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GOOD PRACTICES AND LESSONS LEARNED IN ADAPTATION PLANNING PROCESSES ADDRESSING ECOSYSTEMS, HUMAN SETTLEMENTS, WATER RESOURCES AND HEALTH, AND IN PROCESSES AND STRUCTURES FOR LINKING NATIONAL AND LOCAL ADAPTATION PLANNING: A SYNTHESIS OF CASE STUDIES
health and population of endangered species); (b) Evidence of reduction in social vulnerability and improvement in adaptive capacity (e.g. increase in social assets, strengthened local institutions); (c) Evidence of stakeholders’ knowledge and understanding (including members of local communities) of how to: implement EBAs, hybrid approaches and adaptation of ecosystem approaches; commission vulnerability assessments that integrate ecosystem considerations; and process information being produced by ecosystem and adaptation projects; (d) Ability to make flexible, forward-looking decisions and evidence of knowledge of how to integrate a consideration of ecosystems and adaptation into national plans, programmes, strategies and policies. 3. (...) Adaptation planning and actions that are flexible and responsive to capacity and political structure at all levels have led to an increased acceptance of adaptation actions and has increased the ability of people to respond to changing needs. (...) As demonstrated by some case studies, this could be addressed through thorough (i.e. being cognizant of expectations and limitations and assessing risks and opportunities), flexible (i.e. considering trade-offs and building consensus on common pathways) and inclusive engagement approaches.40 Obtaining data and analysing downscaled climate data can be challenging in some countries (e.g. because of a lack of data or a lack of finance or technology and technical capacity to access and analyse data) and can often be a limiting factor in understanding vulnerability and future risk of various ecosystems.
语言:中文
得分: 981934.8 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...en&DS=FCCC/SBSTA/2015/4&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
NOTE VERBALE DATED 2008/03/13 FROM THE PERMANENT MISSION OF SPAIN TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA ADDRESSED TO THE OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS
The principal innovations contained in the Royal Decree amending the 2005-2008 Housing Plan include: • Stimulation of the rental market • Encouraging the purchase of older housing • Easing the conditions for the promotion of fixed-priced protected housing A/HRC/7/G/13 page 6 • Improved terms for loans for the complete renovation of housing, historical town centres and downtown areas • The possibility of classifying some non-subsidized housing as protected housing if it meets the necessary conditions • Expansion of the concept of renewal areas to include a new category: the urban renewal area • The establishment of loan base prices and interest rates Special scheme and fixed-price housing The Royal Decree provides for flexible conditions to promote protected housing under a special scheme and housing at pre-established prices, adjusting the prices in the State Plan to those obtaining in the majority of the autonomous communities. (...) Moreover, the autonomous communities can now supplement this assistance and offer tenants more flexible terms, depending on the demand in the particular community.
语言:中文
得分: 953957.3 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...et?open&DS=A/HRC/7/G/13&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE DENMARK : DANISH INSTITUTE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
The Danish Institute for Human Rights therefore recommends that the final Action Plan is more flexible in this regard and focuses primarily on providing recommendations and guidance on how youth concerns can be better reflected in National Action Plans for Human Rights Education.
语言:中文
得分: 946685.45 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/42/NI/5&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
CONSIDERATION OF RELEVANT METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES :DRAFT CONCLUSIONS / PROPOSED BY THE CHAIR
Global warming potentials 1. Continue to allow flexible mitigation strategies applicable to different GHGs (e.g.
语言:中文
得分: 940804.9 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...DS=FCCC/KP/AWG/2008/L.7&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
DECISION CONCERNING FOLLOW-UP PROGRAMME FOR ENVIRONMENTAL CLAIMS AWARDS TAKEN BY THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF THE UNITED NATIONS COMPENSATION COMMISSION AT ITS 150TH MEETING, ON 8 DECEMBER 2005
Remediation programmes should be designed to be sufficiently flexible and responsive to new information obtained from such monitoring. (...) Remediation projects should be designed to be sufficiently flexible and responsive to new information obtained from such monitoring”. (...) (c) Ensure that contracts for remediation and restoration projects are designed to be flexible enough to accommodate changes to work programmes that may be suggested by the Independent Reviewers or the UNCC.
