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• Alternative Destination motivated to generate traffic • Aim to receive payment quickly before other parts of settlement chain • Even more difficult to detect with roaming Orig ntwk Carrier 1 Carrier 2 Carrier 3 Carrier 4 Number Range holder Alternative Destination Cascading Settlement Artificial inflation of traffic Dealing with International misuse • Under the spotlight - Recommendation E.156 is under review • Where misuse occurs using International numbering resource E.156 applies • NRAs/operators should notify the ITU when they become aware of misuse • They must explain why they believe that a misuse is occurring • NRAs are invited to publish in the ITU Operational Bulletin details of misuse of numbering resources that is their responsibility to increase awareness e.g. pointing out that particular numbering ranges are not assigned and therefore should not be routed • Once traffic has left NRA Jurisdiction its no longer their responsibility • The ITU looking to provide additional guidance through a ‘best practice’ Supplement - Needs to deal with Premium Rate Services, Fixed/Mobile Numbers Common theme -high termination rates! Dealing with misuse of National numbers • Where such misuse is occurring nationally the issue should be raised with the relevant national numbering plan administrator. • Not all countries have procedures in place to deal with this! (...) ‒ Agreed procedures when misuse occurs including reporting requirements and follow on actions • Operator issues ‒ Awareness of rules ‒ Awareness of actions required ‒ Billing ‒ Intelligent call barring ‒ Traffic analysis • Consumer issues ‒ Price Warnings ‒ Number Barring ‒ Customer relationships!
Language:English
Score: 1201613.9 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/W...20of%20Numbers%20Issue%201.pdf
Data Source: un
DSD :: Resources - Documents - Other Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content | Skip to Other CSD Sessions Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Resources > Documents > Other Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Documents: Other Policy Briefs - DSD Document Symbol Document Title COP15 Policy Brief #1 Ocean Acidification: A Hidden Risk for Sustainable Development December 2009 [pdf 70 KB] Development Policy and Analysis Division - DESA Document Symbol Document Title 2010 Policy Brief #27 Can we Avert the Next Dollar Crisis? 2009 Policy Brief #26 Ocean Acidification: A Hidden Risk for Sustainable Development Policy Brief #25 The challenges of adapting to a warmer planet for urban growth and development Policy Brief #24 Climate Change & the Energy Challenge Policy Brief #23 Stronger Industrial Policies Needed to Face the Climate & Development Challenges Policy Brief #22 Financing Mitigation & Adaptation by Developing Countries Policy Brief #21 Climate Justice: Sharing the Burden Policy Brief #20 Multidimensional Climate Threats Require New Approaches & More Resources for Adaptation Challenge Policy Brief #19 Technology Transfer & Climate Change: Beyond TRIPS Policy Brief #18 Climate Change and Technology Transfer: The Need for a Regional Perspective Policy Brief #17 Reaching a Climate Deal in Copenhagen Policy Brief #16 Forests: the Green and REDD of Climate Change Policy Brief #15 Finance for Forests and Climate Change Policy Brief #13 The Trillion Dollar Plan Policy Brief #12 A Global Green New Deal for Sustainable Development [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1188402.3 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/resources/res_docuothe.shtml
Data Source: un
DSD :: Resources - Publications - Sustainable Development Topics Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content | Skip to Other GA Sessions Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Resources > Publications > Sustainable Development Topics Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Sustainable Development Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Finance [Finance home page] TITLE Hashimoto Action Plan II [pdf 129 Kb] DATE January 2010 ANNOUNCEMENT The United Nations Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Water and Sanitation (UNSGAB) is embarking on their next strategic phase with the release of the Hashimoto Action Plan II. (...) January 2010 [pdf 181 KB] TITLE Technical Note: A Global Green New Deal for Climate, Energy, and Development [pdf 1,492 KB] DATE December 2009 SUMMARY This paper lays out a strategy - a Global Green New Deal - for reducing greenhouse gas emissions without sacrificing development. (...) [pdf 181 KB] 2009: A Global Green New Deal for Climate, Energy, and Development [pdf 1,492 KB] 2009: World Economic and Social Survey: Promoting Development, Saving the Planet 2009: UNDESA Policy Brief # 15: Finance for Forests and Climate Change [pdf 61.32 KB] 2007: Sustainable Development Innovation Briefs :: Issue 2 2007: Sustainable Development Innovation Briefs :: Issue 1 2002: FINANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: Testing New Policy Approaches [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1164378.9 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/resources/res_publsdt_fin.shtml
Data Source: un
DSD :: Areas of Work :: Climate Change - Meetings & Workshops - Briefing, Aug 2009 Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Areas of Work > Climate Change > Meetings & Workshops > Briefing (08-2009 Secondary Links Climate Change :: & Sustainable Development :: Adaptation :: COP15 CSD :: Learning Centre :: Partnerships Fair :: Side Events Meetings & Workshops Case Studies Database Speeches & Statements Press Releases Publications Documents Links Contact Us Climate Change: Briefing, New York, 26 August 2009 Briefing on the Scientific Basis for Climate Policy by Dr. (...) Additional information on Climate Change The IPCC: http://www.ipcc.ch/ UNFCCC: http://unfccc.int/2860.php United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP 15): http://en.cop15.dk/ The UN-led Seal the Deal Campaign: http://www.sealthedeal2009.org/ Briefing Details Key Points Background Flyer Media Advisory Additional Information Climate Change Synthesis Report Interview with Dr. Rajendra Pachauri IPCC UNFCCC COP 15 Seal the Deal Campaign [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1134454.7 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/dsd..._briefing0809_background.shtml
