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Single Window Project of Pakistan Implementing UNeDocs in Pakistan Javaid Mansoor Executive Secretary National Trade & Transport Facilitation Committee - Pakistan UNeDocs Workshop, New Delhi, India 2-6 October, 2006 NTTFC - Pakistan Established: August 2001 Worked with Pakistan Customs to introduce Goods Declaration as SAD Coordinating with Pakistan Customs in implementation of PACCS Pakistan Electronic Trading (PAKET) Study UNeDocsPK Project Goods Declaration CARE Initiative & PACCS In 2002 the Central Board of Revenue initiated CARE (Customs Administrative Reforms) as part of its campaign to revamp the Federal tax collection machinery. PACCS (Pakistan Customs Computerized System) is the result of three years of R&D under this initiative. Broad Principles of Customs Reform Completely Paperless Web enabled Online with all domestic stakeholders in the supply chain Online with all domestic regulatory authorities Advanced information of cargo, crew and passengers Risk management PACCS Environment PACCS inaugurated on April 18, 2005 as pilot project at KICT Single window Paperless virtual environment Self assessment Expeditious clearance 24 X 7 operations End to end integrated Customs Secure assessment and examination area Risk management system Achievements Pilot project at KICT successfully implemented Reduction of Average Dwell Time from 11 days to less than 5 days Reduction of average Customs clearance to 4 hours Reduction from 26 steps to 1 step Corruption-free environment Reduction in cost of doing business Elimination of discretion Secured environment PACCS rolled out to PICT and QICT in September 2006 Countrywide implementation scheduled for June 2007 PAKET Study Review existing requirements, procedures and processes for import, export and transit documents Identify existing systems and resources of relevant stakeholder organizations Consider “best practice” methods in existing electronic platforms in other countries Determine legal, technical and human resource implications of implementing PAKET Propose implementation options and best approach PAKET Study Findings PACCS has features of Single Window and scope for expansion Some government organizations and large business enterprises have IT systems for interaction with PAKET Many government organizations and most of small and medium enterprises lack IT systems Human resource development is essential to enable IT interaction with PAKET Strong government commitment required for successful implementation of PAKET PAKET Recommendations First implement PACCS to its maximum potential Build on PACCS to implement PAKET as Public Private Partnership Methodology for moving forward from paper based commercial documents to electronic documents for making use of PAKET was not defined by the study report UNeDocsPK Project Pakistan requested UN/CEFACT TBG2 support in August 2005 for development of customized UNeDocsPK Develop a UNeDocs compliant data model defining specifications of international trade documents aligned to UNLK Aligned to WCO data model, UNTDED and CCTS standards Derivation of document structure and UN/CEFACT conformant XML schema acceptable to all users UNeDocsPK Project Project to develop layout of international trade documents based on UNLK Development of UNeDocsPK to be followed by development of an electronic trading platform for document exchange Extensive training for transformation from paper based documents to UNeDocs Challenges for UNeDocsPK Commercial transactions in Pakistan are mainly paper based Only a few UNLK based government documents introduced recently – Goods Declaration, Phytosanitary Certificate, Certificate of Origin UNLK based Commercial Invoice not yet adopted by most enterprises Challenges for UNeDocsPK Transformation to electronic documents will have to be gradual Methodology and guidelines required for electronic use of UNLK documents and subsequent adoption of UNeDocs Training material and technical support required for orientation of traders to use electronic documents Lessons Learnt Don’t reinvent the wheel Automation is more than putting a PC on each desk First decide the business process and then introduce the change Don’t change the team during the game Consult, consult and consult Adopt best practices THANK YOU!
Language:English
Score: 887029.1 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...s/pakistan_JavidMonsoor%20.pps
Data Source: un
Where the ad valorem ratio rule is applied, the price indices of goods shall be calculated as follows: 1) for imported goods – based on the customs value of these goods when they are imported into the country where the finished product is manufactured or, if the origin of the imported goods is unknown, based on the documentarily certified price of the first sales of goods on the territory of the country where the finished product is manufactured; 2) for finished products – based on the seller’s factory (warehouse) price which does not include expenditure for loading, customs clearance and export of the goods from the country of export (ex- factory price). 5. (...) Annex 9 4 The appropriate authorized state body, which issued the certificate shall be obliged to keep a copy of it and other documents, based upon which the origin of goods was determined, for at least three years from the day of its issuing. 3. (...) “Direct purchase” shall mean transfer of goods across the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan based on an agreement signed between a Kazakhstani person and a resident of the country - signatory to the international agreement to which the Republic of Kazakhstan is a signatory.
