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Soil organic cover | Conservation Agriculture | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english Русский Conservation Agriculture Overview Impact In practice Case studies News Resources Minimum mechanical soil disturbance Soil organic cover Species diversification Equipment database Soil organic cover Keeping the soil covered is a fundamental principle of CA. (...) Cover crops are useful for: Protecting the soil, when it does not have a crop. (...) The percentage of rainwater that infiltrates the soil depends on the amount of soil cover provided. As different cover crops produce different amount of biomass, the density of the residues varies with different crops and thus the ability to increase water infiltration.
Language:English
Score: 411772.2 - https://www.fao.org/conservati...ractice/soil-organic-cover/en/
Data Source: un
Natural Resources Management and Environment Department - Land Cover home about the department français español Environmental Assessment and Management Unit (NRCE) Land Cover LAND COVER   Land cover assessment and monitoring of its change are essential for the sustainable management of natural resources, environmental protection, food security, humanitarian programmes as well as modelling global environmental change. (...) However, there remain significant gaps in land cover data coverage and access is often limited. (...) FAO has developed a number of tools and methodologies to facilitate mapping activities and ensure compatibility between local, national and regional products. The Land Cover Classification System (LCCS) allows comparison of land cover classes regardless of data source, sector or country.
Language:English
Score: 411195.65 - https://www.fao.org/nr/lcov/lcov_en.htm
Data Source: un
© 2015 Djaghe LLC GPA as Market Access Instrument: Benefits for Acceding Members Symposium on Revised WTO Agreement on Government Procurement S7.4 17-18 September 2015 Geneva, Switzerland Jean Heilman Grier Principal Consultant on Trade Djaghe, LLC © 2015 Djaghe LLC Introduction  Value of Covered Procurement  Estimated US$ 1.7 trillion annually  Recent revision added approximately $80 billion to $100 billion annually  Elements of Coverage  Thresholds  Entities  Central government entities (Annex 1)  Sub-central government entities (Annex 2)  Other entities, includes utilities, government enterprises, SOEs (Annex 3)  Goods: all goods are covered unless excluded (except defense goods which are covered based on positive list)  Services, including construction services  Negative list (all services are covered except those excluded)  Positive list (only listed services are covered)  Exclusions or derogations from coverage © 2015 Djaghe LLC Thresholds  Central government entities  Goods & services: 130,000 SDRs (except Japan and Aruba - 100,000 SDRs)  Construction services: 5 million SDRs (except Aruba, Israel & Japan)  Sub-central government entities  Goods & services: 200,000 SDRs or 355,000 SDRs (except Israel and Korea for certain entities)  Construction services: 5 million SDRs (except Israel, Japan & Korea)  Other entities  Goods & services: 400,000 SDRs (except Canada, Israel, Japan & U.S.)  Construction services: 5 million SDRs (except Israel, Japan & Korea) © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 1: Central Government Entity Coverage  Executive/administrative entities: Parties cover all or most central government entities  Judiciary: Several Parties cover courts  Legislature: Several Parties cover legislatures  Coverage varies based on governmental system: generally comparable  Some parties cover central government entities in Annex 1 that another party covers in Annex 3. © 2015 Djaghe LLC Types of Central Government Entity Coverage  List entities: most parties  Comprehensive coverage of all central government entities (current and future)  EU, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland  Provide indicative lists of the covered entities.  EU gives comprehensive coverage to o 6 Parties: (Iceland, Aruba, Norway, Liechtenstein, Switzerland).  2nd level of coverage to Israel & Montenegro: all listed entities  3rd level of coverage to the remaining Parties: not all listed entities  4th level of coverage for U.S., Japan and Chinese Taipei: access to some entities not offered to level 3 © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 2: Sub-central Entity Coverage  Broad sub-central coverage, with some providing more comprehensive coverage than others  Two approaches to coverage  Positive list  Classifications of entities  Type of coverage depends on governmental structure  Centralized procurement systems, e.g., EU  Federal systems, e.g., U.S. © 2015 Djaghe LLC Sub-central Entity Coverage (cont.)  