语言:中文
得分: 932843.6 - daccess-ods.un.org/acce...S=S/AC.26/DEC.258(2005)&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
PROMOTION AND PROTECTION OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS, CIVIL, POLITICAL, ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CULTURAL RIGHTS, INCLUDING THE RIGHT TO DEVELOPMENT :WRITTEN SUBMISSION BY THE WORKING GROUP ON BUSINESS AND HUMAN RIGHTS OF THE GLOBAL ALLIANCE OF NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS INSTITUTIONS : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
A/HRC/32/NI/8 GE.16-09671 3 The GANHRI Working Group welcomes the approach taken by the Accountability and Remedy Project, focusing on severe cases, to put forward concrete and flexible recommendations elaborated through extensive research and multi-stakeholders consultations that can realistically be implemented by States with different legal traditions, and is committed to supporting the implementation of these recommendations at the domestic level.
语言:中文
得分: 929260.4 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...t?open&DS=A/HRC/32/NI/8&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
ANNUAL REPORT OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS AND REPORTS OF THE OFFICE OF THE HIGH COMMISSIONER AND THE SECRETARY-GENERAL :COLOMBIA: OMBUDSMAN’S OFFICE : NOTE / BY THE SECRETARIAT
Organizaciones armadas ilegales como las AGC, por su carácter flexible y adaptativo a las operaciones policiales y militares, han logrado no solo un importante control sobre segmentos de las economías ilegales e informales, sino que además su capacidad corruptora e intimidatoria de las autoridades locales, les ha permitido interferir en el control de los erarios públicos, al mismo tiempo que infiltrar sectores de la administración de justicia y de la fuerza pública en el ámbito local.
语言:中文
得分: 880632.2 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...?open&DS=A/HRC/34/NI/13&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 18 DECEMBER 2020 FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL AND THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Decides that the mandate of MONUSCO shall include the following priority tasks, and that all MONUSCO’s tasks should be implemented in a manner consistent with respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms: (i) Protection of civilians (a) Take all necessary measures to ensure effective, timely, dynamic and integrated protection of civilians under threat of physical violence within its provinces of current deployment, with a specific focus on Eastern DRC whilst retaining a capacity to intervene elsewhere in case of major deterioration of the situation, through a comprehensive approach and in consultation with local communities, including by preventing, deterring, and stopping all armed groups and local militias from inflicting violence on the populations, by disarming them, and by supporting and undertaking local mediation efforts to prevent escalation of violence, paying particular attention to civilians gathered in displaced persons and refugee camps, peaceful demonstrators, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders, in line with the basic principles of peacekeeping, while ensuring the risk to civilians are mitigated before, during and after any military or police operation, including by tracking, preventing, minimising and addressing civilian harm resulting from the mission’s operations, including when in support of national security forces; (b) Maintain a proactive deployment and a mobile, flexible and robust posture, including by conducting active patrolling by foot and by vehicle, in particular in high risk areas; (c) Work with the Government of the DRC and humanitarian workers to identify threats to civilians and implement joint prevention and response plans and strengthen civil-military cooperation, to ensure the protection of civilians from abuses and violations of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, including all forms of sexual and gender-based violence and violations and abuses committed against children and persons with disabilities; (d) Enhance its community engagement with civilians, including by the troops and police, to raise awareness and understanding about its mandate and activities, to strengthen its early warning mechanism, and to increase its efforts to monitor and document violations of international humanitarian law and violations and abuses of human rights, and continue and strengthen local community engagement and empowerment, as well as strengthening protection of civilians through early warning and response, including prevention, as appropriate, to lay out a strategy with the government of the DRC containing concrete measures to build trust and understanding among the population regarding MONUSCO’s efforts in the DRC and S/2020/1253 11/18 20-17490 to prevent disinformation campaigns aimed at undermining the mission’s credibility and hindering its performance, and by ensuring mobility of the mission; (e) in support of the authorities of the DRC, and on the basis of information collection and analysis, carry out targeted offensive operations in the DRC to neutralise armed groups and contribute to the objective of reducing the threat posed by armed groups to state authority