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The FCC mandated this action to allow cell phone carriers to utilize the spectrum for service expansion. 2.1.3 All MEVA users were transitioned to a new frequency, which prevents conflicts with cell phone operators.
Language:English
Score: 1280729.8 - https://www.icao.int/NACC/Docu.../MEVATMG36/IP02-MEVA-TMG36.pdf
Data Source: un
 The coverage and capacity objectives of 5G combined with advanced antenna technologies means that some new antennas are likely to be required.  Where possible an operator will place these antennas at an existing site and at other times new locations will be required.  Mobile networks today consist of a mix of macro-cell sites to provide wide area coverage and small cells to improve localised coverage and increase capacity  These are termed heterogeneous networks.  ‘Small cells’ is an umbrella term for operator-controlled, low-powered radio communications equipment (base stations) that provide mobile and internet services within localised areas.  Small cells typically have a low visual impact and have a range from ten metres to several hundred metres.  Mobile network macro-cells typically serve larger areas.  Over the next few years, the number of small cell installations will increase. Small cells can be used for both coverage and capacity objectives.  As small cells are close to the users of mobile phones, it means that the phone will operate more efficiently, improving the available data rate and reducing the exposure of the user. 16Rakesh Kumar Bhatnagar, bhatnagarrk@gmail.com, +91 9868133450/ 9350836103/ 7011550321 Will 5G network antennas look like what we already see in towns and cities, on rooftops and in fields? (...) Will large numbers of small cells mean an increase in exposure?  No. Small cells are used by current mobile networks to provide localised coverage or capacity and their use will expand with 5G.  They may be mounted on streetlights or inside buildings, where over 80% of mobile usage occurs in developed markets.  Measurements done on 4G small cells in a few countries found that levels in nearby areas remained well below the international safety guidelines and about the same as the level due to the macro network.
Language:English
Score: 1278949.6 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/R...20SUSTAINABLE%20CITIES_EMF.pdf
Data Source: un
CBS messages may be sent to all mobiles in a single cell, a group of cells or nationwide. There is no acknowledgement mechanism from mobile phones to the mobile network. (...) Power consumption concerns by mobile phone vendors - once receipt of CBS is enabled. ITU-T Workshop, October 2006 31 CBS System Overview Cell A Cell B BTS/BSC CBC CBS message Mobiles in cell B Mobiles in cell A BTS/BSC CBS message Message Source ITU-T Workshop, October 2006 32 CBS element Functions Message Source (usually outside network operators domain) Content Geographical area Desired Repeat time. (...) BSC/BTS (co-located with a particular cell) Holds CBS message until deleted or updated by CBC Re-transmits CBS message at a period defined by CBC Mobile Phone Requires CBS to be enabled on the mobile phone Requires the particular Message ID to be selected in order to display a particular CBS message Display of CBS message and MMI is mobile phone vendor specific NOTE.
Language:English
Score: 1275057.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work.../presentations/s2p1-harris.pdf
Data Source: un
Garcin’s Presentation n Cell Phones are “personal” devices uRamp up to “smart phones” n Business Models continue to elude the industry n Services must be “priced” accordingly n Focus on HMI, eCall and business models u Safety also driven by European Regulatory matters n Some interesting data uDuring work week, <41% use cell phones for 1 hour or less u 28% for 2 hours or more “The Fully Networked Car, A Workshop on ICT in Vehicles” ITU-T Geneva, 2-4 March 2005 ITU-TITU-T Highlights from Dr.
Language:English
Score: 1274048.4 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/work...resentations/os-conclusion.pdf
Data Source: un
Full Name:       Date of birth: dd / mm / yyyy Title:       Work Address:             Work telephone:       Work fax:       Work e-mail:       Personal email:       Cell phone:       Home phone:       University degree(s):       Expected position and title of applicant relative to marine protected areas e.g. scientific/technical, project planning, etc.       5. (...) Government official recommending the applicant: Name:       Title:       Work Address:             Work telephone:       Work fax:       Work e-mail:       Personal email:       Cell phone:       Signature: ______________________________________ Date dd / mm /yyyy The official submission of this completed application for training together with all required documentation must be made through the Permanent Mission to the United Nations of the State concerned to: Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea Office of Legal Affairs Room DC2-0450 United Nations New York, NY 10017 USA Only typewritten or electronic format applications will be accepted.
Language:English
Score: 1274048.4 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/t...pplicationformNandi-MSWord.doc
Data Source: un
Full Name: __________________________________________________ Date of birth: dd / mm / yyyy Title: _______________________________________________ Passport # _______________________ Work address: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ Work telephone: _____________________________ Work fax: _______________________________ Work e-mail: _____________________________ Personal email: _______________________________ Cell phone: _____________________________ Home phone: _______________________________ University degree(s): ___________________________________________________ Expected position and title of applicant relative to marine protected areas e.g. scientific/technical, project planning, etc. ____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________ Page 1 of 2 Page 2 of 2 5. (...) Government official recommending the applicant: Name: __________________________________________________________ Title: __________________________________________________________ Work Address: ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ Work telephone: _______________________________ Work fax: __________________________________ Work e-mail: _______________________________ Personal email: _______________________________ Cell phone: ________________________________ Signature: ______________________________________ Date dd / mm /yyyy The official submission of this completed application for training together with all required documentation must be made through the Permanent Mission to the United Nations of the State concerned to: Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea Office of Legal Affairs Room DC2-0450 United Nations New York, NY 10017 USA Only typewritten or electronic format applications will be accepted.