Data Source: un
Microsoft PowerPoint - S5.2Egyedi_Sherif_ITU2008v2.ppt 1 Geneva, 12-13 May 2008 Standards’ Dynamics Through An Innovation Lens: Next Generation Ethernet Networks Tineke Mirjam Egyedi (TU Delft) & Mostafa Hashem Sherif (AT&T) ITU-T Kaleidoscope Conference Innovations in NGN 2 Question • Standards change inherent but problematic component of innovation • When and where are issues of standards’ change likely to occur and how can stakeholders deal with it? • Structure of presentation • Innovation theory • Illustration: next generation Ethernet • Tools • Conclusion 3 Drivers for standards’ change 4 Innovation framework • Technology life-cycle • Timing of standardization • Classification of innovations 5 Technology life cycle 6 Timing of Standardization Time Pe rf o rm an ce Anticipatory standards Enabling standards Responsive standards Technology transition New technology Existing technology 7 Classification of innovations Platform Innovation Radical Innovation New Value Chain New Technology Existing Value Chain Architecture Innovation Incremental Innovation Technological Discontinuity Value Chain Discontinuity Disruptive Innovations Sustaining Innovations Existing Technology 8 Case: New generation Ethernet networks 9 Tool 1: Timing of Standardization & Dynamics of standards 10 Tool 2: Type of innovation & characteristics of standards’ change 11 Conclusion • We used innovation theory to develop tools that indicate “where and when issues of change are likely to occur and in what way standardisers can deal with change” • Research recommendations • Check predictions future Ethernet • Measure and quantify tools
Language:English
Score: 1129842.8 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it.../29/01/T29010050020001PDFE.pdf
Data Source: un
DSD :: Resources - Publications - Core Publications Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content | Skip to Other GA Sessions Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Resources > Publications > Core Publications Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Core Publications Agenda 21 [an error occurred while processing this directive]   Chapter [an error occurred while processing this directive] Section II Conservation & Management of Resources for Development Chapter 10 Integrated Approach to the Planning & Management of Land Resources Introduction 10.1. (...) Since the programme deals with an important cross-sectoral aspect of decision-making for sustainable development, it is closely related to a number of other programmes that deal with that issue directly. (...) [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1113707 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/agenda21/res_agenda21_10.shtml
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DSD :: Resources - Publications - Sustainable Development Topics Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content | Skip to Other GA Sessions Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Resources > Publications > Sustainable Development Topics Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Sustainable Development Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Energy [Energy home page] TITLE Technology Development and Transfer for Climate Change: A Survey of Activities by United Nations System Organizations [pdf 2,273 KB] DATE March 2010   Working Paper – March 2010 prepared jointly by DESA and UNIDO. (...) These areas, which are further described in part IV of this survey, are briefly summarised as... see the paper for details TITLE Technical Note: A Global Green New Deal for Climate, Energy, and Development [pdf 1,492 KB] DATE December 2009 SUMMARY This paper lays out a strategy - a Global Green New Deal - for reducing greenhouse gas emissions without sacrificing development. (...) The author is Professor at Standford University and Director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development Publications 2010: Technology Development and Transfer for Climate Change [pdf 2,273 KB] 2009: A Global Green New Deal for Climate, Energy, and Development [pdf 1,492 KB] 2009: UNDESA Policy Brief # 24: Climate Change and the Energy Challenge [pdf 110 KB] 2008: Sustainable Development Innovation Briefs :: Issue 6 2007: Case Studies of Market Transformation: Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2007: Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Country Studies on Brazil, Cuba, Lithuania, Mexico, Russian Federation, Slovakia & Thailand 2006: Brazil: A Country Profile on Sustainable Energy Development [pdf 4.5 MB] 2006: Multi Dimensional Issues in International Power Grid Interconnections 2006: Sustainable Consumption and Production: Energy & Industry [478 KB] 2006: Trends in Sustainable Development 2006-2007 2005: Natural Resources Forum Special Issue on Energy Indicators 2005: Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines & Methodologies [pdf 967 KB] 2005: The Effects of Power Sector Reform on Energy Services for the Poor [pdf 24.3 MB] [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1113237.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/resources/res_publsdt_ene.shtml
Data Source: un
