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For example, should this flexibility apply or, indeed, is it applicable in each of the three pillars? (...) Is complete closure required on the modalities before flexibility for recently acceded Members can be considered or can some progress be made on flexibility in parallel with, or in advance of, progress on the modalities? (...) That is, delegations may need to consider if flexibility is to be provided only under market access or if flexibility provisions should extend to the other pillars as well.
Language:English
Score: 600797.27 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr..._e/agric_e/ref_paper_ram_e.doc
Data Source: un
For example, should this flexibility apply or, indeed, is it applicable in each of the three pillars? (...) Is complete closure required on the modalities before flexibility for recently acceded Members can be considered or can some progress be made on flexibility in parallel with, or in advance of, progress on the modalities? (...) That is, delegations may need to consider if flexibility is to be provided only under market access or if flexibility provisions should extend to the other pillars as well.
Language:English
Score: 600797.27 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr..._e/agric_e/ref_paper_ram_e.pdf
Data Source: un
FAO’s Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism welcomes eleventh Resource Partner: Australia | Mecanismo flexible multiasociados (FMM) | Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura FAO.org english français Español Mecanismo flexible multiasociados (FMM) Contexto En cifras Casos de éxito Iniciativas Noticias Recursos FAO’s Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism welcomes eleventh Resource Partner: Australia 21/12/2021 On 25 November 2021, FAO and the  Government of Australia signed a new USD 1 009 710 (equal to AUD 1 300 000) agreement to support the Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism (FMM), FAO’s main fund for channelling and managing less-earmarked resources to strengthen the achievement of the Organization’s Strategic Objectives and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (...) Thanks to this and other flexible contributions by FMM resource partners, concrete efforts are being made to ensure programme implementation, despite the unprecedented challenges that the world faces due to the coronavirus pandemic . (...) She added, “We take seriously the emphasis FAO Members are putting on the importance of flexible, lightly earmarked and unearmarked funding to support the implementation of the Strategic Framework 2022–31 .
Language:English
Score: 599730.86 - https://www.fao.org/flexible-m...lights-detail-es/es/c/1460898/
Data Source: un
Global Network of Digital Agriculture Innovation Hubs launched in pilot countries 19/01/2022 The Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism (FMM) recently funded a new Subprogramme on Global Network of Digital Agriculture Innovation Hubs. (...) Annual Strategic Dialogue of FAO’s Flexible Multi-partner Mechanism discusses 2022-2025 phase. Interest in FMM is growing, with New Zealand and Australia the latest Members to join 23/12/2021 The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Resource Partners held strategic discussions last Friday on the next phase of the Flexible Multi-partner Mechanism (FMM), FAO’s main pooled programmatic funding instrument for development work that allows the Organization to quickly direct flexible resources where and when it’s...
Language:English
Score: 598685.5 - https://www.fao.org/flexible-multipartner-mechanism/news/en/
Data Source: un
“Our transition into the Fourth Industrial Revolution has been marked by the COVID-19 pandemic, which for many employers and employees represented their first-ever experiences with flexible working arrangements.” Dr. Heejung Chung, Principal Investigator of the Work Autonomy, Flexibility and Work-life balance project at the University of Kent, shared insights from her research on how work from home during the lockdown has impacted a series of work-life issues.  (...) Chung revealed that by allowing mothers the option of staying in the labour market and maintaining their incomes, workplace flexibility can help reduce the overall gender pay gap. (...) Michael Emery, Director of Human Resources at the International Organization for Migration, noted that there has been a general call through the High-Level Committee on Management (HLCM) of the United Nations’ Chief Executive’s Board for a more flexible approach. “A lot of research shows the more flexible we are, the more attractive we are as an employer - particularly to women,” he said.