Language:English
Score: 886761.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/kaz_e/WTACCKAZ50A1_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
The authorized body on customs affairs shall ensure direct realization for customs purposes of the objectives in the area of customs affairs and uniform application of the customs legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan by all customs bodies within the territory of the Republic of Tajikistan. 4. (...) Article 21 Expulsion of a Legal Entity from the Register of Persons Carrying Out Activities in the Area of Customs 1. A legal entity shall be subject to expulsion from the registers of persons carrying out activities in the area of customs based on the following: 1) by the mentioned entity’s own wish – from the day following the day when the customs bodies received the application of the entity in written form for exclusion from the relevant register 2) upon expiry of the validity term of the certificate established by Paragraph 2 of Article 996, Paragraph 3 of Article 111 and Paragraph 2 of Article 142, part 3 of Article 263 of this Code – from the day following the day when the validity term of the certificate has expired 3) when making a decision on revocation of a certificate – from the date when such a decision comes into effect 4) in case of liquidation of the legal entity – from the day following the day when the record was made by the registration bodies in the Single State Register of Legal Entities stating that this legal entity is in the process of liquidation in compliance with legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan 5) in case of cessation of activity of a legal entity as a result of reorganization, except in case of its transformation – from the day following the day when reorganization of the legal entity is considered to be completed in compliance with legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan 2. (...) The customs bodies shall use the data of special customs statistics exclusively for customs purposes.
Language:English
Score: 886400.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...e/tjk_e/WTACCTJK13A1_LEG_2.pdf
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WTO Seminar on Technical Assistance on Customs Valuation Seminar on Technical Assistance on Customs Valuation 6-7 November 2002 Presentation by Mr. (...) My presentation will largely be based on what have been said during the Symposium, in the attempts to make a linkage between the works done by the WCO and the WTO. (...) All WCO Members, developed countries and developing countries alike, are well aware of the benefits of a well functioning valuation system based on common rules and its pivotal role in trade facilitation.
Language:English
Score: 886197.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...seminar_nov02_e/mikuriya_e.doc
Data Source: un
IMF, Dealing with the Revenue Consequences of Trade Reform (February 15, 2005). 9 GATT Article VII, Interpretative Note Ad Paragraph 1. A Handbook on WTO Customs Valuation Agreement 4 Apart from tax and duty assessment, customs valuation rules are used by customs authorities in their administration of non-revenue measures, such as: Import quotas based on customs value. • Rules of origin. (...) Customs valuation systems generally followed one of two conceptually different approaches: those based on a “notional” concept of value, and those based on a “positive” concept. (...) Under these systems, customs value was generally based on the actual price paid for the goods, rather than an abstract or notional price that might be paid under perfect competitive conditions .
Language:English
Score: 885138.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...booksp_e/handbook_cusval_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Technology and Competitive Advantage • A firm strengthens its competitiveness if it can create greater “value” for its customer than its competitors. • The main five determinants of customer value creation are: Quality (of the product or service) Speed (of delivery) Flexibility (extent of customisation) Convenience (from order to delivery) Cost (life cycle cost to the customer) • These may be referred to as the Core Value Determinants (CVD) 4 APCTT • Based on these Core Value Determinants (CVDs), customer value may be defined as: Customer Value = F (Quality, Speed, Flexibility, Convenience) Cost • In today’s context, all of these CVDs have to necessarily incorporate environmental and sustainability dimensions. 5 APCTT • Technology strengthens a firm’s competitive advantage by helping it to enhance customer value by bringing about: Improved quality Increased speed of delivery Greater customisation of products and services Greater convenience for the customer Lowered cost through productivity gains • A firm that can create more customer value than another, within the same market segment will be the more competitive of the two. • Firms create this value through the deployment of its technological capabilities. 6 APCTT 2. (...) Intelligent manufacturing systems (KBSs, NNs, GAs, FL, CBR, and HS) for process planning, quality management, maintenance and diagnosis, and scheduling 14 APCTT • Selling and servicing capability Proactive cybermarketing Web-based provision of technical information, bulletins, etc. (...) Assessment - Groupware and Intranet for internal discussion and the use of web-based services of specialist firms to acquire potential partner information Negotiation - Internet telephony, videoconferencing, teleconferencing, and privately hosted electronic arbitration rooms Funds Identification capability Use of Internet-based consulting firms, and “intelligent software agents” for organizing and filtering “hits. 17 APCTT • Supplementary Capabilities (cont.)
Language:English
Score: 884366.6 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/...tation%20on%207%20November.pdf
Data Source: un
Such policies are Administration-specific in the case of charging end customers, and such policies are subject to (bilateral) agreements between Administrations in case of accounting. 4.2.3 Reservation based charge element (Note 1) The reservation based charge element applies a charge for the reservation made in the network for a specific connection. (...) Another way for reservation based charge is a WCR that is one of the reservation/usage based charge element for that connection. (...) It is for example possible that each provider charges only their respective end- customers, with no settlements established between providers. • Accounting may be based on the charge units, charge elements, charge parameters and concepts described in Clause 5.
