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 ECLAC Notes PROJECTS About 163 Million Latin Americans will Live in Precarious Housing in 2020 The high levels of urbanization and poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean indicate that by 2020 approximately 163 million people will be living in precarious housing or slum dwellings, according to an ECLAC report. The document is part of the project “Work Meeting on Urban Poverty and the Possibility of Financing Projects on Irregular Human Settlements and Conditional Transfer Programmes”, carried out with the support of the Andean Development Corporation (CAF). A slum dwelling is defined as a housing unit of irregular tenure, inadequate access to basic services, bad structural quality and usually crowded. (...) Micro-credit is usually provided for production-related objectives, not for housing improvement,” he said. The document “Poverty and Urban Precariousness in Latin America.
Language:English
Score: 1278563.2 - https://www.cepal.org/notes/62/proyectos01
Data Source: un
UNECE Expert Forum for Producers and Users of Climate Change-Related Statistics 31st August – 3rd September 2021 Snapshots in the Development of Environmental-Social Statistics UNECE Expert Forum for Producers and Users of Climate Change-Related Statistics 31st August – 3rd September 2021 Snapshots in the Development of Environmental-Social Statistics Gerry Brady Environment and Climate Division Central Statistics Office Ireland 2 Overview of Presentation • Environmental-Social • Energy Efficiency of Dwellings • Electric Vehicles • Fossil Fuel Subsidies • Household Surveys • Censuses • Conclusions 3 Environmental-Social • Climate change can be analysed from various perspectives e.g. • - who are the polluters; • - which communities are most impacted; • - affordability of households to change behaviours • UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting has been the main driving force in relation to environmental accounts. • UN SEEA has measured many important issues in relation to the state of the environment but it has not focused on the affordability of households to change behaviours nor on social issues. All households are classified as a single category e.g. no distinction is made according to the socio-economic situation of the household. • Climate change concerns are shifting the policy focus to include the financial supports needed by poorer households to rapidly move towards a low-carbon economy. • Environmental-Social statistics can examine the socio-demographic and socio-economic situation of households in the context of identifying Just Transition pathways. 4 Energy Efficiency of Dwellings • Energy poverty mainly focuses on whether households can afford to keep their households adequately warm in Winter and cool in Summer. It uses indicators such as the proportion of household disposable income spent on fuel. • Energy efficiency is focused more on bringing households up to a standard that enables them to reduce their consumption of fossil fuels through measures such as insulation and ventilation. • In Ireland, older detached houses are the least energy efficient and they have a higher reliance on solid fuel heating. • Ill health can be caused through not being able to maintain a comfortable temperature at home and it may result in short-term hospital stays from respiratory problems. • Stricter building regulations have resulted in huge improvements in the energy efficiency of more recently built dwellings. • Houses with F or G energy ratings in Ireland comprise 19% of dwellings that were built before year 2000 and that have had an energy audit conducted. 5 Period of Construction and Energy Efficiency Rating 1850-1999 2000-2009 2010-2014 2015-2021 % of column A 1% 1% 35% 98% B 6% 23% 56% 2% C 30% 56% 7% 0% D 29% 15% 1% 0% E 16% 4% 0% 0% F 8% 1% 0% 0% G 11% 0% 0% 0% Dwellings 537,000 315,852 11,590 66,590 6 Who Lives in pre-2000 F and G rated Dwellings?
Language:English
Score: 1261021.3 - https://unece.org/sites/defaul...08/S4-1_Ireland_GerryBrady.pdf
Data Source: un
Investment activity is supported by the improved domestic sales prospects and by the nominal interest level, which will probably stay low, as well as by the positive earnings performance of the past few years. (...) Through strengthening of the financial base of the Wood Sales Fund (former Forestry Sales Fund) by including sawmills, veneer mills and plywood mills in the financing as well as by improving its organization, the above- mentioned aims should be pursued more effectively. (...) The low-energy housing standard thus called for is compatible with timber construction and will probably further improve the competitive situation of timber as a construction material.
Language:English
Score: 1260274.9 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...s/market/market-57/gernany.pdf
Data Source: un
Made it difficult for low-income households to obtain land and improve their housing standards; and, d. Raised residential densities. 29      21. (...) The situation seems to be improving, partly as a consequence of a pragmatic donor response to Israeli closures and restrictions on mobility. (...) Yet local authorities need to become more deeply involved in planning and decision-making in order to consolidate and improve the Palestinian Authority’s development efforts.
