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Norway: Our national electronic system only accepts pre–registered users. (...) Spain: Spain is of the opinion that electronic signature systems are necessary for security reasons. (...) All companies will obtain a digital mail box and will be granted access to company information on the business portal. The system for electronic signatures is called NemID, a system where all citizens log in and communicate electronically with all public authorities, banks etc.
Language:English
Score: 846496.3 - https://unece.org/DAM/trans/bc...nc_tech/documents/id12-03e.pdf
Data Source: un
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires - “addressee” in respect of an electronic communication, means a party who is intended by the originator to receive the electronic communication, but does not include a party acting as an intermediary in respect of that electronic communication; “automated message system” means a pre-programmed system, or other automated system, used to: initiate an action; or respond to electronic communications; or generate other performances in whole or in part, without review or intervention by a party each time an action is initiated or a response is generated by the system. (...) The provisions under Part III shall apply, unless the parties involved in generating, sending, receiving, storing or otherwise processing electronic communications, have agreed otherwise. Time of dispatch of electronic communications 12 . —(1) The dispatch of an electronic communication occurs when it enters an information system outside the control of the originator or of the person who sent the electronic communication on behalf of the originator, (2) Where the originator and the addressee are in the same information system, the dispatch of an electronic communication occurs when it is capable of being retrieved by the addressee. Time of receipt of electronic communications 13 . (1) If the addressee has designated an information system for the purpose of receiving electronic communications, the time of receipt of an electronic communication is determined as follows: (a) at the time when the electronic communication enters the designated information system; or (b) when the electronic communication is sent to an information system of the addressee that is not the designated information system, at the time when the electronic communication is capable of being retrieved by the addressee at that address and the addressee becomes aware that the electronic communication has been sent to that address. (2) An electronic communication is deemed to be capable of being retrieved by the addressee for the purposes of subsection 12(2) and paragraph b of subsection 13(1) when it reaches the addressee’s electronic address. (3) If the addressee has not designated an information system, receipt occurs when the electronic communication is retrieved by the addressee, or should reasonably have been retrieved by the addressee.
Language:English
Score: 845504.2 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-D/proj...ill%202nd%20DRAFT%20clean.docx
Data Source: un
Practice Direction on the Application of an Electronic Court Management System UNITED NATIONS International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Former Yugoslavia since 1991 IT/239/Rev.2 Date: 7 April 2017 Original: English PRACTICE DIRECTION ON THE APPLICATION OF AN ELECTRONIC COURT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (IT/239/Rev.2) 2 I. (...) All potential exhibits tendered in court utilising the eCourt system shall be marked electronically by the Registry with the identifying number referred to paragraph 14, so 6 that number will be visible on screen when the potential exhibit is published in the eCourt system. 18. (...) If a new potential exhibit in its electronic form is provided to the Registry for importing into the eCourt system, the uploading process is to be completed within one working day in order for the document to be used in trial in electronic format. 22.
Language:English
Score: 841128.6 - https://www.icty.org/x/file/Le...ice-direction-on-ecourt-en.pdf
Data Source: un
UNDP supports the development of electronic data interchange system in Turkmenistan | United Nations Development Programme Skip to main content Turkmenistan Who we are What we do Our impact Get involved English Русский Global Nav toggle Search Who we are What we do Our impact Get involved English Locations Back Select Language Русский Home Turkmenistan UNDP supports the development of electronic data interchange system in Turkmenistan UNDP supports the development of electronic data interchange system in Turkmenistan Posted June 1, 2022 The consultations on the development of electronic data interchange system (EDI). UNDP Turkmenistan Ashgabat, 30-31 May 2022: UNDP Turkmenistan together with the Agency "Turkmenaragatnashyk" of the Transport and Communications Agency under the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan conducted a series of consultations with the involvement of the Estonian consulting company "Proud Engineers" on the development of electronic data interchange system (EDI). The event, which gathered representatives of the Ministries and State entities of Turkmenistan aimed at developing a Roadmap for the implementation of the EDI system in Turkmenistan in accordance with the State Programme for the Development of the Digital Economy for 2021-2025. (...) The purpose of the Memorandum is to expand cooperation in the field of digital transformation of public administration by introducing an electronic data interchange system in Turkmenistan, including the design and development of the system, improving the regulatory legal framework to implement the system of electronic data interchange, introducing international best practices and increasing national potential in the field of digital transformation of public administration.
