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PowerPoint Presentation Strengthening the capacity of LLDCs to design and implement policies that promote transport connectivity in line with the Belt and Road Initiative for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals Azhar Jaimurzina Chief, Transport Connectivity and Logistics Section Transport Division Regional connectivity in advancing SDGs in Asia and the Pacific High-Level 14th Regional Environmentally Sustainable Transport Forum in Asia 18-20 October 2021 Tokoname City, Aichi, Japan Three pillars of ESCAP transport work Platform for intergovernmental cooperation and policy dialogue Committee on Transport Ministerial Conference Working Groups on AH, TAR and DP Comprehensive capacity building programme Operational connectivity Transport Facilitation Models Private Public Dialogue Analytical work and data collection Specialized monographs, bulletins and periodic assessments of transport connectivity in the region • Missing links along the transport networks, • Sub-standard quality of the networks • Uneven capacity along the same corridors Infrastructure Connectivity • Weak regulatory frameworks • Lack of harmonization of standards • Lack of coordination (domestic and regional level) Operational connectivity • Obstacles to inter-regional trade • Lack of coordination and synergies Euro-Asian Connectivity • Least Developed Countries • Landlocked Developing Countries • Small Island Developing Countries Countries with Special Needs • Congestion, pollution and Emissions • Affordability and accessibility Sustainable Urban Transport • Limited connection of rural roads to wider networks • Quality of rural infrastructure Rural transport connectivity • 60 % of global road safety fatalities happen in Asia and the Pacific • 2020 Road Safety targets yet to be achieved Road safety Regional Action Programme on Sustainable Transport Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific Phase I, 2017- 2021 Asia-Pacific is at the core of the sustainable transport challenges Growth scenarios position Asia-Pacific at the core of transforming global transport performance and dealing with its externalities  Global agenda has profound impacts on regional and national policies  Innovation and new technologies, as well as new business models and trade patterns change transport landscape  COVID-19 amplified the connectivity shortages and flagged the overall lack of sustainability. Building Back Better means accelerating transformation towards sustainable transport Import- and export-related freight transport by world region in 2050 (Under three scenarios, billion tonne-kilometres) International Transport Forum, 2021 Asia-Pacific is at the core of the sustainable transport challenges ❑ Restrictions ❑ New controls ❑ Market inefficiencies But also ❑ Transit/green corridors ❑ Electronic platforms for transport operations ❑ No/reduced charges or penalties for storing cargo and other associated services ❑ Emergency Response Centers for shippers and transport operators ❑ Infrastructure shortages ❑ Lack of digitalization ❑ Disbalanced freight modal split (road, rail, maritime) ❑ Inefficient or fragile transit arrangements ❑ Manual practices/checks at the border crossings ❑ Divergent standards on vehicles, drivers and international transit ❑ Connectivity gaps across the region Pre COVID-19 During COVID-19 Aftermath ❑ Impact on infrastructure connectivity (investments) ❑ Impact on operational connectivity (facilitation) ❑ SDGs and sustainability targets Building Back Better: Reshaping transport connectivity in Asia-Pacific Major preoccupations of the freight transport authorities in Asia and the Pacific Other (please specify) Restriction of non-essential activities Cross-border connectivity Social distancing Inter-city travel ban Suspension of maritime traffic Suspension of technical periodic… Changes in transport corridors Maintaining the supply chain and… Transport operators' safety Licensing and certifications Balancing between containing the virus… 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Other (please specify) Integrate decarbonization and sustainable transport measures Improve digitalization of transport services, e.g. licensing Increase the resilience of transport Support economic growth, including job creation Strengthen cross-border connectivity Adapt to the changes in behavior Protect transport workers During the crisis Anticipating recovery Evolving regional agenda for transport cooperation Connectivity for efficient and resilient supply chains Safe and inclusive transport and mobility Environmentally sustainable transport Infrastructure connectivity Operational connectivity Euro-Asian Connectivity Countries with Special Needs Sustainable Urban Transport Rural transport connectivity Road Safety Regional Action Programme on Sustainable Transport Connectivity (2017-2021) From 2022: Leveraging synergies and integrating thematic activities to support Building Back Better and the implementation of SDGs Strategic objectives under consideration for the next regional programme on sustainable transport • Pandemic recovery and resilience building • Climate Change • Pressures from changing social structures • SDGs • Technology and innovation • Evidence based/data driven decision making • Private sector and multi- stakeholder participation Towards efficient and resilient transport and logistics network and mobility for economic growth Towards environmentally sustainable transport systems and