Home

Results 1 - 10 of 393,495 for company structure. Search took 6.47 seconds.  
Sort by date/Sort by relevance
An  example  of  a  function‐ geographic matrix  structure would be  a  company  that produces  two  types of  products  (A and B)  in several geographic  locations. Using  the matrix structure,  this company would organise functions within the company as follows:   Page 10 of 21  Product A/Americas;   Product B/Americas;   Product A/Asia Pacific;   Product B/Asia Pacific;   Product A/Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA);   Product B/EMEA.   (...) A different possible structure of the same value chain could be that company 1  performs R&D on a contract basis  for company 3, which  is  the  legal owner of  any  intangible property developed through that R&D, and company 2 acts as a  limited  risk  contract  manufacturer  through  a  contractual  arrangement  with  company 3. 
Language:English
Score: 930501 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...onment_20120502_v4_HC-accp.pdf
Data Source: un
An example of a function- geographic matrix structure would be a company that produces two types of products (A and B) in several geographic locations. Using the matrix structure, this company would organize functions within the company as follows: Product A/Americas; Product B/Americas; Product A/Asia-Pacific; Product B/Asia-Pacific; Product A/Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA); Product B/EMEA. (...) A different possible structure of the same value chain could be that Company 1 performs R&D on a contract basis for Company 3, which is the legal owner of any intangible property developed through that R&D; and Company 2 acts as a limited risk contract manufacturer through a contractual arrangement with Company 3.
Language:English
Score: 928222.6 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...PM_PartA_20161124_v4_clean.pdf
Data Source: un
The distinction could for example be made on  a geographical basis (e.g. a Chinese division or a West African division) or on a  product/service basis (e.g. different products for different customers: households or  companies). For example, an automobile company may have a divisional structure with  Page 9 of 20  a division for hybrid cars and another division for other cars with each of these divisions  having its own sales, engineering and marketing departments.  (...) An example of a function‐geographic matrix structure would be a  company that produces two types of products (A and B) in several geographic locations.  Using the matrix structure, this company would organise functions within the company  as follows: Product A/Americas, Product B/Americas, Product A/Asia Pacific, Product  B/Asia Pacific, Product A/Europe, Middle East Africa, Product B/Europe, and Middle East  Africa. 
Language:English
Score: 928114.1 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-.../ta-tp-Oct2011_TP_Chapter2.pdf
Data Source: un
An example of a function-geographic matrix structure would be a company that produces two types of products (A and B) in several geographic locations. Using the matrix structure, this company would organize functions within the company as follows: Product A/Americas; Product B/Americas; Product A/Asia-Pacific; Product B/Asia-Pacific; Product A/Europe, Middle East, Africa (EMEA); Product B/EMEA. (...) A different possible structure of the same value chain could be that Company 1 performs R&D on a contract basis for Company 3, which is the legal owner of any intangible property developed through that R&D, and Company 2 acts as a limited risk contract manufacturer through a contractual arrangement with Company 3.
Language:English
Score: 924606.6 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...M_CRP2_Att2_GlobalBusiness.pdf
Data Source: un
different  products  for  different  customers:  households  or  companies). An automobile company may for example have a divisional structure with a  division for hybrid cars and another division for other cars.  (...) An  example  of  a  function‐geographic matrix  structure would  be  a  company  that  produces  two  types  of  products  (A  and  B)  across multiple  geographic  locations. Using the matrix structure, this company would organise functions within the  company as  follows: Product A/Americas, Product B/Americas, Product A/Asia Pacific,  Product B/Asia Pacific, Product A/Europe, Middle East Africa, Product B/Europe, Middle  East Africa. 
Language:English
Score: 918765 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...Chapter2_BusinessFramework.pdf
Data Source: un
The distinction could for example be made on a geographical basis (e.g. a US division and an EU division) or on a product/service basis (e.g. different products for different customers: households or companies). An automobile company may for example have a divisional structure with a division for hybrid cars and another division for other cars. (...) An example of a function-geographic matrix structure, would be a company that produces two types of products (A and B) across multiple geographic locations. Using the matrix structure, this company would organise functions within the company as follows: Product A/Americas, Product B/Americas, Product A/Asia Pacific, Product B/Asia Pacific, Product A/Europe, Middle East Africa, Product B/Europe, Middle East, Africa.