Coverage based on listed entities: Armenia, Canada, Israel, Korea, Japan, New Zealand, Chinese Taipei and U.S.  Coverage defined by categories of entities: EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, and Switzerland, with indicative list of entities  No sub-central entities: Hong Kong, China, Aruba and Singapore © 2015 Djaghe LLC Sub-central Coverage based on Listed Entities  Armenia: 47 local authorities (municipalities)  Canada: All 13 of its provinces and territories  Israel: 3 municipalities (Jerusalem, Tel-Aviv & Haifa) and Local Government Economic Services  Japan: All (47) prefectures and all (19) designated cities  Korea: two groups  Group A : 16 entities: the Seoul Metropolitan Government, 6 metropolitan cities and 9 provinces.  Group B: local governments in 3 largest cities (Seoul, Busan and Incheon).  New Zealand: 11 health boards and 7 councils  Chinese Taipei: Taiwan Provincial Government and city governments for Taipei and Kaohsiung.  United States: 37 of its 50 states, with the entities covered varying by state © 2015 Djaghe LLC EU Sub-central Coverage  All regional or local contracting authorities, which include:  All contracting authorities of the administrative units, as defined by Regulation 1059/2003, – NUTS Regulation, which establishes a common classification of territorial units for statistics (NUTS)  Regional contracting authorities are contracting authorities of the administrative units falling under NUTS 1 and 2  Local contracting authorities are contracting authorities of administrative units falling under NUTS 3 and smaller administrative units  All contracting authorities that are bodies governed by public law, as defined by public procurement directive. © 2015 Djaghe LLC Sub-central Coverage based on Classification of Entities  Iceland covers two categories:  All contracting authorities of the regional or local public authorities, including all municipalities  All other entities whose procurement policies are substantially controlled by, dependent on, or influenced by central, regional or local government and which are engaged in non-commercial or non-industrial activities  Liechtenstein covers two categories:  Public authorities at the local level;  All bodies governed by public law (defined same as EU)  Montenegro covers two categories:  All sub‐central government entities (local self‐government units) and subordinated  organizations, which extends to the contracting entities of administrative units with  populations between 3 million and 7 million, between 800,000 and 3 million and between  150,000 and 800,000 and smaller administrative units such as municipalities.  All contracting authorities, which are bodies governed by public law, (defined same as EU)  Indicative list of 17 contracting authorities © 2015 Djaghe LLC Sub-central Coverage based on Classification of Entities (cont.)  Norway covers entities in three categories:  All sub-central government entities operating at the regional (counties) or local (municipalities) level  All bodies governed by public law (same definition as EU)  All associations formed by one or several of the entities covered by the first two categories. Norway provides an indicative list of its covered entities, which includes 12 bodies and two categories (state banks and publicly owned and operated museums)  Switzerland covers:  Any centralized or decentralized authority or administrative unit at the cantonal level under cantonal law and at the district and communal level  Lists its 23 cantons © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 3: Other Entities  All parties, except Aruba, cover “Other Entities”  Coverage of specified entities: Canada, Hong Kong, China, Israel, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and United States  Coverage of entities that are within certain classifications and that undertake activities in specified sectors (electricity, urban transport, airports, ports and water)  EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway and Switzerland  Provide an indicative list of entities that are covered  Armenia covers all legal persons governed by public law and publishes list of entities  For more information, see a White Paper: ”Comparison of GPA Parties’ Coverage of Other Entities” © 2015 Djaghe LLC Coverage of Other Entities  All parties, except Aruba, cover “Other Entities”  Two approaches to coverage  One group limits its coverage to Other Entities that it lists: Canada, Hong Kong, China, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, New Zealand, Singapore, Chinese Taipei and United States.  