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He is currently a PhD researcher. 1 Ahmed Makhloof, Intellectual Property Rights (Dar Elejada, 2nd edn, 2018) 13. 2 Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, concluded in 1883, was revised at Brussels in 1900, at Washington One of the fields that have seen significant reform are the legislations concerning intellectual property. (...) This resulted in damage to the franchisor’s trademark reputation. 3) Defendant also used other intellectual property rights such as promotional phrases, packaging and designs to make the products appear similar to the original goods and services. 4) In 2007, Defendant received a Commercial Registration with a similar name and trademark to that of plaintiff. (...) Saudi Authority for Intellectual Property Accessed 20 October 2019 Saudi Commercial Court, case number 1/4472, 2008, 1428 Hijri, It is important to mention that Saudi Courts do not mention the names of case’s parties.
Language:English
Score: 1151051.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...s_e/2019/chapter_16_2019_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Article 19: Acts of Infringing the Industrial Property Rights to Geographical IndicationsActs of infringing industrial property rights to geographical indications include: Using any commercial indications which are identical or similar to a geographical indication currently under protection, and thus causing a misconception about the origin of the goods. (...) Article 20: Acts of Infringing Industrial Property Rights to Trade NamesActs of infringing the industrial property rights to trade names are all acts of using any commercial indications identical or similar to the trade names of others for the same type of products or services or similar products or services, and thus causing confusion about business subjects, business establishments or business activities under such trade names. (...) Chapter IV PROTECTION AGAINST UNFAIR COMPETITION RELATED TO PROPERTY Article 24: Acts of industrial property-related unfair competitionActs of industrial property-related unfair competition include: Using commercial instructions to provide a misleading perception or information about business holders, business establishments, business activities, goods and/or services, for the purposes of: a.
Language:English
Score: 1150955.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/vnm_e/WTACCVNM33A1_LEG_3.pdf
Data Source: un
WTO | intellectual property (TRIPS) - agreement text - standards WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Home   |  About WTO   |  News & events   |  Trade topics   |  WTO membership   |  Documents & resources   |  External relations Contact us   |  Site map   |  A-Z   |  Search español   français home documents legal texts trips text AMENDED TRIPS AGREEMENT Part II — Standards concerning the availability, scope and use of Intellectual Property Rights Sections 7 and 8 Contents: PREAMBLE PART I General Provisions and Basic Principles PART II Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights 1. (...) Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences PART III Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights 1. General Obligations 2. Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies 3. (...) Members agree that some licensing practices or conditions pertaining to intellectual property rights which restrain competition may have adverse effects on trade and may impede the transfer and dissemination of technology. 2. 
Language:English
Score: 1147315.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/do.../legal_e/31bis_trips_04d_e.htm
Data Source: un
WTO | intellectual property (TRIPS) - agreement text - standards WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Home   |  About WTO   |  News & events   |  Trade topics   |  WTO membership   |  Documents & resources   |  External relations Contact us   |  Site map   |  A-Z   |  Search español   français home documents legal texts trips text URUGUAY ROUND AGREEMENT: TRIPS Part II — Standards concerning the availability, scope and use of Intellectual Property Rights Sections 7 and 8 Contents: PREAMBLE PART I General Provisions and Basic Principles PART II Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights 1. (...) Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences PART III Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights 1. General Obligations 2. Civil and Administrative Procedures and Remedies 3. (...) Members agree that some licensing practices or conditions pertaining to intellectual property rights which restrain competition may have adverse effects on trade and may impede the transfer and dissemination of technology. 2. 
Language:English
Score: 1147315.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/do...s_e/legal_e/27-trips_04d_e.htm
Data Source: un
The state authority responsible for internal trade, though market inspectorate, shall administer supervision of activities related to production, commercial duplication and circulation of optical discs. (...) Commercial duplication of optical discs outside of premises specified in the activity approval shall be prohibited. (...) The application referred to paragraph 1 of this Law shall be accompanied by the following: 1) The Certificate from the Central Register if the Commercial Court confirming the registration of the foreign trade activity; 2) The proof that the manufacturer’s code has been allocated to the applicant or to the person performing exports or imports; 3) When circumstances of the case so warrant, the proof that the intellectual property right related to exported or imported goods has been acquired.
Language:English
Score: 1145502.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/cgr_e/WTACCCGR22_LEG_4.pdf
Data Source: un
Always regulated under special IP laws: patents, industrial designs, trademarks, copyright, etc. • Is ‘intellectual property’ (IP) different from ‘property’ in tangible objects ? • Can intellectual property be ‘expropriated’ ? If so, how and with what effects ? (...) Any act of competition contrary to honest practices in industrial or commercial matters is an act of unfair competition.
