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Solar PV is a solution, but has not yet scaled due to: 2 MAIN BOTTLENECKS: • High upfront investment for customer • Difficult maintenance & control of units Africa at night – an untapped market 2 The next African revolutions: peaceful ones that Mobisol will leverage 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 USD % Average Mobile phones per adult in SSA in % SSA Rural Electrifcation Rate in % Price for PV in USD/Watt 90% decline 1600% increase Mobile + Solar = Off-grid electrification 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 2 0 0 4 2 0 0 5 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 2 0 1 3 2 0 1 4 2 0 1 5 2 0 1 6 2 0 1 7 2 0 1 8 2 0 1 9 2 0 2 0 2 0 2 1 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 3 USD % Average Mobile phones per adult in SSA in % SSA Rural Electrifcation Rate in % Price for PV in USD/Watt Merging two revolutions 4 Off-grid Solar and mobile technologies provide powerful solutions that have to date been under-utilized • 1.6bn people live off grid: this is one of the biggest inhibitors to development & poverty alleviation • Solar PV prices have dropped 90%, making technology affordable to nearly all • Mobile penetration very high even in remote areas • The combination of both technologies can be the breakthrough for off-grid electrification Mobisol’s unique selling points can be a game changer in the industry • Mobisol’s engineers developed a unique suite of robust and plug&play solar home systems • Products are affordable (prepaid), powerful (up to 200W) and remotely managed for Bottom of the Pyramid (BoP) clients • Over the past 2 years, Mobisol has distributed over 2,000 systems to its target market, developing a business model and a blueprint for operations scalable to millions Taking off-grid solar business to scale How it works: • A Solar Home System is easily installed & trained local technicians are available for help • Mobisol controller tracks usage remotely • User pays monthly via phone • 36 months credit period with 30 days of flexible grace period per year • System shuts off in case of payment default; impossible to disable without breaking • Free maintenance for first 3yrs Mobisol all-in-one service: installation, usage, maintenance & after sales customer service How it works: • A Solar Home System is easily installed & trained technicians available for help locally • Mobisol controller tracks usage remotely, security alarm fitted • User pays monthly via phone • 36 months credit period with 30 days of flexible grace period per year • System shuts off in case of payment default; impossible to disable without breaking • Maintenance for first 3yrs at no additional cost Mobisol all-in-one service: installation, usage, maintenance & after sales customer service 7 Robust, innovative and mature products 8 Product design minimizes need for repair • Manufacturer solar panel warranty is 20 years • System designed for easy replacement of controllers – done by local fundis (technicians) • 3 year warranty on batteries, Mobisol unit technology prevents rapid decline • Additional warranty possible after 3 years • Electronics inside unit are manufactured to Mobisol specifications in Berlin, Germany before shipping to Shenzhen, China for assembly Components are high quality and robust • Battery has been used worldwide and throughout Africa • Unit design enhances battery life time with controlled charge cycles • PV cell technology in solar panels made by Q-CELLS, a reputable German company Key components are easily repairable with help from database • Database automatically informs Mobisol Hub when unit is malfunctioning • Shows what component of unit is causing disruption • All components can be fixed or exchanged quickly, with a recyclable screwdriver as only tool Products are robust, mature, plug & play, and easy to service Customers can upgrade easily over time 4 Mobisol products cover consumer needs Product range 30W 80W 120W 200W Standard packing list: • Battery • 3 LED lights • 1 portable light • phone charge pins set • Pocket Radio • Battery • 3 LED lights • 1 portable light • phone charge pins set • Pocket Radio • TV and decoder(DC) • Battery • 5 LED lights • 1 portable light • phone charge pins set • Pocket Radio • Battery • 6 LED lights • 1 portable light • phone charge pins set • Pocket Radio Warranty ---------- 20 years on panel, 3 years on battery and lighting ---------- Additional Services • Real-time performance monitoring • Maintenance & repair visits when necessary at no additional costs • Customer Care call center for complaints • DC to AC inverter available at extra cost • TV and decoders available at extra cost • DC refrigerator available at an extra cost How it works: • A Solar Home System is easily installed & trained technicians available for help locally • Mobisol controller tracks usage remotely • User pays monthly via phone • 36 months credit period with 30 days of flexible grace period per year • System shuts off in case of payment default; impossible to disable without breaking • Maintenance for first 3yrs at no additional