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No investigation was conducted to ensure that the results were not contaminated by other factors, such as the Applicant’s health conditions of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. (...) Currently, staff counsellors across the United Nations system help staff members with drug, alcohol, or mental health issues. The Organization did not offer such assistance to the Applicant. 54. (...) He testified about his multiple ongoing health problems, for which he must pay out of pocket, as well as having to support three of his children still living at home.
Language:English
Score: 918650.1 - www.un.org/en/internalj...dt/judgments/undt-2019-030.pdf
Data Source: oaj
Elaboration of Legislative Acts (changes and additions to legislative acts) in the Following Areas: July, 1997 safety of industrial products State Committee for Supervision over Protection of Labor, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights December, 1998 standardization and certification in Ukraine State Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification accreditation of certification institutions and testing laboratories (centers) State Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification safety of electronic appliances Ministry of Machine-Building, Military Industrial Complex and Conversion, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of electric appliances Ministry of Machine-Building, Military Industrial Complex and Conversion, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of road vehicles Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Machine-Building, Military Industrial Complex and Conversion, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights communications Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, Ministry of Machine-Building, Military Industrial Complex and Conversion, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of pharmaceutical products State Committee for Medical and Microbiological Industry, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of children toys and games Ministry of Health, 3 Ministry of Industry, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of textile fibers and products of textile Ministry of Health, Ministry of Industry, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of clothes and linen Ministry of Health, Ministry of Industry, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of footwear Ministry of Health, Ministry of Industry, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of building materials and equipment State Committee for Municipal Construction and Architecture, State Committee for Supervision over Protection of Labor, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights safety of chemical materials and substances Ministry of Industry, Ministry of Health, Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights energy saving State Committee for Energy Saving June, 1997 quality and safety of food products State Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, State Committee for Food Industry, Ministry of Fishery, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights, Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, Ministry of Justice including: December, 1998 - milk and dairy products Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - meat and meat products Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights 4 - fish, fish products, and sea-food Ministry of Fishery, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - alcoholic beverages State Committe for Food Industry, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - eggs and products of processed eggs Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - sugar State Committee for Food Industry, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - confectionary products State Committee for Food Industry, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - vegetables, fruit, juices, drinks, canned vegetables and fruit Ministry of Agriculture and Food, State Committee for Food Industry, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights - procedure for importation of goods into the territory of Ukraine State Committee for Protection of Consumer Rights, Ministry of Health, State Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification, Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade, State Customs Service, Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Ministry of Justice 2. Elaboration of Sectoral Programs for Introduction in Ukraine of Standards Inherent in Competitive Products, and Harmonized with International and European Standards July, 1997 Program of Elaboration of the Set of Methodological Documents for National Systems of Certification and Accreditation State Committee for Standardization, Metrology and Certification December, 1998 Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Agroindustrial Complex Ministry of Agriculture and Food, State Committee for Food Industry, Ministry of Fishery, Ministry of Health Program of Elaboration of the Set of Ministry of Machine-Building, Military 5 Normative Documents in the Sector of Machine-Building Industrial Complex and Conversion Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Posts and Telecommunications Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Transport Ministry of Transport Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Metallurgy Ministry of Industry Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Light and Processing Industry Ministry of Industry Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Energy Ministry of Energy and Electrification State Committee for Use of Nuclear Energy Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Energy Saving State Committee for Energy Saving Program for Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Oil and Gas Industry State Committee for Oil, Gas and Oil Processing Industry July, 1998 Program of Elaboration of the Set of Ecological Rules Ministry for Environmental Protection and Nuclear Safety May, 1997 Program for Elaboration of the Set of Sanitary, Sanitary-Chemical, Toxico- Hygienic, Phytosanitary and Veterinary Rules Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Food State Committee for Medical and Microbiological Industry December, 1997 Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents with Respect to Safety of Labor State Committee for Supervision over Protection of Labor Program of Elaboration of the Set of Normative Documents in the Sector of Medical Industry State Committee for Medical and Microbiological Industry
Language:English
Score: 862216.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/ukr_e/WTACCUKR44_LEG_8.pdf
Data Source: un
The legitimate needs which the guidelines are intended to meet are the following: (a) The protection of consumers from hazards to their health and safety; (b) The promotion and protection of the economic interests of consumers; (c) Access of consumers to adequate information to enable them to make informed choices according to individual wishes and needs; (d) Consumer education, including education on the environmental, social and economic impacts of consumer choice; (e) Availability of effective consumer redress; (f) Freedom to form consumer and other relevant groups or organizations and the opportunity of such organizations to present their views in decision-making processes affecting them; (g) The promotion of sustainable consumption patterns. 4. (...) Consumer education and information programmes should cover such important aspects of consumer protection as the following: (a) Health, nutrition, prevention of food-borne diseases and food adulteration; (b) Product hazards; (c) Product labelling; (d) Relevant legislation, how to obtain redress, and agencies and organizations for consumer protection; (e) Information on weights and measures, prices, quality, credit conditions and availability of basic necessities; (f) Environmental protection; and (g) Efficient use of materials, energy and water. 38. (...) Measures relating to specific areas 56. In advancing consumer interests, particularly in developing countries, Governments should, where appropriate, give priority to areas of essential concern for the health of the consumer, such as food, water and pharmaceuticals.
