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Political instability in some regions continues to create a level of uncertainty, which is not conducive towards promoting investment and growth. 2 I. (...) Political instability in some regions continues to create a level of uncertainty which is not conducive towards promoting investment and growth. (...) To the extent that some large trade partners of the United States successfully resist exchange rate adjustments, a larger share of the adjustment burden will fall on United States domestic absorption, with possibly even worse consequences for the world economy. 15.
Language:English
Score: 989502 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...2005/CRP_1_ECONOMIC_SURVEY.pdf
Data Source: un
We find further support for this view from the reference in Article 7.4 itself to the purpose of the requirement in question, which is to 'facilitate adjustment'. Progressive liberalization that proceeds at equal intervals over the period of application facilitates the adjustment of the domestic industry by exposing it to greater foreign competition following a pattern that allows – and forces – the industry to adjust to each stage of that liberalization, and prepare itself for the next one, at equal time intervals. (...) Delaying liberalization in this way could create a disincentive for the domestic industry to undertake appropriate efforts at adjustment from the outset of the period of application, thus providing increased protection and diminishing the impetus to adjust to competition from imports. (...) The Panel in EU – Safeguard Measures on Steel (Turkey) also did not agree with Turkey's argument that "the 'object and purpose of Article 7.4' is 'to facilitate adjustment', and that a reduction in the pace of liberalization relative to the initially announced pace is contrary to that object and purpose."7 Turkey, referred to the observations of the panel in Ukraine – Passenger Cars in support of its argument that "[d]elaying liberalization in this way could create a disincentive for the domestic industry to undertake appropriate efforts at adjustment from the 3 Panel Report, Ukraine – Passenger Cars, paras. 7.362-7.363. 4 Panel Report, Ukraine – Passenger Cars, para. 7.364. 5(footnote original) We note that the panel in Ukraine – Passenger Cars found that "a Member can … comply with its obligation in Article 7.4 even if it has not previously provided a timetable for progressive liberalization".
Language:English
Score: 988610.9 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...ai17_e/safeguards_art7_jur.pdf
Data Source: un
Time is too short for me to expand on this, but let me mention that the IMF has adapted its financing instruments to support members' adjustment and reform needs. In particular, the Extended Fund Facility and the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility for low-income members have allowed the IMF to support medium-term programmes with greater emphasis on structural adjustment, including trade liberalization. (...) Of course, it is never easy to make such adjustments in any country. All countries face temptations to try to preserve the status quo by maintaining existing barriers or erecting new ones - always said to be just temporary. (...) The IMF, for its part, will join in this task through its surveillance and support of members' adjustment and reform efforts. I am pleased to note that our joint efforts can now proceed in the legal framework of the Cooperation Agreement that the Director-General, Mr.
Language:English
Score: 987585.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...to_e/minist_e/min96_e/st30.htm
Data Source: un
Some countries are much better at making necessary adjustments than others. This is partly because they have more effective adjustment policies: better social safety nets, better educational facilities, including for retraining, and other policies that make it easier for workers to move to jobs, or for job opportunities to be created where the displaced workers are. Trade, by boosting the economy as a whole, creates resources that can be used to help adjustments happen more quickly. (...) Adjustment, in the employment market as elsewhere, is a natural consequence of economic progress.
Language:English
Score: 986987.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th..._e/english/book_e/stak_e_6.htm
Data Source: un
Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI (PHDI) offers a new measurement of human progress By adjusting the HDI, which measures a nation’s health, education, and standards of living, to include two more elements: a country’s carbon dioxide emissions and its material footprint, the index shows how the global development landscape would change if both the wellbeing of people and also the planet were central to defining humanity’s progress.  With the resulting Planetary-Pressures Adjusted HDI—or PHDI—a new global picture emerges, painting a less rosy but clearer assessment of human progress. (...) To learn more about the 2020 Human Development Report and UNDP’s analysis on the experimental Planetary Pressures-Adjusted HDI, visit http://hdr.undp.org/en/2020-report .
Language:English
Score: 984873.8 - https://www.undp.org/malaysia/...an-development-report-malaysia
Data Source: un
Figure 2.3: Global Effects Transfer Pricing Adjustments (before adjustment) Figure 2.4: Aspects of Transfer Pricing Policy E/C.18/2016/CRP.2 Attachment 2 Page 15 of 18 2.4.10. (...) Countries should try to avoid such double taxation, though in some cases there may be legitimate reasons why a corresponding adjustment is not given, or is less than the original adjustment. (...) E/C.18/2016/CRP.2 Attachment 2 Page 17 of 18 Figure 2.5: Global Effects Transfer Pricing Adjustments (after adjustment) E/C.18/2016/CRP.2 Attachment 2 Page 18 of 18
Language:English
Score: 984696.7 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...M_CRP2_Att2_GlobalBusiness.pdf
Data Source: un
CCAs may be used for a broad range of purposes such as acquiring or creating tangible assets, acquiring or creating intangibles, and providing intra-group services. (...) The key feature of CCAs is that the participants agree to share the proportionate costs of creating or acquiring tangible assets, creating or acquiring intangibles or providing services and accordingly, agree that they will have a corresponding proportionate interest in the tangible assets, intangibles, or services created by the CCA. (...) In some cases, the need for periodic adjustments is anticipated at the commencement of the CCA.
Language:English
Score: 982037.9 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...ngements_20161124_v7_clean.pdf
Data Source: un
Notes: - Only the UNOE/STO short form SOW in TM currently adjusts to exclude UN owned carrier portions. - Short form SOW needs to be refreshed (or re-generated) after UN owned carrier was assigned to TM FO(s) to show adjustment of location(s)/date(s). (...) Please note that only the UNOE SOW Short Form will show the FOs, locations, and dates adjusted according to UN owned carrier assignment for STO and UNOE shipments. (...) Press Save. A new SOW was created. TM – UN-owned Carrier Umoja Training 6/6 Job Aid TM – UN-owned Carrier Exceptions A.
Language:English
Score: 977659 - https://umoja.un.org/sites/umo...owned_carrier_-_july_2020_.pdf
Data Source: un
Second, the technological spill-over effect creates jobs. The same process innovations which displace workers in the user industries create demand for workers in the producer industries. (...) More generally, we need to better understand the country-specific forces that allow some countries to rapidly adopt new technologies, gain competitiveness and create product innova- tions as part of the economic adjustment process. (...) Creating more jobs than destroying them is a possible trajectory in the near future.
Language:English
Score: 975692.6 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...ts/publication/wcms_534201.pdf
Data Source: un
Second, the technological spill-over effect creates jobs. The same process innovations which displace workers in the user industries create demand for workers in the producer industries. (...) More generally, we need to better understand the country-specific forces that allow some countries to rapidly adopt new technologies, gain competitiveness and create product innova- tions as part of the economic adjustment process. (...) Creating more jobs than destroying them is a possible trajectory in the near future.
Language:English
Score: 975692.6 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...ts/publication/wcms_534201.pdf
Data Source: un