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(The case was titled “Canada — Patent Protection for Pharmaceutical Products”) ANTI-COMPETITIVE PRACTICE, ETC back to top The TRIPS Agreement says governments can also act to prevent patent owners and other holders of intellectual property rights from abusing intellectual property rights, “unreasonably” restraining trade, or hampering the international transfer of technology. (...) However, for “national emergencies”, “other circumstances of extreme urgency” or “public non-commercial use” (or “government use”) or anti-competitive practices, there is no need to try for a voluntary licence — Article 31b . (...) Members agree that some licensing practices or conditions pertaining to intellectual property rights which restrain competition may have adverse effects on trade and may impede the transfer and dissemination of technology. 2.  
Language:English
Score: 1043379.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...rips_e/factsheet_pharm02_e.htm
Data Source: un
Management and commercialization of intellectual property: drawing experience from the Fiji Islands Amit Prakash commercialization, small and medium enterprises, creative industry, Knowledge based capital 2018 5. (...) Kariodimedjo branding, co-branding, economic development, intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property, Indonesia, Yogyakarta 2018 6. Intellectual property teaching in Iran Mitra Aminlou Intellectual Property Training, IP in Iran, Teaching Intellectual Property 2018 7. (...) Public health and intellectual property rights in the promotion of innovation: a Mongolian perspective Dambadarjaa Purevdorj intellectual property, public health, innovation, entrepreneurship, university-industry collaboration, pharmaceutical patents, commercializing intellectual property rights 2013 8.
Language:English
Score: 1042428.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...pers_e/colloquium_search_e.htm
Data Source: un
The Agreement covers trade in goods and services, investment, intellectual property rights and competition policy. The Phase II negotiations of the agreement hold many opportunities, particularly for Intellectual Property (IP). (...) [Africa has two regional patent systems, OAPI (Organisation Africaine de la Propriété Intellectuelle or African Intellectual Property Organization) and ARIPO (African Regional Intellectual Property Organization).   (...) Vilita are Intellectual Property lawyers at CFL Advocates based in Nairobi and Kigali.
Language:English
Score: 1042422 - https://www.un.org/africarenew...ty-rights-can-help-create-jobs
Data Source: un
Management and commercialization of intellectual property: drawing experience from the Fiji Islands Amit Prakash commercialization, small and medium enterprises, creative industry, Knowledge based capital 2018 5. (...) Kariodimedjo branding, co-branding, economic development, intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property, Indonesia, Yogyakarta 2018 6. Intellectual property teaching in Iran Mitra Aminlou Intellectual Property Training, IP in Iran, Teaching Intellectual Property 2018 7. (...) Public health and intellectual property rights in the promotion of innovation: a Mongolian perspective Dambadarjaa Purevdorj intellectual property, public health, innovation, entrepreneurship, university-industry collaboration, pharmaceutical patents, commercializing intellectual property rights 2013 8.
Language:English
Score: 1042204.7 - https://www.wto.org/spanish/tr...pers_s/colloquium_search_s.htm
Data Source: un
Management and commercialization of intellectual property: drawing experience from the Fiji Islands Amit Prakash commercialization, small and medium enterprises, creative industry, Knowledge based capital 2018 5. (...) Kariodimedjo branding, co-branding, economic development, intangible cultural heritage, intellectual property, Indonesia, Yogyakarta 2018 6. Intellectual property teaching in Iran Mitra Aminlou Intellectual Property Training, IP in Iran, Teaching Intellectual Property 2018 7. (...) Public health and intellectual property rights in the promotion of innovation: a Mongolian perspective Dambadarjaa Purevdorj intellectual property, public health, innovation, entrepreneurship, university-industry collaboration, pharmaceutical patents, commercializing intellectual property rights 2013 8.
Language:English
Score: 1042204.7 - https://www.wto.org/french/tra...pers_f/colloquium_search_f.htm
Data Source: un
I think the meeting itself was a step forward in this direction, as it provided a useful platform for International Conference on “Intellectual Property Rights Protection and Transforming Research and Development Outputs into Intangible Assets in Economies in Transition”, followed by the annual meeting of the UNECE Team of Specialists on Intellectual Property Experts from national intellectual property (IP) offices and ministries, international organizations, research institutions and the business community met in Geneva on 25 to 27 July to discuss good practices and policies on intellectual property commercialization, protection and rights enforcement in the UNECE region with a special focus on countries with economies in transition. A well-designed intellectual property regime increases national wealth and benefits consumers by stimulating research and investment into new technologies and innovative products, and by enabling the transfer of technology, including between countries at different stages of economic development. (...) Beyond getting the framework conditions right, one common theme that emerged from the discussions was the need to raise awareness – among scientists, entrepreneurs, consumers and policymakers – of the benefits and opportunities offered by a well-designed intellectual property system. All too often, the full commercial potential of innovations goes unrealized because scientists and universities – but also entrepreneurs and firms – just lack awareness: awareness of the need, the means and costs to protect their IP, awareness of the risks and financing requirements of turning an innovation into a commercially viable product, awareness of the value of the IP they have and of the best ways to maximize that value.
