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Expanding your memory with brain implants? Creating memories in a mouse’s brain? (...) Investment in brain research has accelerated in recent years. In 2013, the United States launched the BRAIN Initiative , while the European Union has developed the Human Brain Project . (...) Recently, more than a billion dollars were invested in Neuralink, entrepreneur Elon Musk’s brain-machine interface company, to develop brain implants to improve memory.
Language:English
Score: 1025598.9 - https://en.unesco.org/courier/...-our-brain-power-being-coveted
Data Source: un
An Orwellian perspective Today, stunning advances in brain science and new sophisticated technology to monitor and manipulate brain function are fuelling renewed fear of neuroweapons and mind control. (...) Brain-computer interfaces (BCI) can enable information to be read out of the brain into computers to control prosthetic limbs, and information can be delivered into the brain through electrodes to generate sensations, emotions, or restore rudimentary vision to the blind.  (...) Moreover, a neuron in a particular spot of one person’s brain that controls a specific function will not be the same neuron in another person’s brain.
Language:English
Score: 1023023.1 - https://en.unesco.org/courier/...ing-brain-more-fantasy-reality
Data Source: un
HARMONY WITH NATURE : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
To further assist producers in their understanding of how consumers react to products, the advancement of Neuromarketing, the study of the brain’s responses to ads, brands, and the rest of the messages littering society, is increasingly gaining ground. (...) A/67/317 12-46756 12 internal body structures and to detect electrical frequencies emitted by the brain. It is now being used to study how the brain responds to different visual stimuli in the design of consumer products.14 52. The raison d’être of such marketing techniques is derived from the fact that the brain expends only 2 per cent of its energy on conscious activity, with the rest devoted largely to unconscious processing.
Language:English
Score: 1020155.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...sf/get?open&DS=A/67/317&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
InBrief: The Science of Early Childhood Development 1 Brains are built over time, from the bottom up. The basic architecture of the brain is construct- ed through an ongoing process that begins before birth and continues into adulthood. (...) Connections proliferate and prune in a prescribed order, with later, more complex brain circuits built upon earlier, simpler circuits. 2 The interactive influ-ences of genes and experience shape the developing brain. (...) In the absence of such responses—or if the responses are unreliable or inappropri- ate—the brain’s architecture does not form as expected, which can lead to disparities in learning and behavior. 3 The brain’s capacity for change decreases with age.
Language:English
Score: 1017357.5 - https://violenceagainstchildre...ard_brian_science_briefing.pdf
Data Source: un
USA: ADVANCES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: UNERSTAINDING PATHOGENICITY AND VIRULENCE
This destruction can take place quickly (as when cells in the brain are destroyed by infection with encephalitis viruses) or slowly (as the liver is destroyed by persistent infection with hepatitis viruses). 2.
Language:English
Score: 1016843.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=BWC/MSP/2014/MX/WP.2&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
These are the regions of the brains in charge of processing both music and speech.   (...) Tapping into these skills means developing the bridge between the two hemispheres of the brain, which allows messages to get across the brain faster and across different routes. (...) Carlota Nelson is the writer and director of Brain Matters , a groundbreaking feature documentary about early brain development in children.
Language:English
Score: 1011794.2 - https://www.unicef.org/parenti...usic-soundtrack-to-development
Data Source: un
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE DEMYSTIFIED
This led to a series of famous man vs. machine competitions, in which machines have ultimately been able to slowly conquer one field after another, with possibly more to come. 13. (...) Artificial neural networks (ANN) are virtual network structures that are designed, in their topology and behaviour, in ways that resemble an extremely simplified model of neuron cells and their connections in the biological brain. Thanks to the Internet and big data, today we have access to larger amounts of data to train these neural networks than we had in the past. (...) This layered approach allows for different parts of the network to process different data features and can solve more complex problems like autonomous driving, where observing the environment and processing all the signals from vehicle sensors require much more complex network topology. 64. The human brain has 100 billion biological neurons and each neuron can be connected to 10,000 other neurons.
