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French President Jacques Chirac awarded the Agricola medal French President Jacques Chirac awarded the Agricola medal, FAO's highest distinction President Jacques Chirac of France was awarded the Agricola medal , FAO's highest distinction, by the Organization's Director-General Jacques Diouf in Paris on Wednesday 11 March.
Language:English
Score: 624317.1 - https://www.fao.org/english/ne...m/highlights/1998/980406-e.htm
Data Source: un
عربي 中文 English Français Русский Español Home Background Programme Registration Events Media Consultations Documents Resources Contact Spread the Word on Social Media #WCIP2014 Facebook The first World Conference on Indigenous Peoples will be held on 22-23 September 2014 http://bit.ly/WCIP2014 Many indigenous peoples are confronted with discrimination, forced displacement, climate change, and lack of access to education, health and social services http://bit.ly/WCIP2014 On the 22nd of Sept, after the adoption or after 1pm Member States have adopted the Outcome Document of the World Conference on indigenous peoples, renewing their commitment to promote, advance and implement the rights of indigenous peoples http://bit.ly/WCIP2014 With about 5ooo distinct indigenous cultures, indigenous peoples make up 95% of the world cultural diversity http://bit.ly/WCIP2014 Twitter The first World Conference on Indigenous Peoples will be held on 22-23 September 2014 http://bit.ly/WCIP2014 #WCIP2014 1 in 3 indigenous person lives in poverty. (...) #WCIP2014 #Indigenous knowledge and practices contribute to sustainable development, biological & cultural diversity #WCIP2014 #UNSG: Let us recognize and celebrate the valuable and distinctive identities of #indigenous peoples #WCIP2014 Copyright | Terms of Use | Privacy Notice | Site Index | Fraud Alert | Contact Us UN Web Services Section, Department of Global Communications , © United Nations
Language:English
Score: 624317.1 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/69/me...ous/social_media_package.shtml
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Social distinctions include civil status, marital status, family situ- ation and maternity.4 Discrimination based on sex also includes sexual harassment. (...) Direct discrimination arises when an explicit distinction, preference or ex- clusion is made on one or more grounds. (...) Distinctions based on skills or efforts are legitimate; and disparities in remuneration that reflect differences in years of education or the number of hours worked are acceptable.
Language:English
Score: 623774.1 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...ts/publication/wcms_116342.pdf
Data Source: un
Social distinctions include civil status, marital status, family situ- ation and maternity.4 Discrimination based on sex also includes sexual harassment. (...) Direct discrimination arises when an explicit distinction, preference or ex- clusion is made on one or more grounds. (...) Distinctions based on skills or efforts are legitimate; and disparities in remuneration that reflect differences in years of education or the number of hours worked are acceptable.
Language:English
Score: 623774.1 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...ts/publication/wcms_116342.pdf
Data Source: un
Shared use of Site Support Cabinets, or SSCs (= more than one Node B in a single SSC) has no further implications for functions control (full legal control of the operator's network) and the independence of the licence holders as competitors and is thus compatible with the Award Conditions. Use of logically distinct Node Bs in one and the same unit instead of physically distinct Node Bs at the same site is covered by the Award Conditions if the individual cooperation agreements guarantee that each licence holder will retain functions control and competitive independence. The preconditions are: a) each licence holder has independent control of his own logical Node Bs so that he can operate his assigned frequencies only (no spectrum pool); b) no exchange of any data relating to competition beyond that required for technical operations takes place (eg customer data); c) separation of the Operation and Maintenance Centres; d) operation of additional own Node Bs (to guarantee the operator's planning autonomy); e) no regional splitting up of coverage areas that rules out network and coverage area overlap. Use of logically distinct RNCs in one and the same unit instead of physically distinct RNCs is covered by the Award Conditions if the individual cooperation agreements guarantee that each licence holder will retain functions control and competitive independence.
Language:English
Score: 623474.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg.../Germany_Fixed_Mobile_Line.pdf
Data Source: un
Shared use of Site Support Cabinets, or SSCs (= more than one Node B in a single SSC) has no further implications for functions control (full legal control of the operator's network) and the independence of the licence holders as competitors and is thus compatible with the Award Conditions. Use of logically distinct Node Bs in one and the same unit instead of physically distinct Node Bs at the same site is covered by the Award Conditions if the individual cooperation agreements guarantee that each licence holder will retain functions control and competitive independence. The preconditions are: a) each licence holder has independent control of his own logical Node Bs so that he can operate his assigned frequencies only (no spectrum pool); b) no exchange of any data relating to competition beyond that required for technical operations takes place (eg customer data); c) separation of the Operation and Maintenance Centres; d) operation of additional own Node Bs (to guarantee the operator's planning autonomy); e) no regional splitting up of coverage areas that rules out network and coverage area overlap. Use of logically distinct RNCs in one and the same unit instead of physically distinct RNCs is covered by the Award Conditions if the individual cooperation agreements guarantee that each licence holder will retain functions control and competitive independence.
Language:English
Score: 623474.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/treg.../Germany_Fixed_Mobile_Line.pdf
Data Source: un
SANDRAGON DISEASE S E P T E M B E R 2 0 0 2 p a g e 1 • Distinct areas of dead and dieing trees seen from the Berjaya Beach Hotel, Mahé. (...) A closer examination of medium-sized and small branches has only recently revealed a distinctive streaking once the outer tissues are lightly peeled away (above). (...) Takamaka wilt and Sandragon Disease are two separate problems. F. oxysporum is a distinct and different fungus to the fungus causing takamaka wilt.