Language:English
Score: 1144674.3 - https://www.who.int/fctc/4-1-TRIPS-Paris_Convention.pdf
Data Source: un
Art. 6(3) The provisions of paragraph 1 shall also apply to income derived from the direct use, letting or use in any other form of immovable property. 2 5 Meaning of income “from” immovable property • Article 6 (1) and (3) of the UN and OECD models permit a State to tax income from “direct use” (e.g. rental value of owner-occupied house) and “letting or use in any form” (e.g. rental income) of immovable property situated in the State • Important to distinguish between income derived “from” immovable property and income derived “using” immovable property 6 Definition of immovable property Art. 6(2) The term “immovable property” shall have the meaning which it has under the law of the Contracting State in which the property in question is situated. The term shall in any case include property accessory to immovable property, livestock and equipment used in agriculture and forestry, rights to which the provisions of general law respecting landed property apply, usufruct of immovable property and rights to variable or fixed payments as consideration for the working of, or the right to work, mineral deposits, sources and other natural resources; ships and aircraft shall not be regarded as immovable property. 7 Computation of income and rate of tax • Art. 6 does not provide rules for the calculation of income from immovable property or the applicable tax rate on such income: these are matters of domestic law • Para 2 of the Comm. on Art. 6 (2) UN Model suggests that “[i]n taxing income from immovable property, the object should be the taxation of profits rather than gross income; the expenses incurred in earning income from immovable [real] property ? should be taken into account” • Non-residents who owns immovable property may have substantial expenses connected with the renting of such property (for example, repairs, interest on funds used to buy the property, local taxes on immovable property) 8 Computation of income and rate of tax • Art. 6 does not provide rules for the calculation of income from immovable property or the applicable tax rate on such income: these are matters of domestic law • Para 2 of the Comm. on Art. 6 (2) UN Model suggests that “[i]n taxing income from immovable property, the object should be the taxation of profits rather than gross income; the expenses incurred in earning income from immovable [real] property ?
Language:English
Score: 1142916.7 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...1_2_Treaty-treatment-RandR.pdf
Data Source: un
It is important to bear in mind primarily that not all properties have production units and that production or commercial units may or may not occupy the whole surface area of the property, as in the case of small businesses (sales of various products including foodstuffs) which may be associated with the home itself. We therefore have four analysis units: Property As the central unit. Owner or possessor Individual considered the proprietor or occupant of a property. (...) Production or commercial unit The production or commercial (monetary or non-monetary) unit on the property and which uses production factors within it.
Language:English
Score: 1142608.6 - https://www.fao.org/in-action/...uide/analysis-units-survey/en/
Data Source: un
Gervais Professor FedEx Research Professor of Law Co-Director of Vanderbilt Intellectual Property Programme, Vanderbilt Law School United States of America Ms Irene Calboli Professor of Intellectual Property Law Visiting Professor Division of Business Law, Nanyang Business School Nanyang Technological University Singapore Ms Tana Pistorius Professor of Commercial Law Head of Department of Commercial Law University of Auckland Business School New Zealand Mr Sami Rezgui Professor of Economics Tunis Higher School of Commerce University of La Manouba Tunisia Ms Maria de Lourdes Vazquez Professor of Intellectual Property Law Department of Law San Andres University Argentina Mr Yogesh Pai Assistant Professor of Law National Law University, Delhi India Mr Mor Bakhoum Teacher-Researcher Université Virtuelle du Sénégal – UVS Senegal Mr Antony Taubman Director Intellectual Property, Government Procurement and Competition Division World Trade Organization Switzerland Mr Sherif Saadallah Executive Director WIPO Academy World Intellectual Property Organization Switzerland Mrs Xiaoping Wu Counsellor Intellectual Property, Government Procurement and Competition Division World Trade Organization Switzerland Mr Joseph Bradley Head, Academic Institutions Program WIPO Academy World Intellectual Property Organization Switzerland Ms Martha Chikowore Counsellor WIPO Academy World Intellectual Property Organization Switzerland
Language:English
Score: 1142039.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr.../current_editorial_board_e.pdf
Data Source: un
The international experience suggests that effective commercialization of R&D results requires a regulatory and institutional setup which fosters collaboration between the academia and the business sector. In particular, clear legal definition and protection of intellectual property rights, targeted financial support to patenting, consultative services to would-be entrepreneurs and the development of innovation support institutions could contribute to removing the existing bottlenecks at various stages of commercialization. (...) Ralph Heinrich (intellectual property matters) Tel.: (+4122) 917 1269 E-mail: ralph.heinrich@unece.org Mr.
Language:English
Score: 1136745.7 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DAM/press/pr2010/10ecid_p09e.htm
Data Source: un