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Magpantay Market Information and Statistics Division Telecommunication Development Bureau International Telecommunication Union How to establish an ICT Indicator database in Indonesia 29 October – 2 November 2007 Jakarta, Indonesia October 2007 2 Features: Country data based on operators data Compiled country data will be linked to ITU database – so no need to fill ITU survey every year Easy to use, by indicator, by year Can be extracted to Excel for other requests Application will be provided by ITU, together with previous year data Can be maintained at country level, updates will be provided, if needed Available to countries willing to use the application October 2007 Setup Download program from the internet 3 languages: English/French/Spanish Installation requires Windows 2000 or XP WTI indicator definitions included From the program, provide ICT EYE username/password to Download country data Upload selected indicator data to auto-fill WTI survey October 2007 Manage Operator Data Manage data for one operator at a time Search by indicator name or description History of data values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Calculate Country Series Calculate country indicator values based on operator data Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values Values must be accepted individually History of accepted values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Manage Country Data Manage all country indicators Search by indicator name or description Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values History of values Extract to Excel October 2007 October 2007 Fill in Survey Select which indicator data to send Search by indicator name or description Easy comparison with existing ICT EYE values Extract to Excel If submit fails, can email Excel file to auto-fill survey October 2007 International Telecommunication Union Thank You For further information, contact: esperanza.magpantay[at]itu.int and visit www.itu.int/ict
Language:English
Score: 1155422.7 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/...oposal_for%20country_dbase.pdf
Data Source: un
Sci. 2014, 3, 264–271; doi:10.3390/socsci3020264; ISSN 2076-0760 Costs specific to CAPI • Initial investment in tablets, server, and service provider accounts • Increased preparation time for connectivity, tablet setup, server setup, server maintenance • New system for many organizations to learn • Different set of management skills • Depending on software, can require additional programming and other technical skills • Increased need for interviewer and field supervisor training • Overall cost depends on learning curve, software cost, and preparation Costs specific to CAPI • Direct Costs – Tablets (purchase, import, and setup) – Software – Training – Communications and connectivity – Server acquisition, setup, and maintenance • Indirect Costs – Technical Support CAPI Technical Issues • Cell phone or Internet access • Tablet availability • Server availability and maintenance • Availability of capable interviewers and office staff Survey Solutions • Very easy to learn to use, little programming or technical assistance required • Programming uses C# syntax but is generally intuitive • Enables complex skips (routing) • Enables complex consistency checks Survey Solutions • Includes built-in case management system that is easy to configure and use – Sample definition – Case assignments and tracking – Case approvals and rejections Survey Solutions • Includes built-in case management system that is easy to configure and use – Report generation • Survey progress tracking • Durations of interviews • Locations of interviews displaying maps Survey Solutions • Server can provide extensive “paradata,” or data about the data – Can be exceptionally valuable for quality control, and includes: • Time stamps for each question • Interview durations • Question sequences – Enables creation of QC reports including: • Interview duration • Numbers of invalid responses (even if corrected) • By time of day, interviewer, team, or location using maps Comparisons with Survey Solutions • Survey Solutions – Produced and supported by the World Bank • CSPro – Produced and supported by the US Bureau of Census • ODK – Open source program developed at the University of Washington • Blaise – Produced and supported by Statistics Netherlands Comparisons with Survey Solutions Criterion Survey Solutions CSPro ODK Blaise Software license Free Free Free $$$ Server requirements HQ and Supervisor server can be anywhere FTP, Dropbox ODK Aggregate server IIS, ASP, relational database server Learning curve Shallow, uses simplified C# syntax Steep, uses internal language Moderate, uses MS Excel Steep, uses internal language Development time Shortest Long Relatively short Long Android questionnaire testing Included Not included Not included Windows only Questionnaire programming skills required Minimal training required, may use well-known C# Training required, uses unique language Uses Excel, some training needed Training required, uses unique language Case management Built in Use CSPro program External program Use Blaise program Export data formats SPSS, Stata, TXT SPSS, SAS, Stata, R, CSV, TXT XML, CSV Text, XML, ASCIIRelational, OLEDB Questions?