Language:English
Score: 842321.8 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...ublications/consumption_en.pdf
Data Source: un
In support of her request for extension of time, the Applicant, who is self-represented, submits that complying with the above deadline is not feasible due to health issues she has been and is facing, particularly affecting her eyesight. She also puts forward that her “UN accounts” have been closed, making more time-consuming locating documents/information relevant for her case and that she is looking into legal representation. 4.
Language:English
Score: 838396.8 - www.un.org/en/internalj...s/undt/orders/gva-2022-017.pdf
Data Source: oaj
Labeling: Consumers, Marketing and Public Health Dr. Douglas Balentine 10.28.2020 • Label and Labeling • Consumers and Labeling • Marketing Aspects • Public Health • FDA Priorities Label and Labeling • Label: any tag, brand, mark, pictorial or other descriptive matter, written, printed, stenciled, marked, embossed or impressed on, or attached to, a container of food. • Labeling: written, printed, or graphic matter that is present on the label, accompanies the food, or is displayed near the food, including that for the purposes of promoting its sale. Can include Web site information when the URL is provided on the label. Labeling and the Consumer • Information ( Mandatory and Voluntary) – Product Identity (Name or Statement of Identity) – Net Contents/Lot Identity – Ingredients – Nutrition Facts – Manufacturer – Health Related Information: i.e. Allergen Labeling – Shelf Life or Date Marking – Production (Organic, Fair Trade, Sustainability) – Claims (Health, Comparative, Marketing) Labeling: Marketing/Promotion • Branding ( Name, Logo’s, Mascots, Region) • Claims/Romance Copy • Websites • Recipes • FOP Labeling (Nutrition, Production, Social) Public Health • Nutrition Facts • Allergen Labeling • Health and Function Claims • Dietary Guidance Statements • FOPNL (Front of Package Nutrition Labeling) • Help Consumers make informed choices and to stimulate innovation and reformulation of products to offer consumers more healthful and nutritious options 7 Thank You
Language:English
Score: 836517.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...p_e/tbt_e/3_-_us_pm_sessio.pdf
Data Source: un
WTO THEMATIC SESSION ON REGULATORY COOPERATION BETWEEN MEMBERS 9 NOVEMBER 2016 Codex Food Labelling Standards – an Overview Codex Secretariat Background • Codex texts are recommendations for governments to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in the food trade • CCFL was established by the 2nd Session of the Codex Alimentarius Commission in 1964, and held its’ first meeting in Ottawa, Ontario Canada in June 1965 CCFL Mandate (a) to draft provisions on labelling applicable to all foods; (b) to consider, amend if necessary, and endorse draft specific provisions on labelling prepared by the Codex Committees drafting standards, codes of practice and guidelines; (c) to study specific labelling problems assigned to it by the Commission; (d) to study problems associated with the advertisement of food with particular reference to claims and misleading descriptions. Why food labelling? • consumer information • advertising • product identity Purpose of food labelling rules • Protect consumers and ensure fair marketing – prohibit labelling that misrepresents the quality of a product and deceives consumers – preventing false claims protects businesses from unfair competition The Codex framework • General standard for the labelling of prepackaged foods (GSLPF) adopted 1969 as the first Codex standard later extended by other standards • Codex commodity standards are extensions of GSLPF by assisting in its interpretation • A series of interpretative guidelines on claims, nutrition labelling etc. • Codex Committees involved: – CCFL – CCNFSDU Codex texts on food labelling • Standards – labelling of prepackaged foods (Codex Stan 1-1985) – labelling of food additives when sold as such (Codex Stan 107-1981) – labelling of and claims for prepackaged foods for special dietary uses (Codex Stan 146-1985) – labelling of and claims for foods for special medical purposes (Codex Stan 180-1991) – use of dairy terms (Codex Stan 206-1999) • Guidelines – claims (CAC/GL 1-1979) – nutrition labelling (CAC/GL 2-1985) – use of health and nutrition claims (CAC/GL 23-1997) – use of the term ‘halal’ (CAC/GL 24-1997) – production, processing, marketing and labelling of organically produced foods (CAC/GL 32-1999) Principles of food labelling • Prepackaged food shall not be described or presented on any label or in any labelling – in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its character in any respect; – by words, pictorial or other devices which refer to or are suggestive either directly or indirectly, of any other product with which such food might be confused, or in such a manner as to lead the purchaser or consumer to suppose that the food is connected with such other product. (...) Claims • Concern with – exaggerated health and nutrition claims, – claims that a normal diet could not provide adequate nutrition, and – claims concerning the use of specific terms such as ‘natural’ or ‘organic’ • General Guidelines on Claims deal with – prohibited claims, – potentially misleading claims and – conditional claims (i.e., claims subject to specific conditions). • Specific texts have been developed for claims on: – ‘organically-produced’ – ‘Halal’. – nutrition – special dietary foods and medical foods Nutrition and health information • Guidelines for nutrition labelling describe the form and content of nutrition information on a food label: – energy value; – protein, – carbohydrate and fat content; and – the amount of any other nutrient for which a nutrition or health claim is made – specific provisions for the declaration of claims relating to types of fatty acids and cholesterol; types of carbohydrates and fibre; and for vitamins and minerals. • Add substantially to the principles of food labelling: – concept of consumer information ‘so that a wise choice … can be made’ – link nutrition labelling to public health policy – shift from ‘ensuring fair practices in the food trade’ to a more balanced approach that also encompasses ‘protecting the health of consumers’. • No claim without nutrition labelling Examples Guidelines for Use of Health and Nutrition Claims • Allow nutrition and nutrient claims as well as comparative nutrient claims, under specified conditions and in conformity with standardized wording for such claims. • Health claims must be substantiated scientifically and must consist of information on the physiological role of the nutrient(s) or on an accepted diet–health relationship • Claims may be made that relate to established dietary guidelines or to ‘health diets’. • Table of conditions as to what constitutes ‘Low’, ‘Very low’, ‘Free’ and ‘Source’ • An annex on the scientific substantiation of health claims was recently adopted (2009).
