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With as many as 70 per cent of mobile phone users now owning standardized chargers, an important next step will be to stop routinely shipping chargers with new phones. Studies have shown that consumers are warming to the concept of a universal charger and, in a recent market trial, UK operator O2 found that , given a choice, 82 per cent of customers purchased a phone without a charger. The resulting savings in e-waste are potentially enormous, with some estimating that consumers around the world throw away 82,000 tons of redundant chargers each year. Mandating the use of ITU’s universal charger will have an enormously beneficial effect for developing countries, which currently bear the brunt of the e-waste problem.
Language:English
Score: 1323490.4 - https://www.itu.int/net/presso...ce/press_releases/2013/47.aspx
Data Source: un
Chargers built according to the new standard will be safer, use eco-friendly materials , and the user guid e will remind people to unplug their chargers when not in use, t o further reduc e the environmental impact of charging . In addition, the recommended charging current has been increased – in the range 750 to 1500 mA – so as to reduce charging time. (...) This updated standard will bring the benefits of the universal charger to a wider range of devices and consumers.
Language:English
Score: 1276630.8 - https://www.itu.int/net/presso...ce/press_releases/2011/11.aspx
Data Source: un
WSIS Forum Photo Contest Finalist Home Photo Contest WSIS Forum Photo Contest Finalist WSIS Forum Photo Contest Finalist Solar Charging to Increasing Communication Solar Charging to Increasing Communication Information and communication technology broadens opportunities for rural communities in Papua New Guinea. Fairtrade ANZ’s ICT project, funded through the United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development, sought to strengthen the link between farmers and Fairtrade markets, through the investment into several interventions including the supply of portable solar chargers. Solar chargers were identified as a key recommendation to address the targeted groups’ lack of reliable and safe power sources. The provision of solar chargers was reported to significantly increase members ability to communicate with each other, Fairtrade ANZ and partner organisations.
Language:English
Score: 1259140.7 - https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/...5bdc736de0412a8503813c48b50896
Data Source: un
Handset Energy Use: – About 11% energy wasted is the charging process. • If 10% of mobile phone users turned off their chargers after use, the energy saved in one year could power 60,000 European homes. – EU Code of Conduct on Efficiency of External Power Supplies © GSM Association 2008 Alternative Power Opportunity About 1.6 bn people without access to grid electricity. (...) Charger represents about 7% of the life-time energy cost of a phone. – 13.6 to 21.8 million tonnes CO2e each year in replacement chargers. Chinese government mandating single charger based on USB. – Open Mobile Terminal Platform has similar recommendation.
Language:English
Score: 1253896.5 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../06/0F/T060F0000090013PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
These include: • ITU-T L.1000 ‘Universal power adapter and charger solutions for mobile terminals and other hand-held ICT devices’: provides high level requirements for a universal power adapter and charger solution that will reduce the number of power adapters and chargers produced and recycled by widening their application to more devices and increasing their lifetime. (...) The universal power adapter and charger solution is designed to serve the vast majority of mobile terminals and other ICT devices. • ITU-T L.1020 ‘Circular economy: Guide for operators and suppliers on approaches to migrate towards circular ICT goods and networks’: suggests approaches of CE for information and communication technology (ICT) goods and networks.
Language:English
Score: 1251910.7 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...n/files/basic-html/page51.html
Data Source: un
RESOLUTION GSC-16/34: (Plenary) Wireless Charging System (WCS) (New) Kobe, JAPAN 8 July – 13 July 2007 RESOLUTION GSC-16/34: (Plenary) Wireless Charging System (WCS) (New) The 16th Global Standards Collaboration meeting (Halifax, 31 October – 3 November 2011) Recognizing: a) that the concept of Wireless Charging System (WCS) is driving growth in electric devices, especially on mobile devices having their own batteries. (...) At present, the technology of WCS is moving from magnetic induction type to magnetic resonance coupling which increases charging distance and efficiency; b) that global standards are of major importance because the improvement of WCS enlarges WCS’s application areas and charging devices considered in one wireless power transfer unit; c) that the elaboration of WCS specifications, regulatory issues, and interoperability that need to be established on a global basis, which will assist relevant industries and regulatory authorities; and d) that there have been standardization and research activities on WCS; WPC (Wireless Power Consortium) released a standard on a system interface for the low power consumption up to 5W; TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association) of Korea is establishing a standards roadmap, technical standards of WCS, and in-band control; KETI (Korea Electronics Technology Institute) of Korea started a research activity of “Wireless Powering Control Protocol” at ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6; CEA (Consumer Electronics Association) is developing standard, recommended practices, and draft related documentation related to wireless charging; CCSA TC9 WG1 of China set up a study item including magnetic induction based technology, interface, power management, etc.; Broadband Wireless Forum of Japan is promoting R&D on WCS, relaxation of regulations, etc.; ETSI TC ERM set up a study item related to harmonized European standards under the R&TTE Directive for wireless chargers; ITU-T SG 5 has been studying on a universal charger (wired) which enables the same charger to be used for all mobile phones, and it would be expected to expand its coverage to wireless mobile chargers.