Language:English
Score: 1143778.1 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...CAPI_right_for_this_survey.pdf
Data Source: un
HFA (Continued)HFA (Continued) Priority 2.4Priority 2.4…… Establish a hazard monitoring Establish a hazard monitoring program including program including effective, effective, timely and reliable peopletimely and reliable people-- centredcentred early warning and early warning and alert systems at the national alert systems at the national and local levels.and local levels. Operational EntitiesOperational Entities Community Site Operations Center Community Site Government Media Security / Rescue Works / Utilities Committee Chairperson Shelter Manager Community Site Operations Manager Current Technologies UsedCurrent Technologies Used WIDESPREADWIDESPREAD International/Regional Agency International/Regional Agency Websites Websites TV,RadioTV,Radio & Weather Bulletins& Weather Bulletins Live Live ““CallCall--InIn”” radio programs radio programs LIMITED AVAILABILITYLIMITED AVAILABILITY EE--Newsletters & Event Websites*Newsletters & Event Websites* Cell, SMS, HAM Radio, Cell, SMS, HAM Radio, SatPhoneSatPhone** Much More is Required..Much More is Required.. (...) Situational Data Acquisition Data Sources Community / Field Location Handheld Programming Satellite Terminals Examples of Technology 2.
Language:English
Score: 1132026 - https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/E...orge%20Richards%20Sep%2016.pdf
Data Source: un
– Does it make sense to evaluate a program that will never grow over the 500 applicants you have • Would it be ethical? (...) • Selection procedures may exist only to reduce eligible candidates in order to meet a capacity constraint • If certain filtering mechanisms appear “arbitrary” (although not random), randomization can serve the purpose of filtering and help us evaluate Consider the screening rules • However when doing that it is necessary to think about it • This changes the population that you consider as relevant for the programProgram is evaluated on this population • Program effect can be heterogeneous and different on the marginal population • Known as randomization bias Problems with simple lotteries • Sometime difficult for program officers to accept lotteries • Better if RCT tasks (randomization, information) are performed by researchers • Was very important in France with youth programs – caseworkers strongly involved in their “social” role Problems with simple lotteries • Sometimes difficult for applicants to accept lotteries • Find it unfair • Important that applicants’ behavior in the control group is not affected by the experiment • Hawthorne effect • Can also be associated with differential response rate to survey • If impossible to deal with consider alternative designs Lotteries: summary • Simple lotteries are a very powerful tool • Easy to implement • Good power property • They can be perceived as fair • They can however have some drawbacks • Can be seen as unfair by participants • Can fail in matching slots requirements • Can be seen as unfair by program officers • Need sometimes to consider alternative design • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries? (...) Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Basic Lottery •Program oversubscribed •Familiar •Easy to understand •Easy to implement •Can be implemented in public •Control group may not cooperate •Differential attrition Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Phase-In •Expanding over time •Everyone must receive treatment eventually •Easy to understand •Constraint is easy to explain •Control group complies because they expect to benefit later •Anticipation of treatment may impact short-run behavior •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Encouragement •Program has to be open to all comers •When take-up is low, but can be easily improved with an incentive •Can randomize at individual level even when the program is not administered at that level •Measures impact of those who respond to the incentive •Need large enough inducement to improve take-up •Encouragement itself may have direct effect • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries?
Language:English
Score: 1117015.8 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...s/presentation/wcms_418987.pdf
Data Source: un
– Does it make sense to evaluate a program that will never grow over the 500 applicants you have • Would it be ethical? (...) • Selection procedures may exist only to reduce eligible candidates in order to meet a capacity constraint • If certain filtering mechanisms appear “arbitrary” (although not random), randomization can serve the purpose of filtering and help us evaluate Consider the screening rules • However when doing that it is necessary to think about it • This changes the population that you consider as relevant for the programProgram is evaluated on this population • Program effect can be heterogeneous and different on the marginal population • Known as randomization bias Problems with simple lotteries • Sometime difficult for program officers to accept lotteries • Better if RCT tasks (randomization, information) are performed by researchers • Was very important in France with youth programs – caseworkers strongly involved in their “social” role Problems with simple lotteries • Sometimes difficult for applicants to accept lotteries • Find it unfair • Important that applicants’ behavior in the control group is not affected by the experiment • Hawthorne effect • Can also be associated with differential response rate to survey • If impossible to deal with consider alternative designs Lotteries: summary • Simple lotteries are a very powerful tool • Easy to implement • Good power property • They can be perceived as fair • They can however have some drawbacks • Can be seen as unfair by participants • Can fail in matching slots requirements • Can be seen as unfair by program officers • Need sometimes to consider alternative design • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries? (...) Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Basic Lottery •Program oversubscribed •Familiar •Easy to understand •Easy to implement •Can be implemented in public •Control group may not cooperate •Differential attrition Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Phase-In •Expanding over time •Everyone must receive treatment eventually •Easy to understand •Constraint is easy to explain •Control group complies because they expect to benefit later •Anticipation of treatment may impact short-run behavior •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Encouragement •Program has to be open to all comers •When take-up is low, but can be easily improved with an incentive •Can randomize at individual level even when the program is not administered at that level •Measures impact of those who respond to the incentive •Need large enough inducement to improve take-up •Encouragement itself may have direct effect • Unit and method of randomization • Why not simple lotteries?