Second group bases its coverage on entities that fall within certain classifications and that undertake activities in specified sectors. Each provides an indicative list of covered entities that are covered: Armenia, EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway and Switzerland  The parties’ coverage of other entities is detailed in a White Paper, “Comparison of GPA Parties’ Coverage of Other Entities”. © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 4: Coverage of Goods GPA coverage of goods is based on principle that all goods are covered unless explicitly excluded Procurement of defense and security entities is generally based on positive list Exclusions of specific goods © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 5: Coverage of Services  Positive list  Access provided only to listed services  Used by most Parties  Negative list  Provides access to all services except those listed  Only used by New Zealand and U.S. © 2015 Djaghe LLC Services Excluded under Negative List  U.S. excludes:  Transportation services, including launching services  Services associated with the management and operation of government facilities, or privately owned facilities used for governmental purposes, including federally funded research and development centers  Public utilities services, including telecommunications and ADP-related telecommunications services except enhanced (i.e., value-added) telecommunications services  R&D services.  New Zealand excludes:  R&D services  Public health services  Education services  Welfare services © 2015 Djaghe LLC Annex 6: Coverage of Construction Services  All construction services covered  Exceptions  Dredging by Canada and the U.S.  Several entity-specific exclusions © 2015 Djaghe LLC Public-Private Partnerships under Revised GPA  Work Concessions  EU limits access to: Iceland, Korea, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Netherlands on behalf of Aruba, and Switzerland  Only national treatment obligation Montenegro limits access to 7 parties: EU, Iceland, the Republic of Korea, Liechtenstein, Norway, Aruba, and Switzerland  Japan’s Private Finance Initiative  Korea’s build-operate-transfer (BOT) contracts © 2015 Djaghe LLC Exclusions and Derogations  Parties place certain limitations on their coverage.  Some are included in General Notes (Annex 7)  Canada & U.S. exclude set-asides for small and minority businesses  Canada & EU exclude agricultural products purchased for agricultural support programs and human feeding programs (U.S. excludes in Annex 1)  EU excludes U.S. and others from certain procurement  Some are included in other Annexes  EU denies U.S. rights to procurement of services by sub-central entities  U.S. excludes specific goods and services © 2015 Djaghe LLC ] Contact Information Jean Heilman Grier Principal Consultant on Trade Djaghe, LLC jhgrier@djaghe.com Tel: (202) 294-1528 Website: www.Djaghe.com Trade Blog: http://trade.djaghe.com © 2015 Djaghe LLC
Language:English
Score: 411002.64 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...c_e/symp092015_e/S7-3Grier.pdf
Data Source: un
Land Cover Toolbox | 可持续粮食系统地理空间信息 | 联合国粮食及 农业组织 FAO.org 中文 english 可持续粮食系统地理空间信息 我们的工作 项目 新闻 活动 资源 Data Portals E-learning Publications Standards Tools Land Cover Toolbox LRIMS Media Land Cover Toolbox FAO Land Cover toolbox is a set of free desktop tools for supporting legend generation    interpretation     statistical analyses. The software package includes: Land Cover Classification System tool (LCCS) A user-friendly tool with a graphical user interface that allows the classification of the land cover features in a comprehensive system, applying the LCML standard. This enables the comparison and correlation of land cover classes regardless of mapping scale, land cover type, data collection method or geographical location.
Language:English
Score: 410711.33 - https://www.fao.org/geospatial...s/tools/land-cover-toolbox/zh/
Data Source: un
Land Cover Toolbox | Informations géospatiales à l’appui de systèmes alimentaires durables | Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture FAO.org english français Informations géospatiales à l’appui de systèmes alimentaires durables Nos travaux Projets Actualités Activités Ressources Data Portals E-learning Publications Standards Tools Land Cover Toolbox LRIMS Media Land Cover Toolbox FAO Land Cover toolbox is a set of free desktop tools for supporting legend generation    interpretation     statistical analyses. The software package includes: Land Cover Classification System tool (LCCS) A user-friendly tool with a graphical user interface that allows the classification of the land cover features in a comprehensive system, applying the LCML standard. This enables the comparison and correlation of land cover classes regardless of mapping scale, land cover type, data collection method or geographical location.