Language:English
Score: 1236390.6 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/g...ns/Res_GSC-16_slash_34_WCS.doc
Data Source: un
RESOLUTION GSC-16/11: (GTSC) Cybersecurity (Reaffirmed) ( GSC 17 -CL- 36 16 May2013 ) Document Title: Draft RESOLUTION GSC-17/34: (Plenary) Wireless Power Transmission/Transfer (Revised) Source: Wireless Charging System HIS Panel at GSC Opening Plenary Contacts: Seungok Lim(TTA) GSC Session: Closing Plenary Agenda Item: 3.29 RESOLUTION GSC-167/34: (Plenary) Wireless Power Transmission/Transfer(Revised) The 176th Global Standards Collaboration meeting (HalifaxJeju,31 October – 3 November 201113-16, May, 2013) Recognizing: a) that the concept of Wireless Charging System (WCS)Wireless Power Transmission/Transfer (WPT) is driving growth in electric devices, especially on mobile devices having their own batteries.In the past, WCS WPT was based on magnetic inductive coupling which enabledthe transfer of power wirelessly in close proximity. At present, the technology of WCS WPT is moving from magnetic induction type to magnetic resonance coupling which increases charging distance and efficiency; b) that global standards are of major importance because the improvement of WCS WPT enlarges WPTWCS’s application areas and charging devices considered in one wireless power transmission/transfer unit; c) that the elaboration of WPTWCS specifications, regulatory issues, and interoperability that need to be established on a global basis, which will assist relevant industries and regulatory authorities;and d) that there have been standardization and research activities on WPTWCS; · A4WP (Alliance for Wireless Power) released a Technical Specifications on loosely-coupled WPT (Magnetic Resonance Type); PMA (Power Matters Alliance) and WPC (Wireless Power Consortium) released aTechnical Specificationsstandard on tightly-coupled WPT(Magnetic Induction Type)a system interface for the low power consumption up to 5W; · TTA (Telecommunications Technology Association) developsof Korea is establishing a standards roadmap, technical standards of WPTWCS, and in-band control; CCSA TC9 WG1 of China set up a study item including magnetic induction based technology, interface, power management, etc.; Broadband Wireless Forum of Japan is promoting R&D on WPT, relaxation of regulations, etc.; CJK SDOs set up CJK WPT Working Group for studying and information sharing on WPT;CEA (Consumer Electronics Association) is developing standard, recommended practices, and draft related documentation related to wireless charging; ETSI TC ERM set up a study item related to harmonized European standards under the R&TTE Directive for wireless chargers;ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6 and IEC TC100 TA15 has been studying on protocol and management on WPT;KETI (Korea Electronics Technology Institute) of Korea started a research activity of “Wireless Powering Control Protocol” at ISO/IEC JTC1 SC6; CEA (Consumer Electronics Association) is developing standard, recommended practices, and draft related documentation related to wireless charging; CCSA TC9 WG1 of China set up a study item including magnetic induction based technology, interface, power management, etc.; Broadband Wireless Forum of Japan is promoting R&D on WCS, relaxation of regulations, etc.; ETSI TC ERM set up a study item related to harmonized European standards under the R&TTE Directive for wireless chargers; ITU-T SG 5 has been studying on a universal charger (wired) which enables the same charger to be used for all mobile phones, and it would be expected to expand its coverage to wireless mobile chargers; ITU-R SG1 and APT AWG has been studying on spectrum and regulatory aspects;.