and civilian security in the DRC and to make space for stabilisation activities, either unilaterally or jointly with the FARDC, through a reconfigured and effective Force Intervention Brigade, as determined by the Force Commander, with a view to enabling it to execute its mandate, that includes additional combat units from additional TCCs functioning as quick reaction forces with appropriate training, capabilities and equipment, able to cope with asymmetric warfare, which operates with unity of command of the FIB under the FIB Headquarters, which falls under the authority, command and control of MONUSCO Force Commander and with the support of the whole of MONUSCO, in a robust, highly mobile and versatile manner and in strict compliance with international law, including international humanitarian law, and with the United Nations HRDDP and in accordance with the standing operating procedures applicable to persons who are captured or who surrender, and underlines that the entire MONUSCO force, including the Intervention Brigade, must prioritise the implementation of its protection of civilians mandate; (f) Work with the authorities of the DRC, leveraging the capacities and expertise of the UN Police, MONUSCO justice and corrections capacities including the UN Prosecution Support Cell, UNJHRO and other MONUSCO Justice components, to strengthen and support the DRC judicial system in order to investigate and prosecute all those allegedly responsible for genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity and violations of international humanitarian law and violations or abuses of human rights in the country, including through cooperation with States of the region and the ICC, following the decision made by the Prosecutor of the ICC in June 2004 to open, following the request of the Government of the DRC, an investigation into alleged crimes committed in the context of armed conflict in the DRC since 2002; (g) Provide good offices, advice and support to the Government of the DRC to promote human rights, in particular civil and political rights, and to fight impunity, including through the implementation of the Government’s “zero tolerance policy” with respect to discipline and human rights and international humanitarian law violations, committed by elements of the security sector, and to engage and facilitate mediation efforts at local level to advance sustainable peace; (h) Strengthen the Mission’s early warning and response mechanisms, including by systematically recording and analysing its rate of response and ensure that risks of sexual violence in conflict are included in the Mission’s data collection, threat analysis and early warning system; (ii) Support to stabilisation and the strengthening of State institutions in the DRC, and key governance and security reforms, in order to establish functional, professional, and accountable state institutions, including security and judicial institutions, Stabilisation (a) Provide coordination between the Government of the DRC, international partners and United Nations agencies in a targeted, sequenced and coordinated approach to stabilisation informed by up to date conflict analysis, through the S/2020/1253 20-17490 12/18 implementation of the International Security and Stabilisation Support Strategy (ISSSS) and adoption of a conflict-sensitive approach across the Mission; (b) Provide technical advice to the Government of the DRC in the consolidation of an effective national civilian structure that controls key mining activities and manages in an equitable manner the extraction, transport, and trade of natural resources in eastern DRC, in coordination with the Special Envoy for the Great Lakes Region’s technical assistance efforts; Root causes of conflict (c) Provide good offices and technical support, in coordination with regional and international partners, with a view to furthering reconciliation, democratisation and inclusion, addressing the root causes of conflict and promoting intercommunal and gender-responsive reconciliation, including through political support and engagement with interlocutors across the political spectrum, including the Government, opposition parties, local authorities, women and civil society; (d) Provide good offices, advice and assistance to enable the Government of the DRC to prevent, mitigate, and resolve intercommunal conflicts through, inter alia, mediation and community engagement, by undertaking local dialogues on community security, local conflict resolution, promotion of justice and reconciliation initiatives, and to ensure actions against armed groups are supported by civilian and police components as part of consolidated planning which provides a comprehensive response to area-based stabilisation efforts; (e) Monitor, report immediately to the Security Council, and follow-up on human rights violations and abuses and violations of international humanitarian law to report on restrictions on political space and violence, including in the context of the elections, and support the United Nations system in-country to ensure that any support provided by the United Nations shall be in strict compliance with the United Nations human rights due diligence policy and consistent with international humanitarian law and human rights law and refugee law as applicable; Security