services Towards safe and inclusive transport and mobility Resilient and Efficient networks and logistics Environmentally sustainable transport Safe and inclusive transport New draft Regional Action Programme: 2022-2026 Overarching objectives Towards efficient and resilient transport and logistics network and mobility for economic growth Towards environmentally sustainable transport systems and services Towards safe and inclusive transport and mobility Relevant Sustainable Development Goals Thematic areas Classification of contribution* Regional land transport connectivity and logistics Direct impact Direct impact Direct impact Maritime and interregional transport connectivity Direct impact Direct impact Direct impact Digitalization of transport Direct impact Direct impact Direct impact Low-carbon mobility and logistics Direct impact Direct impact Indirect impact Urban transport Direct impact Direct impact Direct impact Road traffic safety Indirect impact Indirect impact Direct impact Inclusive transport and mobility Indirect impact Direct impact Direct impact New draft Regional Action Programme: 2022-2026 Overarching objectives Towards efficient and resilient transport and logistics network and mobility for economic growth Towards environmentally sustainable transport systems and services Towards safe and inclusive transport and mobility Regional land transport connectivity and logistics ▪ Further development of the Asian Highways, Trans-Asian Railways and dry ports; ▪ Analytical and CB work on enhancing the operational connectivity, including during disruptive events, ▪ Support the development of land and intermodal transport corridors and multimodal transport operations Increased capacity of countries to implement national and regional measures to promote rail and waterborne transport, as well as environmentally sustainable logistics, in the regional freight operations ▪ Facilitating access of LLDCs to the regional supply chains ▪ Greater consideration of local development impact of the regional transport networks and corridors Maritime and interregional transport connectivity • Systematic and regular exchange of best practices and experiences on the issues and priorities for sustainable maritime connectivity for Asia and the Pacific; • Regular inter-regional multi-stakeholder forum for sustainable transport connectivity between Europe and Asia • Knowledge products and policy tools on sustainable and resilient port and maritime transport in the Asia-Pacific • Policy guidelines for integrated transport connectivity between the port and the hinterland; ▪ Facilitating access of SIDs to global and regional supply chains ▪ Knowledge products and policy recommendations on enhancing safety of port and maritime operations Highlights ▪ SDGs are mainstreamed and articulated into the 7 thematic areas of the proposed regional action programme ▪ Social and environmental dimensions of regional connectivity are increasingly explored to identify synergies and deal with possible trade offs ▪ Regional connectivity mechanisms/agreements are leveraged to advance decarbonization and social inclusion ▪ South South Cooperation ▪ Evidence based policies to bridge the connectivity gaps
Language:English
Score: 492596.9 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...UNESCAP_Azhar%20Jaimurzina.pdf
Data Source: un
Greater focus on sustainability of the training but has little to no explicit connection to SDG. The initiative is highly connected to SDG and has an explicit connection to SDG. (...) Part A: Mapping 5 HighSDG Connection 23initiatives (24%) LowSDG Connection 52initiatives (53%) MediumSDG Connection 23initiatives (23%) GLOBAL STI CAPACITY BUILDING INITIATIVES ACCORDING TO CONNECTION TO THE SDGs Key takeaway The majority of global STI capacity building initiatives do not mention the SDGs as a significant aspect of the programme. SDG Connection definitions: High - training is highly relevant to the SDGs and an explicit connection is made in the programme description and/or title Medium sustainability may be a significant focus of the initiative, although there is no explicit connection to the SDGs.
Language:English
Score: 485208.5 - https://sdgs.un.org/sites/defa...07/UCL%20%20Presentation_2.pdf
Data Source: un
Actual signal flow across the subnetwork connection protection is reflected by the connectivity pointers of the TPs involved in the subnetwork connection protection. (...) Operational state The operational state reflects only the connection capability of the connection protection: - Enabled - The Connection Protection is performing its normal cross-connection function. - Disabled - The Connection Protection is incapable of performing its normal cross-connection function. (...) The connection to be established is part of a subnetwork connection protection.
Language:English
Score: 485199.9 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...tu-t/g/g774.4/2001/g774.4.html
Data Source: un
Actual signal flow across the subnetwork connection protection is reflected by the connectivity pointers of the TPs involved in the subnetwork connection protection. (...) Operational state The operational state reflects only the connection capability of the connection protection: - Enabled - The Connection Protection is performing its normal cross-connection function. - Disabled - The Connection Protection is incapable of performing its normal cross-connection function. (...) The connection to be established is part of a subnetwork connection protection.