Language:English
Score: 837406.9 - https://www.undp.org/turkmenis...nterchange-system-turkmenistan
Data Source: un
Electronic Travel Systems (5 pages) FALP9.WP12.ElectronicTravelSystems.IATA.doc FACILITATION PANEL (FALP) NINTH MEETING Montréal, 4-7 April 2016 Agenda Item 3: Amendments to Annex 9 ELECTRONIC TRAVEL SYSTEMS (Presented by the International Air Transport Association) SUMMARY This working paper proposes the introduction of a new concept entitled “Electronic Travel Systems”, including a definition in Chapter 1, as well as a subsection in the newly introduced Chapter 9 containing six new Recommended Practices. (...) Following the work of the IATA Control Authorities Working Group (CAWG) this Working Paper proposes the introduction of the term Electronic Travel Systems (ETS) within Annex 9 to define and standardize terms such as eVisa, electronic travel authority or visa upon arrival. (...) Chapter 9: Passenger Data Exchange Systems C. Electronic Travel Systems (ETS) 9.20 Recommended Practice.— Contracting States seeking to establish an Electronic Travel System should integrate the pre-travel verification system with an interactive Advance Passenger Information system.
Language:English
Score: 837266.4 - https://www.icao.int/Meetings/...tronic-Travel-Systems_IATA.pdf
Data Source: un
itu-tGIIm3project.PDF TSB:\SG13\JAN-FEB02\LS13-02 12.02.02 1 Amendment 1 to the GII Project description 5 February 2002 GII Project M.3 SG16 Project: electronic commerce Presentation of the issues Electronic commerce may be defined as the ability to perform transactions involving the exchange of goods or services using electronic tools and techniques. (...) Because telecommunication systems are needed for electronic commerce, ITU is concerned with this subject and has been called upon to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on electronic business with ISO, IEC and UN/ECE. (...) SG 4 Q.9/4 Requirements for the TMN X-interface Q.12/17 Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) SG 17 Q.9/17 Directory services and systems X.500-series Q.10/17 Security services, mechanisms and protocols Q.26/17 Open Distributed Processing (ODP) SG 11 Q.4/11 API/object interface and architecture for signalling SG 13 Q.16/13 Telecommunication architecture for an evolving environment Y.130 SG 16 Q.B/16 Multimedia architecture Q.C/16 Multimedia applications and services Q.D/16 Interoperability of multimedia systems and services Q.G/16 Security of multimedia systems and services Q.5/16 Mobility for multimedia systems and services SSG – IMT2000 Q.5/SSG Handbook on IMT-2000 Relevant existing Standards RFCs pertaining to HTTP Recommendations on security features: – H.234 - Encryption Key management and authentication system for audio-visual services – X.500 - Open systems interconnection - The Directory: Overview of concepts, models and services – X.509 - Open systems interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks – X.800 series - Security architecture for Open Systems Interconnection – X.841 - Information technology - Security techniques - Security information objects for access control – X.842 - Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for the use of Trusted Third Party services – X.843 - Information technology - Security techniques - Specification of TTP services to support the appreciation of digital signatures X.900 series on Open distributed systems H.300-series Recommendations on audiovisual terminals: – H.310 Broadband AV systems and terminals – H.320 Narrow-band visual telephone systems and TE – H.321 Adaptation of H.320 terminals for B-ISDN TSB:\SG13\JAN-FEB02\LS13-02 12.02.02 4 – H.322 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for LANs of guarantied QoS – H.323 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for LANs without guarantied QoS – H.324 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for GSTN and mobile – T.120-series Recommendations on protocols for audio-visual terminals.
