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Direct speech Circuit Direct Speech circuit is required. (...) Direct Speech Circuit Direct speech Circuit with Adjacent Centre in India. (...) Direct Speech Circuit Requirement for a Direct SPeech Circuit with Adjacent center Oman.
Language:English
Score: 418572.17 - https://www.icao.int/MID/Docum...nts/2016/CNS%20SG7/WP%2011.pdf
Data Source: un
Background There are two types direct mode in JFCD [1]. One is temporal technique of direct mode and the other is spatial technique of direct mode. (...) Additional Memory for Direct Mode Direct mode refers some information of the co-located picture. (...) The required additional memory storage size of direct temporal is much larger than that of direct spatial.
Language:English
Score: 418473.05 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a...ite/2002_12_Awaji/JVT-F062.doc
Data Source: un
. / Proprietary and Confidential May 2011 Outline • Number Portability implementation options • Technical Approach • Database Options • Worldwide Trends • Key Impacts to Porting Rates • Success Factors • Best Practices Country Technical Method Australia Direct-ACQ Austria Direct-ACQ Belgium Direct-ACQ Canada Direct-ACQ Croatia Direct-ACQ Cyprus Direct-ACQ Czech Republic Direct-ACQ Denmark Direct-ACQ Egypt Direct-ACQ Estonia Direct-ACQ Finland Direct-ACQ France Direct-ACQ Germany Direct-ACQ Greece Direct-ACQ Hong Kong Indirect Hungary Indirect/Query on Release Iceland Direct-ACQ Ireland Direct-ACQ Israel Direct ACQ Italy Direct-ACQ Japan Indirect/Onward Routing Latvia Number Portability Technical Solutions Country Technical Method Lithuania Direct-ACQ Luxembourg Direct-ACQ Macau Direct-ACQ Malta Direct-ACQ Netherlands Direct-ACQ New Zealand Direct-ACQ Norway Direct-ACQ Oman Indirect/Onward Routing Pakistan Direct-ACQ Poland Direct-ACQ* Portugal Indirect/Query on Release Singapore Direct-ACQ* Slovakia Indirect/Onward Routing Slovenia Direct-ACQ Saudi Arabia Direct-ACQ South Africa Direct-ACQ South Korea Direct-ACQ Spain Indirect/Onward Routing Sweden Direct-ACQ Switzerland Indirect/Onward Routing Taiwan Direct-ACQ UK Indirect/Onward Routing* USA Direct-ACQ Number Portability Technical Solutions Number Portability Database Models Centralized Database model » Serves as a common infrastructure for ordering, provisioning and notification processes − Single/centralized reference database containing mapping data of Ported numbers and their respective Routing numbers Distributed Database model » Separate databases representing multiple subsets of total data generally managed by each network operator individually − Subsets of data typically reside at different locations Mobile Number Portability Database Models Country Database Type Australia Centralized Austria Distributed Belgium Centralized Canada Centralized Croatia Centralized Cyprus Distributed Czech Republic Centralized Denmark Centralized Egypt Centralized Estonia Centralized Finland Centralized France Centralized Germany Centralized Greece Centralized Hong Kong Distributed Hungary Centralized Iceland Centralized Ireland Centralized Israel Centralized Italy Centralized Japan Distributed Latvia Centralized Mobile Number Portability Database Models Country Database Type Lithuania Centralized Luxembourg Centralized Macau Centralized Malta Distributed Netherlands Centralized New Zealand Centralized Norway Centralized Oman Distributed Pakistan Centralized Poland Distributed Portugal Centralized Singapore Centralized* Slovakia Distributed Slovenia Centralized Saudi Arabia Centralized South Africa Centralized South Korea Distributed Spain Distributed Sweden Centralized Switzerland Centralized Taiwan Centralized UK Distributed* USA Centralized MNP Deployment - America 8Neustar Confidential and Proprietary Country 08 Population (million) 08 Mobile Subs (thousand) 08 Mobile Penetration MNP Deployment Date Time to Port Porting Charge Brazil 191.97 150,641.0 78% 2008.09.01 3 Days 4 BRL Canada 33.487 21,455.0 64% 2007.03.14 2 hours Free Dominican Republic 9.95 7,210.5 72% 2009.09.30 3–10 Days 80 DOP Ecuador 13.48 11,542.1 86% 2009.10.12 4 Days Free Mexico 108.56 75,305.3 