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Magpantay Market Information and Statistics Division Telecommunication Development Bureau International Telecommunication Union How to establish an ICT Indicator database in Indonesia 29 October – 2 November 2007 Jakarta, Indonesia October 2007 2 Features: Country data based on operators data Compiled country data will be linked to ITU database – so no need to fill ITU survey every year Easy to use, by indicator, by year Can be extracted to Excel for other requests Application will be provided by ITU, together with previous year data Can be maintained at country level, updates will be provided, if needed Available to countries willing to use the application October 2007 Setup Download program from the internet 3 languages: English/French/Spanish Installation requires Windows 2000 or XP WTI indicator definitions included From the program, provide ICT EYE username/password to Download country data Upload selected indicator data to auto-fill WTI survey October 2007 Manage Operator Data Manage data for one operator at a time Search by indicator name or description History of data values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Calculate Country Series Calculate country indicator values based on operator data Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values Values must be accepted individually History of accepted values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Manage Country Data Manage all country indicators Search by indicator name or description Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values History of values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Fill in Survey Select which indicator data to send Search by indicator name or description Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values Extract to Excel If submit fails, can email Excel file to auto-fill survey October 2007 International Telecommunication Union Thank You For further information, contact: esperanza.magpantay[at]itu.int and visit www.itu.int/ict
Language:English
Score: 1077009.1 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/...oposal_for%20country_dbase.pdf
Data Source: un
– Does it make sense to evaluate a program that will never grow over the 500 applicants you have • Would it be ethical? (...) • Selection procedures may exist only to reduce eligible candidates in order to meet a capacity constraint • If certain filtering mechanisms appear “arbitrary” (although not random), randomization can serve the purpose of filtering and help us evaluate Consider the screening rules • However when doing that it is necessary to think about it • This changes the population that you consider as relevant for the programProgram is evaluated on this population • Program effect can be heterogeneous and different on the marginal population • Known as randomization bias Problems with simple lotteries • Sometime difficult for program officers to accept lotteries • Better if RCT tasks (randomization, information) are performed by researchers • Was very important in France with youth programs – caseworkers strongly involved in their “social” role Problems with simple lotteries • Sometimes difficult for applicants to accept lotteries • Find it unfair • Important that applicants’ behavior in the control group is not affected by the experiment • Hawthorne effect • Can also be associated with differential response rate to survey • If impossible to deal with consider alternative designs Lotteries: summary • Simple lotteries are a very powerful tool • Easy to implement • Good power property • They can be perceived as fair • They can however have some drawbacks • Can be seen as unfair by participants • Can fail in matching slots requirements • Can be seen as unfair by program officers • Need sometimes to consider alternative design • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries? (...) Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Basic Lottery •Program oversubscribed •Familiar •Easy to understand •Easy to implement •Can be implemented in public •Control group may not cooperate •Differential attrition Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Phase-In •Expanding over time •Everyone must receive treatment eventually •Easy to understand •Constraint is easy to explain •Control group complies because they expect to benefit later •Anticipation of treatment may impact short-run behavior •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Encouragement •Program has to be open to all comers •When take-up is low, but can be easily improved with an incentive •Can randomize at individual level even when the program is not administered at that level •Measures impact of those who respond to the incentive •Need large enough inducement to improve take-up •Encouragement itself may have direct effect • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries?
Language:English
Score: 1045304.7 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...s/presentation/wcms_418987.pdf
Data Source: un
Asian Development Bank | VIETNAM The Biodiversity Corridor Program Provides Sustainable Jobs and Empowers the Poor Vietnam has established many national parks and nature reserves in recent decades. (...) The Biodiversity Corridor Program raises awareness amongst the local communities about the need to preserve the surrounding environment. © 2013 Lester Ledesma / Asian Development Bank Previous Next Involving local farmers in the baseline survey and biodiversity assessment allowed local communities and the program team to better understand each other and forge personal relationships. (...) Farmers were then given training and assistance to enhance their livelihoods.   The focus of the BC program project to promote income-generating activities has since been replicated in other biodiversity corridor programs supported by ADB across the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), including the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Launched 2011) .
Language:English
Score: 1033100.6 - https://devbusiness.un.org/con...-2020-our-solutions-are-nature
Data Source: un
Asian Development Bank | VIETNAM The Biodiversity Corridor Program Provides Sustainable Jobs and Empowers the Poor Vietnam has established many national parks and nature reserves in recent decades. (...) The Biodiversity Corridor Program raises awareness amongst the local communities about the need to preserve the surrounding environment. © 2013 Lester Ledesma / Asian Development Bank Previous Next Involving local farmers in the baseline survey and biodiversity assessment allowed local communities and the program team to better understand each other and forge personal relationships. (...) Farmers were then given training and assistance to enhance their livelihoods.   The focus of the BC program project to promote income-generating activities has since been replicated in other biodiversity corridor programs supported by ADB across the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), including the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Launched 2011) .