Language:English
Score: 1274048.4 - https://www.un.org/depts/los/t...new/appliformNadiPDF-lines.pdf
Data Source: un
Consuelo has worked diligently in the development of the first major cell phone recycling campaigns launched in Latin America, working on sustainable solutions to cell phone manufactures and operators.
Language:English
Score: 1273297.3 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...308/Pages/VELARDEConsuelo.aspx
Data Source: un
BIG DATA FOR GOOD: CAN BIG DATA ILLUSTRATE THE CHALLENGES FACING SYRIAN REFUGEES IN LEBANON?
The authors of On the Relationship Between Socio- Economic Factors and Cell Phone Usage 20 associate geographical units with their CDRs and the relative census data. Using statistical tests, they then determine the correlation between cell phone use variables and census variables. The census variables they determine range from demographic variables, such as gender, age and per cent population distribution in each geographical area, to educational and socioeconomic variables such as literacy rates, school enrolment, etc. (...) In a sense, this is a limitation in the CDR data, as it is unable to capture any information about individuals who do not own cell phones. However, at the aggregate level, not having cell phones can serve as an indicator of underlying socioeconomic conditions.
Language:English
Score: 1271825.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...ESCWA/CL6.GCP/2020/TP.7&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
PowerPoint-Präsentation Conformance assessment methods to combat counterfeit mobile phones, ITU-T Workshop Uwe Bäder uwe.baeder@rohde-schwarz.com Director International Relations ITU/UN Rohde & Schwarz Geneva, Switzerland, 23 July 2018 mailto:uwe.baeder@rohde-schwarz.com Conformity Test Landscape Regulatory Requirements Co-existence Testing Blocking Transmitter Emission Mask Intermodulation by ReceiverIntermodulation by Transmitter DFS Receiver Saturation Adjacent Channel SelectivityRadio Resource Management Duty Cycle …. and more House „Standards“ (e.g. operator test plans) 3GPP Test Specs ITU (National) Safety Regulations Industry Requirements (e.g. Automotive ) LBT Spurious Emissions Out-of-Band Emissions Transmit Power Control Protocol Conformance ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 2 Signaling Procedures Tx Signal Quality Basic Conformity Areas for Mobile Phones ı EMC/EMI Conformance ı Radio Transmission and Reception Conformance ı Protocol Conformance ı Radio Resource Management ı OTA (Over The Air) Performance Testing ı RF Exposure Conformance ı Power consumption requirements ı Location Based Services / Emergency call ı Application Testing ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 3 Conformity Assessment for Mobile Phones ı Regulatory Requirements / Market Introduction  RED (Radio Equipment Directive), EC Europe  MIC, Japan  FCC, USA  … ı Industry Certification Groups  GCF (Global Certification Forum)  PTCRB ı Operator Test Plans and Network Approval ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 4 Problems with Counterfeit Mobile Phones ı Low RF performance ı Unwanted Emissions ı Poor/Wrong Antenna Design ı Faulty or outdated protocol implementation ı Heating / Battery safety ı Missing RF Exposure measures ı Wrong Cell and Parameter Reporting ı Identity (IMEI Duplication) ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 5 EMC/EMI Conformance ı Main topic is the conformance assessment for Unwanted Emission  Basic Requirements  ITU Recommendation SM.329  National Regulation  Radiated Requirement and Test ı Focus: Disturbance of other services  Not a metric for the service performance of a device ı Often the only coverage in tests for admission to a local market ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 6 Conformance for radio transmission and reception / OTA performance ı Radio transmission and reception conformance defines the minimum RF characteristics and minimum performance requirements for mobile phones. ı Typical parameters are:  Maximum Transmission Power / Power dynamics  Unwanted Emissions  Modulation Quality  Receiver Sensitivity  Demodulation and Throughput Performance ı OTA performance includes the performance of the antenna of the device (Tx and Rx)  Total Radiated Power  Total Integrated Sensitivity  Overview in ITU-T contribution T17-SG11-C-0174 ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 7 Radio Resource Management Conformance ı Testing of Timing and Signaling Characteristics, Reporting Procedures and Accuracy, Mobility Control ı RRM Testing qualifies the ability of a mobile device to efficiently use the network configuration in terms of mobility and measurement reporting. ı Essential for the general performance in mobility scenarios like cell and technology handover ı Fundamental performance requirement if mobile phone reporting parameter are used in self organizing networks ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 8 Protocol Conformance ı Protocol and signaling conformance testing checks the conformant implementation of the radio protocol. ı Usually this is designed that the different test purposes per radio layer and the relevant procedures are tested. ı Essential for correct protocol function with the network  Transport Format Selection  Priority Handling  Data Transfer (ARQ Function)  Security  NAS (Non Access Stratum) procedures  …. ı Example of a LTE RRC (Radio Resource Control) procedure  TC 9.1.4.2 „Identification procedure, IMEI requested“ * * as per ETSI TS136.523-1 ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 9 IMEI verification ı IMEI procedure as per 3GPP air interface  GSM/WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/LTE ı Independent of network operator  Operation with Test-UICC ı Automation possible – Connection to IMEI Database ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva 10 Thank you. 11ITU-T Workshop, 23 July 2018, Geneva