Language:English
Score: 1010736.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../TRADE/C/CEFACT/2021/19&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Microsoft PowerPoint - Brain 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 < High School High School Graduate College Graduate Graduate Schooling Figure I: Percentage of New US “Permanent” Immigrants Who Say They Do Not Intend To Stay Permanently, by the Schooling Level of the Immigrant, 2003 Immigrant Cohort 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Jamaica Haiti Trinidad Grenada Barbados St. Vincent Docquier-Marfouk D-M Age-Adjusted D-M Age and US Schooling Adjusted Figure II: Corrected and Uncorrected Measures of “Brain Drain”: Proportion of Emigrated Foreign-Born With Tertiary Education for Six Top Brain-Drain Island Countries 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 Gambia Ghana Sierra Leone Docquier-Marfouk (D-M) D-M Age-Adjusted D-M Age and US Schooling Adjusted Figure III: Corrected and Uncorrected Measures of “Brain Drain”: Proportion of Emigrated Foreign-Born With Tertiary Education for Three Top Brain-Drain African Countries 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 Jamaica Haiti Trinidad Grenada Barbados St. Vincent D-M Age and US Schooling Adjusted Drain Return Brain Gain Figure IV: “Brain Drain” and “Brain Gain”: Adjusted Proportion of Emigrated Foreign-Born With Tertiary Education and Fraction of US-Educated Students Who Return 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 Gambia Ghana Sierra Leone D-M Age and US Schooling Adjusted Drain Return Brain Gain Figure V: “Brain Drain” and “Brain Gain”: Adjusted Proportion of Emigrated Foreign-Born With Tertiary Education and Fraction of US-Educated Students Who Return 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 No Control for Origin Family Socioeconomic Status Control for Origin Family Socioeconomic Status Immigrant Not Expected to Return Immgrant Expected to Return Figure VI: Average Remittance Value Received (2005 Rupees) and the Temporariness of Immigration: Indian Households with Family Members in the United States in 2005 With And Without Controls for Origin Family Status 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 Immediate Family Member Abroad Received Remittance in Past Year Household Head is Executive with Tertiary Schooling Rest of Population Figure VII: Proportion of Indian Households with an Immediate Family Member Abroad and Proportion Receiving Remittances, by Socioeconomic Status of Household Head in 2005
Language:English
Score: 1005661.5 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...pdf/expert/8/Rosenzweig_pp.pdf
Data Source: un
LONG-TERM FUTURE SCENARIOS AND THE IMPACT OF CURRENT TRENDS ON THE REALIZATION OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS :REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Transport and travel restrictions are lifted only slowly, with some remaining in place. In the absence of actions to stimulate effective globally coordinated economic recovery, a global economic depression is likely, resulting in an international community that lacks the capacity and willingness to jointly address the major global challenges facing humanity in the future. (...) By 2014, the fastest supercomputer for the first time surpassed 20 petaflops in computing speed, which is roughly the hardware-equivalent of the human brain.9 It reached a peak performance of 201 petaflops, which is equivalent to approximately 10 brains, at the end of 2019, and could be equivalent to 500 brains by 2025, 10,000 brains by 2030 and 700,000 brains by 2040. (...) The energy efficiency of current silicon-based computing is estimated to be at least four to five orders of magnitude lower than that of the human brain. The most likely result of these trends will be an acceleration and increase in the energy demand of Internet applications and artificial intelligence, unless sufficiency considerations fundamentally change the current direction. __________________ 8 Vivian Sze, “Efficient computing for AI and robotics”, MIT lecture, May 2019. 9 According to the Flow Genome Project founder, Steven Kotler.
Language:English
Score: 1005556.25 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...f/get?open&DS=E/2020/60&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
SUMMARY RECORD OF THE 5TH MEETING, HELD AT THE PALAIS WILSON, GENEVA, ON THURSDAY, 27 APRIL 2000 : COMMITTEE ON ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, 22ND SESSION
Sex education classes were given in schools and did not meet with hostility on the part of the Orthodox Church, although mindsets were changing slowly. In 1997 the minimum age for marriage had been raised from 16 to 18 years. (...) SADI expressed grave concern about the effects of the brain drain from Georgia. In his opinion the country would not be in a position to curb poverty, develop its economy or fulfil its obligations under the Covenant until it had solved that problem. (...) Georgia itself benefited from humanitarian, financial and medical international aid which had allowed the country to survive during a difficult period. 42. With regard to the brain drain, it was a fact that many experts trained in Georgia left to work abroad.
Language:English
Score: 1004481.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=E/C.12/2000/SR.5&Lang=E
Data Source: ods