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In this paper, I present a model of international trade that yields Melitz-type results without the standard Melitz-type assumptions. (...) Substituting for mLN from mLN +mLE = 12 yields( 1 2 −mLE ) IE = mLEI, from which it follows that mLE = IE/2 I+IE and mLN = I/2 I+IE . (...) The firms that charge the lowest prices are the high productivity firms and the high productivity firms are the firms that export.
Language:English
Score: 1390503.1 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...dw_e/wkshop11_e/stepanok_e.pdf
Data Source: un
The penetrometer’s result is also used to describe levels of flesh development and maturation/ripeness in some fruits such as apples, pear, apricot, peaches and nectarines. The degree of firmness (without a pressure tester) is described progressively as: • Hard: the fruit’s flesh is tenacious and not yielding to moderate hand/finger pressure • Firm: the flesh yields very slightly to moderate hand/finger pressure • Firm ripe: the fruit is ripe, but the flesh yields slightly to moderate hand/finger pressure • Ripe: the flesh yields readily to moderate hand/finger pressure • Over-ripe: the flesh has softened and has signs of breakdown, yields readily to hand/finger pressure, deterioration is quickening, and the produce is unacceptable for wholesale trade. (ii) Roots, Rhizomes, Corm and Tubers: Firm means these are turgid, solid, tenacious and do not yield readily to hand/finger pressure. (...) (ii) Firm: Compact, solid, substantial and yields very slightly to moderate hand/finger pressure.
Language:English
Score: 1324970.3 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...ommittee/docs/INF_CCFFV_8e.pdf
Data Source: un
The above difference remains even discarding minimum and maximum value, with average yields ranging from 3.2 tonnes/Ha for Samfya and 11.6 tonnes/Ha in Mansa, although average yields are considerably lower. (...) The maximum yields recorded are considerably higher than the second highest yields recorded of 8 tonnes/Ha for new varieties and 16 tonnes/Ha for traditional varieties. (...) Average Yield of enhanced and Traditional Varieties in Zambia - with and without extreme values Average Yield/Ha (tonnes) Minimum Yield/Ha (tonnes) Maximum Yield/Ha (tonnes) Average Yield/Ha - extreme values discarded (tonnes) Minimum Yield/Ha - extreme values discarded (tonnes) Maximum Yield/Ha - extreme values discarded (tonnes) Mweru 11 0.7 40 4.7 1.5 8 Bangweulu 6.3 0.48 39 3.8 0.7 8 Chila 19.7 0.5 39 n.a. n.a. n.a.
Language:English
Score: 1239095.3 - https://www.fao.org/fileadmin/...AACP_Paper_Series_No_14_1_.pdf
Data Source: un
Substituting the zero profit condition (22) into the last equation and using the definition of growth yields the equilibrium growth rate of the economy g(n) = θ θ [ξ(men)− 1] [φ−Π p(mpn)]− ρ 1− θ [ξ(men)− 1] . (24) This condition is a modified version of the firm’s R&D decision which takes into account that firms have perfect foresight and correctly perceive the effect of parameter changes on their profits and, based on this, choose whether to be active or not. (...) Welfare for the typical consumer is given by substituting equilibrium values into the consump- tion index (2) and integrating (1) to yield U = 1 ρ [ 1 ε− 1 log(men) + log ξ(men)− 1 ξ(men) + g ρ + log(1− T ) ] . (...) At the same time, firms will have to compete for rents with firms in more regions.
Language:English
Score: 1238892.5 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...e/gtdw_e/wkshop08_e/ruta_e.pdf
Data Source: un
Put differently, trade liberalization in an economy with many market distortions can yield especially adverse outcomes and perhaps few benefits. (...) Such richer financial markets in principle yield better allocation of financial risk through diversification and the richer financial instruments available. (...) Job destruction in downturns is achieved mostly through lay-offs that yield spells of unemployment that are often protracted.
Language:English
Score: 1237598 - https://www.wto.org/english/re...p_e/glob_soc_sus_e_chap4_e.pdf
Data Source: un
This has exacerbated financial risks by reinforcing search-for-yield behaviour and by encouraging financial activities, such as mergers and acquisitions (M&A) and share buy-backs, rather than productive investments. (...) In the United States, it exceeds the size of the high-yield corporate bond market. The rise in leveraged loans has been encouraged by investors’ search for yield and, more recently, the prospects for higher interest rates. (...) These sover- eign bonds were popular among international investors, who main- tained “search-for-yield” attitudes despite rising US dollar interest rates.
Language:English
Score: 1219936.9 - https://www.un.org/development.../45/publication/wesp_mb124.pdf
Data Source: un
Indeed, collaboration between firms facilitates investments in upgrading and learning. (...) At the same time, linkages between firms and institutions ensure greater access to support services, information and knowledge that were, otherwise, out of reach for individual firms. In a nutshell, working together, cluster actors can yield collective efficiency gains that reduce the costs and risks of innovation.
Language:English
Score: 1213513.6 - https://www.unido.org/sites/de...or_case_study_websitedoc_0.pdf
Data Source: un
Solar-powered irrigation, weather alert systems, new crop varieties and other adaptive measures can help avoid a drop-off in global agricultural yields by up to 30 percent by 2050. 9. Improving health systems could help prevent 250,000 additional climate- related deaths per year from 2030 to 2050, mainly from avoidable causes such as malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress. 10. Worldwide, just 38 percent of small firms have invested in adapting to environmental risks, compared to 60 percent of large firms.
Language:English
Score: 1202888.9 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...21/07/fastfacts-adaptation.pdf
Data Source: un
Solar-powered irrigation, weather alert systems, new crop varieties and other adaptive measures can help avoid a drop-off in global agricultural yields by up to 30 percent by 2050. 9. Improving health systems could help prevent 250,000 additional climate- related deaths per year from 2030 to 2050, mainly from avoidable causes such as malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress. 10. Worldwide, just 38 percent of small firms have invested in adapting to environmental risks, compared to 60 percent of large firms.
Language:English
Score: 1037345.7 - https://www.un.org/sites/un2.u...files/fastfacts-adaptation.pdf
Data Source: un
At the same time, lower yields should exert downward pressure on the domestic currency, potentially stimulating net exports, producing an exchange rate effect. (...) Following the announcement of the PEPP and the European Union recovery fund, sovereign yield spreads in the euro area declined notably (figure II.3). (...) Second, low long-term yields could convey a negative signal about economic prospects, undermining consumer and investor confidence.
Language:English
Score: 1018689.5 - https://www.un.org/development...oads/sites/45/WESP2022_CH2.pdf
Data Source: un