DSD :: Sustainable Development Topics :: Trade Skip to main links | Skip to another Sustainable Development Topic | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] SD topics > Trade Links to Sustainable Development Topics by Alphabetical Order [an error occurred while processing this directive] 2010/2011 CSD Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Trade Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Trade and Sustainable Development is addressed in Chapter 2 of Agenda 21, and in Chapter V and Chapter X of the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation.  (...) Agenda 21 calls for “a supportive international climate for achieving environment and development goals by: promoting sustainable development through trade liberalisation; making trade and environment mutually supportive; providing adequate financial resources to developing countries dealing with international debt; and encouraging macroeconomic policies conducive to environment and development.”  (...) Recognizing the major role that trade can play in achieving sustainable development and in poverty eradication, the Plan of Implementation encourages WTO members to pursue the work programme agreed at the Fourth WTO Ministerial Conference.  [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1112320.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/susdevtopics/sdt_trade.shtml
Data Source: un
DSD :: Sustainable Development Topics :: Chemicals - Seminars, Workshops & Meetings Skip to main links | Skip to another Sustainable Development Topic | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] SD topics > Chemicals > Seminars, Workshops & Meetings > Workshop (Dec 2009) Links to Sustainable Development Topics by Alphabetical Order [an error occurred while processing this directive] 2010/2011 CSD Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Chemicals Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Workshop Details Workshop Summary Provisional Agenda Participants Presentations Working Groups Report *new Press Release Other CSD-18 Intersessional Meetings CSD-18 Intersessional Meeting: Workshop on Case Studies in the Sound Management of Chemicals Geneva, Switzerland, 3-4 December, 2009 This workshop is co-organized by United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Division for Sustainable Development (UNDESA-DSD), the Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and the United Nations Environment Programme Chemicals Branch. (...) Outputs will address issues such as the open burning of plastic wastes, heavy metals in toys, and dealing with stockpiles of obsolete pesticides. The publication will also feature initiatives that have contributed to the better management of chemicals such as making chemicals a priority in national development plans; improved legislation and international cooperation; and taking a full life-cycle view in assessments and management plans. [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1112320.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/sus...ics/sdt_toxichemi_ws1209.shtml
Data Source: un
DSD :: Resources - Publications - Sustainable Development Topics Skip to main links | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content | Skip to Other GA Sessions Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Resources > Publications > Sustainable Development Topics Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Sustainable Development Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Climate Change [Climate Change home page] TITLE Technology Development and Transfer for Climate Change: A Survey of Activities by United Nations System Organizations [pdf 2,273 KB] DATE March 2010   Working Paper – March 2010 prepared jointly by DESA and UNIDO. (...) Policy Brief #24 UNDESA Policy Brief # 24: Climate Change and the Energy Challenge August 2009 [pdf 110 KB] Policy Brief #23 UNDESA Policy Brief # 23: Stronger Industrial Policies Needed to Face the Climate & Development Challenges August 2009 [pdf 110 KB] Policy Brief #22 UNDESA Policy Brief # 22: Financing Mitigation & Adaptation by Developing Countries August 2009 [pdf 140 KB] Policy Brief #21 UNDESA Policy Brief # 21: Climate Justice: Sharing the Burden August 2009 [pdf 112 KB] Policy Brief #20 UNDESA Policy Brief # 20: Multidimensional Climate Threats Require New Approaches & More Resources for Adaptation Challenge August 2009 [pdf 96 KB] Policy Brief #19 UNDESA Policy Brief # 19: Technology Transfer & Climate Change: Beyond TRIPS August 2009 [pdf 120 KB] Policy Brief #18 UNDESA Policy Brief # 18: Climate Change and Technology Transfer: The Need for a Regional Perspective July 2009 [pdf 100 KB] Policy Brief #17 UNDESA Policy Brief # 17: Reaching a Climate Deal in Copenhagen June 2009 [pdf 72 KB] Policy Brief #16 UNDESA Policy Brief # 16: Forests: the Green and REDD of Climate Change April 2009 [pdf 67.28 KB] Policy Brief #15 UNDESA Policy Brief # 15: Finance for Forests and Climate Change April 2009 [pdf 61.32 KB] Policy Brief #12 UNDESA Policy Brief # 12: A Global Green New Deal for Sustainable Development March 2009 [pdf 95 KB] TITLE The TRIPS Agreement and Transfer of Climate-Change-Related Technologies to Developing Countries [pdf 625.54 KB] DATE October 2008 ABSTRACT Despite numerous international commitments to promote transfer of climate-change related technologies to developing countries, such transfers are not occurring at a sufficient rate to aid these nations in mitigating and adapting to the effects of climate change. (...) TITLE Trends in Sustainable Development 2006-2007 DATE April 2006 FOREWORD excerpt: ...This report highlights key developments and recent trends in the areas of Energy for Sustainable Development, Industrial Development, Atmosphere /Air Pollution and Climate Change — the four interrelated topics being considered by the Commission on Sustainable Development at its 14th and 15th sessions (2006-07)... [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 1099445.7 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/resources/res_publsdt_cc.shtml
Data Source: un