Language:English
Score: 834893.75 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/tbt_e/3_Codex_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Codex also adopted codes on the prevention and reduction of ochratoxin A, a carcinogenic contaminant, in cocoa, guidance on how to avoid microbiological contamination of berries and on use of claims for food that is labelled “non-addition of sodium salts” including “no added salt” on food packages to assist consumers in choosing a healthy diet. The Codex Alimentarius Commission, jointly run by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), sets international food safety and quality standards to promote safer and more nutritious food for consumers worldwide. (...) The new Codex text gives advice to producers and consumers on how to prevent this contamination. Fair practice in food trade and protecting consumershealth The Commission adopted a number of commodity standards that will protect consumers from fraud and ensure fair practices in the food trade: fresh and processed fruit and vegetables (e.g. avocados, chanterelles, pomegranates, table olives, date paste, and tempe) and fish and fishery products (smoked fish, abalone). (...) The Commission approved its Strategic Plan 2014-2019, which will guide the work on protecting consumershealth and ensure fair practices in the food trade over the next six years.
Language:English
Score: 832639.2 - https://www.who.int/news/item/...andards-will-benefit-consumers
Data Source: un
Keeping food safe is a complex process that starts on the farm and ends with the consumer. Through complementary mandates, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and World Health Organization (WHO) together cover a range of issues to support global food safety and protect consumer health. (...) Food safety is a shared responsibility between governments, producers and consumers. Everybody has a role to play from farm to table to ensure the food we consume is safe and will not cause damages to our health.  (...) Food safety is everyone’s responsibility, and by following food safety measures together we can protect ourselves and promote our health. Healthy and safe food is the essence of good health.”, said Ms Sarangerel, Minister of Health, and encouraged everyone from producers to consumers to take active role in keeping food safe.
Language:English
Score: 832516.4 - https://www.who.int/mongolia/n...ood-safety-everyone-s-business
Data Source: un
Safety means the sum total of requirements laid down by this Law and other legal acts laws for food characteristics and its handling, ensuring that the consumption of food under normal conditions established by the producer or reasonably foreseeable conditions of use, including duration, does not present any risk or only the minimum risks for consumershealth or life, or that it will not be higher than that established by legal acts as acceptable and consistent with a high level of protection for the safety of consumers. 12. (...) It shall be prohibited to place on the market food when it or its packaging contains things other than food, with the exception of cases when such things are necessary for food handling or consuming, if such things could endanger health and life of consumers, in particular children. 2. It shall be prohibited to place on the market products which, although not foodstuffs, possess a form, odour, colour, appearance, labelling, packaging, size or in any other way are similar to food to such an extent that it is likely that consumers, especially children, will confuse them with foodstuffs and, their consumption could endanger their health or life.
Language:English
Score: 832462.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/ltu_e/WTACCLTU49_LEG_3.pdf
Data Source: un
Generally health-conscious consumers; People with special needs (e.g. diabetes, obesity) Diabetes control (or) Heart-healthy Pulses have low glycemic index (GI) which makes them perfect foods for preventing and controlling serum cholesterol and other blood lipids. (...) Insoluble fiber helps result in greater satiety Generally health-conscious consumers; People with special needs (e.g. Celiac and other digestive diseases) Anti-carcinogenic Pulses contain anti-cancer components such as selenium, saponins, isoflavones, protease inhibitors, lectins, phytases and zinc and help reduce the risk of cancer Generally health-conscious consumers; People with special needs (e.g. cancer incl. colon However, it is critical to match the consumers’ preferences in taste, nutrition and importantly cost because success or failure of a product depends completely on the consumers’ acceptance.
Language:English
Score: 832435.7 - https://www.fao.org/pulses-201...ext-wave-of-healthy-eating/en/
Data Source: un