69% 2008.07.05 2-13 Days 1 USD Peru 28.84 20,951.8 73% 2010.01.01 7-9 Days Free (but 15 PEN for new SIM) USA 308.505 285,610.6 93% 2003.11.24 2 hours Free (but monthly NP surchage) MNP Deployment – Asia Pacific • Singapore was the 1st one to launch MNP in the world (1997 with call forwarding) • South Korea is the one with shortest time to port (30 mins) in the world • India MNP launched Jan 2011 • Only country has decided to select 2 CSMS/NPAC vendors • Thailand MNP launched by February of 2011 Country 08 Population (million) 08 Mobile Subs (thousand) 08 Mobile Penetration MNP Deployment Date Time to Port Porting Charge Australia 21.07 22,120.0 105% 2001.09.25 3 hours Free Hong Kong 6.98 11,580.1 166% 1999.03.01 1.5 Days Free (plus call forwarding) Japan 127.29 110,395.0 87% 2006.10.24 2,100 Yen Macau 0.55 933.0 170% 2001 Malaysia 27.01 27,713.0 103% 2008 New Zealand 4.23 4,620.0 109% 2007.04 Pakistan 176.95 88,019.7 50% 2007.03.23 4 Days Singapore 4.62 6,375.5 138% 2008.06.13 1 Day South Korea 48.15 45,607.0 95% 2004.01 30 mins 1,000 KRW Taiwan 23.04 25,412.5 110% 2005.10.13 1 Day 9Neustar Confidential and Proprietary MNP Deployment – Europe • MNP is a mandate from EU • All major European countries have implemented MNP • Some of the European countries have the longest time-to- port (60 days), the highest porting charge (30 euro) 10Neustar Confidential and Proprietary Country 08 Population (million) 08 Mobile Subs (thousand) 08 Mobile Penetration MNP Deployment Date Time to Port Porting Charge Austria 8.34 10,816.0 130% 2004.05 3 Days 19 Belgium 10.59 11,822.2 112% 2002.10 2 days Free Bulgaria 7.58 10,500.2 139% 2008.04 € 2.56 Croatia 4.42 5,879.8 133% 2005.10 5.3 Cyprus 0.86 1,016.7 118% 2004.07 6 days 9.7 Czech Republic 10.32 13,780.2 134% 2006.01.15 5 Days Denmark 5.46 6,862.0 126% 2001.07 30-60 Days 0-29 DKK Estonia 1.34 2,524.5 188% 2005.01.01 5 Days Finland 5.3 6,830.0 129% 2003.07.25 5 Days Free France 62.04 57,972.0 93% 2003.06 7 days Free Germany 82.26 105,523.0 128% 2002.11.01 5 Days €25 (up to €30.72) Greece 11.14 13,799.3 124% 2004.03 12 days Hungary 10.01 12,224.2 122% 2004 6 days Free Ireland 4.44 5,357.0 121% 2003 2 hours Free Italy 59.6 90,341.0 152% 2002.01.15 3 Days 10 Latvia 2006 10 Days Free Lithuania 3.32 5,022.6 151% 2005 5 Days Luxembourg 0.48 707.0 147% 2005.02.01 1 Days Macedonia 2008.09.01 Netherlands 16.53 20,627.0 125% 1999.01 10 days 9.08 Norway 4.77 5,250.9 110% 2001.04.01 5 Days 10 NOK Poland 38.1 43,926.4 115% 2006.02 8 days Free Portugal 10.68 14,909.6 140% 2002.01.01 13 days 15 Romania 21.36 24,467.0 115% 2008.10.21 7-30 Days Free Slovak Republic 5.4 5,520.0 102% 2004.05 20 days 10 Slovenia 2.02 2,054.9 102% 2005 7 days 5 EUR Spain 44.49 49,677.5 112% 2000.12 5 days Sweden 9.2 10,892.0 118% 2001.09.01 5 days Free Switerland 7.54 8,896.7 118% 2000.03 15-30 days 18.62 Turkey 73.91 65,824.1 89% 2008.11.09 6 Days Free United Kingdom 61.23 77,360.8 126% 1999.01 5 Days Free MNP Deployment – Mid East and Africa • Least developed MNP market in the world, in terms of deployments and ported numbers • Several Africa countries are in process of implementing MNP Africa & Mideast Country 08 Population (million) 08 Mobile Subs (thousand) 08 Mobile Penetration MNP Deployment Date Time to Port Porting Charge Egypt 81.53 41,272.5 51% 2008.04 Israel 7.05 8,982.0 127% 2007.12.03 3–4 hours Free Jordan 5.95 6,010.0 101% 2010.06.01 1 Day 7 JOD Nigeria 151.21 62,988.5 42% 2011 Oman 2.79 3,219.3 115% 2006.08.26 3 days Saudi Arabia 25.2 36,000.0 143% 2006.07.08 5 days 11Neustar Confidential and Proprietary Key Impacts to NP Porting Rates • Time to Port » Reducing time to port generally increases the adoption of porting » At the other extreme, it’s less clear that reducing the time to port beyond a few hours results in any material improvement in MNP adoption rates • Porting Process » Manual, complicated, time-consuming processes for end-users need to be avoided » Need to balance convenience with security to keep rejection rate at minimum • End-user Porting Charges » Higher porting charges will lead to lower porting rates » However, a small porting charge doesn’t inhibit the adoption