Language:English
Score: 1250587.5 - https://www.un.org/unispal/document/auto-insert-186719/
Data Source: un
Section II, concentrates on the role of public housing programmes and social housing policies on the affordability of homeownership by Chilean families, particu- larly among lower income families benefiting from the use of direct upfront fiscal subsidies for those seeking to purchase a dwelling. Non-subsidised housing also has played an important role in the improvement of living conditions. (...) Of course, besides urgent needs as those already described and which explain the core of the housing deficit, there is also a large potential demand for repairs and basic improvements to existing dwellings which were initially built under less demanding standards or have dete- riorated with the passage of time. (...) Perhaps even more significant is that the average size of each housing expansion was equivalent to 37.3 percent the surface of each authorised new unit—23.4 square meters for authorised expansions versus 62.9 square meters for to- tally new dwellings. Figures in Table 3 suggest that it is common for homeowners in Chile to improve their living conditions by expanding their homes once they are already living in them.
Language:English
Score: 1243439.1 - https://unhabitat.org/sites/de...%20Mechanisms%20in%20Chile.pdf
Data Source: un
Housing support is realized through: the lease of an apartment; purchase and other methods of acquiring the property right over an apartment or a family house; improvement of housing conditions; assistance for legalisation of an apartment or a family house; housing care. (...) The requested information is not available to the Protector of Citizens, since no statistical data, reports or analyses relating to the dwelling conditions of persons with disabilities have been produced. (...) Individuals and families who are socially vulnerable and without a dwelling, with the domicile in the territory of the municipality are entitled to social housing under protected conditions.
Language:English
Score: 1234353.9 - https://www.ohchr.org/sites/de...ties/NHRI/OmbudsmanSerbia.docx
Data Source: un
Country Overview - 4 - QUESTIONNAIRE For Utilities Participating in the Capacity Building Workshop on Partnerships for Improving the Performance of Water Utilities in the African Region 06-08 December 2006, Nairobi, Kenya Date:       Country:       City:       Name of Water Utility serving City:       Address:       Head of Water Utility Name:       Title:       Contact Telephone Number(s):       Contact Fax Number(s):       Contact Email:       Year Utility was formed:       I. (...) WATER SERVICES INFORMATION a) Area covered by service network 2000       km2 2006       km2 b) Number of Connections (please separate by type of connection for the year 2000 and 2006) Type of Connection: Total number of connections House Connections Public Taps/ Standpipes Industrial Connection 2000                         2006                         Type of Connection: Commercial Connections Bulk Supply connections to residential areas Fire Hydrants Other:       2000                         2006                         c) Proportion of total connections that are metered      % d) Population served 2000       2006       e) Percentage of people dwelling in the jurisdiction of the utility with access to water within a radius of 1km 2000       % 2006       % f) Percentage of people dwelling in the jurisdiction of the utility with access to improved sanitation in immediate vicinity 2000       % 2006       % g) Estimated total water production:       m3/day h) Proportion of water production from: Surface Water      % Ground Water      % Other sources            % i) Number of treatment plants managed by the utility       j) Total capacity of water production treatment plant(s)       m3/day Proportion of water production receiving full treatment      % Proportion of water production receiving chlorination only      % Proportion of water production receiving No Treatment      % III. (...) OUTLOOK ABOUT PRIORITIES a) Priority needs of water utility for improving its service efficiency: 1)       2)       3)       b) Cooperation with other water utilities?
Language:English
Score: 1228739.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...hop_africa/wuQuestionnaire.doc
Data Source: un
Country Overview - 4 - QUESTIONNAIRE For Utilities Participating in the Capacity Building Workshop on Partnerships for Improving the Performance of Water Utilities in the Asia and Pacific Region 25-27 July 2006, Bangkok, Thailand Date:       Country:       City:       Name of Water Utility serving City:       Address:       Head of Water Utility Name:       Title:       Contact Telephone Number(s):       Contact Fax Number(s):       Contact Email:       Year Utility was formed:       I. (...) WATER SERVICES INFORMATION a) Area covered by service network 2000       km2 2006       km2 b) Number of Connections (please separate by type of connection for the year 2000 and 2006) Type of Connection: Total number of connections House Connections Public Taps/ Standpipes Industrial Connection 2000                         2006                         Type of Connection: Commercial Connections Bulk Supply connections to residential areas Fire Hydrants Other:       2000                         2006                         c) Proportion of total connections that are metered      % d) Population served 2000       2006       e) Percentage of people dwelling in the jurisdiction of the utility with access to water within a radius of 1km 2000       % 2006       % f) Percentage of people dwelling in the jurisdiction of the utility with access to improved sanitation in immediate vicinity 2000       % 2006       % g) Estimated total water production:       m3/day h) Proportion of water production from: Surface Water      % Ground Water      % Other sources            % i) Number of treatment plants managed by the utility       j) Total capacity of water production treatment plant(s)       m3/day Proportion of water production receiving full treatment      % Proportion of water production receiving chlorination only      % Proportion of water production receiving No Treatment      % III. (...) OUTLOOK ABOUT PRIORITIES a) Priority needs of water utility for improving its service efficiency: 1)       2)       3)       b) Cooperation with other water utilities?
