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REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, OLIVIER DE SCHUTTER : ADDENDUM
Only the first two had been approved by the Congress at the time of writing. 17 In May 2009, SESAN issued the 2009 Food Contingency and Emergency Plan, which predicted an early and prolonged drought, which should be monitored, and could result in crop losses. In April 2009, MFEWS/MAGA (Mesoamerican Food Security Early Warning System/Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganadería y Alimentación) published reports announcing below average rainfall, which would have a negative impact on the harvesting of the crops and subsequently on food reserves. (...) Indeed, in the context of industrialized agricultural methods and conversion to new crops, large landowners seek to redefine the borders of their finca and reconfirm their land titles. (...) Although displacements related to mining exploration and hydroelectric projects remain an important concern, a new trend is the increased pressure on land due to the development of crops for agrofuel production, such as palm oil (palma africana), sugar cane and jatropha (piñon).
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1739723.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/13/33/ADD.4&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE ISSUE OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATIONS AND OTHER BUSINESS ENTERPRISES : ADDENDUM
The Ghana Investment Promotion Centre should be given the mandate to encourage and, where appropriate, require foreign business enterprises wishing to enter Ghana to respect all internationally proclaimed human rights. (...) According to the information received, in many traditional systems, men are the primary growers of cash crops, whereas women frequently grow food crops on communally held land or in the forests surrounding communities. (...) Business enterprises seeking to acquire land need to assess how women and men may experience impacts of loss of access to land or settlement differently, and consult with all members of the affected community, including women.35 Due regard should be given not only to replacement of cash crops and economic trees, but also to food crops. 4.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1697986.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/26/25/ADD.5&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN COLOMBIA
Congress approved the holding of a referendum on the peace accords that will require approval by 13 per cent of the electorate. (...) The challenges, including illicit economies, require budgetary changes and the will to invest in change opportunities. (...) Illegal mining presents complex challenges that require an integrated response similar to that proposed for addressing illicit crops.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1676321.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=A/HRC/31/3/ADD.2&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
SG LETTER OF 29 MARCH 2017 ADDRESSED TO THE PSC (COLOMBIA)
Peacebuilding requires a definitive solution to the illicit drugs problem, which includes crops grown for illegal use and the production and sale of illicit drugs. To that end, a new approach will address the phenomenon of drug use, the problem of crops grown for illegal use, and organized crime associated with drug trafficking, S/2017/272 17-06469 9/275 deploying a general human rights and public health, differentiated and gender - sensitive approach. (...) The plans and programmes agreed upon as part of comprehensive rural reform must have a territory-, ethnic- and gender-based perspective that will require the recognition and consideration of the economic, cultural and social needs, characteristics and peculiarities of the territories, women throughout their life cycle, rural communities and vulnerable groups, and they must guarantee socio - environmental sustainability.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1607131.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../get?open&DS=S/2017/272&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN COLOMBIA : REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
Police continued to recruit civilians to eradicate illicit crops. This practice exposes civilians to loss of life or injury due to the presence of anti-personnel mines and unexploded ordnance among the crops. (...) A/HRC/43/3/Add.3 13 GE.20-06515 fish to die on a massive scale, destroying crops, and causing the disappearance of water sources, affecting communities’ rights to work, food and water. 73. On 30 December, the Ministry of Justice published a draft decree to resume aerial fumigation of illicit crops with glyphosate.59 The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights had previously noted with concern the “negative consequences of anti- narcotics measures such as the effect of aerial fumigation on food security, adverse health impacts and denial of livelihoods”.60 OHCHR highlights the recent finding, in a joint report by the Government and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, that 95 per cent of families participating in the Comprehensive National Programme for the Substitution of Illicit Crops had fulfilled the voluntary eradication requirement, whereas 0.4 per cent had returned to the cultivation of illicit crops.61 VII.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1598179.7 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...pen&DS=A/HRC/43/3/ADD.3&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REDUCING POVERTY THROUGH TIMELY AND EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION : SPECIAL SEGMENT : INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE, 9 OCTOBER 2001