Language:English
Score: 1117015.8 - https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/gro...s/presentation/wcms_418987.pdf
Data Source: un
., younger) on mobile than on PC Internet • Different Products/Selection Method from PC Internet – Not travel, computers, books but: fashion, CDs, concert tickets, – Not from search engines but from mail, followed by products at top of the page, in new release section, or product rankings • Business Model – Competing as much by convenience as price – Most official sites make money (>30) & many unofficial sites • Fastest growing market is combination of phone with other media (magazines, television, and radio) Copyright Funk 2003 Fashion: Leader is Net Price • Sales – 7 M$ in sales and 380K$ in profits a month from April to September 2003 – Same amount as Amazon.com in 1997 when it went public • Business Model – Offers unsold inventory at a discount to its 430,000 registered members – Level of discount (up to 30%) depends on number of buyers – Members have one week to convince friends to purchase products and obtain volume discounts • Depends on: – Mobile mail culture (fast mail responses) – Virtual communities of users • Key role of other media: its best selling products are – Worn/used by actresses on TV programs – Appear in magazines Copyright Funk 2003 Fashion – Xavel’s Girls Walker • It has used mail magazine portal to become a leading seller of fashion-related products – Current sales of 4M$ a month • Mail magazine portal – Users write mail magazines – Xavel merely screens proposals and organizes the magazines – Used viral marketing to collect writers – 11.6 million PVs/day and 5 million unique users in mid-2003 • Strong interaction between fashion related mail magazines and mobile mail culture – Fashion mail magazines describe current fashion trends – Writers and readers constitute a virtual community – Magazines contain links to shopping pages – Role of celebrity endorsements: many consumers choose perfume based on perfume usage by popular actresses Copyright Funk 2003 Magazines and Mobile Shopping • Integrate Mobile Site with Magazines and Catalogues • Advantage of Mobile Over PC Internet – PC Internet requires big change in consumer behavior (must sit in front of the PC) – With phones, consumers can order products from couches, bathtubs, beds • Magazines are Important Part of Consumer Information Searches – Consumers search for magazines in stores and for information in magazines – Bookstores and magazines are organized to support such searches • >50 magazines Integrated with Mobile Internet Services – No need for sites to advertise services since the magazines do it for them – Internal cameras and bar code readers facilitate site access Copyright Funk 2003 Radio Programs and Mobile Shopping • Mobile Internet is main source of song and concert requests – Participative environment is important to radio stations all over the world – Japanese radio stations give points to members for requests and home page accesses – Purpose is to promote advertising on PC and mobile home pages for sponsors (many are music related) • Music purchases may be big market – Now integrating on-air info about music with CD on-line site – Success of KDDI’s Chaku Uta ringing tone service (as many downloads as i-Tunes) suggests integrated on-air downloading services will succeed – Challenge for radio listener is finding site: easy with internal radio but what about regular radio? (...) Young people send mail during commercials, particularly following popular TV programs – Now realize mobile mail is here to stay – Thus expanding content from ringing tones, screen savers, and games to voting, surveys, chat mail, and creation of virtual communities – Hope to sell products and information in programs • Challenge for TV viewers is finding relevant site – Internal TV phone enables easy site access and greater program viewing – Infrared capable phones • Can be used as remote control devices • In combination with digital broadcasts to existing TVs, they can provide easy site access Copyright Funk 2003 Summary • Mobile shopping market will likely pass entertainment contents in 2004 or 2005 in Japan • The main customers are young people who – Would rather be outside than inside – When inside their homes, they would rather watch TV than look at a PC screen – Are heavy users of mobile mail – Quickly form virtual communities – Are heavily influenced by celebrity endorsements • Technology and multi-channel integration – Internal cameras and bar code readers will facilitate integration of magazines and mobile sites – Facilitating the integration of mobile sites with radio and TV programming • Internal radios and TVs • Infrared for integration with existing TVs and their programs – Other technologies like Java, 3D rendering techniques (not covered here) • Similar trends will occur in the West as i-mode, Vodafone Live!
