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This naturally leads to greater efficiency in revenue collection and in the fulfillment of other missions of the Customs administration. · Governance: the risk management system ensures that Customs controls are based on objective criteria that are established in advance. (...) The current phase of implementation involves the signing and implementation of performance contracts between top management and subordinates officers on the one hand, and between Customs and traders on the other hand. These performance contracts are based on indicators released by the system which enable to measure the level of compliance, the time taken to process a consignment and other relevant parameters. (...) Lessons learned: · The main lessons learned has been the fact that 100% controls are not necessarily more efficient than selective controls based on risk assessment. · Another major lesson learned is that a positive change of attitude and behavior, both from Customs officers and trader, can be achieved from non-financial incentives such as the ‘honor factor’ of being seen by one’s peers to be a good example of what is expected of a trader or an officer.
Language:English
Score: 843321.6 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...ase_studies_e/risk_m_cmr_e.doc
Data Source: un
BASIC PROVISIONS Article 1 Customs Activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan Customs activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan establishes the procedure and conditions with regard to goods and means of transport conveyed across the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan, customs clearance and customs control, the application of customs procedures, levying customs duties and taxes, combating violations in the sphere of customs activity, and other means of executing customs policy, including customs administration and the operations of the customs authorities of the Republic of Kazakhstan, based on authoritative relationships between the State and persons carrying out foreign economic and other activity. (...) Article 17 The Customs Authorities System 1. The customs authorities of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall consist of the following bodies: 1) The Central Customs Authority; 2) Regional customs office, and the Astana and Almaty customs offices (hereinafter referred to as “customs offices”); 3) Customs houses; 4) Customs points; 5) Checkpoints on the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 2. (...) Article 18 Principles of Activity of the Customs Authorities The activity of customs authorities shall be based on the following principles: 1) lawfulness; 2) ensuring the right to defense and equality before the law, respect and observance of the rights of participants in foreign economic and other activity in the sphere of customs activity; 3) publicity; 4) interaction with other state bodies; Article 19 Tasks of the Customs Authorities The customs authorities shall carry out the following tasks: 1) participate in the development and pursuit of the customs policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 2) ensure, within the limits of their authority, the economic safety and economic sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 3) ensure compliance with customs and other legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan, control over which observance must be implemented by the customs authorities; 4) ensure observance of tariff and non-tariff regulatory measures set forth by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan with regard to goods and means of transport conveyed across the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 5) combat contraband and other offenses in the sphere of customs activity when conveying goods and means of transport across the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan; stop the illegal circulation over the customs border of narcotic and psychotropic substances and their components, weaponry, cultural and historical valuables, the archeological heritage of the Republic of Kazakhstan and foreign states, radioactive substances, endangered plants and animals, parts and derivatives thereof, objects of intellectual property, and other goods; promotion of opposition to international terrorism and prevention of unlawful intervention in the functioning of international civil aviation in the airports of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 6) conduct and improve customs clearance and customs control procedures, create conditions promoting intensive turnover of goods across the customs border of the Republic of Kazakhstan; 7) exercise currency control within the limits of their authority; 8) ensure the implementation of international obligations of the Republic of Kazakhstan and participate in the development of international agreements of the Republic of Kazakhstan pertaining to customs activity; cooperate with customs and other competent bodies of foreign states and international organizations engaged in customs activity; 9) take part in the implementation of the single budget policy, and the development of the material, technical and social basis of the customs authorities; 10) carry out other tasks stipulated by legislative acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Language:English
Score: 843299.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/kaz_e/WTACCKAZ39_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
Quotas and individual customs duty reductions will usually be granted by the relevant authorities (Customs or Agricultural Authority). The Customs authorities or the Agricultural authorities register these quotas and duty reductions directly into the customs clearance data base. (...) It is based on the principle that all formalities should be carried out at a single spot , and thus, that the customs authorities of one of the Contracting Parties may control the implementation of customs provisions, import and export provisions and any other provisions concerning trade on behalf of the customs authorities of the other Contracting Party involved.
Language:English
Score: 842961.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...e/case_studies_e/bac_nor_e.doc
Data Source: un
Step 2: Implementing key projects for Agriculture Trade Facilitation Based on the findings of the BPAs, the Greek Ministry of Rural Development and Food (MRDF) and the Department of Customs of the Ministry of Finance started a number of projects to simplify the procedures for Greek agriculture exports. (...) In all other cases, a conformity certificate is issued af- ter a physical inspection. Risk-based trade control means to focus control in high-risk con- signments based on risk param- eters. (...) This system connects the risk-based management approach for quality certificates implemented by MRDF with the automated risk assessment (selectivity) module used by Customs.