rate 12Neustar Confidential and Proprietary NP Implementation – Best Practices •Regulatory mandates are required to motivate the industry to act on LNP and must define: » Database Method for Number Portability Implementation » Database Architecture and Administration » Deployment Measures » Cost Recovery • Industry involvement is critical for success to: » Develop Business Rules for Porting Processes » Collaboration on New Technology and Supporting Implementation Requirements 13 NP Implementation – Best Practices Success factors: » Maximize the amount of stakeholder awareness and buy-in to the NP Program » Create positive perceptions of the NP Program by highlighting benefits to Operators » Consistent flow of information across business lines is critical to the success of the NP Program. (...) Governance Model Key to Success 18Neustar Confidential and Proprietary FCC Neutrality Criteria • Shall be an independent and impartial non-government entity • May not be an affiliate of any telecommunications service provider » ―Affiliate‖ is a person who controls, is controlled by, or is under the direct or indirect common control with another person • Shall not be aligned with any particular telecommunication industry segment • Not to be subject to undue influence by parties with a vested interest in the outcome • May not issue a majority of its debt to, nor may it derive a majority of its revenues from, any telecommunications service provider 19 © Neustar Inc. / Proprietary and Confidential FCC Neutrality Criteria • Any affiliate may not issue a majority of its debt to, nor derive a majority of its revenues from any telecommunications service provider; » An equity interest by stock, partnership (general or limited) interest, joint venture participation, or member interest in the other person ten (10%) percent or more of the total outstanding equity interests » The power to vote ten (10%) percent or more of the securities » The power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies, whether through the ownership of or right to vote voting rights attributable to the stock, partnership (general or limited) interest, joint venture participation, or member interest) of such other person 20 © Neustar Inc. / Proprietary and Confidential © Neustar Inc. / Proprietary and Confidential21 Other Governance Models 22 CRTC Canadian Radio and Television Commission CISC CRTC Interconnection Steering Committee BPWG Best Practices Working Group CLNPC Canadian Local Number Portability Consortium LNPA WG Local Number Portability Administration Working Group NPAC Number Portability Administration Center CRTC BPWG and LNPA WG CLNPC Users NPAC Master Agreement User Agreements Enforcement/Policy Policy Recommendation Policy/Standards Formation Contract/Procurement Administration Neutral Third Party Services NPAC Users Wireline, Wireless CISC Canada Governance Model - Key Components Proprietary & Confidential23 Brazil LNP Community of Interest ANATEL Brazil Communications Regulatory Agency GIP Portability Group Fixed & Mobile Carriers ABRt Roaming Association ClearTech NeuStar “LLC” The contracting party Group formed by the carriers and led by Anatel Brazil Governance Model • 180 M Population • 110 M Mobile Lines • 50 M Fixed Lines • 4 carriers in each market • NS contract is with ClearTech, local Brazilian partner • 5 year contract • System and Maintenance NCC NPAC Committee owned by operators TECH WG TTC Users Policy, Enforcement Policy enactment Policy/standards formation Contract/procurement administration Neutral third-party services NPAC users Master Agreement User Agreements NCC National Communications Commission (equivalent to FCC) NPAC Number Portability Administration Center TTC Telecom Technology Center (NCC subsidiary) TECH WG Technical Working Group ADMIN WG Administration Working Group Taiwan Governance Model Key to Success 24Neustar Confidential and Proprietary ADMIN WG NP Administration Models Consortium Administration Direct Administration  NP Administrator organization (legal entity such as limited liability corporation) is set-up by Operators/Government  Administrator has a single contract with