Language:English
Score: 597588.77 - https://www.unido.org/news/fle...uality-diversity-and-inclusion
Data Source: un
History and Summary of the DDIPs TRIPS flexibilities: comparing access to medicines and tobacco control Christoph Spennemann Legal Expert Intellectual Property Unit UNCTAD UNCTAD The notion of « flexibilities » under the TRIPS Agreement • TRIPS is result of multilateral negotiations • Minimum standards, no harmonized framework – Undefined terms (e.g. « new » invention, Art 27.1) – Non-exhaustive (e.g. grounds for denying trademark registration, Art 15.1 & 2) • Need to make TRIPS operational on national level • Article 1: freedom to determine appropriate method of implementation within domestic system & practice Significance of TRIPS flexibilities for public health policies • Exclusive rights provide incentives for economic activity – Patents to promote pharmaceutical innovation – Trademarks to promote sale of cigarettes • Governments need safeguards to address public policies that may run counter to economic activity – E.g. affordable prices of medicines, safety & efficacy – E.g. tobacco control • TRIPS includes tools to adopt appropriate mix between incentives & safeguards – Extent of exclusive rights in domestic laws – IPRs are rights to exclude others, not to market products • This creates room for health regulation An attempt to use TRIPS flexibilities • 1997: South African legislation confirmed availability of parallel imports of patented medicines to increase access • 39 pharmaceutical companies brought legal action claiming TRIPS inconsistencies (abandoned in 2001) • Developing countries wanted to reaffirm their right to use TRIPS flexibilities • Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health (November 2001) The Doha Declaration on TRIPS & Public Health: guidance for TRIPS interpretation • Recognizes « especially » problems related to certain epidemics in developing countries and affirms right to promote access to medicines – To be understood in historical context – Not limited to access problems in developing countries • TRIPS can and should be interpreted & implemented in a manner supportive of WTO Members’ right to protect public health • “[…] each provision of the TRIPS Agreement shall be read in the light of the object and purpose of the Agreement as expressed, in particular, in its objectives and principles” • Guidance also for interpretation of trademark provisions (e.g. Art 20 TRIPS: justification of health regulation) Comparing the debates on access to medicines and tobacco control • Plain packaging debate in TRIPS Council: earlier debates on patents and access to medicines – Members’ right to protect public health – Concern about implications for industry and IPR system • Comparable to regulation of pharmaceuticals – IPRs remain intact: rights to prevent others – Patents: no right to marketing of product – Trademarks: regulation affects brand, not product • But use of brand is not part of TM right • In both cases, limitation to « negative » rights creates flexibility for government public policy intervention Conclusions • TRIPS contains minimum standards of protection • Important flexibilities in implementation • Public health expressly recognized in basic provisions for TRIPS interpretation (Art 8.1; Doha Declaration) • Public health regulations do not affect IPRs as « negative » rights (i.e. to exclude others) – Drug regulation – Plain packaging
Language:English
Score: 596863.9 - https://www.who.int/fctc/4-3-TRIPS_Flexibilities.pdf
Data Source: un
New Flexible Gas Power Plant in Pocerady – Quick Flexibility 2. Complex Reconstruction of the Power Plant Prunerov – Flexibility in Medium Term 3. New HELE Flexible Power Plant in Ledvice – the test operation started at the end of 2017 4. (...) To secure a diversification of the energy resources, the first highly flexible gas-fired power plant has been build. This approved State Energy Policy has been updated in 2015.
Language:English
Score: 596863.9 - https://unece.org/DAM/RCM_Webs...tudy_SDG7_2_Czech_Republic.pdf
Data Source: un
Global Network of Digital Agriculture Innovation Hubs launched in pilot countries 19/01/2022 The Flexible Multi-Partner Mechanism (FMM) recently funded a new Subprogramme on Global Network of Digital Agriculture Innovation Hubs. (...) Annual Strategic Dialogue of FAO’s Flexible Multi-partner Mechanism discusses 2022-2025 phase. Interest in FMM is growing, with New Zealand and Australia the latest Members to join 23/12/2021 The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Resource Partners held strategic discussions last Friday on the next phase of the Flexible Multi-partner Mechanism (FMM), FAO’s main pooled programmatic funding instrument for development work that allows the Organization to quickly direct flexible resources where and when it’s...
Language:English
Score: 596798.4 - https://www.fao.org/flexible-m...rtner-mechanism/actualites/fr/
Data Source: un
Chairman, I am pleased to introduce the Advisory Committee’s report on the comprehensive business case for the application of flexible workplace strategies at the United Nations (A/69/810). (...) In addition, the Advisory Committee recommends that flexible workplace strategies be incorporated in the development of the strategic heritage plan, and that the Secretary- General assess the potential for application of flexible workplace strategies in all duty stations across the Organization. Finally, the Committee welcomes the Secretary-General’s intention to continue to engage with staff representatives, noting that the implementation of a flexible workplace should take into account staff considerations and staff workplace environment needs.
Language:English
Score: 596798.4 - https://www.un.org/en/ga/fifth...14-15_SCR_FW_Chair%20ACABQ.pdf
Data Source: un
These include the IP rules and flexibilities within the international legal system that affect innovation and access to medical technologies. (...) This concern is addressed by a number of instruments adopted after the entry into force of the TRIPS Agreement, which clarified and confirmed existing flexibilities and also added new flexibilities. Relevant texts are briefly introduced below. (...) By clarifying TRIPS flexibilities of direct relevance to public health and supporting governments in making use of such flexibilities, the Declaration reinforced the understanding that TRIPS supports a balanced and flexible IP framework which is responsive to the broader policy agenda.
Language:English
Score: 596706.74 - https://www.wto.org/english/tr...op_e/trips_e/ta_docssec3_e.htm
Data Source: un