Language:English
Score: 1232198 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/g...less%20Charging%20System).docx
Data Source: un
Studies reveal that employees are up to 20 times more likely to buy a plug-in car if their employer offers at-work charging. The new chargers are powered by low-carbon energy and are in line with the United Nations’ commitment to sustainable development and in particular to Sustainable Development Goal 11 on sustainable transportation and cleaner urban air quality. (...) The inauguration of these electric vehicle chargers at the UN is a small but important step in the right direction. (...) The installed chargers at the UNHQ in NY are compatible with all electrical/hybrid plug-in vehicles and also with the HQ’s electrical voltage.
Language:English
Score: 1232198 - https://www.un.org/pga/71/2017...rging-stations-in-unhq-garage/
Data Source: un
Capacity Appliances Operation 20Wp Lamp: 2 Mobile Charger: 1 4-5 hours 50Wp Lamp: 4 B & W TV: 1 Mobile Charger: 1 4-5 hours 85Wp Lamp: 9 B & W TV: 1 Mobile Charger: 1 4-5 hours Equipment No. of approved Suppliers Solar Panel 86 Battery 15 Charge Controller 47 CFL Lamp 26 LED Lamp 31 IDCOL SHS Program – at a Glance  Program Target : 6 million SHSs by 2016  Program Achievement : 2.6 million SHSs till October’13  Number of Beneficiaries : About 12 million people  Power Generation : About 110 MW  Fossil Fuel Saving : 250,000 ton/year  Subsidy Saving by Govt. : USD 37 million/year  Direct Job Creation : 30,000 people  IDCOL Investment : About USD 550 million - 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 (up to Oct'13) 11,697 20,635 27,579 37,151 69,562 103,301 169,916 324,775 469,572 643,812 750,483 Year wise SHSs installation Program Structure Supply Equipment Pay for Equipment Seeks grant & loan Provide grant & loan IDCOL Technical Standards Committee Suppliers Seeks approval Provides approval Household Sells SHS & provide service Pay down- payment & installment Operations Committee NGO/PO PO Selection Committee Select POs Applies Donors Grant & soft term credit Fund Flow and Role of Partners Multilateral Agencies Provides grant and soft loans Provides technical assistance needed GoB IDCOL Provides grants to reduce SHS cost and for capacity building Provides soft loans Provides training, promo support Monitors implementation PO Identify potential customers Installs SHS Extends micro-credit Provides after sales services Household Debt Service Debt Service Debt Service Debt Service Provides grant and soft loan to IDCOL Provides policy support Maintain system Repay loan in monthly installments Mode of Financing: an Example (a) Market Price of a 50 Wp SHS USD 420 (b) Buy-down Grant USD 0* (c) System Price for Household [(b)-(a)] USD 420 (d) Down Payment from Household to PO [15% of (c)] USD 63 (e) Loan Payable from Household to PO [(c)-(d)] USD 357 Loan Tenor 3 years Annual Interest Rate 12% p.a. (...) A Sustainable Financing Structure Phased -out Subsidy: 2003 2004~5 2006~7 2008~9 2010~11 2012 2013~14 Capital Buy down Grant $70 $55 $40 $40 $25 $25 $20* Institutional Development Grant $20 $15 $10 $5 $3 - - Concessional to Semi-Commercial Credit: 2003~8 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Loan Tenor 10 yrs 6-10 yrs 6-8 yrs 6-8 yrs 5-7 yrs 5-7 yrs 5-7 yrs Interest Rate 6% 6%-8% 6%-8% 6%-8% 6%-9% 6%-9% 6%-9% % of Loan Refinanced 80% 80% 80% 80% 70%-80% 70% 70% * For systems < 30wp only Quality Control Mechanisms Physical Inspection Type of Training Participants Trained so far Training of Trainers PO Officials 389 Staff Training PO Field Staffs 13,157 Customer Training Households 395,117 Technician Training Local People 1,529 Management Training PO Officials 129 No. of Quality Control Offices: 12 No. of Quality Inspectors: 130 No. of Field Auditors: 11 Training and Capacity Building D e d ic a te d C a ll C e n te r Q u a lit y E q u ip m e n t TSC requires the suppliers to provide minimum 20-year warranty for solar PV, 5-year for batteries and 3-year for charge controllers / lamp circuits. Challenges & Mitigations Challenges Mitigation Lack of awareness − Promotional campaigns − Training programs Untested business model − Social enterprise model with an ultimate goal of commercialization − Presence of multiple POs ensures healthy competition − Phased reduction nature of grant Lack of institutional capacity − Institutional development grant / Long-term concessionary credit − Staff training program High cost of SHS equipment − Capital buy-down grant / Concessionary credit facility − Local support industry development Lack of quality assurance − Technical standard committee − Quality control mechanisms by IDCOL Lack of fiscal support − Tax holiday − Duty free import Replicability Potential Following IDCOL’s success in the renewable energy dissemination, other developing countries are keen to replicate similar programs in their respective countries.