Language:English
Score: 1271267.6 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...3/Documents/4_Uwe%20Baeder.pdf
Data Source: un
PowerPoint-Präsentation Conformance assessment methods to combat counterfeit mobile phones, ITU-D Workshop Uwe Bäder uwe.baeder@rohde-schwarz.com Director International Relations ITU/UN Rohde & Schwarz Geneva, Switzerland, 04 October 2018 mailto:uwe.baeder@rohde-schwarz.com Conformity Test Landscape Regulatory Requirements Co-existence Testing Blocking Transmitter Emission Mask Intermodulation by ReceiverIntermodulation by Transmitter DFS Receiver Saturation Adjacent Channel SelectivityRadio Resource Management Duty Cycle …. and more House „Standards“ (e.g. operator test plans) 3GPP Test Specs ITU (National) Safety Regulations Industry Requirements (e.g. Automotive ) LBT Spurious Emissions Out-of-Band Emissions Transmit Power Control Protocol Conformance ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 2 Signaling Procedures Tx Signal Quality Basic Conformity Areas for Mobile Phones ı EMC/EMI Conformance ı Radio Transmission and Reception Conformance ı Protocol Conformance ı Radio Resource Management ı OTA (Over The Air) Performance Testing ı RF Exposure Conformance ı Power consumption requirements ı Location Based Services / Emergency call ı Application Testing ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 3 Conformity Assessment for Mobile Phones ı Regulatory Requirements / Market Introduction  RED (Radio Equipment Directive), EC Europe  MIC, Japan  FCC, USA  … ı Industry Certification Groups  GCF (Global Certification Forum)  PTCRB ı Operator Test Plans and Network Approval ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 4 Problems with Counterfeit Mobile Phones ı Low RF performance ı Unwanted Emissions ı Poor/Wrong Antenna Design ı Faulty or outdated protocol implementation ı Heating / Battery safety ı Missing RF Exposure measures ı Wrong Cell and Parameter Reporting ı Identity (IMEI Duplication) ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 5 EMC/EMI Conformance ı Main topic is the conformance assessment for Unwanted Emission  Basic Requirements  ITU Recommendation SM.329  National Regulation  Radiated Requirement and Test ı Focus: Disturbance of other services  Not a metric for the service performance of a device ı Often the only coverage in tests for admission to a local market ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 6 Conformance for radio transmission and reception / OTA performance ı Radio transmission and reception conformance defines the minimum RF characteristics and minimum performance requirements for mobile phones. ı Typical parameters are:  Maximum Transmission Power / Power dynamics  Unwanted Emissions  Modulation Quality  Receiver Sensitivity  Demodulation and Throughput Performance ı OTA performance includes the performance of the antenna of the device (Tx and Rx)  Total Radiated Power  Total Integrated Sensitivity  Overview in ITU-T contribution T17-SG11-C-0174 ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 7 Radio Resource Management Conformance ı Testing of Timing and Signaling Characteristics, Reporting Procedures and Accuracy, Mobility Control ı RRM Testing qualifies the ability of a mobile device to efficiently use the network configuration in terms of mobility and measurement reporting. ı Essential for the general performance in mobility scenarios like cell and technology handover ı Fundamental performance requirement if mobile phone reporting parameter are used in self organizing networks ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 8 Protocol Conformance ı Protocol and signaling conformance testing checks the conformant implementation of the radio protocol. ı Usually this is designed that the different test purposes per radio layer and the relevant procedures are tested. ı Essential for correct protocol function with the network  Transport Format Selection  Priority Handling  Data Transfer (ARQ Function)  Security  NAS (Non Access Stratum) procedures  …. ı Example of a LTE RRC (Radio Resource Control) procedure  TC 9.1.4.2 „Identification procedure, IMEI requested“ * * as per ETSI TS136.523-1 ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 9 IMEI verification ı IMEI procedure as per 3GPP air interface  GSM/WCDMA/TD-SCDMA/LTE ı Independent of network operator  Operation with Test-UICC ı Automation possible – Connection to IMEI Database ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva 10 Thank you. 11ITU-D Workshop, 04 October 2018, Geneva
Language:English
Score: 1271267.6 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../07/12/D07120000070001PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un