Sector Reform (SSR) (f) Provide good offices and strategic and technical advice to the Government of the DRC and play a role in coordinating the support provided by international and bilateral partners and the United Nations system, in consultation with the Government of DRC, particularly in North and South Kivu and Ituri provinces to: – accelerate national ownership of SSR by the Government of the DRC, including through supporting the development of a common national plan, as well as a clear and comprehensive SSR implementation roadmap including benchmarks and timelines; – encourage inclusive SSR which delivers security and justice to all through independent, accountable and functioning justice and security institutions which take into account women’s meaningful participation and safety, underlines in that regard that progress in the fight against impunity is critical for the security forces to no longer be perceived as a threat to civilians; – promote and facilitate military, police, justice and prison sector reforms to enhance the justice and security sector’s accountability and effectiveness; in that regard, provide expertise, advice and training to the Congolese security forces to strengthen their capacity, in particular through human rights training and through continued implementation of the Integrated Operational Strategy for the Fight Against Insecurity, developed by MONUSCO police, in compliance with the United Nations HRDDP; S/2020/1253 13/18 20-17490 Disarmament, demobilisation, reintegration (DDR) (g) Provide good offices, advice and assistance to the Government of the DRC, particularly in North and South Kivu and Ituri provinces in close cooperation with other international partners, for the DDR of Congolese and foreign combatants not suspected of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or abuses of human rights, into a peaceful civilian life that can be complemented by a Community Violence Reduction (CVR) approach through community-based security and stabilisation measures and a flexible disarmament and demobilisation approach, coordinated under the framework of the ISSSS, while paying specific attention to the needs of women and children formerly associated with armed forces and groups; (h) Coordinate with civil society, donor partners and government officials, including local and provincial leaders, to support DDR efforts, especially regarding reintegration into civilian life; (i) Provide support to the disarmament, demobilisation, repatriation, resettlement and reintegration (DDRRR) process to return and reintegrate foreign combatants not suspected of genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity or abuses of human rights and their dependants to a peaceful civilian life in their country of origin, or a receptive third country while paying specific attention to the needs of women and children formerly associated with armed forces and groups; (j) Advise and support the DRC authorities in the disposal of weapons and ammunitions of disarmed Congolese and foreign combatants in compliance with resolution 2424 (2018) as well as applicable international arms control treaties, including the Nairobi Protocol of which the DRC is signatory party and the Kinshasa Convention; (k) Continue to collaborate with the Government of the DRC to consolidate the gains of the Action Plan to Prevent and End the Recruitment and Use of Children and expedite its implementation, including on the aspects related to Sexual Violence by the FARDC, and continue dialogue with all listed parties to obtain further commitments and work towards the development and implementation of action plans to prevent and end violations and abuses against children; Protection of the United Nations 30.
语言:中文
得分: 875336 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc...get?open&DS=S/2020/1253&Lang=C
数据资源: ods
LETTER DATED 25 JUNE 2020 FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ADDRESSED TO THE SECRETARY-GENERAL AND THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MEMBERS OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL
Notes further the views and recommendations made with regard to the Mechanism’s work by the Council’s Informal Working Group on International Tribunals, as reflected in this resolution, and requests the Mechanism to take into account those views and implement the recommendations, and to continue to take steps to further enhance efficiency and effective and transparent management, in particular: (i) full implementation of the outstanding recommendations of the OIOS; (ii) production of clear and focused projections of completion timelines at the earliest stage possible and disciplined adherence thereto; (iii) continued ensuring of geographic diversity and gender balance of staff, while ensuring continued professional expertise; (iv) continued implementation of a human resources policy consistent with its temporary mandate; (v) further reduction of costs, including through, but not limited to, flexible staff engagement; and (vi) coordination and information sharing across the three organs of the Mechanism on matters that affected them equally in order to ensure systematic thinking and planning about the future; 10.
语言:中文
得分: 870509.3 - https://daccess-ods.un.org/acc.../get?open&DS=S/2020/590&Lang=C
数据资源: ods