cost Mobisol all-in-one service: installation, usage, maintenance & after sales customer service MAJOR INVESTMENT IN POWERFUL IT BACK-END TO ENABLE SCALE Virtual tracking & credit management • Proprietary database receives real-time usage data for all systems • Tracks mobile payments, usage of grace period, prevent fraud, automatic SMS reminders Data collection • Database aggregates system statistics, e.g. time of usage, appliances used, payment trends • Data is unique and powerful for sales and credit processes: better target customers based on known preferences, and maintain longer-term relationship • Statistics collected enable Mobisol to track and measure economic, social and environmental impact Major investments in powerful IT monitoring back-end: streamlined customer service Affordable (prepaid) • African households pay ~$360/year for energy • Africans spend >$10 billion on kerosene alone for lighting each year • Mobisol saves ~80% on energy, creating up to 30% more income • 36 month payment plan makes Mobisol prepaid product highly affordable even for the low-income population Unlike Kerosene or other solar products, Mobisol is: Saving money and creating income • Mobisol is more than just a substitute for kerosene or a generator • For less money (incremental savings), Mobisol can power many different appliances: multiple lights, mobile charging, radio, TVs, fridges, etc. • Customers can generate incremental income (e.g. mobile charging business Monitored and maintained remotely • Mobisol products can be monitored and maintained remotely • System tracks SHS in real time and collects detailed user data • Mobile payments are also recorded • In case of default on the loan, the system can be remotely switched off, creating a high incentive to pay Sources: Mobisol survey of >100 customers; IFC/WRI (2007) The Next 4 Billion Mobisol‘s unique value proposition: prepaid AND powerful AND remotely monitored 1,6 billion people live off the grid, still an untapped market! Solar PV is a solution, but has not yet scaled due to: 2 MAIN BOTTLENECKS: • High upfront investment for customer • Difficult maintenance & control of units Africa at night – an untapped market • Expect to sell units to >223,000 low- income households (~1.34M ppl) by 2019 • Study indicates each household realizes $126 net benefit per year owning a Mobisol unit • Mobisol business in a box’ generates $311/yr. income per household • Over next 6 years, Mobisol will reach >223,000 households, creating >$129M cumulative income benefit • Over next 6 yrs., Mobisol will install 29 MW of capacity, saving over 0.22M tons of CO2 emissions • Over 223,000 households will lead healthier lives, avoiding kerosene accidents/fumes • Mobisol will enable thousands of businesses and allow 100,000s of children to study way past light hours …But many forms of indirect impact Units sales create direct impact… Impact Millions of Low-Income Lives Current Hubs Planned Regional Hub Current Market Hub Planned Market Hub Location Hub Function OPS Arusha National & Regional yes Moshi Regional Jan `14 Mwanza Regional May `14 Arusha 10 Market hubs Dec `13 Moshi 5 Market hubs Mar `14 Mwanza 5 Market hubs Jul ‘14 Plan to open 2 more Regional Hubs and 18 more market hubs in Tanzania within the next 18 months Customers can upgrade easily over time Mobisol product costs Product range 30W 80W 120W 200W Appliances • battery • 3 LED lights • 1 portable light • Phone charging pins set • Pocket radio • battery • 3 LED lights • 1 portable light • Phone charging pins set Pocket radio • battery • 5 LED lights • 1 portable light • Phone charging pins set • Pocket radio • battery • 6 LED lights • 1 portable light • Phone charging pins set • Pocket radio Down-payment 55 US$ 80 US$ 122 US$ 171 US$ Monthly cost (over 36 mo.) 9 US$ 24 US$ 32 US$ 44 US$ Warranty ---------- 20 years on panel, 3 years on battery and lighting ---------- Included Services • Real-time performance monitoring • Free maintenance & repair visits when necessary • Customer Care Department for complaints • DC accessories at extra cost available
Language:English
Score: 1223629.4 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...les/statements/4883demello.pdf
Data Source: un
CURRENT STATUS OF EMERGENCY TELECOMS • UHF Radio network used by Civil Protection Directorate • Use of Mobile Networks • Use of Radio and TV stations • Deployment of ITU equipment (Sat phones and BGAN) • Use of NGO’s emergency telecoms equipment (sat phones, BGAN, Vsat, etc.) (...) Chaired by the Director General of CONATEL assisted by the Director of Civil Protection as Vice President. • Missions: Use telecommunications and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to strengthen the coordination of activities of prevention, preparedness and response in the event of a disaster • Members: representatives of the following institutions MTPTC and PNH for the public authorities; DIGICEL, NATCOM for cell phone operators, ANMH, AMIH and SAKS for broadcasters, and the World Food Program (WFP), the Haitian Red Cross, Radio Club d'Haïti and AGERCA for NGOs, international organizations and civil society.