Language:English
Score: 835917 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/2001...i/files/GIIm3project-05feb.pdf
Data Source: un
ITU Global Template Amendment 1 to the GII Project description 5 February 2002 GII Project M.3 SG16 Project: electronic commerce Presentation of the issues Electronic commerce may be defined as the ability to perform transactions involving the exchange of goods or services using electronic tools and techniques. (...) Because telecommunication systems are needed for electronic commerce, ITU is concerned with this subject and has been called upon to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on electronic business with ISO, IEC and UN/ECE. (...) SG 4 Q.9/4 Requirements for the TMN X-interface Q.12/17 Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1) SG 17 Q.9/17 Directory services and systems X.500-series Q.10/17 Security services, mechanisms and protocols Q.26/17 Open Distributed Processing (ODP) SG 11 Q.4/11 API/object interface and architecture for signalling SG 13 Q.16/13 Telecommunication architecture for an evolving environment Y.130 SG 16 Q.B/16 Multimedia architecture Q.C/16 Multimedia applications and services Q.D/16 Interoperability of multimedia systems and services Q.G/16 Security of multimedia systems and services Q.5/16 Mobility for multimedia systems and services SSG – IMT2000 Q.5/SSG Handbook on IMT-2000 Relevant existing Standards RFCs pertaining to HTTP Recommendations on security features: – H.234 - Encryption Key management and authentication system for audio-visual services – X.500 - Open systems interconnection - The Directory: Overview of concepts, models and services – X.509 - Open systems interconnection - The Directory: Public-key and attribute certificate frameworks – X.800 series - Security architecture for Open Systems Interconnection – X.841 - Information technology - Security techniques - Security information objects for access control – X.842 - Information technology - Security techniques - Guidelines for the use of Trusted Third Party services – X.843 - Information technology - Security techniques - Specification of TTP services to support the appreciation of digital signatures X.900 series on Open distributed systems H.300-series Recommendations on audiovisual terminals: – H.310 Broadband AV systems and terminals – H.320 Narrow-band visual telephone systems and TE – H.321 Adaptation of H.320 terminals for B-ISDN – H.322 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for LANs of guarantied QoS – H.323 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for LANs without guarantied QoS – H.324 Visual telephone syst. and equip. for GSTN and mobile – T.120-series Recommendations on protocols for audio-visual terminals.
Language:English
Score: 835917 - https://www.itu.int/ITU-T/2001...i/files/GIIm3project-05feb.doc
Data Source: un
Finland In Finland electronic signatures have been linked to bank verification systems. (...) By clicking on the Accept button, the system creates the actual electronic signature and connects the expression of will, that is, the electronic acceptance, with the actual deed of sale (the electronic deed document processed by the seller). (...) In most cases, stakeholders and customers have acknowledged the added security that electronic and digital systems provide over a paper process.
Language:English
Score: 835837.5 - https://unece.org/sites/default/files/2021-10/Fraud_LA_E.pdf
Data Source: un
GE.02- TRADE/CEFACT/2002/20 page 2 Introduction As the core legal body in the United Nations system in the field of international trade law, the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) has been active in the field of electronic commerce legislation for over 15 years. (...) B. Electronic contracting The UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce addresses some basic issues relating to electronic contracting: article 11 addresses the formation and validity of contracts and the form in which an offer and acceptance may be expressed; article 13, attribution of data messages; article 14, the use of acknowledgements of receipt, a system widely used in electronic commerce; and article 15, the time and place of dispatch and receipt of data messages. (...) The purpose of these articles is not to deal comprehensively with electronic contracting issues, but to provide a basic enabling framework and a series of provisions which could form the basis of interchange agreements or system rules, or supplement the terms of agreements in cases of gaps or omissions in contractual stipulations.
Language:English
Score: 835649.2 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...nary/plenary02/docs/02cf20.pdf
Data Source: un
The White Paper on Legislation for the Electronic Highways has already confirmed that broadly speaking the Dutch legislative system is sufficiently well equipped to support electronic transactions. (...) Reliability of electronic commerce is conditional on participants themselves being responsible for reliable information and communication systems. (...) If such a system is available to them, electronic commerce parties can include a relevant rule in their code of conduct.
Language:English
Score: 835628.9 - https://unece.org/fileadmin/DA...nary/plenary00/docs/00cf26.pdf
Data Source: un