REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION ON HIS MISSION TO MONGOLIA :NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Another element that significantly affects access to water and sanitation is the
traditional dwelling, the ger. A ger is a portable roundhouse covered by felt. It is a unique
dwelling that reflects the way that the nomadic population of Mongolia lives. (...) Of course, gradual improvements of the conditions in
the ger areas are compatible with the principle of the progressive realization of human
rights, but the Special Rapporteur would like to emphasize that improvements could be
accelerated and upgraded in the current plans and efforts.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
The Special Rapporteur also notes that the down payment for
the purchase of a dwelling under the middle-income homeownership programme (between
700,000 and 1,000,000 dinars) is too high for the target groups. (...) In most cases, these are persons who are eligible for a dwelling under the public housing
programme and have been on a waiting list for a long period.
38. (...) The authorities had subsequently offered them the choice
between aid for on-site reconstruction, subsidies for purchasing their own dwelling, or
assistance in resettlement in public housing.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
be noted that the Office of the Under-Secretary considered the following situations to constitute a
“shortage of adequate housing”: households living in unsafe dwellings that may or may not be
suitable for renovation, households living in overcrowded rooms in safe dwellings, or overcrowded
households – i.e. more than one household per dwelling.
4 Ibid. In line with the wording used in the census, occupants in an “irregular” situation include owners
of the housing only, occupants of loaned housing, and de facto occupants. (...) The State must pay compensation in cash, in line with the valuation by the National
15 Under the Act, in order to benefit from the scheme, a person has to prove that he/she occupied the
dwelling publicly, peacefully and continuously for three years prior to 1 January 1992, and must
demonstrate legitimate cause. (...) The Special Rapporteur observed that, in response to the country’s many and diverse
housing needs, the system of funding for housing policies is based only on the production
of finished dwellings and home improvements. The Special Rapporteur also notes the lack
of an analytical framework for identifying the various approaches to urbanization and their
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, ITS CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, YAKIN ERTÜRK :ADDENDUM
With the assistance of a crisis
centre, Sahar took the case to court and won the right to live at her in-laws’ dwelling. However,
her return was not well received; she is ignored by her in-laws and deprived of food and a plot
of land to work on. (...) Nonetheless, in such cases, the actual owner must ask any holder of a propiska in his/her
dwelling for authorization to sell and find a mutual agreement. (...) Finally, while it appears relatively common that courts grant women the right to live in
their ex-in-laws’ dwelling - whether they hold residency there or not - as a protection from
forced eviction, this may be the last option a woman would choose.
THE RIGHT TO FOOD : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR, JEAN ZIEGLER : ADDENDUM
Public sector investments in agricultural research and extension and
improvements in small-scale irrigation, have led to substantial increases in wheat and Boro rice
production. (...) Shelters
have been constructed in many areas and the Special Rapporteur saw instructions for their use
painted on the walls of one slum dwelling of Dhaka, a positive element in raising awareness and
reducing the loss of life during disasters.
31. (...) The Bangladesh Integrated
Nutrition Project (BINP) which operated from 1996 to 2003 in cooperation with the NGO BRAC,
has resulted in important improvements in the nutritional status of young children and mothers
in 59 out of 464 upazilas where it has been piloted.
VISIT TO THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA :REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT
In article 2 of
the Framework Act on Residence (2015), it states that “people have the right to live a
decent residential life in a pleasant and stable dwelling environment, protected against any
physical or social danger”.5 It further specifies that people’s housing expenses shall be
maintained at affordable levels through housing supply and subsidization according to
income levels and life cycle, and that housing standards for low-income and other
disadvantaged groups shall be elevated by giving them priority in supply and expense
subsidization. (...) According to article 2 of the Act on Support for Welfare and Self-Reliance of the
Homeless,28 persons living in homelessness are defined broadly to include those who have
lived without a permanent abode or who have slept in a shelter for a substantial period, as
well as persons who live in a dwelling that is considered uninhabitable. Despite this
inclusive definition, statistics gathered in 2016 by the Ministry of Health and Welfare
counted only those sleeping rough or in homeless shelters, amounting to 11,340 people.29
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON ADEQUATE HOUSING AS A COMPONENT OF THE RIGHT TO AN ADEQUATE STANDARD OF LIVING, AND ON THE RIGHT TO NON-DISCRIMINATION IN THIS CONTEXT, RAQUEL ROLNIK : ADDENDUM
Prior to 1991, occupants of socially owned dwellings had very strongly protected
tenancy rights (better known as occupancy tenancy rights or OTR), including the right to
live in their dwelling indefinitely and to transfer this right to direct family members. (...) Annex G to
the agreement stresses that dwelling rights shall be applied equally to all persons who were
citizens of the former Yugoslavia. (...) Despite the adoption of national programmes addressed to Roma
people, it remains to be seen to what extent they can help improve the housing conditions of
this community as a whole. While some improvements have been shown in certain formal
Roma settlements, the Special Rapporteur is particularly concerned about the degrading
housing and living conditions witnessed in settlements which receive no recognition or
support from the Government and where families are living in unhealthy and degrading
conditions, without electricity, running water, roads or sewerage systems.
VISIT TO SPAIN : REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTREME POVERTY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
Furthermore, almost 10 per cent of the population could not afford to keep their
dwelling at an adequate temperature in 2018 – people are obliged to choose between
heating their homes and feeding their children. (...) A national housing plan for the period 2018–2021 includes an
55 Figures from 2006–2012 available from https://bit.ly/2S2DoBo; figures from 2013–2018 available
from https://bit.ly/382hT95 (in Spanish).
56 National Institute of Statistics, “Households, by tenancy regime of the dwelling, and age and sex of
the reference person”.
57 Housing Europe, “The State of Housing in the EU, 2019” (October 2019), available from
58 Ministerio de Fomento, “Vivienda protegida, series annual, (1.5) número de calificaciones definitivas:
planes estatales” (2019), available from https://apps.fomento.gob.es/BoletinOnline2/sedal/
31305000.XLS (in Spanish).
59 National Institute of Statistics, “Censos de población y viviendas 2011”, available from
https://inmalome.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/cifine01-2013.pdf, p. 8; Housing Europe, “The State of
Housing in the EU 2019”, p. 85.
60 Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, “Comprehensive national strategy for the homeless
2015–2020” (November 2015), p. 19.
61 See www.caritas.es/noticias/viii-informe-foessa-la-exclusion-social-se-enquista-en-una-sociedad-
cada-vez-mas-desvinculada/ (in Spanish).
62 Gregorio Rodríguez Cabrero and others, “ESPN thematic report on national strategies to fight
homelessness and housing exclusion: Spain”, European Social Policy Network (2019), p. 12.
63 Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, “Comprehensive national strategy for the homeless
2015–2020”, p. 25.
VISIT TO POLAND : REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON THE ISSUE OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN IN LAW AND IN PRACTICE
The Working Group welcomes the improvements in the political representation of
women resulting from the adoption of the Electoral Code in 2011, which requires that at
least 35 per cent of candidates of either sex are represented in political party lists in
proportional elections at the European, national and local levels.
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE HUMAN RIGHT TO SAFE DRINKING WATER AND SANITATION, CATARINA DE ALBUQUERQUE :ADDENDUM
The Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation
undertook an official visit to Brazil from 9 to 19 December 2013 to evaluate the
improvements made, and the challenges the country faces, in realizing the human rights to
water and sanitation.
2. (...) Regardless of the legal title and location of their dwelling, all persons, without
exception, have a right to water and sanitation, which cannot be denied by the authorities
nor by service providers.