supplier  NP Administrator manages commercial service delivery with Operators  Supplier acts as administrator  Operator consortium makes initial purchase decision  NP Provision directly engaged from Supplier  Each Operator signs a service contract with Administrator CDB Operators Service contract NP Administrator Operators + Government Service contract NP Administrator System and service contract CDB Gov’t Charging Model Options • Fixed Price » Normally two components − Start-up fee to deploy the NP system − Monthly fixed fee to cover operations & maintenance » Considerations − There has to be a contracting entity − How to split costs amongst participants in a fair & equitable manner?
Language:English
Score: 418138.53 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg...ion3_Country_BestPractices.pdf
Data Source: un
but remember: the Directive will NOT harmonise spectrum use! • Community principles applied: free movement unless a MS has good reasons to bar products (notably radio) • New approach Directive: Relies on voluntary standards ! (...) Needs to operate properly in nationally defined radio spectrum DG Enterprise Mark Bogers, Warsaw, 17-18 October 2000, Eger 19-20 October12 R&TTE Directive: Details (2) •What changes? R&TTE Directive (1999/5/EC) (LVD+EMC Directive conformity assessment procedures can continue to be used) R&TTE Directive (1999/5/EC) (LVD+EMC Directive conformity assessment procedures can continue to be used) DADA DEDE ELEL ESES FRFR UKUK IEIE CZCZ NN ITIT LULU NLNL AA PTPT SFSF SVSV BEBE ISIS CHCH HUHU National interface regulations (radio only)National interface regulations (radio only) DG Enterprise Mark Bogers, Warsaw, 17-18 October 2000, Eger 19-20 October13 R&TTE Directive: Details (3) •How to meet radio requirements? (...) Manufacturer can use the Directive !Declare compliance to old approval specification !
Language:English
Score: 418080.6 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech.../warsaw2001/pdf/3_2_Bogers.pdf
Data Source: un
DSD :: Sustainable Development Topics :: Waste (Radioactive) - Links Skip to main links | Skip to another Sustainable Development Topic | Skip to secondary links | Skip to content Links to UN bodies [an error occurred while processing this directive] Links to site map [an error occurred while processing this directive] UN Economic and Social Development Division for Sustainable Development Main Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] SD topics > Waste (Radioactive) > Links Links to Sustainable Development Topics by Alphabetical Order [an error occurred while processing this directive] 2010/2011 CSD Topics [an error occurred while processing this directive] Waste (Radioactive) Secondary Links [an error occurred while processing this directive] Related Links International Atomic Energy Agency [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Language:English
Score: 417892.8 - https://www.un.org/esa/dsd/sus...vtopics/sdt_wastradilink.shtml
Data Source: un
They are different to mobile device operating system alerts. 3.2.15 objects: Small features in the physical environment, e.g. a lift control button. 3.2.16 orthogonal: Means of communicating general directions to a user which is different to the 'degree' approach and uses directions based on 90 degree angles from a direction straight ahead. 3.2.17 pathways: Corridors, ramps, tunnels, subways, escalators, stairs or lifts (elevators), footways and road crossings. (...) Table 7.1 provides a checklist of conformance requirements regarding the provision of directions (see clause 8 of [ITU-T F.921]). To conform to [ITU-T F.921], the approach to providing directions must include any of the following conditions: a clock face; degree; proportional; orthogonal; or allocentric approach. (...) I.1 Format of provision of directions checklist Table I-1 – Checklist concerning the format of provision of directions Category Implementation Reference Status Support Remarks Approach to provision of directions Clock face approach 8 C*1 Degree approach 8 C*1 Proportional approach 8 C*1 Orthogonal approach 8 C*1 Allocentric approach 8 C*1 NOTE – At least one approach is required.
