REPORT OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES, JOHN RUGGIE : ADDENDUM
The principle of limited liability provides that a company's liabilities do not extend
to any of the shareholders’ or directors’ personal property.
31. (...) Most jurisdictions have a body of common law or statutory provisions describing
limited exceptions to these concepts, whereby the company’s owners may be held directly
liable for the company's liabilities, an action known as "piercing the corporate veil."
(...) Likewise, in Australia courts may lift the corporate veil where a
company's structure is being used to perpetuate a fraud, or to enable a legal or fiduciary
obligation to be evaded.
WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND: EQUALITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION (EHRC) - NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
most frequently referred to the triage system include Albania, India, Pakistan and
27 New Scientist (2019), UK launched passport photo checker it knew would fail with dark skin.
28 Wired (2021), Couriers say Uber’s ‘racist’ facial identification tech got them fired.
29 ITV (2021), Uber drivers claim they were fired after company's identification software failed to
recognise their faces.
30 Joint Council for the Welfare of immigrants (2020), We won!
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2006/05/19 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF CANADA TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARIAT
In regions that are very poorly
studied, areas where some sampling has occurred may appear unique or support species
that appear rare just because something is known about these areas or the species has
been recorded at all. (...) The examples listed under Measurement and Proxies for pelagic systems are all
cases where the “unique” property also is tied to performance of a life history function,
and the areas may be picked up on that criterion as well. (...) Completion of this phase results in maps of areas which meet each
of the criteria individually; being representative, unique, important for a critical
life history function of one or more species, etc.
LETTER DATED 2004/05/04 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
The cultural monuments in Kosovo and Metohija represent a unique legacy recognised
between World War I and World War II as an integral part of the European heritage.
It is important to note that the cultural heritage in Kosovo and Metohija
• preserved the architecture and, in part, the art of the Roman and Byzantine
Empires, the mediaeval Serb state, the Ottoman Empire and more recent Serb and
Albanian architecture in an uninterrupted continuum of centuries, which is a
unique case in the history of architecture and art;
• presents the peak of the Byzantine architecture and art;
• largely integrates the Orthodox Byzantine architecture with that of the Roman
Catholics, which is also a unique phenomenon;
• preserved the monuments and sites that exemplify two centuries (from 1170 to 1371)
of growth of the medieval Serbia as one of the developed European states;
This unique European cultural heritage must be preserved in its original form and,
enriched, transferred to future generations. (...) Moreover, they showed
no sign of willingness to carry out this duty effectively.
Consequently, this unique cultural heritage was left without proper
official care for more than four years.
LETTER DATED 29 DECEMBER 2020 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
Recovery from the pandemic presents a unique opportunity to address
inequalities that have been prevalent in societies around the world. (...) The United Nations had a unique role to play
as countries tried to recover sustainably. (...) Strengthening the capacities of national
Governments can lead to the achievement of sustainable development. In
addition, the unique perspective of the Commission, through its convening and
advisory roles, allows the United Nations to have a holistic understanding of
REQUEST FOR OBSERVER STATUS TO THE ASSEMBLY
Created in 1948, IUCN is constituted as an international association
of governmental and non-governmental members in accordance with article
50 of the Swiss Civil Code. IUCN is a unique organization. It brings
together 78 States, over 100 government agencies, 800-plus NGOs and some
10,000 scientists and experts from more than 180 countries in a unique
TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Up to modern times, the rice terraces have remained an important, unique and priceless national
heritage noted for its excellent human-managed steep slopes, high mountain ecosystem and
unique traditional micro-watershed ecosystem management technologies which rely on rainwater
harvesting for the sustained production of rice, vegetables, fish and clean recycled domestic
water, as well as for the support for the successful performance of yearly rituals, cultural
festivities and other traditions of the Ifugao communities.
2. (...) The Ifugao rice terraces are classical
examples of very simple bench terraces that have employed a unique and holistic micro-
watershed ecosystem approach.
NOTE VERBALE DATED 28 MARCH 2014 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF GREECE TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA AND OTHER INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN SWITZERLAND ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The issue of Muftis and the so called ‘‘elected Muftis’’
It is well established that there is no unique method internationally for the elections
of the Muftis. (...) Greek citizens that are members of the Muslim minority are given the option of
invoking the Sharia Law, in family inheritance matters. This is a unique case in Europe and
we are often criticised by international human rights bodies, such as the Commission on the
Status of Women.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF ON HIS MISSION TO ALBANIA
He is grateful to the individuals who took the time to share their unique
and valuable experiences, ideas, what they viewed as best practices, as well as reflections
on the challenges of promoting respect for the right to freedom of religion or belief. (...) A review of agreements signed between the Government and the five recognized
religious communities reveals that each agreement is somewhat unique (though many
provisions are similar in nature). (...) The existence of these agreements raises important questions about the State’s
desire to preserve the unique characteristics of the country’s traditional religious
communities and its relationship with them.
LETTER DATED 16 SEPTEMBER 2013 FROM THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF GEORGIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
Since March 2010, when Georgia
extended a standing invitation to the UN Special Procedures, a number of special
representatives visited Georgia and gave us unique opportunity to receive constructive
evaluations and recommendations for the further development.
(...) Here, I would like to particularly highlight Georgia’s strong commitment to the
Universal Periodic Review - the unique mechanism to review the human rights progress of
all member states.