Language:English
Score: 1033100.6 - https://devbusiness.un.org/node/523154
Data Source: un
Unit of Randomization: Considerations • What unit does the program target for treatment? • What is the unit of analysis? (...) Randomization in “the bubble” Within the bubble, compare treatment to control Participants (scores > 700) Non-participants (scores < 500) Treatment Control When screening matters: Partial Lottery • Program officers can maintain discretion • Example: Training program • Example: Expansion of consumer credit in South Africa Phase-in: takes advantage of expansion • Everyone gets program eventually • Natural approach when expanding program faces resource constraints • What determines which schools, branches, etc. will be covered in which year? (...) Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Basic Lottery •Program oversubscribed •Familiar •Easy to understand •Easy to implement •Can be implemented in public •Control group may not cooperate •Differential attrition Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Phase-In •Expanding over time •Everyone must receive treatment eventually •Easy to understand •Constraint is easy to explain •Control group complies because they expect to benefit later •Anticipation of treatment may impact short-run behavior •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Rotation •Everyone must receive something at some point •Not enough resources per given time period for all •More data points than phase-in •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Encouragement •Program has to be open to all comers •When take-up is low, but can be easily improved with an incentive •Can randomize at individual level even when the program is not administered at that level •Measures impact of those who respond to the incentive •Need large enough inducement to improve take-up •Encouragement itself may have direct effect What randomization method would you choose if your partner requires that everyone receives treatment at some point in time?
Language:English
Score: 1029242 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...s/presentation/wcms_326491.pdf
Data Source: un
She believes that through coding and programming, she is gradually uncovering the secrets of how things work. Sonam had no knowledge on coding and programming. She thought it was too difficult and that she needed to be extraordinary to understand.  “But I realized, even an ordinary person like me can code. Coding is easy, understandable and useful.” At 17, Sonam is now a trainer and teaches other young people about coding and programming through Pi Tops at the youth centre in the southern district of Sarpang.
Language:English
Score: 1016288.1 - https://www.unicef.org/bhutan/stories/cracking-code
Data Source: un
What to focus on, and why? The CRI Program focuses on four key issues. Authentication A weak password is an easy access point to your most sensitive information and systems. (...) The Program also provides guidance on moving to the Cloud. (...) Work with us to disseminate it globally! The Program www.cyberreadinessinstitute.org What can the MSMEs Working Group do?
Language:English
Score: 1009624.8 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...nt_cyber_readiness_program.pdf
Data Source: un
What to focus on, and why? The CRI Program focuses on four key issues. Authentication A weak password is an easy access point to your most sensitive information and systems. (...) The Program also provides guidance on moving to the Cloud. (...) Work with us to disseminate it globally! The Program What can the MSMEs Working Group do? • Include cybersecurity in work program, as a key factor supporting MSME integration into value chains. • Encourage WTO and partner organizations – UNCTAD, UNIDO, ITC, and others – to work to advance MSME cybersecurity. • At the national level: Work with CRI to distribute the Program via relevant Ministries, national industry groups, and other channels.
Language:English
Score: 1006579.7 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr.../wkshp26mar19_presentation.pdf
Data Source: un
She believes that through coding and programming, she is gradually uncovering the secrets of how things work. Sonam had no knowledge on coding and programming. She thought it was too difficult and that she needed to be extraordinary to understand.  “But I realized, even an ordinary person like me can code. Coding is easy, understandable and useful.” At 17, Sonam is now a trainer and teaches other young people about coding and programming through Pi Tops at the youth centre in the southern district of Sarpang.
Language:English
Score: 1002943 - https://www.unicef.org/rosa/stories/cracking-code
Data Source: un
CROPWAT 8.0 for Windows is a computer program for the calculation of crop water requirements and irrigation requirements based on soil, climate and crop data. In addition, the program allows the development of irrigation schedules for different management conditions and the calculation of scheme water supply for varying crop patterns. (...) CROPWAT 8.0 is a Windows program based on the previous DOS versions. Apart from a completely redesigned user interface, CROPWAT 8.0 for Windows includes a host of updated and new features, including: monthly, decade and daily input of climatic data for calculation of reference evapotranspiration (ETo) backward compatibility to allow use of data from CLIMWAT database possibility to estimate climatic data in the absence of measured values decade and daily calculation of crop water requirements based on updated calculation algorithms including adjustment of crop-coefficient values calculation of crop water requirements and irrigation scheduling for paddy & upland rice, using a newly developed procedure to calculate water requirements including the land preparation period interactive user adjustable irrigation schedules daily soil water balance output tables easy saving and retrieval of sessions and of user-defined irrigation schedules graphical presentations of input data, crop water requirements and irrigation schedules easy import/export of data and graphics through clipboard or ASCII text files  extensive printing routines, supporting all windows-based printers context-sensitive help system Multilingual interface and help system: English, Spanish, French and Russian CROPWAT 8.0 for Windows was developed using Visual Delphi 4.0 and runs on the following Windows platforms: 95/98/ME/2000/NT/XP and Vista.
Language:English
Score: 999990.8 - https://www.fao.org/land-water...bases-and-software/cropwat/es/
Data Source: un