated their debt, representing 72 per cent of the total Ship Export Campaign debt.
语言:中文
得分: 988511.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/14/21/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
Throughout the United Kingdom, credit for homeownership was promoted via schemes such as Mortgage Interest Relief at Source (MIRAS (1969 to 2000)), which allowed borrowers tax relief for interest payments on their mortgage.23 Credit loans for the purchase of homes became the leading housing policy tool, increasingly linking the housing and financial sectors. (...) The steady increase in prices in the long term, and the volatile conditions in the short run, have led to a reduction in access and affordability for middle- and low-income households, and has exposed some borrowers to increased risks. Some argue that house- price volatility is the result of measures taken since the 1980s by which the Government “pursued economic restructuring through privatisation and financialisation, thus altering the norms of provision.
语言:中文
得分: 952363 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/54/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
UNITED NATIONS HABITAT AND HUMAN SETTLEMENTS FOUNDATION: POLICY FRAMEWORK AND DRAFT OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES AND GUIDELINES: NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
(rule 304.3.2). 4.4.4 Determine the limits and specify for which purposes the Executive Director may allocate funds to carry out the activities of the Foundation (rule 305.3.2.a); 4.4.5 Pursuant to rule 305.3.5, provide policy guidance to the Executive Director for the establishment of operational procedures and guidelines concerning the general principles, detailed systems and procedures of the Foundation, in order to guide the reimbursable seeding operations of the Foundation with regard to the following: (a) The terms and conditions under which the Foundation may borrow with due regard to rule 303.9; (b) Limits on the total value of each of the Foundation’s loans, loan guarantees and equity HSP/GC/21/5/Add.3 20 investments; (c) Limits on the size of financial contributions to each project of the Foundation in the form of grants, loans, loan guarantees and equity investments; (d) The allocation of Loan Fund resources among types of financial products, i.e., the percentage to be assigned for seed capital, loan guarantees and equity investment; (e) The standards to be met by applicants to the Foundation reimbursable seeding operation funds; (f) The terms and conditions by which grants, loans, loan guarantees and equity investments may be made by the Foundation, including interest rates and other charges; (g) Policies for the sale of securities provided by the borrowers to the Foundation to private investors in order to revolve the Foundation’s funds with due regard to rule 303.9. 4.4.6 On the request of the Executive Director, provide guidance regarding the terms of reference of the Lending Operations Review Committee and the criteria for the appointment of its members.
语言:中文
得分: 889767.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=HSP/GC/21/5/ADD.3&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LIBERALIZATION OF TRADE IN SERVICES AND HUMAN RIGHTS : REPORT OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER
E 经济及社会理事会 GE. 02-14113 (C) 150702 180702 联 合 国 Distr. GENERAL E/CN.4/Sub.2/2002/9 29 June 2002 CHINESE Original: ENGLISH
语言:中文
得分: 758262.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=E/CN.4/SUB.2/2002/9&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
RPT IE FOREIGN DEBT - MISSION TO JAPAN
He urges the Government to use its influence in multilateral institutions, such as the 22 Japan’s Official Development Assistance White Paper 2011, p. 141. 23 The Government was concerned that debt cancellation would reduce the credibility of developing countries and limit their ability to borrow from international financial markets. In addition, article 8 of the Japanese Finance Act prohibited cancelling a part or all of any country’s debt unless new legislation was passed requiring parliamentary approval for any debt cancellation. (...) According to the guidelines, partner countries, borrowers or other project proponents bear ultimate responsibility for environmental and social considerations of projects, but both agencies encourage their partners to take remedial measures to address the social and environmental impacts of the projects that they support. 38.
语言:中文
得分: 713544.73 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/25/50/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO SRI LANKA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON CONTEMPORARY FORMS OF SLAVERY, INCLUDING ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, TOMOYA OBOKATA
The interest rates can be very high, with some companies charging over 200 per cent.11 The Special Rapporteur was also informed that contracts by various companies are written in languages which some borrowers do not understand, but they still sign them without a full understanding of the implications and consequences. 46.
语言:中文
得分: 676475.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/51/26/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING : REPORT : ADDENDUM / BY THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, MILOON KOTHARI
In the case of MIVIVIENDA, the Government is trying to stimulate a housing market for the middle-income segment by providing credit resources to banks, which in turn would channel resources to borrowers. With more than 3,000 credits given in 2002 and 8,000 more credits planned in 2003, the Government reports that the programme is progressing well and the market has already shown positive reaction.
语言:中文
得分: 643068.16 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2004/48/ADD.1&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
VISIT TO MONGOLIA : REPORT OF THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT ON THE EFFECTS OF FOREIGN DEBT AND OTHER RELATED INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS OF STATES ON THE FULL ENJOYMENT OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, PARTICULARLY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS
Although banks are legally limited in terms of borrowers’ interest rates – which remain quite high, with bank rates for borrowing against pensions reaching 18 per cent, for example – the non-banking financial system is not subject to any ceiling.
语言:中文
得分: 643068.16 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/43/45/ADD.2&Lang=C
数据资源: ods