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REPORT OF THE GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY TO THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES. NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
Enabling Activities and Capacity Building ................................................................................ 89 Part IV: Evaluations by the GEF Independent Evaluation Office ....................................................... 95 Annex 1: GEF-7 Funding Envelopes and Allocations............................................................................ 100 Annex 2: List of FY21 Projects and Programs under the GEF Trust Fund ...................................... 105 Annex 3: List of FY21 Projects and Programs under the LDCF and the SCCF ............................... 123 Annex 4: Regional and Global Climate Technology Activities ........................................................... 135 Annex 5: National Climate Technology Activities ................................................................................. 145 Annex 6: Status Report on the LDCF and the SCCF for FY21 ............................................................. 167 Annex 7: Status Report on the CBIT Trust Fund for FY21 .................................................................. 176 FCCC/CP/2021/9 GE.21-13052 5 LIST OF TABLES Table 1: Decisions Adopted by the UNFCCC COP 25 and CMA 2, Conclusions of SBI 51 and 50 and SBSTA 51 and 50, and GEF Response ................................................................................... 21 Table 2: Cumulative GEF Projects on Climate Change Mitigation by Region .................................... 52 Table 3: GEF Projects on Climate Change Mitigation by Phase ......................................................... 53 Table 4: GEF Funding for Project and Programs with Climate Change Mitigation Components ...... 57 Table 5: Expected Results from Project and Programs Approved in the Reporting Period .............. 57 Table 6: Core Indicators for the LDCF and the SCCF (2018-2022) ..................................................... 63 Table 7: Regional Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the LDCF in the Reporting Period.................................................................................................................................... 65 Table 8: Agency Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the LDCF in the Reporting Period.................................................................................................................................... 66 Table 9: Regional Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the SCCF in the Reporting Period.................................................................................................................................... 71 Table 10: Challenge Program for Adaptation Innovation Project Concepts Selected as at June 30, 2021 ...................................................................................................................................... 74 Table 11: GEF Projects for Climate Technology Transfer and Financing Centers and the CTCN ....... 86 Table 12: Cumulative GEF Trust Fund Enabling Activities Projects by Region .................................. 89 Table 13: GEF Trust Fund Enabling Activities Projects by Phase ....................................................... 90 FCCC/CP/2021/9 6 GE.21-13052 LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1: Cumulative GEF Projects on Climate Change Mitigation by Sectora .................................. 55 Figure 2: Annual and Cumulative Funding Approvals under the LDCF (as at June 30, 2021) ........... 64 Figure 3: Cumulative Regional Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the LDCF (as at June 30, 2021) ........................................................................................................... 65 Figure 4: Cumulative Agency Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the LDCF (as at June 30, 2021) ........................................................................................................... 66 Figure 5: Cumulative Regional Distribution of Projects Approved under the SCCF-A (as at June 30, 2021) ........................................................................................................... 69 Figure 6: Cumulative Regional Distribution of Projects Approved under the SCCF-B (as at June 30, 2021) ........................................................................................................... 69 Figure 7: Cumulative Agency Distribution of Projects and Programs Approved under the SCCF (as at June 30, 2021) ........................................................................................................... 70 Figure 8: Project Status of CBIT Portfolio by Fiscal Year (FY17 to FY21) ............................................ 79 Figure 9: CBIT Project Priorities per Type of Activity (as at June 30, 2021) ....................................... 