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Opportunities and Challenges Investment/Savings Mismatches Investment/Savings Mismatches • Life-cycle consumption is higher in younger economies, creating a mismatch between investment and savings • The size and sign of the mismatch change as the demographic transition evolves in emerging countries • There is an opportunity to trade financial assets between younger and older economies, including growing South-South capital flows in the future Brazil = Bonus China = Bonus 0.00 0.20 0.40 0.60 0.80 1.00 1.20 0 6 12 18 24 30 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 90 + Consumption Labor Income Source: National Transfer Accounts Life-Cycle Surplus Life-Cycle Deficit Japan = Aging Aggregate Life-Cycle Deficit/ Labor Income Ratio Life-Cycle Deficit 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 3.00 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 Brazil China Korea Source: Own elaboration based on data from National Transfer Accounts China: “Excessive” Life-Cycle Surplus Excessive Asset Accumulation =High-Growth Trap Korea: Successful Demographic Transition 2. (...) Brazil vs. Korea Brazil: “Excessive” Life-Cycle Deficit Deficient Asset Accumulation = Low- Growth Trap Labor Income/Consumption Ratio Investment/Savings Balance Investment/Savings Balance 18/11/2014 7 2.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1266627 - https://www.cepal.org/sites/de...s/events/files/2.3_fanelli.pdf
Fuente de datos: un
Conservation agriculture: The 3 principles العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español العربية 中文 English Français Русский Español Acerca de Contribuciones al Programa Ordinario La Organización Director General Liderazgo Organigrama de la FAO Oficinas en el mundo Documentos de los Órganos Rectores Oficina de Estrategia, Programa y Presupuesto (OSP) Comité Consultivo de Supervisión La FAO y la ONU Reuniones Visítenos En acción El trabajo de la FAO Proyectos Normas y políticas Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible Medios Notas de prensa Articulos Alcanzar los ODS en todo el mundo: buenas prácticas de los países Vídeos Fotografía Audio Webcast Contactos para los medios Temas principales Recursos Datos Artículos interactivos Infografía Publicaciones Estados Miembros Perfiles de los países Portal para los Miembros de la FAO Países de Bajos Ingresos y con Déficit de Alimentos Participe Colaboraciones Trabaja con nosotros Pregúntale a la FAO La FAO en las redes sociales Invertir Acerca de la FAO La Organización Director General Liderazgo Organigrama de la FAO Oficinas en el mundo Órganos rectores Comité Consultivo de Supervisión La FAO y la ONU Reuniones Visítenos En acción El trabajo de la FAO Proyectos Normas y políticas Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible Medios Noticias Articulos Buenas prácticas de los países Vídeos Fotografía Audio Webcast Contactos para los medios Temas principales Temas principales Recursos Datos Artículos interactivos Infografías Publicaciones Estados Miembros Perfiles de los países Portal para los Miembros de la FAO Países de Bajos Ingresos y con Déficit de Alimentos Participe Colaboraciones Trabaja con nosotros Pregúntale a la FAO La FAO en las redes sociales Invertir Imprimir Enviar Conservation agriculture: The 3 principles Conservation agriculture systems utilize soils for the production of crops with the aim of reducing excessive mixing of the soil and maintaining crop residues on the soil surface in order to minimize damage to the environment.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1117711.9 - https://www.fao.org/resources/...ographics-details/es/c/216754/
Fuente de datos: un
REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION AND THE ACTIVITIES OF HER OFFICE, INCLUDING TECHNICAL COOPERATION, IN NEPAL : ADDENDUM
OHCHR is deeply concerned about the recent violence in the Terai area of southern Nepal (see A/HRC/4/97, paragraphs 65 and 66) in the context of demonstrations by Madhesi, and the often excessive responses from the Nepal Police and Armed Police Force. 9. (...) Nevertheless, many aspects of the police response mirrored the excessive and unnecessary use of force employed by the security forces in response to the protests of April 2006, documented in OHCHR public report of September 2006,2 which indicates that the relevant recommendations made in that report have yet to be acted on by the law enforcement agencies and the Interim Government. 12. (...) Most significantly, police should ensure that they avoid excessive use of force. At the same time all segments of society should engage only in peaceful forms of protest. ----- 2 The April Protests: Democratic Rights and the Excessive Use of Force - Findings of OHCHR Nepal’s Monitoring and Investigations (September 2006), available online at http://nepal.ohchr.org/reports.htm.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1051797.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...pen&DS=A/HRC/4/97/ADD.1&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN PALESTINE AND OTHER OCCUPIED ARAB TERRITORIES :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE INDEPENDENT COMMISSION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE STATE OF PALESTINE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Israeli occupying forces have used lethal and excessive force against peaceful protestors, who posed no immediate threat to the lives of Israeli soldiers. (...) The unarmed civilians in the Great March of Return have continued been targeted. Israel’s use of excessive force and unjustified violence against protestors resulted in the killing of 104 civilians, including 15 children and two persons with disabilities. (...) Continued crimes and excessive use of force against peaceful protestors, that are supported by a decision from the highest military and political levels, require an investigation, with a particular focus on protected groups.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 1013764.6 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/38/NI/4&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ARBITRARY DETENTION : ADDENDUM