Language:English
Score: 417878.47 - https://www.itu.int/dms_pub/it...-FSTP-2018-CONF.F921-PDF-E.pdf
Data Source: un
Mbtype Mbtype direct mode subcase other subcase Residual Fi/Fr block structure Reference picture indices Motion Vector Predictor formation Code Diff. Motion Vector Direct spatial direct N/A Coded Coded derived from spatial neighbors derived from spatial neighbors, with stationarity constraint No temporal direct Coded list 1: use ref_idx 0 in list 1 list 0: use co-located block’s list 0 derived from co-located block’s mv’s for ref_idx 0 in list 1 No Skip spatial direct N/A No Both in pair: derived from neighbor left or top MB pair, if neither avail, use frame Only one in pair: derived from other MB in pair same as Direct16x16 spatial same as Direct16x16 spatial [extra rule for MBAFF] No temporal direct Both in pair: derived from co-located block Only one in pair: derived from other MB in pair same as Direct16x16 temporal same as Direct16x16 temporal [extra rule for MBAFF] Bipred N/A predictions from diff. temporal direction Coded Coded Coded derived from spatial neighbors Yes predictions from same temporal directions list 0: derived from spatial neighbors list 1: scaling of list 0 vector
Language:English
Score: 417845.8 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a..._Geneva/B%20mbtype%20table.doc
Data Source: un
Table of contents Executive Summary .-- Chapter I. Overview of foreign direct investment in Latin America and the Caribbean .-- Chapter II. Foreign investment in metal mining .-- Chapter III. Foreign direct investment as a driver of intangible capital accumulation. (...) Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and... Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America and...
Language:English
Score: 417719.14 - https://www.cepal.org/en/publi...tin-america-and-caribbean-2016
Data Source: un
. _____________________________ Abstract The current default intra prediction method in TMuC, Unified Intra Prediction, has up to 33 directional modes and only 1 non-directional mode, which is intra DC mode. (...) The 9 predictors include 8 directional modes and 1 non-directional mode, which is intra DC mode. (...) Group 0 contains the 9 basic intra modes as in H.264/AVC (8 directional modes and DC mode); the directional modes in Group 1 are obtained by rotating the 8 directional modes in Group 0 by π/16 counterclockwise, the non-directional mode in this group is Plane Mode; respectively, the directional modes of Group 2 and Group 3 are obtained by rotating Group 1’s directional modes by π/32 clockwise and counterclockwise.
Language:English
Score: 417636.33 - https://www.itu.int/wftp3/av-a..._10_C_Guangzhou/JCTVC-C111.doc
Data Source: un
In December 2010, the Execu- tive Board decided that this ARRI would focus on direct supervision and implementation support as the main learning theme. (...) A CLE on direct supervision and implementation support is planned for 2012. (...) This will require IFAD to do a better job both in learning about processes related to direct supervision and in sharing the knowledge acquired through its direct supervision activities.
Language:English
Score: 417626.37 - https://www.ifad.org/documents...e6-dd7a-4bbd-bfad-0f653cc0c3e4
Data Source: un