Language:English
Score: 619190.6 - https://www.fao.org/forestry/9...9582e2d6288ff8864ffdf05207.pdf
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•Advantages: – Facilitates application of Art 12 – Certainty for taxpayer – Discloses assessment of countries •Disadvantage: – Limits leeway in application 3 4 2) Difference between lease and sale • Premises: – Art 12 does not apply to transfer of ownership – Distinction – especially in leasing cases – not always easy – Leasing contracts often combine lease and sale element – Hence, guidance welcome • Proposal: Add paragraph to Commentary (see CRP.7 para. 29) – Adapted version of former OECD paragraph – Financial lease = sale – Operating lease = lease – Decisive factor: true legal import vs. economic substance – Catalogue of factors – Disadvantage: Limits leeway in application 5 3) Treatment of transmission capacity OECD view • Use of transmission capacity ≠ use of equipment • Reasons: – No physical possession of equipment – Term “use” suggests positive act of utilization – Rather service provided to payer by the owner • Suggestion: – Include OECD (and possibly, dissenting) view in Commentary (see CRP.7 para 43) Alternative view • Use of transmission capacity = use of equipment • Reasons: – Notion of use does not require physical possession and control – Concept is alien to other items covered by Art 12(3) • Suggestion: – Include provision reflecting this view in Commentary (see CRP.7 para 42) – (Diligence re relation to provision of services required) 4) Relation between Art 8 and Art 12 • Premise: Aircraft, ships and containers are covered by Art 8 and Art 12  potential for conflict • Solution: Explicitly state order of priority • Two possibilities (change either Article or Commentary): • Art 12 prevails over Art 8 – More specific provision in relation to type of p’ment – Limits application of Art 8 (arguably in line with exemption character) – Draft provision: CRP.7 para 56-57 • Art 8 prevails over Art 12 – More specific provision in relation to transportation component – Limits source country taxing rights – Draft provision: CRP.7 para 53-54 6 5) Inclusion of software in Art 12(3) • Current treatment: – Source: Paras 14-14.2 OECD Commentary on Art 12; incorporated into UN Commentary – Dissenting opinion re relevant paragraphs also incorporated into UN Commentary – Distinction  difficult! (...) “program copy” (not covered) • Payments for the use of, or right to use… 7 6) Clarify reasons for dissenting views • Treatment of distribution intermediary – Para 14.4 OECD Commentary • Distinction between use and transfer of ownership – para 15 OECD Commentary – Para 16 OECD Commentary • Treatment of digital products – para 17.2-17.3 of OECD Commentary • Reasons for suggestion: – NOT because reaction to OECD’s view is necessary – BUT to comprehend and anticipate the application of Art 12 Conclusion • Several “areas for action” re ICS equipment and software – Definition of ICS equipment – Difference: lease and sale – Treatment of transmission capacity – Relation: Art 8 and Art 12 – Inclusion of software in definition of royalties – Clarify reasons for dissenting views • Each needs careful discussion among Committee Members 9 Annex: CRP.7 paragraph 29 13.2 A clear distinction must be made between royalties paid for the use of equipment, which fall under Article 12, and payments constituting consideration for the sale of equipment, which may, depending on the case, fall under Articles 7, 13, 14 or 21. (...) Alternative 13.3 A payment can be said to be “for the use, or the right to use, industrial, commercial or scientific equipment” if the payment is made for availing of the capacity and functions of a certain item to the payer unless the payment is made to the payee for the use of equipment by the payee for providing series to the payer. The distinction will depend on the involvement of the payee in the arrangement and if possible, the arrangement could be separated into a service and an equipment use component. 12 CRP.7 paragraph 43: Dissenting view on OECD view 13.6 Paragraphs 13.3-13.5 reproduce the view of the OECD Commentary on the treatment of satellites, cables for the transmission of electrical power or communications, pipelines and similar types of equipment (see paragraphs 9.1-9.3 of the OECD Commentary in article 12) with the only alterations being due to the differences between paragraph 2 of article 12 of the OECD Model and paragraph 3 of article 12 of the UN Model.
Language:English
Score: 619190.6 - https://www.un.org/esa/ffd/wp-...s/2015/11/11STM_PPT_Binder.pdf
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Military commanders are responsible for ensuring that troops under their command have received appropriate and sufficient training on respecting the principles of distinction prior to engagement in military operations. (...) As noted above, where a person was placed in a situation where irregular or “rebel” forces are mixed in with the general population, the challenges posed in proper application of the principle of distinction would be particularly difficult for the reasons cited above. (...) Military commanders are responsible for ensuring that troops under their command have received appropriate and sufficient training on respecting the principles of distinction prior to engagement in military operations.
Language:English
Score: 617987.2 - https://www.icc-cpi.int/sites/...elatedRecords/CR2021_04593.PDF
Data Source: un
Starting with the Charter, which envisages the maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion of resources to arms, reducing military spending was actively pursued throughout the cold war period as a distinct objective within broader negotiations on general and complete disarmament. Separate and distinct efforts to pursue reductions in the military expenditures of the major Powers gave rise to a parallel effort to develop means for sharing information and comparing military spending between States.
Language:English
Score: 617466.36 - https://www.un.org/disarmament...nal-papers-no-33-october-2019/
Data Source: un