Language:English
Score: 1111252.9 - https://www.itu.int/osg/spu/ni...ntations/funk-presentation.pdf
Data Source: un
Asian Development Bank | VIETNAM The Biodiversity Corridor Program Provides Sustainable Jobs and Empowers the Poor Vietnam has established many national parks and nature reserves in recent decades. (...) The Biodiversity Corridor Program raises awareness amongst the local communities about the need to preserve the surrounding environment. © 2013 Lester Ledesma / Asian Development Bank Previous Next Involving local farmers in the baseline survey and biodiversity assessment allowed local communities and the program team to better understand each other and forge personal relationships. (...) Farmers were then given training and assistance to enhance their livelihoods.   The focus of the BC program project to promote income-generating activities has since been replicated in other biodiversity corridor programs supported by ADB across the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), including the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Launched 2011) .
Language:English
Score: 1104684.4 - https://devbusiness.un.org/con...-2020-our-solutions-are-nature
Data Source: un
Asian Development Bank | VIETNAM The Biodiversity Corridor Program Provides Sustainable Jobs and Empowers the Poor Vietnam has established many national parks and nature reserves in recent decades. (...) The Biodiversity Corridor Program raises awareness amongst the local communities about the need to preserve the surrounding environment. © 2013 Lester Ledesma / Asian Development Bank Previous Next Involving local farmers in the baseline survey and biodiversity assessment allowed local communities and the program team to better understand each other and forge personal relationships. (...) Farmers were then given training and assistance to enhance their livelihoods.   The focus of the BC program project to promote income-generating activities has since been replicated in other biodiversity corridor programs supported by ADB across the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), including the Biodiversity Conservation Corridors Project (Launched 2011) .
Language:English
Score: 1104684.4 - https://devbusiness.un.org/node/523154
Data Source: un
Search Close Search UNICEF Fulltext search Max Report Social and Behaviour Change Gender Progress Report- 2021 The continuous push to deliver on various fronts – COVID-19-specific programming and our development programming – amidst the pandemic in 2021 was not easy. (...) The continuous push to deliver on various fronts – COVID-19-specific programming and our development programming – amidst the pandemic was not easy. This was coupled with the fatigue, stress and motivation of the team in programming in a largely virtual environment. But deliver – we believe we did – and extensively too.
Language:English
Score: 1100733.1 - https://www.unicef.org/india/r...ge-gender-progress-report-2021
Data Source: un
Unit of Randomization: Considerations • What unit does the program target for treatment? • What is the unit of analysis? (...) Randomization in “the bubble” Within the bubble, compare treatment to control Participants (scores > 700) Non-participants (scores < 500) Treatment Control When screening matters: Partial Lottery • Program officers can maintain discretion • Example: Training program • Example: Expansion of consumer credit in South Africa Phase-in: takes advantage of expansion • Everyone gets program eventually • Natural approach when expanding program faces resource constraints • What determines which schools, branches, etc. will be covered in which year? (...) Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Basic Lottery •Program oversubscribed •Familiar •Easy to understand •Easy to implement •Can be implemented in public •Control group may not cooperate •Differential attrition Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Phase-In •Expanding over time •Everyone must receive treatment eventually •Easy to understand •Constraint is easy to explain •Control group complies because they expect to benefit later •Anticipation of treatment may impact short-run behavior •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Rotation •Everyone must receive something at some point •Not enough resources per given time period for all •More data points than phase-in •Difficult to measure long-term impact Methods of randomization - recap Design Most useful when… Advantages Disadvantages Encouragement •Program has to be open to all comers •When take-up is low, but can be easily improved with an incentive •Can randomize at individual level even when the program is not administered at that level •Measures impact of those who respond to the incentive •Need large enough inducement to improve take-up •Encouragement itself may have direct effect What randomization method would you choose if your partner requires that everyone receives treatment at some point in time?
Language:English
Score: 1099569.6 - www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/grou...s/presentation/wcms_326491.pdf
Data Source: un