On their return, herders carry with them maize, yams and other root crops grown in the south. In this ancient rhythm dryland peoples contribute both as producers and consumers. (...) In turn, produce from the humid lands (maize, yams and other root crops etc.) is carried north. Obviously, this traditional pattern has become less dominant as a way of life over recent decades, but Nigeria nevertheless provides a good example of how drylands can be used to their best comparative advantage within a national 7 www.unfpa.org/swp/1999/Swp search_C.cfm. 8 www.worldbank.org/data/countrydata/countrydata.html. (...) Apart from intensive rice production schemes on the Niger, most rural Malians are engaged in pastoralism or the production of dryland crops, especially millet and sorghum. Since colonial times, Mali has been growing cotton.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1580221.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=ICCD/COP(5)/INF.5&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD ON HER MISSION TO ZAMBIA
Zambia was in fact the only country in southern Africa to produce a surplus crop of maize. Other crops also recorded an increase, including sorghum, rice, sunflower, groundnuts and soya crops. (...) Women might also have less access to information regarding, for example, impact on food crops or forest products gathered by women.14 51. (...) Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition. Although they require 35 per cent less food energy a day than men, they need the same quantity of nutrients.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1577008 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/37/61/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
THE RIGHT TO FOOD : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, JEAN ZIEGLER : ADDENDUM
In the 2003 season, farmers did not invest in agricultural inputs such as fertilizer and improved seed, partly because of rain conditions, but also because of the high financial losses they had experienced the year before, when farmers achieved excellent harvests but then could not sell their surplus crops because the crops could not be effectively transported to deficit areas; there was therefore a glut in surplus-producing areas. (...) Ethiopian farmers grow a vast range of crops including wheat, barley, teff, finger millet, maize, sorghum, enset, cassava and potatoes, sugar cane, many different pulses and coffee (although with the collapse in international coffee prices, more farmers are now switching to growing the narcotic khat for income). (...) The new approach places greater emphasis on the local purchase of food aid in times of surplus, which should in turn operate as a mechanism for stabilizing grain price volatility and promote the distribution of crops in surplus areas to deficit areas. 33. The New Coalition addresses the weaknesses in the current emergency system.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1572681.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2005/47/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
LETTER DATED 16 JUNE 2008 FROM THE CHARGÉ D'AFFAIRES A.I. OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND TO THE UNITED NATIONS ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
It is also be- cause sexual violence takes place in contexts and at time periods that lack a regular security presence: homes, water points at pre-dawn hours, forests where women forage for fuel, fields where they cultivate crops. A paradigm shift is needed because “business as usual” has not equipped peacekeepers to detect, predict, pre- vent and respond effectively to attacks. (...) • These problems are exacerbated by immense logistical and infrastructure challenges, varied terrain, and splintered armed factions, which require commensurate human and materiel resources. (...) Effective responses to sexual violence were deemed to require: • Political will and leadership, demanding a security response to sexual violence in conflict, is needed from the Field Commander to the SRSG, and from the Secretary- General to the Security Council.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1490573.8 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../get?open&DS=S/2008/402&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods
THE RIGHT TO FOOD : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE RIGHT TO FOOD, JEAN ZIEGLER : ADDENDUM
They issued legal proceedings in a local court but live under constant threat from the landowner who repeatedly sends private police squads to forcibly evict them and burn their crops, animals and makeshift shelters. They always return however, having nowhere else to go. (...) NGOs reported 40 forced evictions in the first six months of 2004, affecting 1,500 families,28 over half of which allegedly involved the use of extrajudicial executions, excessive force and the burning of crops and homes. The Special Rapporteur recognizes the role of the authorities in protecting property, but the use of disproportionate force that places property rights of large landowners above the right to food and the right to life is of serious concern. (...) Municipalities are responsible for water, but only 4 per cent of the 331 municipalities treat the water they provide.31 Access to water is also highly unequal - according to NGOs, if gold mining is established in San Marcos, it would require 70,000 litres of water per hour for processing, which would reduce the river and springs on which many local residents depend.
لغة:العربية
نتيجة: 1466793.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=E/CN.4/2006/44/ADD.1&Lang=A
مصدر البيانات: ods