They referred to having been victim of the excessive use of force, ill-treatment and beatings during apprehension and their detention in police stations. 82. The excessive use of pretrial detention contributes to overcrowding, the lack of effective separation between convicted prisoners and pretrial detainees, and excessive resort to condemnatory sentences. 83. (...) This type of confinement is to be notified to the Public Prosecutor within 72 hours. 112. The excessive use of detention as a punitive measure for drug users raises questions regarding various fundamental human rights. 113.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 991637.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/27/48/ADD.3&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CRISIS : AN ECLAC PERSPECTIVE
In effect, they have acted in an entirely procyclical way, promoting first excessive investment in those markets and then huge outflows of capital.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 976283.1 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...f/get?open&DS=LC/G.2040&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON TORTURE AND OTHER CRUEL, INHUMAN OR DEGRADING TREATMENT OR PUNISHMENT, JUAN E. MENDEZ : ADDENDUM
Depending on the seriousness of the pain and suffering inflicted, excessive use of force may constitute cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or even torture. 23. (...) The Special Rapporteur considers such long-term collective punishment of all inmates serving life sentences excessive and amounting to collective ill-treatment. (...) Even on those occasions, it is the duty of law enforcement bodies to ensure public order without resorting to excessive violence. During the presence of the mission in Laâyoune, one such demonstration was held.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 971791.9 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/22/53/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP OF EXPERTS ON PEOPLE OF AFRICAN DESCENT ON ITS MISSION TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The rapid negative escalation of situations and the excessive use of force disproportionately used on African Americans demonstrates this concern. (...) During the country visit, the Working Group was informed about and observed the excessive control and supervision targeting all levels of the lives of African Americans. (...) Zero tolerance policies and heavy- handed efforts to increase security in schools have led to the excessive penalization and harassment of African American children through racial profiling.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 970761.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...en&DS=A/HRC/33/61/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE WORKING GROUP ON ARBITRARY DETENTION : ADDENDUM
Basic legal safeguards .................................................................................... 42–46 10 E. Excessive use of detention on remand............................................................ 47–50 11 F. (...) That right should be granted as a principle of law. E. Excessive use of detention on remand 47. During its visits to detention facilities, the Working Group observed the excessive use of detention on remand. (...) Regarding cases within its mandate, the Working Group found that torture and ill- treatment were used to extract confessions and that protestors were subjected to excessive use of force by law enforcement officials.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 954302.7 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/27/48/ADD.5&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods
REPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF OPINION AND EXPRESSION, FRANK LA RUE : ADDENDUM
Hence, there are no guarantees in place to ensure that the right to freedom of expression is protected from arbitrary and excessive limitation, including the possibility of abuse by political figures to censor criticism. (...) However, there are concerns with regard to a de facto authorization system and a lack of accountability of law enforcement officials for alleged use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrators. 59. (...) In this regard, the Special Rapporteur would like to stress the importance of prompt and thorough investigations of all allegations of excessive use of force by an independent body, and of bringing responsible persons to account.
Idioma:Español
Puntuación: 935757.5 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=A/HRC/17/27/ADD.2&Lang=S
Fuente de datos: ods