Language:English
Score: 410711.33 - https://www.fao.org/geospatial...s/tools/land-cover-toolbox/fr/
Data Source: un
Land Cover Toolbox | Información geoespacial para lograr sistemas alimentarios sostenibles | Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura FAO.org english Español Información geoespacial para lograr sistemas alimentarios sostenibles Nuestra labor Proyectos Noticias Actos Recursos Data Portals E-learning Publications Standards Tools Land Cover Toolbox LRIMS Media Land Cover Toolbox FAO Land Cover toolbox is a set of free desktop tools for supporting legend generation    interpretation     statistical analyses. The software package includes: Land Cover Classification System tool (LCCS) A user-friendly tool with a graphical user interface that allows the classification of the land cover features in a comprehensive system, applying the LCML standard. This enables the comparison and correlation of land cover classes regardless of mapping scale, land cover type, data collection method or geographical location.
Language:English
Score: 410711.33 - https://www.fao.org/geospatial...s/tools/land-cover-toolbox/es/
Data Source: un
Land Cover Toolbox | Geospatial information for sustainable food systems | Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FAO.org english Geospatial information for sustainable food systems Our work Projects News Events Resources Data Portals E-learning Publications Standards Tools Land Cover Toolbox LRIMS Media Land Cover Toolbox FAO Land Cover toolbox is a set of free desktop tools for supporting legend generation    interpretation     statistical analyses. The software package includes: Land Cover Classification System tool (LCCS) A user-friendly tool with a graphical user interface that allows the classification of the land cover features in a comprehensive system, applying the LCML standard. This enables the comparison and correlation of land cover classes regardless of mapping scale, land cover type, data collection method or geographical location.
Language:English
Score: 410711.33 - https://www.fao.org/geospatial...s/tools/land-cover-toolbox/en/
Data Source: un
. • It also includes a very helpful Flowchart that covers the entire incident guide process. Chapter 2:  Notification & Evaluation  of a Lithium Battery Incident • This Chapter covers consideration of receiving and evaluating an initial lithium battery incident report (written or verbal). • It covers determining if there are any unsafe conditions to be concerned about. (...) Chapter 6:  Investigation of Entities  Performing a DG Shipper Function • It covers information on determining what type of lithium battery was involved in the incident. • Now that the lithium battery type has been determined, it covers a discussion on the evaluating if it was packaged bulk, with equipment, and in equipment. (...) Chapter 8:  DG Compliance • This Chapter covers the evaluation of the compliance of the entities involved with the lithium battery packaging instructions and the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria. • The Chapter covers achieving compliance (Annex 18) and compliance assurance (Part S-7;4).
Language:English
Score: 409558.72 - https://www.icao.int/MID/Docum...Battery%20Incident%20Guide.pdf
Data Source: un
Repatriation Not covered Evacuation Not covered Cigna medical and dental plan 17/32 30 October 2020 3.3. (...) Multivitamins Not covered Calcium Only covered for patients with documented osteoporosis or osteopenia. (...) Anti-allergic eiderdown cover, mattress cover, pillow cover Not covered Cigna medical and dental plan 29/32 30 October 2020 3.10.
Language:English
Score: 409226.78 - https://www.un.org/insurance/s...tion_of_benefits_uno_wwp_0.pdf
Data Source: un
For example: • Physician care generally is covered but physician care for cosmetic surgery is never covered. This is an exclusion. • Home health care is generally covered but it is a covered service only up to a set number of visits a year. (...) At least one form of each FDA-approved contraception method is a covered service. You can access a list of covered drugs and devices.
Language:English
Score: 409222.36 - https://www.un.org/insurance/s...urance/files/mdrxbk20sf-02.pdf
Data Source: un