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Article 9-5 (customs value based on the transaction value of similar goods) 1. (...) Articles 9-6 (customs value based on the domestic wholesale price) 1. (...) Article 9-9 (notification of the method of determination of the customs value, etc.) If the duty payer so requests in writing, the customs collector shall inform him, in writing, of the customs value, the method of determination and the data on which it was based.
Language:English
Score: 892877.5 - https://www.wto.org/gatt_docs/English/SULPDF/91420142.pdf
Data Source: un
Measuring the popular OTT is equivalent as measuring Customer Experience in Mobile Networks www.anite.com/nemo MEASURING THE POPULAR OTT IS EQUIVALENT AS MEASURING CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE IN MOBILE NETWORKS? (...) How should we measure customer experience in the future? 6. Measuring Youtube 7. (...) – The down-stream scenario, the probability to access and see a video and the quality of the video are the key KPIs – HTTP streaming is used by all Android and iOS based handsets. KPIs seen with the RTSP/UDP transport mechanism, such as video quality jitter and video quality jerkiness, are obsolete -> PVI streaming (RTSP) not suitable anymore ● If the video content is compressed during the transfer by a proxy hence the content arriving at the subscriber is not identical ● Only way to measure and verify the QoE is the competitive side by side benchmarking ● Two options to perform YouTube testing: ● Proprietary Youtube Testing (Anite has one) (PC based or UE based; NMR) ● Opticom PEVQ-S Video Streaming Analysis (PC based or UE based; NMR) © 2014 Page 9 YOUTUBE TESTING- VIDEO MEASUREMENT FLOW © 2014 Page 10 What is written in the Log Trigger Points and Statistics PEVQ-S VIDEO STREAMING ANALYSIS ● Benefits – Truly measure and competitively benchmark picture quality in a long- term context as perceived by subscribers – Standards-based video quality measurement, fully backward compatible to ITU-T J.247 and P.910 subjective tests – Benchmark and optimize video streaming characteristics of mobile networks – Differentiate your OTT service offering from the competition © 2014 Page 11 Operator 1 Operator 2 Operator 3 OPERATOR BENCHMARKING REPORTS © 2015 Page 12 WHY REGULATORS SHOULD CARE ABOUT OTT MEASUREMENTS?
Language:English
Score: 891903.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...nts/PPTs/S7P2_Jani_Nikkila.pdf
Data Source: un
This leaves about 10 percent of trade transactions which require a more complex approach based on the application of the other methods. Because of the perceived risk to their customs revenue, a number of developing countries have been reluctant to apply the Agreement. (...) Verifications are selective, based on risk. Through effective risk management, customs will have the ability to detect the most significant violations including in the valuation area. (...) To be effective and to reduce the opportunities for corruption, such a system should be based on the following: A  one-step process: customs declaration should be lodged at the reception counter of the customs office and the paperwork processed by the administration with no further need for contact, until that processing has been completed.
Language:English
Score: 890720.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr.../seminar_nov02_e/corfmat_e.doc
Data Source: un
Exposure of sensitive customer information due to downgrade attacks to older versions that con- to the customer sharing the device with others, or tain potentially weak ciphers. (...) Code vulnerabilities within the mobile application can be leveraged by attackers who gain access to 4 Mobile device - Base station the mobile device, e.g., through over-applications. (...) Insufficient access controls within the application, ality, leading to the ability for an attacker to exfil- e.g., an authentication mechanism required before trate sensitive information over the air interface. sensitive operations occur (e.g., registration, pay- Regardless of the underlying transport network ment transfer) based on assumptions about trust security threats STK and https do provide end to can lead to application compromise and conse- end encryption. quent exfiltration of customer data or unautho- b.