Language:English
Score: 1223183.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...021/Presentations/ET-Haiti.pdf
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Samuel Clark (U. of Washington) – Health and demog. surveillance systems 16 Calibration of ‘Big Data’ I The data exhaust version of big data are informative artifacts of ongoing processes that have an information component: cell phone calls, social media, web searches, etc. (...) Samuel Clark (U. of Washington) – Health and demog. surveillance systems 17 Calibration of ‘Big Data’ II I Likely most valuable way that HDSS can contribute is to help solve these problems with big data I HDSS can be used to characterize and understand the relationship between big data and the population, then this can be used to correct/calibrate big data-derived indicators in general I Example: cell phone call metadata - ‘call detail records’ I HDSS can include study of cell phone ownership/usage I Results of the HDSS cell phone study can be compared to cell phone call metadata for HDSS study population and used to understand the biases and omissions in population counts, movements, etc. inferred from cellphone call metadata 18 / 23 UN EGM on Strengthening the Demographic Evidence Base For The Post-2015 Development Agenda, NY, 5-6 October 2015 Session 4.
Language:English
Score: 1222834.5 - https://www.un.org/development..._egm-s4-clark_presentation.pdf
Data Source: un
II The following telecommunications (or info-communications) areas if given priority and targeted to women and especially rural and urban poor and middle level women will have the highest impact to women, the family unit and development of a country as a whole: 1) Telephony incorporating fax and telex: To impact on women by reducing their burden and putting them in communication, the following be stressed: a) Residential telephony/fax relevantly rather than business phones. b) Pay phones, telecommunication centres and attended call offices/centres be located at: i) residential areas; ii) market places and other mainly women business centres; iii) community centres; iv) clinics/hospitals; v) community water supply areas; vi) schools. c) In addition to mobile cellular phones being made available and licensed as well as implemented on a total area coverage as opposed to point-to-point only, especially along the "highway or cross-country cells", new cheap technology like the Japanese technology of PHS (the poor man's cellular mobile) be exploited to provide women with mobile telephony. (...) The transistor radio using the dry battery/cell has proven its worth in penetrating even the remotest parts of developing countries. This is because they are rugged and have portable energy/power supply though of course the cells need replacement but at least they are easily distributable.
Language:English
Score: 1222377.3 - https://www.itu.int/itudoc/itu-d/wtdc/wtdc98/doc/136_ww7.doc
Data Source: un
DISCUSSION OF ISSUES ON PRBA'S LITHIUM ION BATTERY PROPOSALS / TRANSMITTED BY THE PORTABLE RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ASSOCIATION (PRBA)
Lithium ions move from one electrode to the other depending on the state of charge (SOC) of the cell. The figure below illustrates the reactions that take place within a typical lithium ion cell. (...) A similar IEEE standard for cellular phones is near completion. 8. There are frequently many steps in the transport chain from the time a lithium ion cell is manufactured to the time it is purchased by the consumer. (...) When non regulated nickel-based rechargeables were causing problems in European cell phones, Siemens stated, “These, for the most part, technically inferior products can, in extreme cases, explode when on charge for long periods in the home or in car chargers since some of these batteries have no safety functions to protect against overcharging.”
Language:English
Score: 1221243.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...ST/SG/AC.10/C.3/2005/43&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Nixon, CPA, International Organization Tax Associates (IOTA) Manhattan: 535 Fifth Avenue (44th Street) - 4th Floor, NY 10017 Phone: 646-218-9840, E-mail: info@iotaustax.com iWestchester Office: 520 White Plains Road, Suite 500, Tarrytown, NY 10591 Phone: (914)720-2070; E-mail: info@iotaustax.com Ana Britoii, EA 1758 Pophan Ave. PH., Bronx, NY 10453 Phone: 718-299-3795, Email: britoana@yahoo.com Ahsen Aziz Chowdhury 47 Waldron Ave, Staten Island, NY 10301 Phone: 646-346-0054; E-mail: ahsenchowdhury@yahoo.com Commonground Tax Service LLC PO Box 1713; New York NY 10163 Email: commongroundtaxservice@gmail.com; Tel: 973-342-3276 – 973-619-7133; Fax: 973-759-2660 Mohan Jauhari, M. Com., EA with IRS 4030 Liberty Creek Parkway, Coopersburg, PA 18036 Phone: 484-857-7010, Cell: 484-515-3591, E-mail: jauharimohan@gmail.com Mr.