Language:English
Score: 484609.57 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...itu-t/g/g774.4/2001/g774.4.gdm
Data Source: un
Objectives of the Side Event The event has the following objectives: ● Showcase the launch of Generation Connect, the Generation Connect Visionaries Board (GCVB), and the 6 ITU Regional Youth Groups. ● Provide an opportunity to reach youth who may be interested in engaging with Generation Connect in the future. ● Highlight ways in which Generation Connect is seeking to engage in relevant UN processes and mechanisms. ● Open a dialogue to inform the work of Generation Connect, including the WTDC-21 Youth Summit Generation Connect3 – Showcasing Generation Connect will involve discussing the overall ITU Youth Strategy, emphasizing the three pillars of the strategy; Empower, Engage, and Participate. (...) The overarching theme of WTDC-21 will be “Connecting the unconnected to achieve sustainable development”. (...) One theme of the session will be: “What does it mean to you to be connected?” This theme will be incorporated through presenting a short Generation Connect video where young people give their own responses to this question. https://www.youtube.com/watch?
Language:English
Score: 484521.97 - https://www.un.org/ecosoc/site...n/2021doc/notes/itu-unmgcy.pdf
Data Source: un
Brahima Sanou Director Telecommunication Development Bureau CONNECT A SCHOOL, CONNECT A COMMUNITY Connect a School, Connect a Community CONNECT A SCHOOL, CONNECT A COMMUNITY Connecting all primary, secondary and post-secondary schools to ICTs by 2015 was one of the targets set by world leaders at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Connect a School, Connect a Community is a public-private partnership launched by ITU to promote broadband Internet connectivity for schools in developing countries around the world. (...) Connect a School, Connect a Community is a public-private partnership launched by ITU to promote broadband Internet connectivity for schools in developing countries around the world.
Language:English
Score: 483607.9 - https://violenceagainstchildre...obles_digital_literacy_itu.pdf
Data Source: un
 Page 259 - 5G Basics - Core Network Aspects           Basic HTML Version Table of Contents View Full Version Page 259 - 5G Basics - Core Network Aspects P. 259 Core network aspects 1 The functions of MAS-F are as follows: 1) Provide multi-connection application support functionalities, such as executing service procedures of service composition and service decomposition based on subscriber's profile and/or on available network capabilities, etc.; 2) Support legacy application (i.e., single-connection application) by hiding the existence of multi- connection to applications; 3) Support the interaction between multi-connection applications and legacy applications; 4) Provide open interfaces for applications to use the capabilities and resources of multi-connection. 6.2.5 Multi-connection control function The multi-connection control function coordinates the control of multi-connection communication across heterogeneous access technologies such as UMTS, LTE and WiFi. As the key function in multi-connection architecture, it contains the following FEs, as shown in Figure 6-3: 1) Multi-connection user profile functional entity (MUP-FE); 2) Multi-connection policy control functional entity (MPC-FE); 3) Multi-connection coordination functional entity (MC-FE); 4) Multi-connection registration functional entity (MR-FE). Pa Multi-connection Control Function Multi-connection User Profile FE Multi-connection Policy Control FE Ps Multi-connection Cm Coordination FE Multi-connection Registration FE Rt Figure 6-3 – Multi-connection control function 6.2.6 Multi-connection UE characteristics Multi-connection requires new functions in both the UE and network.
Language:English
Score: 482185.8 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica.../files/basic-html/page259.html
Data Source: un
However very few assessments have dug into these dimensions of connectivity, rather focussing on more utilitarian connectivity use cases. (...) What does connectivity mean? Connectivity is many things at once, all different and all having a vision in common. Connectivity is both building a tower to connect a settlement, and strengthening the capacity of UNHCR operations.
Language:English
Score: 482033.25 - https://www.unhcr.org/innovation/connectivity-for-refugees/
Data Source: un
The procedures for establishing and associating additional connections may be used on multiple connections at the same time. (...) Note that the last remaining connection need not be the same as the initially established connection. (...) Note that the initially established connection may be removed just like any other connection.
Language:English
Score: 481819.53 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a.../White%20H.324%20Annex%20F.doc
Data Source: un
Connection(session/ flow/call) release Connection release indicates the moment the connection has become unavailable to the user to transport packets. (...) Connection’s(session/ flow/call) active phase The connection’s active phase indicates the entire period between connection establishment and connection release. (...) The connection set-up attempt charge may reflect the resources to attempt the connection set-up (see 4.2.1).
Language:English
Score: 481803.7 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech...anualAddReferences/A_3_2_9.pdf
Data Source: un