Language:English
Score: 890474.8 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...k/files/basic-html/page46.html
Data Source: un
Exposure of sensitive customer information due to downgrade attacks to older versions that con- to the customer sharing the device with others, or tain potentially weak ciphers. (...) Code vulnerabilities within the mobile application can be leveraged by attackers who gain access to 4 Mobile device - Base station the mobile device, e.g., through over-applications. (...) Insufficient access controls within the application, ality, leading to the ability for an attacker to exfil- e.g., an authentication mechanism required before trate sensitive information over the air interface. sensitive operations occur (e.g., registration, pay- Regardless of the underlying transport network ment transfer) based on assumptions about trust security threats STK and https do provide end to can lead to application compromise and conse- end encryption. quent exfiltration of customer data or unautho- b.
Language:English
Score: 890474.8 - https://www.itu.int/en/publica...t/files/basic-html/page46.html
Data Source: un
Conformity certifying documents are certificates of conformity issued based on the National Certification system procedure of the Republic of Tajikistan. (...) In addition to customs declaration and other documents needed to exercise customs clearance the declaring party shall submit customs agency a conformity certificate based on the established procedure.. (...) Goods are released by the authorized customs body within the terms stipulated by the customs legislation, since the receipt of the customs declaration by the customs body, as well as for the provision of information.
Language:English
Score: 889287.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/tjk_e/WTACCTJK15A1_LEG_5.pdf
Data Source: un
This allows customs clearance of the goods and payment of all duties and charges to take place at their final destination rather than at the point of entry so that the goods can enter into free circulation, or into a subsequent suspensive procedure (e.g. customs warehouse, inward 1 The non-EU territories of the United Kingdom that participate in the Customs Union are the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia in Cyprus, Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. (...) The guarantee is calculated in such a way that it covers the full amount of the customs debt likely to be incurred and is based on the import duties that would be applicable to goods of the same kind at the point of entry into the EU if the goods were released for free circulation. (...) The NCTS offers traders many advantages, including improved quality of service:  Less time spent waiting at Customs: because declarations will have been sent electronically beforehand, advanced risk analysis can be applied and decisions can be taken beforehand on whether or not to examine the goods;  Greater flexibility as regards the time and place for presenting declarations to Customs;  Earlier discharge of the transit procedure: because an electronic message will be used in place of returning the paper copy ("No 5") by mail to the office of departure, this leads to faster release of the guarantee;  Reduction in the high costs incurred in the paper-based system of declaring goods (lengthy procedures involving considerable time and effort);  Harmonization of Customs procedures and greater clarity of the transit operation, for the benefit of trade;  No loss of valuable time at the office of destination waiting for a decision: Customs may, under the NCTS, decide well in advance of the arrival of the goods at the office(s) of transit and office of destination whether or not they need to check the consignment, on the basis of the information they have received.  Additional simplification advantage for authorized consignors and authorized consignees, who communicate with Customs using only NCTS: this further accelerates the entire procedure.
Language:English
Score: 888228.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...meet26june_eu_nonpaper_2_e.pdf
Data Source: un
This is because our objective assessment of Thailand’s compliance with its obligations under Article 7.1 requires us to base our review of the factual determinations made by Thai Customs when it applied the valuation method under Article 7.1 on Thai Customs’ explanations and information at the time of determination.” (8) 7.   (...) In these circumstances, we consider that making an assessment of Thai Customs’ decision not to deduct these three items, as explained in this proceeding based on the evidence before Thai Customs at the time of the determination, helps to resolve the parties’ dispute relating to the deductibility of the concerned items. (11) ” (12) C. (...) The Panel therefore finds that … as well as the various resolutions establishing indicative prices, which together mandate the use of indicative prices for customs valuation purposes, are inconsistent with the obligation to conduct customs valuation of subject goods based on the sequential application of the methods established by Articles 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 and 6 of the Customs Valuation Agreement . ” (13) 9.  
Language:English
Score: 888181.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...alytic_index_e/cusval_01_e.htm
Data Source: un
However, there is less appreciation of the scope and significance of these costs in customs administrations in developing countries. As mentioned previously, the design of the customs procedures should be based on an assessment of risk and selective controls targeted at high-risk goods and enterprises. (...) At the same time, there is evidence to suggest that these types of controls are much less effective than the risk-based, selective controls that are in place in modern customs administrations. (...) In order to improve competitiveness, in our view, the modernization of customs administration activities should be based on selective, risk-based controls that allow the majority of shipments to enter the economy with a minimum of delay.
