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الترتيب حسبالتاريخ/ الترتيب حسبمدى العلاقة
La matière est technique et la plupart des budgets n’ont pas toutes les caractéristiques du performance based budgeting rendant l’application des principes de base d’autant plus complexe. Des moyens humains suffisants et des statistiques ventilées par sexe dans tous les domaines sont également indispensables pour mettre en œuvre cette stratégie en œuvre concrètement.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 7.9 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...04Belgium_review_Beijing20.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
Lower recovery costs. http://www.noaa.gov/index.html Moving from Awareness to Action DRR learning is difficult & slow Adapting to new language, complex governance, a growing number of initiatives, actors & programs overwhelms needed resulting in hesitation to allocate resources Private Sector success relies on making tough choices and concentrating on most pressing and most promising areas What’s Needed Next Guidelines, standards and regulations that support the uptake of Private Sector DRR & Resilience solutions & innovations Strong local level collaboration that reduces investment uncertainties Sustainable Development Goals that clearly define and frame the risks especially those that matter most Strong Leadership Clear Guidance Target-aligned incentives Accelerating Engagement Private Sector is quick to recognize benefits of collaborating on common areas of interest Collaborative acceleration will occur with clarity, alignment & support.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 70.38 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...les/statements/5613JOHNSON.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
In each system: • Subsistence farming: easy to analyze risk through direct drought impact on income • Commercial farming: more complex relationship because production systems are greatly affected by policy, markets, technology and financial instruments Agricultural systems in the Mediterranean 27 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Risk in water supply systems • When dealing with water supply systems, shortages can be assumed as a proxy of damages • Thus risk assessment has the objective of quantifying probabilistically both the occurrence and the magnitude of shortages • For instance, the following features of shortages can be considered: • Probability of shortages • Magnitude of shortages • Time span when shortages occur • Economic impact of failures 28 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Preliminary assessment • Some indicators can provide preliminary (rough) assessment of risk: – Water demand / Average inflows. (...) The variable provides information on the margin of operation of the system. 29 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning More complex tools? • When dealing with large systems, the use of more complex tools is preferable in order to take into account: • The stochastic nature of hydrological inputs • The allocation of water from different sources to different demands • The operating rules of the system • Although in principle, both simulation and optimization models can find application, simulation techniques appear preferable since they are more easily accepted and understood by decision makers 30 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Analysis of results • Performance indices – Reliability => probability to be in a satisfactory state • Temporal reliability => frequency of intervals (e.g. months) where the demand is satisfied • Volumetric reliability => total volume supplied divided by the total demand over the simulation period – Resilience => ability to recover from shortage conditions • (Inverse of) average shortage periods length – Vulnerability => severity of shortages • Max monthly and annual shortage • Sum of squared shortages • Frequency plot of shortages – Histogram of frequencies of shortages (expressed as percentage of demand) – Sample frequency of monthly shortages • Return period of shortages – Average interarrival time between two annual shortages exceeding a given value 31 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Methodological component: Vulnerability analysis 32 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Component Indicators Renewable natural capital Agricultural water use; precipitation; soil degradation; area salinised Human and civic capital Life expectancy at birth; Literacy rate Active population in agriculture Population without sanitation water Institutional response Drought regulations; Coordination among institutions Economic capacity GDP and GDP from agriculture/GDP Energy use; Population below poverty line Access to drinkable water Mechanisms of risk sharing Insurance Agricultural policies Agricultural innovation Cultivation techniques (fertilizer, machinery); Crop varieties Drought Vulnerability Index 33 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Scen 1 All components weighted equally Scen 2 Human and civic resources more important 0 20 40 60 80 100 Cyprus Greece Italy Morocco Spain Tunisia D ro ug ht V ul ne ra bi lit y In de x (% Vulnerability Index (Scen 1) Vulnerability Index (Scen 2) Drought Vulnerability Index 34 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Operational component: Overview 35 M ED R O PLA N M editerranean D rought Preparedness and M itigation Planning MEDROPLAN, Mediterranean Drought Preparedness and Mitigation Planning Operational component According to a proactive approach, operational component includes planning and implementation of the long and short term measures to reduce drought vulnerability and to mitigate drought impacts.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 66.51 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...DroughtManagPlanGuidelines.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
Strategic patenting and increased patent quantity over quality The rise of strategic patenting and a series of legislative changes to expand monopoly rights has led to a very complex system of patents which is increasingly geared to support the rights of incumbent, large firms over new, smaller, innovative firms.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 21.65 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...es/publications/385brief12.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
The fourth step of assessing alternative pathways is perhaps the most complex and expensive one, requiring the engagement of representatives from different groups in the innovation chain, including not just the technology, but the agents involved in the value chain to diffusion and use as well as the provision of complementary inputs including finance and infrastructure.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 51.8 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...rt_Executive_Summary_final.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
While the need for gender equality and women’s empowerment is not an emerging issue, there appears to be a growing understanding within various scientific disciplines that in order to promote equality and improve women’s rights, complex underlying social norms must be examined and challenged.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 27.04 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...9Chapter1_GSDR2016_booklet.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
During the discussion it was noted that when trying to find new types of indicators for  sustainability, researchers and policy‐makers need to explore their comfort levels with  complex data sets.  The participants raised also the issue that quite often political decision‐ makers request forecasts and scenarios for very long time spans resulting in almost useless  data due to the lack of confidence in those forecasts. 
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 33.9 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...520interface%2520EGM_final.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
‘We hope to be able to contribute with some of our tools and resources that are already available, such as Aqueduct which produces global water risk maps, and our baseline water stress indictor that measures sustainable levels of withdrawals.’ Water issues can be complex to understand, especially when they are seen in a holistic perspective.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 38.77 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...71ANNUAL_REPORT_2014_Final.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un
Strengthening inclusive institutions involves transforming power relations and incentives,33 incorporating marginalized people and groups,34 addressing social, political and economic drivers of exclusive institutions,35 decreasing tension between new and existing institutions,36 targeting and unifying intervention and integrationist policies,37 addressing gender inequality, understanding social norms and behavioural changes; and promoting coherence between support to institutions operating in different spheres (economic, political and social).38 Institutions are constituted and perpetuated by people, and changing them is always a complex process. Reforming institutions is not just about passing new regulations or establishing new bodies.
لغة:الانكليزية
نتيجة: 12.01 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...8Chapter4_GSDR2016_booklet.pdf
مصدر البيانات: un