Language:English
Score: 883828.6 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech...anualAddReferences/A_3_2_9.pdf
Data Source: un
TimeShift TV requests are sorted from whole http traffic based on URL extensions. And calculation is executed as follows: = number of successful MW server responds amount of http get messages for Timeshift TV interactions MW Server Catchup TV success rate: Customers can watch old programs which are listed on electronic program guide whenever they want. (...) After than calculations are executed based on the mathematical model. OTT Streaming Performance Measurements on Mobile Core Network | OTT Streaming Performance Measurements on Mobile Core Network Quality Metrics Operators offer their own Client application software for customers’ use. (...) And than following ratio is calculated: = number of sessions > 938 kbyte amount of customer sessions OTT Streaming Performance Measurements on Mobile Core Network | Quality Metrics Average Streaming throughput: Session based Customer throughput experience is achieved by following function: = average(amount of downloaded streaming data) duration of streaming session The calculation is carried out for the sessions that at least one minute playback has been exist by customers.
Language:English
Score: 883728.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...Documents/A_D_Presentation.pdf
Data Source: un
Priority was given to installing the ASYCUDA World System, providing specialized training and putting procedures into place based on the recommendations of the World Customs Organization (WCO). (...) Before these measures were taken, our work was based on legislation dating from the colonial period (1947, 1963, etc.) 2. (...) Infrastructural changes to adapt the building. Liaison between the Customs and customs brokers via ASYCUDA. The previous paper‑based process was very slow.
Language:English
Score: 883695 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...udies_e/overall_impl_stp_e.doc
Data Source: un
WTO | Commemoration of the 25th Anniversary of the Customs Valuation Agreement WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION Home   |  About WTO   |  News & events   |  Trade topics   |  WTO membership   |  Documents & resources   |  External relations Contact us   |  Site map   |  A-Z   |  Search español   français home trade topics customs valuation commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the customs valuation agreement customs valuation Commemoration of the 25th Anniversary of the Customs Valuation Agreement Geneva, WTO Headquarters 17 November 2020 Customs Valuation In commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the Customs Valuation Agreement (CVA), the Chair of the Committee on Customs Valuation, Mr Carlos Guevara (Ecuador), hosted a two-hour virtual seminar on 17 November 2020 during which WTO members and other customs experts presented their perspectives and experiences with the CVA. The Preamble to the CVA recognizes the need for a fair, uniform and neutral system for the valuation of goods, and states that customs value should be based on simple and equitable criteria consistent with commercial practices. (...) Opening remarks 15:00 – 15:05 Carlos Guevara – First Secretary, Permanent Mission of Ecuador to the WTO, Chair of the Committee on Customs Valuation Experience with the CVA over the past 25 years 15:05 – 15:55 Speakers: Ping Liu – Director, Tariff and Trade Affairs Directorate, World Customs Organization "The WCO and the Customs Valuation Agreement" Kelly Cristina Silva Morgero – Tax Auditor, Coordination-General of Customs Administration, Special Secretariat of the Federal Revenue of Brazil "Updating Valuation Regulations and Upholding the CVA" Presentation Jean-François Bédard – Manager, Commercial and Trade Branch, Canada Border Services Agency "Transparency under the Customs Valuation Agreement" Presentation Qianyu Lin – Deputy Director of Customs Valuation, Division of Shenzhen Customs, China "Uniformity in the Implementation of the CVA in China" Presentation John Malone – Senior Customs Expert "Value in Global Trade: Stability and Change, Gains and Benefits of a Rules-Based System" Presentation Looking ahead to the future of the CVA 15:55 – 16:40 Speakers: Jean-Michel Grave – Head of Unit E.5 "International Affairs II", Directorate-General for Taxation and the Customs Union, European Commission "Changes in Trade Patterns – A Challenge for CVA" Presentation Lee Yok Yong – Assistant Director of Customs, Valuation Management Branch, Royal Malaysian Customs Department "Administering Advance Rulings on Customs Valuation Effectively" Presentation Messan Kuassivi – Director of Legislation, Revenue Authority, Togo   "Modernization of Togo Customs" Presentation Tom Voege – Head of EU Affairs & Customs and Transport Lead, International Chamber of Commerce "Customs Valuation – A Private Sector View" Presentation Closing remarks 16:40 Suja Rishikesh Mavroidis – Director of the Market Access Division, WTO Share    Problems viewing this page?
Language:English
Score: 883518 - https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/cusval_e/cuv_at25_e.htm
Data Source: un