Language:English
Score: 887908.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...tradfa_e/wkshop_2001/walsh.doc
Data Source: un
Single Window Project of Pakistan Implementing UNeDocs in Pakistan Javaid Mansoor Executive Secretary National Trade & Transport Facilitation Committee - Pakistan UNeDocs Workshop, New Delhi, India 2-6 October, 2006 NTTFC - Pakistan Established: August 2001 Worked with Pakistan Customs to introduce Goods Declaration as SAD Coordinating with Pakistan Customs in implementation of PACCS Pakistan Electronic Trading (PAKET) Study UNeDocsPK Project Goods Declaration CARE Initiative & PACCS In 2002 the Central Board of Revenue initiated CARE (Customs Administrative Reforms) as part of its campaign to revamp the Federal tax collection machinery. PACCS (Pakistan Customs Computerized System) is the result of three years of R&D under this initiative. Broad Principles of Customs Reform Completely Paperless Web enabled Online with all domestic stakeholders in the supply chain Online with all domestic regulatory authorities Advanced information of cargo, crew and passengers Risk management PACCS Environment PACCS inaugurated on April 18, 2005 as pilot project at KICT Single window Paperless virtual environment Self assessment Expeditious clearance 24 X 7 operations End to end integrated Customs Secure assessment and examination area Risk management system Achievements Pilot project at KICT successfully implemented Reduction of Average Dwell Time from 11 days to less than 5 days Reduction of average Customs clearance to 4 hours Reduction from 26 steps to 1 step Corruption-free environment Reduction in cost of doing business Elimination of discretion Secured environment PACCS rolled out to PICT and QICT in September 2006 Countrywide implementation scheduled for June 2007 PAKET Study Review existing requirements, procedures and processes for import, export and transit documents Identify existing systems and resources of relevant stakeholder organizations Consider “best practice” methods in existing electronic platforms in other countries Determine legal, technical and human resource implications of implementing PAKET Propose implementation options and best approach PAKET Study Findings PACCS has features of Single Window and scope for expansion Some government organizations and large business enterprises have IT systems for interaction with PAKET Many government organizations and most of small and medium enterprises lack IT systems Human resource development is essential to enable IT interaction with PAKET Strong government commitment required for successful implementation of PAKET PAKET Recommendations First implement PACCS to its maximum potential Build on PACCS to implement PAKET as Public Private Partnership Methodology for moving forward from paper based commercial documents to electronic documents for making use of PAKET was not defined by the study report UNeDocsPK Project Pakistan requested UN/CEFACT TBG2 support in August 2005 for development of customized UNeDocsPK Develop a UNeDocs compliant data model defining specifications of international trade documents aligned to UNLK Aligned to WCO data model, UNTDED and CCTS standards Derivation of document structure and UN/CEFACT conformant XML schema acceptable to all users UNeDocsPK Project Project to develop layout of international trade documents based on UNLK Development of UNeDocsPK to be followed by development of an electronic trading platform for document exchange Extensive training for transformation from paper based documents to UNeDocs Challenges for UNeDocsPK Commercial transactions in Pakistan are mainly paper based Only a few UNLK based government documents introduced recently – Goods Declaration, Phytosanitary Certificate, Certificate of Origin UNLK based Commercial Invoice not yet adopted by most enterprises Challenges for UNeDocsPK Transformation to electronic documents will have to be gradual Methodology and guidelines required for electronic use of UNLK documents and subsequent adoption of UNeDocs Training material and technical support required for orientation of traders to use electronic documents Lessons Learnt Don’t reinvent the wheel Automation is more than putting a PC on each desk First decide the business process and then introduce the change Don’t change the team during the game Consult, consult and consult Adopt best practices THANK YOU!
Language:English
Score: 887586.3 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...s/pakistan_JavidMonsoor%20.pps
Data Source: un