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UN News asked Rachel Kyte why she is so passionate about cooling. What is sustainable cooling? Cooling is essential to human health and prosperity. (...) The Cooling for All initiative focuses on how we provide sustainable access to cooling within a clean energy transition:  To what extent does cooling contribute to global warming - especially in developed countries where air conditioning machines are widely used to cool high summer temperatures? (...) Future choices about refrigerants, the efficiency of cooling technologies, and how cooling is powered will have a significant impact on achieving the Paris Climate Agreement.
Language:English
Score: 1069809.5 - https://news.un.org/en/story/2019/06/1041201
Data Source: un
During hot summer months, pre-cooled water is created by pumping filtered sea water through plate heat exchangers to a primary pre-cooling water circuit. (...) Separate buildings use their own secondary pumps to pump the pre-cooled water to pre-cooling coils in the air-handling units. (...) Greater use of seawater for cooling and/or heating of buildings can greatly help reduce GHG emissions.
Language:English
Score: 1061921.2 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...l_buildings_using_seawater.pdf
Data Source: un
This “amended COOL measure” consists of: the “COOL statute” (7 U.S.C. § 1638), which remains unchanged from the original dispute; and   the “2013 Final Rule” (78 Fed. (...) The compliance panel found that the amended COOL measure violates Article III:4 of the GATT 1994 based on its finding that the amended COOL measure increases the original COOL measure's detrimental impact on the competitive opportunities of imported livestock in comparison with like US products. (...) The Appellate Body maintained the panel's conclusions that the amended COOL measure increases the record-keeping burden for imported livestock entailed by the original COOL measure. 
Language:English
Score: 1060957.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr..._e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds384_e.htm
Data Source: un
This “amended COOL measure” consists of: the “COOL statute” (7 U.S.C. § 1638), which remains unchanged from the original dispute; and   the “2013 Final Rule” (78 Fed. (...) The compliance panel found that the amended COOL measure violates Article III:4 of the GATT 1994 based on its finding that the amended COOL measure increases the original COOL measure's detrimental impact on the competitive opportunities of imported livestock in comparison with like US products. (...) The Appellate Body maintained the panel's conclusions that the amended COOL measure increases the record-keeping burden for imported livestock entailed by the original COOL measure. 
Language:English
Score: 1060188.4 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr..._e/dispu_e/cases_e/ds386_e.htm
Data Source: un
It is expressed in W or kW. a) rated cooling capacity The cooling capacity marked on the product. b) normal cooling capacity The cooling capacity measured in the test of Table 5. 2.2 Cooling power consumption The total electrical powers consumed by the electric motor when the air conditioner is operated for cooling. a) rated cooling power consumption The cooling power consumption expressed to mark on the product b) normal cooling power consumption The cooling power consumption measured in the test of Table 5. 2.3 Cooling energy efficiency ratio The value obtained from the normal cooling capacity divided by the normal cooling power consumption. where, EER : Cooling energy efficiency ratio W/W {kcal/Wh} Qc : Normal cooling capacity W {kcal/h} Pc : Normal cooling power consumption W 2.4 Cooling seasonal performance factor The value obtained from the calculating SEER method. where, CSPF : Cooling seasonal performance factor W/W {kcal/Wh} Qc: Sum of the total cooling capacity during cooling season W {kcal/h} Pc : Sum of the total power consumption during cooling season W       = c c c c P Q P Q EER 86.0         = ∑ ∑ ∑ ∑ c c c c P Q P Q CSPF 86.0 9 2.5 Power quantity consumption per month during cooling season The value obtained in accordance with the calculating method specified in the Annex 4, KS C 9306-1999, wherein the total energy used during the cooling season is divided per month. (...) CLASSIFICATION Units are classified according to function, construction of unit, cooling system and rated cooling capacity as follows. (1) Classification by Function a) Cooling only. b) Cooling and dehumidity control, combined use. c) Cooling, heating by heat pump, combined use. d) Cooling, dehumidifying and heating by heat pump, combined use. e) Cooling, heating by electric resistance heater, combined use. f) Cooling, dehumidifying and heating by electric resistance heater, combined use. (2) Classification by construction of Unit a) Integrated type b) Separate type (3) Classification by Cooling Method of Condenser a) Air-cooled type b) Water-cooled type (4) Classification by Rated cooling capacity 4. (...) SCOPE 2. DEFINITIONS 2.1 Cooling capacity 2.2 Cooling power consumption 2.3 Cooling energy efficiency ratio 2.4 Cooling seasonal performance factor 2.5 Power quantity consumption per month during cooling season 3.
Language:English
Score: 1057632.8 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...ssues/energy/op/clasp_choi.pdf
Data Source: un
Whereas wet-cooled power stations may consume as much as 2,5 l / kWh, the dry-cooling systems consume only 0,2 l / kWh. The dry cooling system at Kendal Power station consumes only a fraction of the water that is needed in wet-cooling systems. The operation of dry cooling systems require electricity, hence the net operating efficiency of a dry-cooled power station is about 20 per lower than the efficiency of a wet-cooled power station.