Language:English
Score: 918074 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-..._ManualTransferPricing_Ch2.pdf
Data Source: un
MSCI Brazil (company beta). = Monthly returns from MSCI Brazil vs. (...) •Credit Risk Premium: it was used historically data of debentures issued by companies and the “rating” evolution issued by S&P. It’s calculated according to the following formula: Kd = Local Risk Free Rate + Credit Risk Premium • Interested rate a company is paying on all of its debt, such as loans and bonds. 1CDI}%]1)1[(1{ 252252/1$  BrRd rK COST OF CAPITAL (WACC) ASSESSMENTCOST OF CAPITAL (WACC) ASSESSMENT Brazilian regulatory framework • Regulation requirements for the use of WACC Theoretical premisses of the Brazilian WACC model • Assumptions adopted for WACC construction • Wacc methodological aspects: - Cost of equity capital - Cost of debt capital - Capital structure WACC results 2007 • Preliminary results obtained from WACC THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURE ESTIMATIONSTRUCTURE ESTIMATION • Different types of financing employed by a firm to acquire resources necessary for its operations and growth • Theorical model • Some findings in WACC consulting process: - Capital structure policy (minimize WACC) - Efficient operator in WACC construction process. • The optimal financing decisions from operators THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURE ESTIMATIONSTRUCTURE ESTIMATION Medium indebtedness Test of each 2 sub-groups  Objective  Testing the equality of the level of indebtedness among the operators (mobile and fixed companies)  Results  There is no statistical evidence that debt levels between mobile and fixed companies are different: 0,00 0,05 0,10 0,15 0,20 0,25 0,30 0,35 0,40 0,45 1T 99 3T 99 1T 00 3T 00 1T 01 3T 01 1T 02 3T 02 1T 03 3T 03 1T 04 3T 04 1T 05 3T 05 FIXAS MÓVEIS - A unique debt level of operators - Accounting data from mobile and fixed companies THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURE ESTIMATION STRUCTURE ESTIMATION -- PROXYPROXY Factors Formula Reference BOOK VALUE = Total Gross Debt Brito & Lima (2004) Total Assets TANGIBILITY = Net Assets Titman & Wessels e Total Assets Perobelli & Famá (2002) PROFITABILITY = EBIT Rajan & Zingales (1995), Total Assets Gomes & Leal (2001) e Perobelli & Famá (2002) RISK = Standard Deviation (EBIT) Brito & Lima (2004) Average (EBIT) GROWTH = Total Assets - Equity + Market Value of Shares Rajan & Zingales (1995) e Total Assets Gomes & Leal SIZE = Ln (Net Operating Income) Rajan & Zingales (1995) • Indicators to estimate the theoretical model • Econometric model adopted (Pooled Time Series and Cross- Section) • OLS regression to estimate the coefficients • Quarterly data from the latest 5 years THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURE ESTIMATIONSTRUCTURE ESTIMATION η GrowthRiskSizeProftTangBV GrowthRiskSizeoftTang  Pr • Get all company coefficients • Estimate the ratio of debt capital based on the latest companies' balance sheet • Ratio of debt capital used as capital structure in WACC model • Arithmetical mean of “K” companies ratios of debt capital THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL THEORETICAL MODEL FOR CAPITAL STRUCTURE ESTIMATIONSTRUCTURE ESTIMATION kkkkk k GrowthRiskSizeoftPrTang ED D        GrowthRiskSizeTang  ˆˆˆˆˆˆ ˆ Proft K ED D ED D K k k Optimal                 1 ˆ COST OF CAPITAL (WACC) ASSESSMENTCOST OF CAPITAL (WACC) ASSESSMENT Brazilian regulatory framework • Regulation requirements for the use of WACC Theoretical premisses of the Brazilian WACC model • Assumptions adopted for WACC construction • WACC methodological aspects: - Cost of equity capital - Cost of debt capital - Capital structure Wacc results 2007 • Preliminary results obtained from WACC PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR WACC PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR WACC CALCULATIONCALCULATION Mobile Final Risk Free Rate (RF) 9,18% Credit Risk Premium (spread) 127% Cost of Debt Capital 12,36% Debt Capital Ratio 31% Mobile beta (β) 1,12 Brasil Beta (β) 1,93 Market Risk Premium (PRM) 3,83% Cost of Equity Capital 15,46% Equity Capital Ratio 69% Tax Rate 34% WACC (mobile companies) 13,19% WACC (fixed companies) 11,06% THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION Slide Number 1 Slide Number 2 Slide Number 3 Slide Number 4 Slide Number 5 Slide Number 6 Slide Number 7 Slide Number 8 Slide Number 9 Slide Number 10 Slide Number 11 Slide Number 12 Slide Number 13 Slide Number 14 AVERAGE BETA Slide Number 16 Slide Number 17 Slide Number 18 Slide Number 19 Slide Number 20 Slide Number 21 Slide Number 22 Slide Number 23 Slide Number 24 Slide Number 25 Slide Number 26
Language:English
Score: 898576 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/fina...f/doc6-wacc_Brazil-Bertini.pdf
Data Source: un
Considerable changes have been occurred in the vertical structure of telecom and the market has become much more disintegrated structure since the 1980s. (...) In Mongolian case, the structural separation, which is a full break up was done in the Fixed Line Incumbent operator in 2007. (...) In implementing the separation trend, the Government of Mongolia has resolved to make a structural separation in the Fixed line Incumbent Operator “Mongolia Telecom” by separating the ownership and operation of telecommunications infrastructure from the competitive services it provides and established a state owned Information Communication Network Company (ICNC), incorporating all monopolistic network transmission assets, including the local loop.
Language:English
Score: 893636.9 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/part...LF/2008/contributions/icnc.pdf
Data Source: un
Analysis is centered on the last decade: i.e., since the time when the structural reform processes were at their height in most of the countries whose big companies and groups are studied in this work. (...) After the Introduction (section I);, some summary details of the business context in the five countries studied are given (section II);, after which the main structural features of the big companies and groups and their recent dynamics at the company, plant and group level are analysed (section III);. (...) View bibliographical record in the Digital Repository You might be interested in Grandes empresas y grupos industriales... Structural changes and productivity in Latin... Cambios estructurales y productividad en la...
Language:English
Score: 892640.6 - https://www.cepal.org/en/publi...ndustrial-companies-and-groups
Data Source: un
Project Structure Similar to International DBOO Projects 2. (...) Step-In-Agreement • Tripartite Agreement amongst PUB, Concession Company and the Lenders • Provides for the Lenders to step-in and rectify project company’s defaults under certain conditions defined in the Water Purchase Agreement • For NEWater DBOO, provides for PUB to step-in to ensure service continuity 9 Payment Structure and Indexation Payment structure based on capacity payments and output payments. (...) Fixed Energy Charge Note: Foreign Portion involved only for DBOO Desalination 10 Payment Structure and Indexation (Continuation) • The payment structure is formula based and is generally applicable.
Language:English
Score: 887719.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...ia/presentations/sivaraman.pdf
Data Source: un