Language:English
Score: 1219994.1 - https://www.un.org/other/afics...10112_accountants_210112_0.pdf
Data Source: un
INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON APPLIED SOLAR ENERGY, TASHKENT, UZBEKISTAN, 9-14 JUNE 1997 : REPORT
Organization of production of silicon solar celles and modules. Solar houses. Microhydro stations. (...) Obozov, State Project KUN, 7, Elebaev Street, 720005 Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, Phone (7 3312)449822, Fax (7 3312)449187, e-mail: obozob@kun.bishkek.su Production of solar energy semiconductor materials and solar cells. (...) Mavlanov Str. 2-B, 700084 Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan, Phone (7 3712)355734, Fax (7 3712)354291
Language:English
Score: 1216018.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...?open&DS=ENERGY/AC.17/1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Page 46 - ITU-T Focus Group Digital Financial Services – Consumer Experience and Protection           Basic HTML Version Table of Contents View Full Version Page 46 - ITU-T Focus Group Digital Financial Services – Consumer Experience and Protection P. 46 ITU-T Focus Group Digital Financial Services Consumer Experience and Protection Annex B: Underlying functionalities of DFS applications Table B.1: Summary of technologies for use case #1 Technique Main features Disadvantages Advantages SMS Store-and-forward alphanu- Not real-time Globally available merical messages Interconnection ok IVR Interaction with user by arti- Requires good speech qual- Real-time ficial or recorded voice, voice ity transmission recognition and/or DTMF DTMF Simple keypad operation Limited character set Real-time USSD Alphanumerical messages Requires USSD Gateways Real-time Table B.2: Summary of technologies for use case #2 Technique Main features Disadvantages Advantages SMS Store-and-forward alphanu- Not real-time Globally available merical messages Interconnection ok IVR Interaction with user by arti- Requires good speech qual- Real-time ficial or recorded voice, voice ity transmission recognition and/or DTMF DTMF Simple keypad operation Limited character set Real-time USSD Alphanumerical messages Requires USSD Gateways Real-time WAP Simple web browser Limited set of functions Available on some phones even if they do not support http HTTP Standard web browser Unsecure Internet-like access HTTPS Safe web browser Complex Encrypted, not even sub- ject to traffic shaping B.1 Use Case #1 From a pragmatic point of view it is assumed that the Focus Group DFS (FG-DFS) focusses on DFS applications that can be run using simple mobile feature phones (low-end mobile phones which are limited in capabilities in contrast to modern smartphones). (...) B.1.1 Short Message Service (SMS) SMS is used to send text messages to and from mobile phones, fax machines and /or IP addresses. The messages can typically be up to 160 characters in length, though some services use 5-bit mode, which supports 224 characters. SMS was originally created for phones that use GSM (Global System for Mobile) communication, but now all the major cell phone systems support it.
Language:English
Score: 1215899.4 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...n/files/basic-html/page46.html
Data Source: un
Multi-functional solar lamp with phone charger • An “all-in-one” solar lantern and cell phone charger • Task light – when the lamp shade serves as a table stand • Ceiling light / lantern – when the lamp head is inserted into the lamp shade • High quality DC/DC USB adaptor that can be used with any mobile phone with a USB charging cable (or equivalent) • 1 LiFePO battery, 1.400 mAh / 3.2V with 2.000+ cycles (5-7 years) (or equivalent) • 3 High quality LEDs with adjustable light from 5 to 50 to 150 lumen, 5.500-6.000 kelvin (or equivalent) • 1.8 W Solar panel with 3m/9ft cable rolled up in solar disc (or equivalent) • Color of outside case: white and blue (with UNHCR logo) Light • High light output: 150 lm for 4.5+ hours (or equivalent) • Medium light output: 50 lm for 14+ hours (or equivalent) • Low light output: 5 lm for 130+ hours (or equivalent) • LED lifespan: 50,000 hours (or equivalent) • Light distribution: 120 degrees • Color: cool white (5.500 – 6.000 kelvin) • Automatic dimming to lower modes at low voltage Charging and Battery • Solar panel with loops for fixture: 1.8 W with hardened glass cover (or equivalent) • Charging time PV: 3-8 hours depending on how much sun is available • Charging time on AC grid with adapter: 1.5 hours • Battery spec: 1 LifePO Battery, 1.400 mAh / 3.2V (or equivalent) • Battery protection: self-discharge, reverse polarity, trickle charge Other Product Facts • Factory certification: ISO9001 / ISO4001 / ILO standards
Language:English
Score: 1215545.6 - https://www.unhcr.org/ph/wp-co...A_Technical-Specifications.pdf
Data Source: un
Engineer Ndayishimiye Jean-Pierre Advisor of the Minister Ministry of Energy and Mines Bujumbura, Burundi Tel: +257 77745477 Cell phone: +257 22234363 Fax: E-mal: ndayjp2000@yahoo.fr 99. (...) Kathleen Abdalla UNDESA Cell: +1-917-399-2147 Tel: + Fax: + E-mal: kathleenabdalla@un.org 129. (...) Harare, Zimbabwe Tel: +263-712-607-301 Fax: + Cell: + E-mal: mangwe.simba@gmail.com 135. Ms. Dorothea Lorenz Project Manager SUA Solar Technology AG Tel: + Fax: + Cell: + E-mal: dorothea-lorenz@yahoo.de 136.
Language:English
Score: 1215527.5 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...documents/2813participants.pdf
Data Source: un