Language:English
Score: 1038562 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...2007/UNECE_weekly_2007-231.pdf
Data Source: un
Article 3 The Subject Matter of the Treaty (1) [Obligation to Protect Layout-Designs (Topographies)] (a) Each Contracting Party shall have the obligation to secure, throughout its territory, intellectual property protection in respect of layout-designs (topographies) in accordance with this Treaty. (...) Article 7 Exploitation; Registration, Disclosure (1) [Faculty to Require Exploitation] Any Contracting Party shall be free not to protect a layout-design (topography) until it has been ordinarily commercially exploited, separately or as incorporated in an integrated circuit, somewhere in the world. (2) [Faculty to Require Registration; Disclosure] 7 (a) Any Contracting Party shall be free not to protect a layout-design (topography) until the layout-design (topography) has been the subject of an application for registration, filed in due form with the competent public authority, or of a registration with that authority; it may be required that the application be accompanied by the filing of a copy or drawing of the layout-design (topography) and, where the integrated circuit has been commercially exploited, of a sample of that integrated circuit, along with information defining the electronic function which the integrated circuit is intended to perform; however, the applicant may exclude such parts of the copy or drawing that relate to the manner of manufacture of the integrated circuit, provided that the parts submitted are sufficient to allow the identification of the layout-design (topography). (b) Where the filing of an application for registration according to subparagraph (a) is required, the Contracting Party may require that such filing be effected within a certain period of time from the date on which the holder of the right first exploits ordinarily commercially anywhere in the world the layout-design (topography) of an integrated circuit; such period shall not be less than two years counted from the said date.
Language:English
Score: 1036622.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr.../trips_e/ta_docs_e/anex5_e.pdf
Data Source: un
“Business identifier” means any distinctive sign and shall include any mark, business symbol, trade name or emblem used by an enterprise to convey, in the course of industrial or commercial activities, a particular commercial identity or commercial origin with respect to an enterprise or the products produced or the services rendered by that enterprise. (...) Duties of the Deputy Director for Industrial Property The Deputy Director for Industrial Property shall head the Industrial Property Department, responsible for the protection of industrial property rights which shall include technical creative work (innovation) such as patents and utility models, designs (industrial designs), marks, (trademarks), geographical indications and appellation of origin and layout-designs (topography) of integrated circuits. Without limiting the generality of this paragraph, the Deputy Director for Industrial Property shall specifically: a) assist the Director General in the operation of LIPO in matters relating to industrial property; b) serve the interest of inventors and businesses with respect to their inventions and corporate products and service identification; c) develop the Industrial Property Electronic Registration, Recordation System; d) maintain files of Liberians and foreign patents and registration of other industrial property; e) advise and assist other agencies of government in matters involving industrial property; f) develop regulations covering industrial property for approval by the Director General; g) conduct hearings on industrial property matters, and report to the Director General; h) perform such other functions relating to intellectual property as are incidental to the position of a director of industrial property office. §5.9.
Language:English
Score: 1036381 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/lbr_e/WTACCLBR15_LEG_2.pdf
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Trade secrets have been part of commercial transactions for centuries, as a common and practical way for a business to maintain a competitive advantage. (...) Trade secrets have been part of commercial transactions for centuries, as a common and practical way for a business to maintain a competitive advantage. (...) As a consequence, Directive 2004/48/EC on the enforcement of intellectual property rights , better known as the Enforcement Directive, does not apply.
Language:English
Score: 1036100.6 - https://www.wipo.int/wipo_maga...e/en/2021/01/article_0001.html
Data Source: un
WTO | intellectual property (TRIPS) - agreement text - standards WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Home   |  About WTO   |  News & events   |  Trade topics   |  WTO membership   |  Documents & resources   |  External relations Contact us   |  Site map   |  A-Z   |  Search español   français home documents legal texts trips text URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT: TRIPS Part II — Standards concerning the availability, scope and use of Intellectual Property Rights Sections 5 and 6 Contents: PREAMBLE PART I General Provisions and Basic Principles PART II Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights 1. (...) Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences PART III Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights 1. General Obligations 2. Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies 3. (...) In Members not requiring registration as a condition for protection, layout-designs shall be protected for a term of no less than 10 years from the date of the first commercial exploitation wherever in the world it occurs. 3.  
Language:English
Score: 1035986.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/do.../legal_e/31bis_trips_04c_e.htm
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