Language:English
Score: 842215.7 - https://unece.org/DAM/trade/Gr...nts/PolicyBriefSmarterFood.pdf
Data Source: un
Customs value of goods transported through the Customs border shall be determined according to the transaction price method, if: (a) there is no reasonable basis for the Customs Authorities to conclude that the document presented pursuant to part 1 of this article is false; (b) there are no restrictions in respect of disposition or use of the goods by the purchaser other than restrictions imposed by laws of the Republic of Armenia or decisions of the Government, or those limiting the geographical area in which the goods may be resold, or which do not affect essentially the price of commodity; (c) the sale or the sale (purchasing) price of the goods are not subject to some condition or consideration, for which customs value cannot be determined based on the cost of the goods; (d) any part of the proceeds of any subsequent use, resale or disposal of the goods by the purchaser does not accrue, directly or indirectly, to the vendor, except for the possibility to make additions pursuant to subparagraph g, Article 83 of the present Code; (e) the purchaser and the vendor are not related, and if they are, the Declarant shall substantiate that Customs Value calculated by transaction method is close to one of the following values:  The transaction value of identical or similar goods sold within the same or approximately the same time period to the purchasers not related to the seller for exporting to RA,  Customs Value determined for identical or similar goods within the same or approximately the same time period in accordance with Article 91,  Customs Value determined for identical or similar goods within the same or approximately the same time period in accordance with Article 92. (...) This specification shall be based on facts, irrespective of the circumstances that transaction price increased or decreased after the specification. 2. (...) Add the following sentence to paragraph 3, Art. 96 of the Customs Code: “Apart from this, the fact of appeal provided for in this paragraph shall not serve as a base for imposition of penalties other than those specified in RA Legislation for delays in making Customs payments”.
Language:English
Score: 841734.2 - https://www.wto.org/english/th...c_e/arm_e/WTACCARM20_LEG_1.pdf
Data Source: un
 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2010-11 Trends in Telecommunication Reform 2010-11 nonbanks) that carry out transactions on behalf of the bank. In a nonbank-based model, on the other hand, the customer does not have a direct contractual rela-tionship In countries, such as Afghanistan, Kenya, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines and South Africa, various forms of m-Banking services are expanding the financial services frontier. (...) While this dis-tinction conduct financial transactions, engage in com-merce and transfer balances, for example (see Box 3.10). is useful in delineating the two different mod-els, Two main models of m-Banking have developed over the last few years: (i) bank-based and (ii) nonbank-based. ultimately even nonbank-based models rely on In a bank-based model, customers establish a banks, as the money collected from the public must be intermediated by a bank under the full purview of pru-dential direct contractual relationship with a prudentially li-censed regulation and supervision.112 and supervised financial institution, even though the customer may only deal with agents (i.e., Box 3.10: Various types of m-Banking services m-Banking refers to a variety of services, and we use the term in a broad sense here. (...) Figure 3.10: M-Banking models Bank / Nonbank involvement in M-Banking Nonbank issues electronic value and holds matching value assets in pooled account Bank issues electronic Bank(s) offer individual accounts accessed through nonbank-managed Bank(s) offer value which is individual accounts that can be used purchased from bank and redistributed by nonbank directly to agent through in regulated bank networks and/or bankmanaged customers technological platforms branchless channels Safaricom (M-Pesa in Kenya) Globe (GCASH in the Orange Money (Cote D’Ivoire, Senegal and Mali) SMART (for 21 banks in the Philippines) XacBank (Mongolia) Philippines) Bank-based model Nonbank-based model Source: Adapted from Michael Tarazi and Paul Breloff, Nonbank E-Money Issuers: Regulatory Approaches to Protecting Customer Funds, CGAP Focus Note No. 63 (July 2010) at www.cgap.org/gm/document-1.9.45715/FN63_Com.pdf 106 Chapter 3
Language:English
Score: 841472.5 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/Publ...10/web/WebSearch/page0030.html
Data Source: un
TEXT OF ARTICLE VII AND INTERPRETATIVE NOTE AD ARTICLE VII Article VII Valuation for Customs Purposes 1. The contracting parties recognize the validity of the general principles of valuation set forth in the following paragraphs of this Article, and they undertake to give effect to such principles, in respect of all products subject to duties or other charges* or restrictions on importation and exportation based upon or regulated in any manner by value. (...) The bases and methods for determining the value of products subject to duties or other charges or restrictions based upon or regulated in any manner by value should be stable and should be given sufficient publicity to enable traders to estimate, with a reasonable degree of certainty, the value for customs purposes. (...) Under this Act the difference between the lower export value and the “value for duty” would be levied by the Canadian customs authorities as “dumping duty”. The United States claimed that this determination of the value for duties of fresh potatoes constituted a “determination based on arbitrary or fictitious value” inconsistent with the provisions of Article VII:2(a).
