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LAWS AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TREATIES ON NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES :VIET NAM / COMMUNICATED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF VIET NAM
Organizing the drug detoxification system, training and fostering the contingent of detoxification staff, and settling post-detoxification social issues; E/NL.2002/6 Page 13 3. (...) Making statistics and assessment of the situation of drug detoxification, and settling post-detoxification social issues; 5. (...) Participating in international cooperation in drug detoxification and settlement of post-detoxification social issues.
Language:English
Score: 1313302.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...get?open&DS=E/NL.2002/6&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Today, it’s primary active chemical constituent, ibogaine, is used as an experimental natural health care product in many parts of the world, primarily for treatment of substance use disorders, and in particular for detoxification from opiates. Ibogaine is subject to strict restrictions or bans in a total of 7 U.N. member states.1 However, in others, experimental legal structures for its use in medicine are either in effect or in development. (...) It suggests that this wider categorization, shared by 236 substances as of 2012, are “substances of abuse, either in a pure form or a preparation, that are not controlled by international drug conventions, but which may pose a public health threat.”7 The definition of ibogaine as an NPS conflicts with the fact that elsewhere in UNODC literature it is stated that drug addiction itself “produces serious, pervasive and expensive social problems.”8 Ibogaine has been shown to possess unique application in the treatment of addiction,9 and, further, observational follow-up studies on patients who were administered ibogaine for drug detoxification report a high degree of success that is at least comparable to other treatment modalities.10 Additionally, this definition of ibogaine as a “drug of abuse,” conflicts with numerous published sources that cite its lack of addictive potential. (...) Our organization is currently in the process of developing Clinical Guidelines for Ibogaine-Assisted Detoxification, which address issues of minimum care standards for clinicians.
Language:English
Score: 1268856.1 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...balIbogaineTherapyAlliance.pdf
Data Source: un
Functions performed by soil biota Function Organism Maintenance of soil structure Bioturbating invertebrates and plant roots, mycorrhizae and some other microorganisms Regulation of soil hydrological processes Most bioturbating invertebrates and plant roots Gas exchanges and carbon sequestration Mostly microorganisms and plant roots, some C protected in large compact biogenic invertebrate aggregates Soil detoxification Mostly microorganisms Nutrient cycling Mostly microorganisms and plant roots, some soil and litter feeding invertebrates Decomposition of organic matter Various saprophytic and litter feeding invertebrates (detritivores), fungi, bacteria, actinomycetes and other microorganisms Suppression of pests, parasites and diseases Plants, mycorrhizae and other fungi, nematodes, bacteria and various other microorganisms, collembola, earthworms, various predators Sources of food and medicines Plant roots, various insects (crickets, beetle larvae, ants, termites), earthworms, vertebrates, microorganisms and their by-products Symbiotic and asymbiotic relationships with plants and their roots Rhizobia, mycorrhizae, actinomycetes, diazotrophic bacteria and various other rhizosphere microorganisms, ants Plant growth control (positive and negative) Direct effects: plant roots, rhizobia, mycorrhizae, actinomycetes, pathogens, phytoparasitic nematodes, rhizophagous insects, plant growth promoting rhizosphere microorganisms, biocontrol agents Indirect effects: most soil biota
Language:English
Score: 1238237.3 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...le_files/table_2_functions.pdf
Data Source: un
SECOND BIENNIAL REPORT ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OUTCOME OF THE 20TH SPECIAL SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY, DEVOTED TO COUNTERING THE WORLD DRUG PROBLEM TOGETHER : REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR : ADDENDUM
The corresponding data are presented in tables 7-10 below. 18. Detoxification is among the most commonly used forms of intervention for drug abuse and drug dependency. (...) That is most probably true for the use of detoxification medicines, where practice varies considerably, ranging from herbal treatments to the use of opioid medication. (...) About one out of two States reported medium or high coverage of residential detoxification services, while one in three reported relatively extensive coverage of non-residential detoxification services and one in four reported relatively extensive detoxification services in correctional institutions.
Language:English
Score: 1224591.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=E/CN.7/2003/2/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs (MoLHSA) prepared protocols/treatment standards for toxic psychosis, caused inter alia by psychoactive substances, in order to increase effectiveness of detoxification treatment. Drug addiction programs in the country are financed from the State budget and the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ((hereinafter - GFATM). (...) State stationery detoxification and initial rehabilitation Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia 3 The rehabilitation services aim is the harm reduction and psycho-social rehabilitation after opiate substitution treatment.
Language:English
Score: 1221909.5 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ouncil/DrugProblem/Georgia.pdf
Data Source: un
LAWS AND REGULATIONS PROMULGATED TO GIVE EFFECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TREATIES ON NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES : GUINEA / COMMUNICATED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF GUINEA
Where it is established that persons charged should undergo medical treatment, such persons may be required, by warrant of the investigating judge or juvenile magistrate, to undergo detoxification treatment together with any medical supervision or rehabilitation measures appropriate to their condition. The trial court may also require such persons to undergo detoxification treatment, including by reaffirming the warrant referred to in the preceding paragraph or extending its effects. (...) In the cases provided for in the first three paragraphs, the court may, as an alternative or in addition to the penalty, order the person concerned to undergo detoxification treatment and/or a care programme appropriate to his condition and require him to follow an awareness and training programme.
Language:English
Score: 1187869 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=E/NL.2006/35&Lang=E
Data Source: ods
In particular, under the heading “Drug detoxification and rehabilitation measures” a Parliamentary rapporteur stated that “The so-called war on drugs has filled prisons in many countries, the success in terms of reduction of drug crime being at best doubtful. It is therefore increasingly accepted that for drug offenders, who are themselves addicted, recidivism is best avoided by drug detoxification and rehabilitation measures.” And added: “In my view, imprisonment (together with the confiscation of any ill- gotten gains) is still an appropriate punishment for larger-scale dealers who make a fortune off the backs of addicts who jeopardise their health and often their lives.
Language:English
Score: 1175208.2 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...HRCouncil/DrugProblem/CoE1.pdf
Data Source: un
Biotechnology promises to make a significant contribution in enabling the development of, for example, better health care, enhanced food security, improved supplies of potable water, more efficient industrial development processes for transforming raw materials, support for sustainable methods of afforestation and reforestation, and detoxification of hazardous wastes. It offers new opportunities for global partnerships.
Language:English
Score: 1173272.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/sus...topics/sdt_biotechnology.shtml
Data Source: un
Biotechnology promises to make a significant contribution in enabling the development of, for example, better health care, enhanced food security, improved supplies of potable water, more efficient industrial development processes for transforming raw materials, support for sustainable methods of afforestation and reforestation, and detoxification of hazardous wastes. It offers new opportunities for global partnerships.
Language:English
Score: 1173272.2 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...dissues/biotechnology/biot.htm
Data Source: un
OPTIMIZING SYSTEMS FOR COLLECTING INFORMATION AND IDENTIFYING THE BEST PRACTICES TO COUNTER THE DEMAND FOR ILLICIT DRUGS : REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR : ADDENDUM
Interventions 1. Detoxification-stabilization phase of treatment 37. (...) The rapid opioid detoxification and ultrarapid opioid detoxification using drugs such as naloxone or naltrexone do not confer substantial advantages over existing methods, nor are they more successful in inducting or retaining abstinent patients during relapse prevention. Moreover, ultrarapid opioid detoxification has been associated with some medical risks. 39.
Language:English
Score: 1154346.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=E/CN.7/2003/8/ADD.1&Lang=E
Data Source: ods