81 FCCC/CP/2021/9 GE.21-13052 7 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS ADB Asian Development Bank AfDB African Development Bank AFOLU Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use AILAC Independent Association of Latin America and the Caribbean AMP Africa Minigrids Program BTR Biennial Transparency Report BUR Biennial Update Report C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group CAF Development Bank of Latin America CBA Community-based adaptation CBD Convention on Biological Diversity CBIT Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency CBIT TF Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency Trust Fund CBO Community-based Organization CCA Climate Change Adaptation CCM Climate Change Mitigation CEIT Countries with Economy in Transition CEO Chief Executive Officer CGI Consultative Group of Experts CI Conservation International CMA Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement CO2 eq Carbon Dioxide Equivalent COP Conference of the Parties CSO Civil Society Organization CSP Country Support Program CTCN Climate Technology Centre and Network EA Enabling Activity EbA Ecosystem-based Adaptation EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development ECA Eastern Europe and Central Asia ECOWAS Economic Community of West African States ECW Expanded Constituency Workshop EST Environmentally Sound Technology ETF Enhanced Transparency Framework EU European Union FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations FINTECC Finance and Technology Transfer Centre for Climate Change FOLUR Food Systems, Land Use and Restoration FSP Full-sized Project FY Fiscal Year GACMO Greenhouse Gas Abatement Cost Model GCA Global Commission on Adaptation GCF Green Climate Fund GEF Global Environment Facility GEFTF Global Environment Facility Trust Fund GGP GEF Gender Partnership GHG Greenhouse Gas GHGI Greenhouse Gas Inventory GHGMI Greenhouse Gas Management Institute GLEAM Global Livestock Environment Assessment Model GRP Global Resilience Partnership GSP Global Support Program HCFC Hydro-chlorofluorocarbon HFC Hydrofluorocarbon IAP Integrated Approach Pilot ICAT Initiative for Climate Action Transparency FCCC/CP/2021/9 8 GE.21-13052 IDB Inter-American Development Bank IEO Independent Evaluation Office IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IFC International Finance Corporation IGES Institute for Global Environmental Strategies INDC Intended Nationally Determined Contribution IP Impact Program IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IUCN International Union for Conservation of Nature LAC Latin America and the Caribbean LCT Low-carbon Technology LDC Least Developed Country LDCF Least Developed Countries Fund LDN Land Degradation Neutrality LEAP Low Emissions Analysis Platform LEG Least-developed Countries Expert Group LTV Long-term Vision MFA Multi-focal Area MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MoU Memorandum of Understanding MRV Measurement, Reporting and Verification MSME Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise MSP Medium-sized Project MSW Municipal Solid Waste Mt Megaton (106 tons) MTF Multi-trust Fund MTR Mid-term Review NAP National Adaptation Plan NAPA National Adaptation Program of Action NBI Nature-based Infrastructure NbS Nature-based Solutions NC National Communication NDC Nationally Determined Contribution NDE National Designated Entity NFMS National Forest Monitoring System NGI Non-grant Instrument NGO Non-governmental Organization ODS Ozone-depleting Substance OFP Operational Focal Point OPS Overall Performance Study PFAN Private Financing Advisory Network PFD Project Framework Document PIF Project Identification Form PIR Project Implementation Report PPG Project Preparation Grant PSES Private Sector Engagement Strategy PSP Poznan Strategic Program on Technology Transfer REDD+ Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries SBI Subsidiary Body for Implementation SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice SCCE Strategic Country Cluster Evaluation SCCF Special Climate Change Fund SCCF-A Special Climate Change Fund Adaptation Program SCCF-B Special Climate Change Fund Program for Technology Transfer SCF Standing Committee on Finance SDGs Sustainable Development Goals SES Stakeholder Empowerment Series FCCC/CP/2021/9 GE.21-13052 9 SFM Sustainable Forest Management SGP Small Grants Program SIDS Small Island Developing State SLM Sustainable Land Management SME Small and Medium Enterprise SOFF Systematic Observations Financing Facility SPA Strategic Priority on Adaptation STAP Scientific, Technical and Advisory Panel STAR System for Transparent Allocation of Resources TAG Technical Advisory Group TAP Technology Action Plan TEC Technology Executive Committee TER Terminal Evaluation Report TNA Technology Needs Assessment UN-OHRLLS United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification UNDESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs UNDP United Nations Development Programme UNEP United Nations Environment Programme UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization WBCSD World Business Council for Sustainable Development WFP World Food Programme WHO World Health Organization WMO World Meteorological Organization WRI World Resources Institute WWF World Wildlife Fund FCCC/CP/2021/9 10 GE.21-13052 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. (...) For CCA 18 projects and programs were approved which include financing toward CCA Objective 1 to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience through innovation and technology transfer for CCA, totaling $91.2 million, inclusive of GEF project financing, PPGs and Agency fees, and leveraged 9 This includes the Addendum to the project Global Programme to Support Countries with the Shift to Electric Mobility. 10 These projects are aligned with the objective of CCM-1: Promote innovation, technology transfer, and supportive policies and strategies. (...) Advancing coordination and collaboration in further expansion of the GEF-funded large-scale program on the Great Green Wall across the Sahelian countries; the Amazon Initiative; the SFM-REDD+ Initiative; and the implementation of the electric mobility portfolio are few examples. Gender Equality 42.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 900241.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=FCCC/CP/2021/9&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