Language:English
Score: 841465.3 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...i17_e/gatt1994_art7_gatt47.pdf
Data Source: un
The e-freight project plan requires that pilot trading chains include customs portals, which have implemented the Single Window recommendation based on a mutually consistent framework of UNeDocs and WCO data models. 9. (...) This project is named ITAIDE and its objectives include the development of a canonical data model based on ECE/TRADE/CEFACT/2006/8/Add.1 page 3 UN/CEFACT standards and aligned to the WCO data model which can be deployed as the foundation of practical solutions to improve the pan-European interoperability of EU taxation and customs systems. (...) There were interesting presentations on the cost benefits offered by adopting the UNeDocs and WCO standards and on how to develop customization strategies to suit national, regional or industry- based adoption. 12.
Language:English
Score: 841312.7 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...plenary06/trd_cf_06_08_a1e.pdf
Data Source: un
UNeDocs Adoption UNeDocs Adoption of Aligned Documentation System based on UN Layout key in 1990 SW in 1995 for pre-shipment export documents based on UN Layout key. (...) Registration of licence Customs 4. Release advice within Customs Customs 5. (...) Registration of licence Customs 4. Release advice within Customs Customs 5.
Language:English
Score: 840979.2 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...6/presentations/khan_india.pps
Data Source: un
Trade Facilitation Implementation in TANZANIA Prepared by: James John Mbunda , Manager Modernisation and Quality Assurance, 5th September 2011 ACRONYMS ASYCUDA - Automated System for Customs Data ASY-SCAN - Web applications in ASYCUDA++ to facilitate e-documents ASY-BANK - Web applications in ASYCUDA++ to facilitate e-banking ASY-REPORT - Web applications in ASYCUDA++ to facilitate e-report CED - Customs and Excise Department CMA - Customs Management Act CRMS - Computerised Risk Management System DB - Doing Business DFID - Directorate for International Development-UK DIS - Destination Inspection Scheme DTI - Direct Trader Input EAC - East African Community ICF - Investment Climate Facility ICD - Internal Containers Depot IMF - International Monetary Fund ISO - International Organisation for Standards NSGRP - National Strategies for Growth and Reduction of Poverty OGA - Other Government Departments PCA - Post Clearance Audit PMO - Prime Minister’s Office PSDS - Private Sector Development Strategy PSI - Pre-Shipment Inspection TAFFA - Tanzania Freight Forwarders Association TASAA - Tanzania Shipping Agencies Associations TBS - Tanzania Bureau of Standards TFDA - Tanzania Foods and Drugs Authority TICTS - Tanzania International Container Terminal Services TISS - Tanzania Inter-Bank Settlement payment System TPA - Tanzania Port Authority TPD - Transactions Price Data base TRA - Tanzania Revenue Authority TRS - Time Release Study SUMATRA - Tanzania Government Chemist and Laboratory Services WB - World Bank WCO - World Customs Organisation WCO SAFE Framework - World Customs Organisation‘s Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade WTO - World Trade Organisation. (...) Did it build on recent reforms? The Customs Modernisation Strategy and Action Plan 2009/10-2012/13 is part of the Tanzania Revenue Authority’s Third Corporate Plan 2008/9-2012/13 implemented since 1st July 2009 with the following broad strategic objective;- a) Provides a roadmap to modernizing and automating processes and procedures and bringing the practices of the Tanzania Customs to the level of international best practice, the WCO SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and facilitate Global Trade. b) To create an environment conducive to investment and business, promote broad-based participation in production and trade and facilitate trade in international markets and therefore supporting broad Government economic and social policies, particularly the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP), the Private Sector Development Strategy (PSDS), and the Private Sector Competitiveness Project. (...) With regard to WCO Frame work of Standards, Customs modernisation strategies built on the following areas;- Globally networked Customs; Better coordinated border management; Intelligence-driven risk management; Customs-Trade partnership; Post Clearance audit based controls; Enabling technology and tools(U se of x-ray scanners and Computerized Risk Management System; A professional, knowledge-based service culture( Implementation quality management system-ISO 9001:2008 ); Capacity building( Training, succession plan, payment based performance ); Integrity ( implementation of The WCO Arusha Declaration and National anti-corruption strategies) ; Anti-smuggling; and Stakeholders( formalised meetings with stakeholders on TRA and Customs administration calendar ).
Language:English
Score: 840906 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...udies_e/overall_impl_tza_e.doc
Data Source: un