Language:English
Score: 1056307 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...ing_soc_ltd_case_study_new.pdf
Data Source: un
Example of an operating cycle of a frost-free refrigerator-freezer 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 9 l Determination of Electric Power Consumption – Wy=Wd x 365 – Wmy=Wy / 12 • Wy : annual electrical energy consumption (kWh/year) • Wd : daily electrical energy consumption (kWh/day) • Wmy: monthly electrical energy consumption (kWh/month) 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 10 0 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 8 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 8 0 0 , 0 0 0 2 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 U n i t s Y e a r a m o u n t 1 , 8 1 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 8 3 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 8 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 3 6 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 5 3 0 , 0 0 0 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 lMarket 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 11 l KS C 9321 “Electrical storage box for Kimchi” l Over 1 million Units in 2000 l Features : Volume 91 liter l Power consumption : 20 kWh/month l Energy Efficiency Grade : 1st l New Features 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 12 Air ConditionerAir Conditioner l Scope – room air conditioners of integral type (compressor refrigerating unit, fans, etc are accommodated in a cabinet) or separate type (compressor refrigerating unit, fans, etc are accommodated in two cabinet) with a rated power consumption for cooling not exceeding 7.5kW and with cooling capacity 17.5kW or less. 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 13 l Definition – Cooling capacity • rated cooling capacity • normal cooling capacity – Cooling power consumption • rated cooling power consumption • normal cooling power consumption – Cooling energy efficiency ratio – Cooling seasonal performance factor – Power quantity consumption per month during cooling season       = c c c c P 0.86Q P QEER         = ∑ ∑ ∑ ∑ c c c c P Q P Q CSPF 86.0 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 14 l Classification – Classification by Function • Cooling only. • Cooling and dehumidity control, combined use. • Cooling, heating by heat pump, combined use. • Cooling, dehumidifying and heating by heat pump, combined use. • Cooling, heating by electric resistance heater, combined use. • Cooling, dehumidifying and heating by electric resistance, heater combined use. – Classification by construction of Unit • Integrated type • Separate type – Classification by Cooling Method of Condense • Air-cooled type • Water-cooled type – Classification by Rated cooling capacity 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 15 l Energy Efficiency Test – Test condition OutdoorIndoor Air cooling type Water cooling typeConditions for Cooling Capacity Dry Bulb oC Wet Bulb oC Dry Bulb oC Wet Bulb oC Inlet oC Outlet oC KS 27 ± 0.3 19.5 ± 0.2 35± 0.3 24 ± 0.2 30 ± 0.3 35 ± 0.3 CNC 27 ± 1 19.5 ± 0.5 35± 1 24 ± 0.5 30 ± 0.2 35 ± 0.2 JIS 27 ± 1 19.0 ± 0.5 35± 1 24 ± 0.5 30 ± 0.3 35 ± 0.3 ISO(T-1) 27 ± 1 19.0 ± 0.5 35± 1 24 ± 0.5 30 ± 0.2 35 ± 0.2 SAA 27 ± 1 19.0 ± 0.5 35± 1 24 ± 0.5 30 ± 0.2 35 ± 0.2 Table 2. Test Condition 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 16 – Cooling capacity test • Testing in the calorimeter room 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 17 l Determination of monthly Energy consumption – Electrical energy consumption shall be determined by rounding off the first place of decimal of the value in accordance with KS A 0021 – Two samples shall be tested, and the mean shall be applied. – Monthly electrical energy consumption (kWh/month) • Wmv=W x 12(hr) x 0.6(operation rate) x 30(days) • W : electrical energy consumption (W) • Wmy: monthly electrical energy consumption (kWh/month) 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 18 l Determination of Energy Efficiency Ratio – Energy efficiency ratio shall be determined by rounding off the third place of decimal of the value in accordance with KS A 0021. – Energy efficiency Ratio (W/W) • EER=C/H • C : Cooling capacity (kcal/h or W) • H : Energy consumption (W) – Note : Above standards are only available to room air-conditioner with a constant speed compressor 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 19 lMarket 0 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 8 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 4 0 0 , 0 0 0 1 , 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 U n i t s Y e a r a m o u n t 8 6 7 , 4 5 7 1 , 3 3 0 , 0 4 8 1 , 5 5 9 , 6 4 7 8 6 0 , 2 8 0 7 0 3 , 0 8 7 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 6 1 9 9 7 1 9 9 8 1 9 9 9 31 May 2001 Korea Testing Laboratory 20 Year High Efficiency Air Conditioner 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 - 92.3 98.5 97.0 95.6 93.1 91.5 92.0 97.1 Table 10.
Language:English
Score: 1053940.8 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...es/energy/op/clasp_choippt.pdf
Data Source: un
Vacuum cooling is generally applied to leafy vegetables that release water vapor quickly, thereby allowing them to be rapidly cooled. (...) Forced-air cooling is applicable to most horticultural perishables. (...) Transit vehicles must be cooled prior to loading the fresh produce. Delays between cooling after harvest and loading into transit vehicles should also be avoided.
Language:English
Score: 1047854 - https://www.fao.org/3/y5431e/y5431e04.htm
Data Source: un
The brief shares case studies of Alibaba and Tencent’s innovations in liquid cooling, provides an overview of technical options in liquid cooling deployment, and highlights the key issues at play in efforts to introduce liquid cooling at greater scale in China and globally. (...) Liquid cooling at Alibaba and Tencent The brief describes three prominent liquid-cooling technologies in cold-plate liquid cooling, immersion liquid cooling, and spray liquid cooling.  (...) Tencent’s cold-plate liquid cooling solution employs a combination of liquid cooling and micro modules that comes in tandem with the ability to exploit the advantages of modularization.
Language:English
Score: 1047854 - https://www.itu.int/hub/2021/0...-energy-efficient-datacentres/
Data Source: un
SEforALL’s work on cooling focuses on generating the evidence, partnerships, policy, and business solutions necessary to expand access to sustainable cooling solutions, including through training partnerships. (...) FAO in the training illustrated the approach and how to identify where cooling is needed to support more efficient and greener food value chains. Establishing collaborative partnerships is fundamental to understanding cooling needs and sustainable and climate-friendly solutions.
Language:English
Score: 1032426.2 - https://www.fao.org/energy/nou...les/news-details/fr/c/1459328/
Data Source: un