Language:English
Score: 1230884.6 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...files/statements/4923haque.pdf
Data Source: un
HDTV  4 billion+ mobile subscribers  ICTs: 830m tons of CO2 in 2007; expected to rise to 1.4 billion tons by 2020 7 Myths and Facts > MYTH – Unplugging cell phone chargers can save the planet  FACT – over one year (8670 hours) charger consumes 2.3 kWh of electricity  equivalent to electricity needed for ONE hot bath > Myth – NY to LA flight emits from 1,924 to 6,732 pounds of CO2 depending on calculation methodology used  FACT – today’s refrigerators are 70% more energy efficient than 20 years ago  SO we need standards to measure ICT impact on climate 8  Develop a methodology to measure impact of ICTs as part of national GHG reduction programs  Identify priority sectors where ICTs can reduce emissions (e.g. smart buildings  Grow the ICT industry in an environmentally friendly manner  Lifecycle Analysis and Disposal of ICTs Role of Standards: ITU 9 Deliverables: FG on ICT & CC  Deliverable 1: Definition  Defines the terms needed to analyze the major relationships between ICTs and Climate Change  Deliverable 2: Gap analysis and standards roadmap  Shows ongoing work (done by ITU, other standard bodies, universities, etc.) and future study issues  Deliverable 3: Methodologies  Covers the assessment of ICT sector’s emission over the entire life cycle of ICT devices  Also covers reducing other sector’s emission by the use of ICT  Deliverable 4: Direct and Indirect Impact of ITU Standards  Provides tools and guidelines to evaluate the reduction of emission of ICT sector and of other sector by the use of ICT 10  Mandate of SG5 was expanded at the last TSAG (28-30 April 2009) New SG5 title: Environment and climate change  SG5 created a new WP 3/5  All SGs examining impact of recommendations on climate change  SGs developing standards for new energy efficient technologies  E.g. SG-13 on Next Generation Networks  NGN estimated to be 40% more energy efficient ITU-T and Climate Change: Setting the Standard 11 Universal Charger for Mobile  Approval process for new Recommendation L.1000 – “Universal power adapter and charger solution for mobile terminals and other ICT devices” was initiated in October  This Recommendation  Specifies general requirements  Introduces existing implementations (e.g., GSMA/OMTP, CCSA, TTA)  Current version covers charger for mobile terminals but will cover other ICT devices in future  Ref: TD 237rev4 of SG5  Potential Savings of 14 million tons of GHG and energy reduction of 50% in standby mode 12 ITU-T: Building Knowledge on Climate Change  ITU-T issued TECHWATCH Reports on CC and positive impact of new technologies Next Generation Networks, Intelligent Transport Systems, etc.  Organizing Major Symposia on ICT and CC 2009: Quito and Seoul (virtual event)  ITU-T pioneering energy efficient work methods Paperless meetings, on-line work tools, etc. 13 Some Background Materials  ITU Climate Change site www.itu.int/climate  Climate Change symposia website www.itu.int/ITU-T/climatechange  Technology Watch Briefing Reports www.itu.int/ITU-T/techwatch/reports.html http://www.itu.int/climate http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/climatechange http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/techwatch/reports.html ITU, ICTS and Climate Change Why It Matters Toward a New Global Framework ITU Council 2009 Why ICTs Matter What Trends do ICTs Have at the Device Level? Myths and Facts Slide Number 8 Deliverables: FG on ICT & CC Slide Number 10 Universal Charger for Mobile ITU-T: Building Knowledge on Climate Change SomeBackgroundMaterials
Language:English
Score: 1229418.8 - https://www.itu.int/themes/cli...eeting/DCICC-A-Levin-17nov.pdf
Data Source: un