Language:English
Score: 1228739.5 - https://www.un.org/esa/sustdev...orkshop_asia/questionnaire.doc
Data Source: un
Number of dwelling units that are: Type of dwelling construction Location of dwellings Durable construction Less-durable construction ( LC) Dwelling Type Total ( C )* = ( H + A + LC ) Urban ( U ) National Total Formal dwellings 0 ICP Dwelling Services Questionnaire: Volume of Dwellings DATA FORM: HOUSING VOLUME The HOV data form collects volume and quality indicators of the total number of formal homes in each country. (...) Number of dwelling units that are: Type of dwelling construction Location of dwellings Durable construction Less-durable construction ( LC) Dwelling Type Total ( C )* = ( H + A + LC ) Urban ( U ) National Total Formal dwellings 0 ICP Dwelling Services Questionnaire: Volume of Dwellings DATA FORM: HOUSING VOLUME The HOV data form collects volume and quality indicators of the total number of formal homes in each country. (...) Number of dwelling units that are: Type of dwelling construction Location of dwellings Durable construction Less-durable construction ( LC) Dwelling Type Total ( C )* = ( H + A + LC ) Urban ( U ) National Total Formal dwellings 0 ICP Dwelling Services Questionnaire: Volume of Dwellings DATA FORM: CONSTRUCTION TYPE Do not report the number of occupants or rooms per dwelling!
Language:English
Score: 1228202.3 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...housing-volume-survey-form.pdf
Data Source: un
DHS data structure and data files Methodology and Tools for Supporting the Formulation of Evidence-based Policies in Response to the Challenge of Population Ageing in Malawi By Jesman Chintsanya, PhD Department of Population Studies, Chancellor College, University of Malawi 19-21 July 2016, Lilongwe, Malawi Outline • Introduction • Background • Methodology • Findings • Conclusion • Recommendations Introduction • Projected population 16.8 million (NSO, 2010) • TFR 5.0 children per woman (MDG Endline Survey, 2014) • Rapid population growth (2.8%) per annum (NS0, 2010) • HIV prevalence has remained stable, 10% (NSO, 2011) • Improvements in ART • Improvements in life expectancy • Proportion of persons aged 60+ will increase from 4.9% (2015) to 7.6% (2050), (United Nations, 2015). • In absolute terms this equates to 0.85 million to 3.3 million persons Need for Data and Statistics on Order Persons • The increase in proportion of older persons has both opportunities and challenges • Older people have the knowledge and skills which they can use to help families or communities deal with different challenges • Population of older persons steadily increases in the country, the social, economic and cultural challenges associated with ageing populations are likely to multiply • Hence, UNDESA and Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Welfare (Department of Disability and Elderly Affairs), commissioned a study to investigate available data and statistics on older persons that can inform socio-economic planning. Study Objectives • To assess the status of empirical data on older persons for supporting the formulation of evidence-based policies in response to the challenge of population ageing in Malawi • Present evidence of available data on older persons, • Identify existing gaps and, • Make recommendations on improving the data situation. Study Methods Document review • The Constitution of the Republic of Malawi, • National Pensions Act, • National Policy for Older Persons (draft), • National Social Support Policy, and Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS) II. • The National Statistical Act • National Commission on Science and Technology (NCST) research and ethics guidelines Database search • Search from different producers, however, NSO was the main source • collection instruments were closely studied to obtain an idea of the type of data collected by the data producers in the country Electronic/internet literature search • A search engine of Google was conducted to identify publications on older persons which could not be sourced using the above two study methods. (...) Housing Conditions  The censuses, and all major surveys (MDHS, IHS, WMS) collect information on housing and household characteristics  Question asked include: type of household; type of dwelling structure; and tenure of the dwelling structure  The 2014 WMS asked information on the occupancy tenure to the arrangements under which the household resides in a dwelling.
Language:English
Score: 1099827.7 - https://www.un.org/en/developm...awi_Assessment_JChintsanya.pdf
Data Source: un