LETTER DATED 2008/07/10 FROM THE CHARGE D'AFFAIRES AD INTERIM OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF CUBA TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE PRESIDENT OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL
The Ministers stressed the need that information and communications strategies be deeply rooted in historical and cultural processes and made an urgent appeal to the media in developed countries so that their opinions, models and perspectives respect those from the developing countries thus ensuring the continuation of the dialogue among civilizations. 31. (...) The Ministers expressed their full support to the Radio Rules (RR) of the International Telecommunications Union on this subject, recalling that these RR are an international treaty, aimed to harmonize the pacific use of radio electric spectrum among countries. 37. In order to serve as means to promote peace and understanding among countries, the Ministers encouraged media to respect the existing codes of conduct and professional ethics. 38. (...) Consider the South-South Information Gateway (SSIG) as a model for the exchange of radio and television programmes.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 892764.55 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...get?open&DS=A/HRC/9/G/3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
SERVICES, DEVELOPMENT AND TRADE : THE REGULATORY AND INSTITUTIONAL DIMENSION : NOTE / BY THE UNCTAD SECRETARIAT
Dada la importancia de la suficiente provisión de energía eléctrica, estos Estados vienen colaborando hace treinta años en el sector de la electricidad. (...) La cooperación es amplia y se extiende a la interconexión de redes eléctricas, la creación de bases de datos sobre electricidad, la aplicación de técnicas de operación, el mantenimiento de las plantas de generación de electricidad, la armonización de las normas y las tarifas, y la privatización. (...) La mayoría de los Estados miembros del Consejo han iniciado un proceso de desagregación del sector de energía eléctrica, dividiéndolo en segmentos encargados de la generación, la trasmisión y la distribución. 43.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 890380.2 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=TD/B/C.I/MEM.3/5&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
TOWARDS A NEW INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORDER : REPORT OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL
En 2016, el parque mundial de vehículos eléctricos alcanzó cerca de 2 millones, con China a la cabeza10. No obstante, el efecto neto de los vehículos eléctricos en las emisiones depende, en gran medida, de la fuente de electricidad utilizada para cargar las baterías. Lamentablemente, en muchos países los vehículos eléctricos todavía se cargan con electricidad generada a partir de combustibles fósiles11. 45.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 890380.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...sf/get?open&DS=A/73/290&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
En algunas aplicaciones se supone la existencia de un modelo determinístico; mientras que en otras se supone que los modelos que describen el comportamiento de la serie y sus componentes son modelos estocásticos.8 Una vez que los modelos han sido identificados, la estimación de los componentes se realiza utilizando estimadores óptimos dadas las restricciones impuestas por el modelo. (...) CEPAL - SERIE Estudios estadísticos y prospectivos N° 38 19 La idea básica detrás del procedimiento utilizado en la determinación de los ordenes del modelo ARMA, es buscar el modelo ARMA cuya función de autocovarianza teórica se ajuste mejor a la función de autocovarianza de la serie de tiempo observada.34 El algoritmo utilizado35 evalúa los modelos candidatos de acuerdo al criterio de información de Schwartz, favoreciendo el uso de modelos balanceados36 de orden relativamente bajo. (...) Ambos programas reportan los errores de los pronósticos fuera de la muestra del modelo seleccionado. Adicionalmente, RegARIMA puede presentar los errores de los pronósticos obtenidos con los modelos alternativos.
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Puntuación: 887586.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...get?open&DS=LC/L.2457-P&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES : REVIEW OF METHODOLOGICAL WORK UNDER THE CONVENTION AND THE KYOTO PROTOCOL : DRAFT CONCLUSIONS / PROPOSED BY THE CHAIR
Exchange of information on projections (including on methods and models) among Parties. (a) Information sharing. (...) Expand the coverage of current models with a view to using them as part of a portfolio of tools for decision- making. (...) Methodologies for assessing terms of trade and socio-economic impacts on individual developing country Parties, including assessment of data sets, development of assumptions, verification of existing data, improvement of models and establishment of baseline data. The SBSTA in collaboration with international organizations, e.g.
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Puntuación: 884876.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...&DS=FCCC/SBSTA/2003/L.8&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REVIEW OF THE OPERATION OF THE BASEL CONVENTION REGIONAL AND COORDINATING CENTRES: NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT
Institutional and organizational models ? Review individual centre institutional and organizational models in the light of the tasks to be performed by the centre. ?
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Puntuación: 876113.4 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=UNEP/CHW.9/7&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS, ESPECIALLY WOMEN AND CHILDREN, JOY NGOZI EZEILO : ADDENDUM
These included conducting monitoring and evaluation research, using models and methodologies that have proven to be effective in other fields, such as sentinel surveillance techniques employed in public health programmes. (...) In that regard, the sharing of innovative solutions to the different challenges faced within the regions was particularly appreciated, as was the sharing of effective implementation models and methodologies for measuring impact. 31. (...) In this regard, lessons learned and good practices (including models and instruments) can usefully be shared across, as well as within, regions, but such models and instruments often need to be adapted to local realities rather than directly transposed as blueprints; (h) Protection of trafficked persons should include efforts to foster and ensure cooperation with relevant authorities including asylum, migration and border authorities as well as with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to ensure that trafficked persons are properly identified, and that those who are, or may be, in need of international protection are referred to the competent authorities and have access to adequate procedures for the examination of their claims in an “age and gender-sensitive manner”.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 874079.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/17/35/ADD.5&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES ON ITS 19TH SESSION, HELD IN WARSAW FROM 11 TO 23 NOVEMBER 2013 : ADDENDUM
Annex I Parties that prepare their estimates of emissions and/or removals using higher-tier (tier 3) methods and/or models shall provide in the NIR verification information consistent with the 2006 IPCC Guidelines. (...) The NIR shall include: (a) Descriptions, references and sources of information for the specific methodologies, including higher-tier methods and models, assumptions, EFs and AD, as well as the rationale for their selection. (...) The NIR should follow the outline and general structure contained in annex I to decision 24/CP.19. 11 Parties should, as applicable, report information on: basis and type of model, application and adaptation of the model, main equations/processes, key assumptions, domain of application, how the model parameters were estimated, description of key inputs and outputs, details of calibration and model evaluation, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis, QA/QC procedures adopted and references to peer-reviewed literature.
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Puntuación: 871885.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...S=FCCC/CP/2013/10/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
GE.12-60558 (S)
La información proporcionada debería guiarse por las orientaciones y directrices más recientes del Grupo Intergubernamental de Expertos sobre el Cambio Climático, adoptadas o alentadas, según proceda, por la CP, e incluir: a) La información que fue utilizada por las Partes para elaborar un nivel de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o un nivel de referencia forestal, con datos históricos, de manera íntegra y transparente; b) La información transparente, completa, coherente y exacta, incluida la información metodológica, que se utilizó al elaborar los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal, con inclusión de, entre otras cosas y según proceda, una descripción de los conjuntos de datos, enfoques, métodos, modelos, en su caso, y supuestos empleados, las descripciones de las políticas y planes pertinentes y las descripciones de los cambios existentes con respecto a la información presentada anteriormente; c) Los reservorios y gases y las actividades enumeradas en el párrafo 70 de la decisión 1/CP.16, que se incluyeron en los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal, y las razones de la omisión de un reservorio y/o una actividad en la elaboración de los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal, teniendo en cuenta que no deben excluirse los reservorios y/o actividades significativos; d) La definición de bosque utilizada al elaborar los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal, y, según proceda, en el caso de que haya una diferencia con la definición de bosque utilizada en el inventario nacional de gases de efecto invernadero o en los informes presentados a otras organizaciones internacionales, una explicación de por qué y cómo se eligió la definición utilizada al elaborarse los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal. 10ª sesión plenaria 9 de diciembre de 2011 1 Por "completa" se entiende una información que permita la reelaboración de los niveles de referencia de las emisiones forestales y/o los niveles de referencia forestal.
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Puntuación: 871885.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...DS=FCCC/CP/2011/9/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods